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    Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

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    George1

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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Mon Nov 23, 2015 11:00 am

    Russian PM Medvedev on visit to Cambodia

    PHNOM PENH, November 23. /TASS/. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev is completing his Asian tour with a visit to Cambodia, where he arrived on Sunday, the government press service reported.

    Medvedev, who will be in Cambodia until November 24, is expected to hold talks with his Cambodian counterpart Hun Sen and meet with King Norodom Sihamoni. A number of bilateral documents are to be signed following the talks.

    Cambodia is Russia’s longtime partner in Southeast Asia.


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    George1

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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Tue Jan 05, 2016 9:23 am

    Russia sails forth to ensure Indonesian maritime security

    By supplying high-octane naval hardware to Indonesia, Russia is not only gaining a strategic foothold in the Asia-Pacific, it is also contributing significantly towards the archipelago’s long-term security.

    In May 2014, when Indonesian President Joko Widodo took office, he reiterated his call to transform Indonesia into a maritime nation and invoked the Sanskrit slogan – Jalesveva Jayamah or Victorious on the Sea.

    “We’ve turned our back on the seas, oceans, straits and bays for far too long,” he said. “It is time for us to realise Jalesveva Jayamahe, a motto upheld by our ancestors in the past.”

    Jokowi, as the President is popularly known as, said that to develop Indonesia into a great nation Indonesia must possess the heart of Cakrawarti Samudera, another Sanskrit term meaning Emperor of the Seas.

    Jokowi was not being unduly nationalistic. Indonesia faces a complex strategic environment both internally and externally. The dominant theme in its immediate East Asian vicinity is the tangle of territorial disputes that poses a direct threat to regional stability. At the same time, maritime piracy in Indonesian waters has been a constant worry for decades. According to some estimates, the country annually loses up to $3 billion from illegal logging and $8 billion from illegal fishing. Clearly, if there’s any country that needs a strong navy, it is Indonesia.

    Russian connection


    The new President is building maritime links with a number of East Asian as well as non-regional powers to strengthen the country’s defences. Russia is one of them. Growing Russia-Indonesia defence ties can more accurately be described as a return to the good old days.

    Russian-Indonesian relations were at their peak in the late 1950s and early 1960s when Moscow provided the bulk of Indonesia’s military hardware, making the country’s defences forces one of the best equipped in East Asia.

    Between 1959 and 1965, Russia gave Indonesia one cruiser, 14 destroyers, 14 submarines, eight anti submarine patrol vessels, 20 missile boats and several motor torpedo boats and gunboats. The Indonesian marine corps was also reinforced by armoured and amphibious vehicles, and naval aviation with ASW helicopters and Il-28 bombers.

    The Indonesian Navy was thrilled with their new Whiskey-class submarines. The vessels were immediately put into action against the Dutch West Guinea in 1961-1962, and against Malaysia and British Commonwealth forces during Konfrontasi (Confrontation) in 1963-1966.

    However, the honeymoon ended when Russia-Indonesia relations went into a freeze as the fiercely anti-communist Suharto allied himself with the US.

    Post-Communist Bonhomie

    Moscow and Jakarta’s interests converged once again during the 2000s. Ingo Wandelt of Giessen University, Germany, writes in a paper titled ‘Between Economic and Security Interests: Russia’s Return To the Indonesian Archipelago: “The emerging Russian-Indonesian cooperation is a convenient case-study of how a resurgent former-Empire establishes footholds in the largest state of the archipelago that once was firmly in the western sphere of influence.”

    He adds: “President Vladimir Putin’s one-day visit to Indonesia on September 6, 2007, signalled the return of an active Russia to Insular Southeast Asia’s largest state. The signing of eight bilateral agreements between the two governments in key fields of strategic cooperation throws some light on the strategic interests of both Russia and Indonesia in world politics.”

    Putin reaffirmed historical ties in his address to his host, President Yudhoyono, when he referred to the early 1960s as “the golden age of Indonesian-Russian relations”. “The historical reference in a sense also reaffirmed what was once a major weapons buying relationship between the two countries, indicating that the relationship cannot be seen as purely economic,” Wandelt notes.

