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    Indian Navy and Naval Aicraft: News



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    Re: Indian Navy and Naval Aicraft: News

    Post  Pinto on Thu Sep 01, 2016 1:56 pm

    September 1, 2016, 00:01 | Army | Nikolay Surkov
    India chooses a new "Caliber" for its forces

    Delhi plans to buy from the Russian Federation the latest cruise missiles successfully tested in Syria

    India intends to apply to the Russian Federation with a request for the sale of cruise missiles "Caliber", equipped with the latest high precision guidance system, and capable of striking ground targets. The question of the supply will be discussed during the forthcoming visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to India.

    This "News" an informed diplomatic source. Interviewed experts believe that with the advent of the last modification "caliber" of the Indian military will receive a new combat capabilities, as well as be able to prepare to the adoption of the national development of cruise missiles.

    The proposal has already been prepared by the Indian side, but will be officially handed over only during the visit of President Vladimir Putin, - said the source of "Izvestia". - It will, in fact, the same rockets that were used in Syria, that is with high precision guidance system, but with a reduced flight range in full compliance with international regulations.

    Two Vladimir Putin's visit to India scheduled later this year. In October, the Russian leader will visit Goa at the summit of the BRICS, and he plans to visit Delhi during the summit "Russia-India" closer to the end of the year.

    Indian Navy already has a "Calibre" missiles, but only in the anti-shipping, now Delhi wants to get a modification, be used for attacks on militants in Syria. It is distinguished by the presence of a new high precision guidance system, but in the export version of the range will be greatly reduced - up to 300 km, so as not to violate the provisions of international agreements prohibiting the export of missiles with a longer range.

    However, experts do not exclude that in the future the Indians themselves can increase the range . Moreover, the emergence of new armed "Caliber" can give an additional impetus to the Indian defense industry.

    The Indians are now designing their own medium-range cruise missiles - Nirbhay.

    Peter Topychkanov, Program Officer said, "The problems of non-proliferation." - The emergence of "Caliber" will be a great help in terms of the development of technology, understanding of the role of such systems in the forces, the development of operational plans. With the help of
    "Caliber" will prepare the Indians to the adoption of its own system.

    An independent military expert Anton Lavrov said in an interview with "Izvestiya" that high-precision cruise missiles have only a few countries in the world, so that the appearance of new "Caliber" - a landmark stage in the development of the Indian forces.


    "Caliber" - is its high precision and the ability to hit a well-protected objects, including control and air defense facilities centers - Anton Lavrov said. - The most important thing - the effect of surprise. When does air raids, the enemy has time to react, and cruise missiles strike unexpectedly. Plus "Caliber" is an advantage - he can maneuver and go to the target from unexpected directions.

    The expert drew attention to another important aspect of the export of new cruise missiles.

    Feature of "Caliber" -

    the use of high-precision satellite guidance, and hence, its application requires very close cooperation in the military sphere, as the Indians will have to grant access to the three-dimensional model of the Earth, maps, terrain and military frequencies GLONASS - said Anton Lavrov.
    Such opportunities do not give to anybody, only the closest allies.


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    India shelves plan to expand French Scorpene submarine order after data breach

    Post  Pinto on Sat Sep 03, 2016 12:52 pm


    *India unlikely to give French naval contractor DCNS a proposed order for three new submarines

    DCNS had offered to build three more submarines to help India replace its ageing Soviet-era fleet

    *A French govt source has said the firm had apparently been robbed, and it was not a leak.

    India is unlikely to give French naval contractor DCNS a proposed order for three new submarines, in addition to the six it is already building in the country, following the leak of secret data about its capabilities, Indian defence officials said.

    Details of the Scorpene submarine+ were published in the Australian newspaper last month, triggering concerns that it had become vulnerable even before it was ready to enter service.

    DCNS had offered to build three more submarines to help India replace its ageing Soviet-era fleet, and had held talks over the past year, two Indian sources said.

    That offer will not now be taken up, according to the officials.
    "We had an agreement for six, and six it will remain," a defence ministry official briefed on the navy's plans told Reuters, speaking on condition of anonymity.

    A navy officer said there had been a serious breach of data and the navy's efforts+ were focused on determining the damage done to the existing submarines.