    Indonesia walked into the 21st century feeling abandoned by its western ‘friends’. It felt betrayed when the U.S., Australia and most of the western world ganged up to pry East Timor from Indonesian control.

    “Enter Russia with good quality offers, favourable repayment conditions and a clear statement of non-interference in internal affairs, and it is easy to understand the psychological impact Putin’s offer had on the Indonesian state and army leadership,” says Wandelt.

    Jakarta’s creaky juggernaut

    The Indonesian Navy will gain the most from the rapidly expanding Russia-Indonesia ties. With approximately 75,000 active personnel and more than 150 vessels in active service, Indonesia has the largest navy in South East Asia. What’s more, the Indonesian Navy is one of a few navies in the region backed by a substantial domestic defence industry, marine corps and armed with supersonic missiles and attack submarines.

    But the inside story is that the Indonesian Navy is more rusted than ready. According to a report by Iis Gindarsah of the Jakarta-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, 59 per cent of the Indonesian Navy’s assets are over three decades old.

    Indonesia’s biggest problem being finances, the Russian offer of soft loans is a way out of technological obsolescence. “Russia is ready to provide soft loans at cheap rates to buy defence equipment,” Tubagus Hasanuddin, vice-chairman of the Indonesian House of Representatives' Defence Commission said on September 1, 2015.

    Hasanuddin was referring to the bilateral discussions over a $3 billion loan to support acquisition of Russian military equipment. Although details about the military equipment to be purchased through the deal were not revealed, Hasanuddin said the loan will be provided at preferential rates.

    In Jakarta’s wish list are four Russian Kilo-class 636 submarines and two slightly smaller Lada-class submarines. The diesel-electric Kilos are among the quietest conventionally powered undersea boats in service anywhere and are capable of being equipped with advanced weaponry, including anti-ship and land-attack cruise missiles. These submarines would be among the most advanced conventional submarines in Southeast Asia.

    Despite a $490 million cut in next year’s defence budget, the Indonesian Navy announced in September 2015 that it would procure Kilo-class submarines from Russia as part of the 2015-2019 strategic planning. “There are many kinds of Kilo-class submarines. We have yet to decide which type we will purchase,” says navy spokesperson Commander Muhammad Zainuddin.

    The Indonesian Navy reportedly wants to buy up to 12 boats by 2024 so the potential for Russia is huge here. “So far, we have two submarines and an additional three Chang Bogo-class submarines that are still under construction in South Korea. So we still need at least seven more submarines,” he said, adding that the seven submarines would probably be Kilo-class vessels.

    The Russian Kilos are only the latest of recent buys. In November 2010, Indonesia’s marine corps received 17 amphibious tanks BMP-3F from Russia.

    Currently, Indonesia's Ahmad Yani class frigates are fitted with the supersonic Yakhont missile that can destroy ships up to 300 km away. The Yakhont, which is the export version of the P800 Oniks missile, skims the waves at Mach 2.5 (twice the speed of sound), making its detection extremely difficult.

    In 2011 the Indonesian Navy frigate KRI Oswald Siahaan test-fired a Yakhont during a naval exercise in the Indian Ocean. The missile took just six minutes to travel 250 km to score a direct hit on the target. At a time when most Southeast Asian navies had – and with the exception of Vietnam, still have – only subsonic cruise missiles, the Yakhont launch marked a significant capability breakthrough in the region.

    On the drawing board

    Even as Russia and Indonesia tie down defence deals piecemeal, bigger plans lie ahead, with Moscow offering to expand defence industry collaboration. According to Janes, the plan is centred on the "development of defence offset schemes" that encompass technology transfers, joint production in Indonesia of components and structures, and the establishment of maintenance, repair, and overhaul service centres in the country.

    According to the Indonesian Ministry of Defence, Russian Ambassador Mikhail Galuzin communicated the offer to Indonesian Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu on January 15, 2015. This follows a similar proposal extended to Jokowi by Putin at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meetings in China in late 2014.

    Indonesia’s strategic conundrum is that its leadership continues to view internal security as more important than the high-stakes manoeuvres happening in its neighbourhood. Its defence spending is currently just 0.8 per cent of GDP, which is one of the lowest in the region. That Moscow has managed to bag these not insignificant defence deals within this context is an indicator of three key developments.

    One, it is a measure of the impact of Russian diplomacy in the region. Secondly, there is confidence in Indonesia that Russian weapons can do the job –and well. (As events have proved in Syria, they are indeed doing a fine job.) And finally, unlike the US – which imposed sanctions on the Indonesian military during the East Timor crisis – Russia can be relied upon to supply spares and replenish losses if war breaks out.

    Clearly, the Russian way of engagement through security agreements is a win-win for everyone involved. Even as new weapons contracts keep the Russian defence sector humming and the connections they build are helping Russia gain a strategic foothold in the world’s most vibrant economic region, they are contributing significantly towards Indonesia’s long-term security.

    http://rbth.com/blogs/continental_drift/2015/10/27/rusia-sails-forth-to-ensure-indonesian-maritime-security_533941


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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Mon Mar 14, 2016 6:02 am

    Russian Security Council Chief Arrives in Singapore for Security Talks

    Russia's Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev arrived in Singapore on Monday for talks on regional and international security, the Council's press service said.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — The senior Russian security official is expected to hold consultations with local security experts, before moving on to Vietnam as part of his two-day Southeast Asia trip, Patrushev's spokesman Yevgeny Anoshin told RIA Novosti.

    In February, Patrushev went to Indonesia and Thailand for a four-day visit to boost cooperation with the the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Politics, Law and Security and the National Security Council of Thailand respectively.

    The Security Council, chaired by the Russian president, drafts policy proposals on defending Russia's vital interests of individuals and the state against internal or external threats.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/politics/20160314/1036228920/patrushev-singapore-security-talks.html#ixzz42qn5gRQh


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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Thu May 12, 2016 10:51 am

    Russian deputy FM: Russia and ASEAN moving toward strategic partnership

    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/politics/875146


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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Wed May 18, 2016 3:34 pm

    Russia, Cambodia conclude military-technical cooperation agreement

    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/defense/876197


    Russia, Thailand sign intergovernmental deal on military cooperation

    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/defense/876478


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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Thu May 19, 2016 3:55 pm

    Russia, Indonesia sign agreement on defense cooperation, other documents



    Vladimir Putin has noted that the volume of investment in oil refinery construction in Indonesia with the participation of Russia's Rosneft could reach $13 bln

    SOCHI, May 18. /TASS/. Russia and Indonesia have signed an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in defense.

    The document was signed in the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indonesian President Joko Widodo. The signing ceremony took place at the end of bilateral summit talks.

    The two countries' Foreign Ministries also signed a memorandum of mutual understanding and cooperation. One more such memorandum was signed by the Russian Federal Agency for Archives and the National Archives of Indonesia.

    In addition to it, the sides have endorsed a program of cultural cooperation for the period of 2016 through 2018 and a joint statement between Russia’s Federal Agency for Fisheries and the Indonesian Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries on prevention of the illegal, unreported and unregulated production of live marine resources and on ensuring steady regulation of the fishing industry.

    Oil refinery construction in Indonesia


    Vladimir Putin has noted that the volume of investment in oil refinery construction in Indonesia with the participation of Rosneft could reach $13 bln.

    "Our companies Zarubezhneft, Rosneft have specific, serious large-scale projects," he said. "That includes construction of a modern oil refinery with possible investment in the amount of $13 bln," he added.

    Rosneft plans to construct the refinery in the eastern part of the Indonesian island of Java.

    According to the Russian leader, there is groundwork for expanding energy cooperation. Putin said construction of a thermal power plant with the help of Inter RAO with a capacity of 1.8 GW is also planned. The investment volume will amount to $2.8 bln. "Rosatom is currently working on the construction of the experimental low-power reactor," he said.

    Indonesia-EAEU free trade zone


    The two leaders have also discussed the issue of setting up a free trade zone between Indonesia and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU, which comprises Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan).