    "No order will be signed, nothing is going to happen now," the officer, who is also been briefed on the submarine data leak, said when asked if the government planned to enlarge the order.

    DCNS spokesman Emmanuel Gaudez said the company was "stunned" by the information. "The talks are ongoing with the government and our Indian partners. We have not been informed in anyway of such a decision," he said.

    India's defence ministry has written to DCNS asking for details about the extent of the leak and how data relating to the Scorpene's intelligence gathering frequencies, diving depth, endurance and weapons specifications had ended up in the public domain, both officials said
    A naval group headed by a three-star admiral is looking at altering some features of the submarine, the first of which began sea trials in May for induction later this year, to minimise any damage.

    The remaining five are in various stages of production at state-run Mazgaon Docks shipyard in Mumbai and they were all due to enter service by 2020.


    An official at Mazgaon Docks said the firm was focused on completing the original order of six Scorpenes and that he was not aware of any plan to build more.

    A DCNS spokesman had earlier said the firm was in close touch with "our key customers like India to keep them informed of the development of our investigation, respond to their questions and mitigate their legitimate worries".

    "The investigation is still ongoing and one of its objectives is to determine the potential prejudice and minimize its potential consequences," the spokesman said.

    DCNS is preparing to build a new fleet of submarines in Australia for A$50 billion ($38.13 billion). Australian defence officials have warned the firm to beef up security in the wake of the leak.

    DCNS has said that the leak, which covered details of the Scorpene-class model and not the vessel currently being designed for the Australian fleet, bore the hallmarks of "economic warfare" carried out by frustrated competitors.

    Indian officials have pointed to a "non-disclosure of information" clause that was written into the 2005 contract at French insistence, the first defence ministry official briefed on the communication with the DCNS, said.
    But the official said the government could only invoke that clause if it was established that the data was leaked and not stolen.
    A French government source has said the firm had apparently been robbed+ , and it was not a leak, adding it was unlikely classified data was stolen.


    Indian submarine experts say that, while the breach in information security was serious, it does not make the Scorpenes immediately vulnerable to detection.

    The most vital data about a submarine is its unique "signature" of noise, heat and electro-magnetic emissions, and it is the combination of such signatures that determines the ability to detect them.

    "If that is gone, then you might as well say goodbye to the submarine. You are exposed," said former vice admiral and submariner A.K.Singh.
    Such signatures are assembled in the course of the sea trials of a submarine, and in the case of the Scorpenes that has yet to happen, he said.

    India's submarine arm is down to 13 vessels, only half of which are operational at any time, and is falling rapidly behind China, which is expanding its maritime presence in the Indian Ocean.


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    Scorpene leak : Advantage Russia for India’s Project-75-I ??

    Post  Pinto on Sat Sep 03, 2016 6:35 pm

    image upload

    India has drops plans to order 3 more Scorpene submarines from France after secret data of its latest conventional submarine was published in the Australian newspaper last month and now doubts have been raised in certain section of Indian media if India will allow France’s DCNS to compete for Project-75-I under which India plans to build Six more Next generation Stealth Conventional Submarines for Indian Navy .

    officials at Mazgaon Docks speaking to Indian media were seen saying that they were pretty convinced that Indian government could have gone for upgraded next generation Scorpene-class submarines to save cost and to maintain commonality but now there is uncertainty in that part, now due to recent development .

    Germany’s ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) another contender in India’s Project-75-I also competed with French DCNS for Australian Submarine and lost and is not considered prime contender now in India’s Project-75-I due to expensive submarine offered by them , which will make Russia front runner now due to a cheaper price tag .

    Russians have offered Amur-class submarine which is upgraded Lada Class submarine with elements of proposed fifth-generation diesel-electric Project Kalina submarine currently being developed by TsKB Rubin making it technologically at par with any conventional submarine currently offered under Project-75-I and are more open to integrated Indian weapons systems , sonar suite and DRDO designed air-independent propulsion (AIP) Systems.

    Defence Analyst seems to be convinced that Russian Submarine could serve has a technological base to develop further improved indigenous conventional submarine in near future since Russians are willing to share transfer of technology and are willing to help India develop its own indigenous conventional submarine fleet when Project-76 officially becomes reality .


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    India’s Submarine Arm- The Road ahead

    Post  Pinto on Sun Sep 04, 2016 9:21 pm

    Rollout of the First Kalvari class Submarine in Mumbai.

    The 24TH of August brought a nightmare of sorts for the Indian Navy as the Australian Newspaper released a set of 22000 papers with Technical & Operational details of the Scorpene class submarines currently in construction for the Indian navy at Mazagon Docks Mumbai. In Many ways the Submarine arm of the Indian Navy seems to be jinxed. In 1957, the then Defence Minister requested Lord Mountbatten, then the First Sea Lord, to provide India a target submarine which could be the oldest and cheapest available, he refused. In 1959 the Navy asked the UK for three operational submarines, this never happened as the UK refused the soft credit terms sought by India. The Navy finally got a Break when the Soviet Union came to our rescue and provided us India with eight Foxtrot class submarines between 1967 & 1974.

    The jinx was not broken though and India was hit by a double Whammy in the 80’S First the HDW scam broke in 1987 which saw the much required class of six HDW type 209 submarines being acquired being reduced to four boats, then India had to prematurely return the Charlie class SSN it had leased from the USSR for 10 years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union after it had only served the IN for a bare three years. Once again the Russians came to our rescue and the fleet was bolstered by 10 877EKM (KILO) class boats which were inducted between 1986 & 2000.This was followed by the Selection of the Kalvari (Scorpene) class boats in 2005, this project is currently running 4 years behind schedule and has just been hit by the Scorpene Leak as well.

    An Indian Navy Kilo Class Submarine

    This brings us to P75I after years of delays the DAC finally approved a sum of 53000 crores for the Purchase of Six advanced SSK units. The Catch this time was that much like the Kalvari class all 6 would be built in India with a strategic partner to be selected after due deliberation. This has since increased to an expected cost of over 60000 crores.

    However the recent leaks beg the question why do we need to risk more leaks by foreign partners? Why can’t we build our own SSK? The Indian Navy already has a Submarine design Group within the directorate of Naval Design that has just designed the Arihant class of SSBN & is currently working on a domestic class of SSN. We also possess extensive literature & Blueprints for Both the HDW Type 209 7 the Scorpene class of Submarines that we can modify into our own SSK. Now if we actually design a domestic SSK the next question is how & Where it can be Built within India , what are the technologies required, how many of those technologies re available in country etc. Without going too much into details a SSK has a few basic components, these are:

    1) Hull
    2) Sonars
    4) Combat & Control Electronics
    5) Battery Packs
    6) Primary Diesel Engine, Generator, Gear & Drivetrain
    7) Torpedoes & Missiles (weaponry)
    Cool Anechoic tiles & Sound Insulation

    I shall be listing out Indian Firms that can be employed for sourcing the parts listed above which can be used to build an Indian SSK.

    L&T's massive yard at Katupalli

    Hull- The are two parts to making a Submarine Hull, the first is the Metal & the second is the Fabrication of the Metal into a Hull capable of withstanding the extreme stress a Submarine has to undergo. The Metal will most likely be DMR292A Steel or the DMR249B Submarine Grade Steel developed in 2015 by SAIL At its Rourkela & Durgapur plants, Apart from This India has also made Titanium domestically which was used by the USSR for its ALFA class of SSNs during the Cold war. The Obvious candidates for fabricating a hull out of this metal are MDL & L&T .The Mazagon docks limited has had extensive experience in fabricating and building the Hulls of the HDW boats in the 1980’s and is building the Scorpene class Boats now. Larsen & Toubro has some of India’s most modern shipbuilding facilities at Hazira in Gujarat & Katupalli in Tamil Nadu. L&T has partnered HSL, DRDO & the Indian Navy in building the Hulls for the Arihant Class SSBN and hence has built a legitimate claim towards the fabrication of any future Indian SSK.

    Sonar- The Obvious candidate for this would be the same USHUS Advanced Sonar currently in production at BEL Bangalore. As of today this Sonar is already operational in Five Sindhughosh class SSKs and the INS Arihant. Apart from this India also builds the Panchendriya Sonar System that is a unified submarine sonar and tactical control system & includes all types of sonar (passive, surveillance, ranging, intercept, obstacle avoidance and active).It is used for detecting and tracking enemy submarines, surface vessels, and torpedoes and can be used for underwater communication and avoiding obstacles. We can fully expect to see both these systems form the Sensory core of any future Indian SSK.