    While summing up results of Wednesday's talks, the head of Russia's state described them as very useful and successful.

    "[We] discussed the whole range of bilateral agenda, mapped out tasks for further development of Russian-Indonesian cooperation," the Russian leader said.

    According to Putin, "Russia and Indonesia are linked with long-standing and close relations."

    Russia ready to assist Indonesia in implementation of infrastructural programs


    According to Putin, Russia is ready to provide comprehensive assistance to Indonesia in implementation of infrastructural programs.

    "A large-scale regional infrastructural program is implemented under patronage of Mr. Widodo," Putin said. "Russia is ready to render comprehensive assistance to Indonesian partners in implementation of this program" he added.

    A joint project of Russian Railways and Indonesia launched last year to build an approximately 190 km long railway on the Kalimantan Island is the most significant in this context, the Russian leader said. "The railway will connect a resources-rich part of the island with a new port and an industry cluster where production and processing plants will be developed, also with participation of the Russian capital," Putin said. Development of coal, ferronickel, manganese dioxide and other deposits is planned, he added.

    Russian companies are also ready to supply hydrofoil ships and twin-hulled craft to Indonesia, Putin said.

    Exchange of intelligence data

    According to President Joko Widodo, Russia and Indonesia are going to expand cooperation in the sphere of intelligence data exchanges in order to rebuff the terrorist threat.

    "President Putin and I agreed on consolidation of ties in defense technologies," he said. "We came to an agreement on a transfer of technologies and we’ll be looking at opportunities to streamline their joint manufacturing."

    "Also, we are interested in boosting ties in the training of cadres and education," Widodo said.

    "We have interest in promoting cooperation as regards the elimination of challenges and threats, in the first place terrorism." Widodo said. "We reached agreement on exchanges of intelligence data and on a broadening of contacts between other state security agencies."

    Efforts against terrorism

    The presidents have agreed to coordinate efforts in the field of counteraction to terrorism.

    "President (Widodo) and I looked at the regional and global problems,' Putin said. "Our discussion included counteraction to terrorism and extremism. Our countries are coordinating efforts in struggle with these threats."

    He also told the reporters about an agreement on expanding contacts between the Russian and Indonesian Defense Ministry and national security organizations.

    "Our countries continue collaboration in the format of the UN, the Group of Twenty, APEC, the Islamic Conference Organization and, quite naturally in the framework of the Russian-ASEAN partnership dialogue," Putin said.

    Visa procedures

    According to the Russian president, Russia and Indonesia are working out the possibility to further streamline visa procedures.

    "Last year, the Indonesian side imposed a 30-day visa-free regime for Russians. The possibility to conclude an intergovernmental agreement on mutual simplification of visa procedures is being worked out," Putin said.


    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/politics/876575


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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Fri May 20, 2016 6:09 pm

    Russia may build refinery in Laos, oil pipeline from Laos to Vietnam — minister

    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/economy/877183


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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  George1 on Wed May 31, 2017 4:31 am

    Kamaz to supply at least 1,000 trucks to Philippines by 2020

    More:
    http://tass.com/economy/948373


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    JohninMK

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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  JohninMK on Tue Aug 22, 2017 11:37 pm

    Relationship seems to be widening.

    Officials in the Jakarta, Indonesia's capital, have announced that Russia is set to sell 11 Sukhoi fighter jets to the Southeast Asian country.

    The 11 jets worth $1.14 billion will be paid by Indonesia shipping around $570 million in commodities, with the remainder paid on cash.

    Indonesia's Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita and Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said in a joint statement on Tuesday that the jets are expected to be delivered in states beginning in two years time.

    Lukita had earlier signalled that the commodities to be sent to Russia are "still being negotiated" but will likely include palm oil, tea and coffee.

    Efforts are being made between Russia and Indonesia to expand bilateral relations through tourism, aviation, energy, education and technology.


    http://www.fort-russ.com/2017/08/russia-to-sell-indonesia-11-new-fighter.html
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russia's presence in South-Εast Asia

    Post  GarryB on Wed Aug 23, 2017 12:19 pm

    Trade will be good for both countries... Smile


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