    A Mockup of the DRDO AIP Module

    AIP- DRDO is currently developing at least two different types of AIP (Air independent Propulsion) Fuel Cell technologies called PAFC (Phosphoric acid fuel cell) & PEMFC (polymer electrolyte fuel cell). Both of these were supposed to be operational in time for installation into the Kalvari Class of Submarines, however Due to delays by DRDO these systems are only expected to be installed into the fifth & Sixth Kalvari class boats. As of now the Project is delayed and DRDO has yet to exhibit a working prototype.
    Even if the DRDO AIP is not ready we have the option of purchasing commercially available AIP technologies from a variety of Global manufacturers if required.

    Combat & Control Technologies- TATA Strategic Electronics Division partnered with DRDO to build the entire Control System for the Arihant SSBN project. Apart from this we also have the sonar ISS (Integrated Sonar Suite), state-of-the-art sonar developed for the 2nd SSBN called Aridaman by NPOL DRDO. This is a unified submarine sonar and tactical control system & includes all types of sonar (passive, surveillance, ranging, intercept, obstacle avoidance and active). It also features an underwater communications system. The hull features twin flank-array sonars and Rafael broadband expendable anti-torpedo countermeasures.

    Exide Batteries Submarine Cell

    Battery Pack- There are at least two Indian manufacturers that have a known capability to manufacture Batteries for Submarines .HBL Batteries headquartered at Hyderabad manufactures 12391 Wh to 40300 Wh Batteries for Submarines at its facilities in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand & Haryana. Exide Industries India also manufactures Batteries for Submarines and currently meets 100%of the requirement of Submarine batteries for the Indian Navy. Exide also has a license to export Submarine batteries and is currently closing an order for Submarine batteries to Algeria and Russia. Exide is on the list of registered Submarine battery vendors for the Russian Submarine Design Bureau RUBIN as well.

    Primary Diesel Engine, Generator, Gear & Drivetrain- India has already developed an Electrical drivetrain along with the generator for the Arihant class SSBN, while the exact details of the system remain classified it is known that the entire system along with the Gearbox was supplied by Walchandnagar industries based in Maharashtra .This system can be adapted to create a drivetrain for an Indian SSK by replacing the Steam Turbine & Nuclear reactor with a Submarine Marine Diesel as the prime Mover. While there are numerous manufacturers of Marine Diesel Engines in India like Cummins India and Kirloskar Oil Engines Indian Limited, these manufacturers have never made an Engine for a Submarine. The good news is that Submarine Diesel Engines are commercially available from global manufacturers like MTU (which supplies the engine for the Arjun Tank) & Kawasaki.

    Varunastra test firing

    Torpedoes & Missiles (weaponry)- DRDO has developed at least two domestic Torpedo weapons systems that could find their way onto a domestic SSK. The Shenya Advanced Light Torpedo and the Varunastra Heavyweight Torpedo have both been test fired from Ships however Submarine firings have yet to be undertaken. The Submarine variants of both these torpedoes are very much still in further development even as their ship borne variants are being inducted. Apart from these products from DRDO Anil Ambani has also tied up with Atlas GMbh of Germany to manufacture & sell the Seahake range of Torpedoes to the Indian Navy. We can fully expect all of these torpedoes to make it into the Arsenal of an Indian DE submarine. The candidates for Missiles that shall arm any future Indian SSK are the Russian Klub/Kalibr & the Indian Brahmos. The Submarines launched version of the Brahmos is still in development and has been tested once from a pontoon platform in 2013. A future Indian SSK shall in all probability be armed with a 16 cell VLS launcher developed within India by L&T for Brahmos Missiles while also carrying Klub/Kalibr units to be fired via Torpedo Tubes.

    Anechoic tiles & Sound Insulation- Once again Technologies that were developed in India for the Arihant class of Submarines shall come in useful as any future Indian SSK can use the same anechoic tiles developed for the INS Arihant by a rubber vulcanizing firm based out of Mysore. The name of this firm remains classified.

    India really needs to think whether it needs to spend 60000 crore rupees on purchasing SSK technology from a Foreign Partner when all of the components required can easily be found within Indian Shores. An internal Indian Navy assessment a few days ago found that it would Cost India only 35000 crores to develop & build six Indian SSNs. We should scrap the P75I and use the funds available to develop and manufacture an Indian SSN & an Indian SSK. The Indian Navy plans to deploy a fleet of at least 30-35 submarines by 2030 to counter the PLAN’s fleet of over 80 boats. These will be a mix of 4-6 SSBNs, 6 SSNs & 20 SSKs. The Navy will be left with only six compromised Scorpenes and 8 old KILOS in 2030 unless we start induction of more SSKs quickly. India can buy time to develop its own SSK by using 20000 crores for off the shelf purchase of some 10 improved Kilo class submarines(at 300$mil each) these will bolster numbers while we use the remaining 40000 crores to develop & build a fleet of Indian Submarines.


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    Japan may cut price to ink aircraft deal with India

    Post  Pinto on Sun Sep 11, 2016 11:12 am

    NEW DELHI: Japan is negotiating the sale of Shinmaywa US-2 search and rescue aircraft with India not for any economic gain but because it considers India a friendly country, Tokyo has said amid reports that the deal for 12 amphibious aircraft had collapsed over pricing and technology transfer issues.

    Top Japanese defence ministry sources told TOI in an exclusive interaction that they would look at reducing the price for the $ 1.6 billion aircraft deal ? as much as possible, in a fresh attempt to revive the negotiations.

    The agreement, if it happens, will have a huge symbolic significance as a message to China about deepening defence and security cooperation between India and Japan, both victims of Chinese territorial aggression.
    "Our position is that if this agreement happens, it will have a very favourable impact on our relations with India,'' said a Japanese defence ministry official.

    "We understand there are some consultations underwayin India over pricing. Pricing is determined by several factors. We are not doing this for economic gains but for our friendly relations with India and can look at reducing the price to the extent possible," added the official.

    Japan is now hoping that there will be some progress in negotiations by the time PM Narendra Modi visits Tokyo later this year for the annual summit meet. Known for its short takeoff capability, the aircraft was meant to be deployed in the Andaman Nicobar Islands.


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    Indian team for Russia in hunt for submarine

    Post  Pinto on Wed Sep 14, 2016 7:58 am

    India and Russia will undertake advanced discussions this week on the leasing of a second nuclear attack submarine which have been ongoing for a while.

    An Indian delegation is heading to Russia in the next few days to carry out talks on the issue, official sources told The Hindu.

    On Tuesday, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Rogozin chaired the 22nd session of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation (IRIGC-TEC) setting the agenda for the summit-level meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin next month.

    Russia has already leased an Akula class nuclear attack submarine to India for 10 years as a package deal along with aircraft carrier Vikramaditya which was commissioned into the Indian Navy as INS Chakra in 2012.

    Informed sources said that while Russia has offered another Akula SSN on lease, India is interested in a different and a newer class of boat. Officials expressed hope of concluding a deal very soon.

    Submarines are considered the most potent offensive military platforms. While conventional diesel-electric submarines have limited range and endurance, nuclear powered submarines are free of such limitations.

    Powered by a nuclear reactor which gives virtually unlimited range and endurance, the submarines can silently traverse oceans hunting for enemy vessels. Nuclear submarines are of two types, nuclear attack submarines (SSNs) and ballistic nuclear submarines (SSBN).

    SSBNs are specifically meant to carry missiles armed with nuclear warheads and assure a nation’s second strike capability if attacked first by nuclear weapons.

    India’s first SSBN Arihant powered by a 83 MW ncuelar reactor has been under sea-trials since 2009 and is all set for commissioning. At least two more boats of the same class are in various stages of construction.

    Indigenous SSNs

    In February last, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the design and construction of six SSNs domestically. By the approval, the government had converted part of the ambitious 30-year, 24 submarine building plan from conventional to nuclear.

    The plan is to design and build an indigenous SSN based on the experience gained from Arihant and they will be built at the same Submarine Building Complex in Vizag.

    The programme is on track and the design phase is progressing as per schedule, officials said without elaborating further.

    Senior Navy officials had in the past expressed confidence that they would be able to reduce the timelines for such a complex project which typically takes about 15 years.

    Indian Navy currently operates thirteen conventional submarines and one nuclear attack submarine leased from Russia. In contrast, China operates five SSNs, four SSBNs and over 50 conventional submarines.


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    Russian shipbuilder mulls manufacturing hub in Visakhapatnam

    Post  Pinto on Wed Sep 14, 2016 8:04 am

    VISAKHAPATNAM: The United Shipbuilding Corporation of Russia, the fifth biggest shipbuilders in the world with a turnover of 5 billion US dollars, is considering Visakhapatnam for making its manufacturing hub.

    Alexey L Rakhmanov, president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, during a brief interaction with the media after the inaugural of the two-day dialogue between India and Russian defence industries here on Wednesday said that the company had found Andhra Pradesh in tune with its needs. “However, there is a long way to go before the final decision is taken,” he said.

    Acknowledging the potential of India, particularly Andhra Pradesh in defence manufacturing sector, more so for naval needs, given its strategic location, Rakhmanov said they are contemplating more ties between Indian and Russian institutes of higher education, so that the human resources could be built for the benefit of the defence manufacturing sector.

    Earlier during his presentation at the inaugural, he said that the proposed manufacturing hub in India could become their global production unit.

    “Russian shipbuilding firms are inclined for setting up joint ventures with Indian firms as part of the Indigenization of defence manufacturing equipment,” he said while underlining the vast scope for production of commercial vessels and lauded the emphasis being given by the AP government on port-based development and inland waterways.

    Speaking on the occasion, Krishna Kishore, CEO of Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board said Andhra Pradesh offers a perfect eco-system for defence manufacturing equipment, as it is not only stands second in the ease of doing business in India, but has the second largest sea coast, six ports and eight more in the offing, six airports with another six under proposal.

    Kartikeya Misra, director of the state industries and commerce department said Indian defence needs are met by imports up to 60 per cent. “It gives a good opportunity for OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers) to invest in India, particularly Andhra Pradesh.”

    According to him, Indian Navy would need 13-15 sea vessels, but existing shipyards in the country can build five vessels at the most, which in turn gives an opportunity for the ship builders of Russia to invest in the country. “It’s a win-win situation for all,” he said.Rear Admiral LV Sarat Babu, chairman of Hindustan Shipyard Limited said shipbuilding is critical to maritime nation like India for both its defence capabilities and for its economic prosperity.

    “Investment in shipbuilding will trigger investment in other allied sectors that will be nearly 10 times more. Low labour cost is one of the advantages of India,” he pointed out.

    Vice-Admiral HCS Bisht, flag officer commanding-in-chief, Eastern Naval Command (ENC) recalled the strong ties between India and Russia not only in defence but also in other sctors.

    “In fact, role of Russia is very much there in the growth story of Vizag,” he said.


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    Russia displays special features of IL-112 to India

    Post  Pinto on Thu Sep 15, 2016 7:55 am

    Dmitry Rogozin, Russia’s Deputy Prime Minister introduced the technological features of the Il-112 aircraft to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, he said, while he visited the Voronezh Aircraft Building Enterprise VASO.

    "This plane is of interest for some of our foreign partners. I myself handed the prospect for specifications on the airframe to Prime Minister of India, Modi," Rogozin said.

    He stated that the aircraft can be made to suit both military and civilian specifications.

    Additionally, the Il-112 will have unique capabilities, including being able to land on the ground and on unequipped airfields, and being able to raise bulky loads.

    Rogozin said the terrain in India is mountainous and the country needs to support the military forces.

    "They have showed a preliminary interest in that," said Rogozin.


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    Indian Navy’s guided missile destroyer to be launched on Sept 17

    Post  Pinto on Thu Sep 15, 2016 8:23 am

    The second ship of the Project 15B, a guided missile destroyer christened ‘Mormugao’ for Indian Navy, will be launched in Mumbai on September 17.

    The Mazgoan Shipyard, which is building the ship will also outsource work for 10 blocks to involve private ship building yard in the programme.

    The navy aims to take the level of indigenisation by the navy to 68% in this project.

    It said it has set a target of 2018 for the first indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC) while the government is seriously considering IAC 2 and it is in planning stage.

    Vice admiral GS Pabby, controller warship production and acquisition, said the navy has the target of having 212 ships in its fleet by 2027 and it will be a “real challenge” and there is a need to work “very hard” for it.

    Noting that in last one year the Indian navy has inducted five ships, which includes three warships, Pabby said this is the first time the naval forces have built so many ships of a class, -- 10 ships of 15, A and B class - and this process has helped in indigenisation.

    In 2011, the government had sanctioned four 15B ships at the cost of Rs 29,700 crores.

    The first ship of the project, guided-missile destroyer ‘Visakhapatnam’, was launched on April 20 last year.

    During launching ceremony the hull of the ship which is constructed on dry area is floated on water for the first time. It is a milestone event for any vessel.

    “The last six years can be called the golden years of Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders. Since 2010, the yard has delivered one major warship platform to Indian Navy almost every year.”
    “Commencing with the high-end stealth frigate INS Shivalik, delivered in 2010, the yard dedicated to the nation INS Satpura and INS Sahyadri in the same class.”

    “This was followed by the highly acclaimed stealth destroyer INS Kolkata sporting a unique silhouette afforded by MF STAR antenna and INS Kochi in subsequent years. The third and last destroyer in this series, Chennai was delivered to the Navy in August 2016 and will be commissioned shortly,” it said.

    MDL is also constructing six Scorpene class submarines for the Indian Navy under a transfer of technology from DCNS of France. The first boat in this class, Kalvari, will be commissioned into the fleet soon. The launch of the second boat is slated later this year.
    The yard is now ready with the augmented facility created recently for a second line of submarines.

    For the first time in its history, Mazagon Dock in 2015-16 achieved a value of production (VOP) above Rs 4,000 crore with an operating profit of Rs 218 crore.


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    How Indian Navy Will Emerge As A Potent Naval Force By 2030

    Post  Pinto on Sun Sep 25, 2016 12:05 pm

    INS Vikrant - Designed by Directorate of Naval Design, Indian Navy

    by Abhishek Das

    Indian Navy, the maritime wing of the Indian Armed Forces have been guarding our borders and its surrounding exclusive economic zones of the vast Indian Ocean Region (IOR) very effectively for the last 70 years. It has seen lot of ups and downs during its 69 years of long journey.

    The Indian Navy is already a blue water force, as may be seen in its wide operational footprint and full-spectrum capabilities. Today, the Indian Navy operates a balanced force comprising aircraft carriers, multi-role destroyers and frigates, fleet tankers, offshore patrol vessels, amphibious ships and a multitude of aviation and underwater combatants, capable of both blue water and littoral operations. These enable the Navy to undertake multiple activities under its military, diplomatic, constabulary and benign roles, to promote and protect India’s maritime interests.

    The Navy’s roles and responsibilities have expanded significantly over the years, in response to changing geo-economic and geo-strategic circumstances. In order to meet the entire spectrum of challenges, our force structure planning is dictated primarily by capabilities to be achieved, threat perceptions in the prevailing maritime security environment, emerging technologies, and the availability of funds.

    In overall terms, our fleet is young, while there are some gaps in certain niche areas such as minesweepers, submarines, and multi-role and utility helicopters. The Government is seized of these issues and impetus has been accorded to overcome the delays and progress all pending cases in a time-bound manner. We have 47 ships and submarines under construction, which will be inducted progressively into the Navy.

    The question arises ‘Can India compete the Chinese maritime power at sea? If we analyse the naval build up of India carefully, then it is very clear that it is not going to surrender to the Chinese. It is not only preparing to counter the Chinese but it is preparing to counter any major naval force also. India aspires to become a global power just like China, and for that it needs a strong Navy which it has realised of late.

    Let’s take a look what India is building for its Navy to make it a global blue water force :

    In this article I will try to list out all the main warships, submarines, weapon & defence systems and supporting technologies that are being/to be acquired by the Indian Navy down the years. Please note that existing systems are NOT MENTIONED unless they are of a class that is still being built-up or have some major upgrade program that needs to be mentioned.

    PART - I

    Main Surface Combatants

    Project-15B Bangalore-Class Destroyers

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    CGI concept of Bangalore-Class Destroyer

    An improved version of Kolkata-class. 4 ships planned, 1st one's hull almost complete. First major warship-class to be built after MDL received much-needed upgrades in terms of modular construction.

    Carries 16 x BrahMos anti-ship/land-attack cruise missiles (will be replaced with Mach 7-8 BrahMos-II once that's ready) and 48-64 SAMs (Barak-8/8ER), all contained in VLS cells. A new CIWS cannon should be inducted by the time these ships are doing sea trials. MF-STAR AESA multifunction radar and RAWL-02/RAN-40L search radar with EMDINA Combat management system will be integrated. BEL HUMSA-NG sonar suite will be standard.

    Project-15A Kolkata-Class Destroyers

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    The most powerful warship built in India so far. 3 ships planned, 1st one inducted & commissioned earlier this month. 2nd & 3rd ones will follow next year. Armament suite includes 16 BrahMos-1 cruise missiles and 32 (according to some, 64; with 32 additional reloads) Barak-8 SAMs, all VLS-based. Comes with 4 CIWS cannons of 30mm caliber and a 76mm main SRGM.

    Radars are the same as P-15B as are CMS and Sonar suites, albeit P-15B might be using more advanced/later versions. Full load displacement quoted as 7,400 tons.

    Hangars for 2 large helicopters are available : the competition of 12-ton Multirole choppers for DDGs should begin soon with the competitors being CH-148 Cyclone and AW-101. Winning helos could be armed with light anti-ship missiles such as Kongsberg NSM, and will have their own torpedos & dunking sonars. It's also the same for P-15B.

    Project-15 Delhi-Class Destroyers Upgrade*

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    The 3 existing Delhi-class destroyers, each with 6,900 tons of displacement and currently carrying 16 cruise missiles and 80 surface-to-air missiles will be upgraded with the MF-STAR multifunction radar, new EMDINA combat management suite and new sonars. The 16 Kh-35 Switchblade/Uran-E missiles will be replaced with tube-launched BrahMos-1 while the 42 Shtil-1 (9M317M) SAMs will be replaced by Barak-8, the 32 Barak-1 being retained with upgrades.

    Project-17A Frigates

    Much-improved versions of Shivalik-class FFG. Total 7 planned for construction at two different shipyards (4 at MDL and 3 at GRSE), this number could grow to 10 if an additional 3 Talwar-class frigates are not ordered. The frigates will have largely the same radars & CMS, sonar suites as the P-15B destroyers - like the MF-STAR multifunction radar and HUMSA-NG hull-mounted sonar array.

    Armament will consist of 8 cruise missiles (BrahMos-1/2) and 32 surface-to-air missiles (Barak-Cool, all launched from VLS cells. Fully conceled torpedo tubes and redesigned flush deck to reduce radar & acoustic signature will be implemented. Full load displacement could be between 6,200 and 6,800 tons.

    New CIWS cannons and 76mm/127mm SRGM will be equipped in likely redesigned turrets.

    Talwar (Krivak-IV)-Class Frigates


    Adding to the 6 already in service, another 3 to be ordered from Russia as Batch-III with some upgrades to the combat management system. Armament suite of 8 BrahMos cruise missiles and 24 9M317M SAMs will be retained.

    Project-28 Kamorta-Class ASW Corvettes

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    New-generation corvettes with an emphasis on anti-submarine warfare. Total 4 planned, 1st one commissioned earlier this month. The design includes advanced X-form hull (a first in India) and several radar, acoustic, and Infra-Red suppression measures. The corvette, with a full load displacement of 3,400 tons is geared for ASW missions with an array of torpedos, hull-mounted & towed-array sonars and several processing stations dedicated for submarine-hunting. The ship would receive a 16-cell Barak-1 SAM suite in the future. The capability to launch an anti-submarine version of the Klub missile through torpedo tubes is said to exist, with transfer of Klubs for Kamorta being documented in SIPRI, but such capability is not officially mentioned.

    Another 8 corvettes of an improved design under Project-28A could be cleared for construction after the 3rd & 4th vessels (which will bring some new design developments as compared to 1st and 2nd ones) of present class are completed.

    New Generation Corvettes

    With the indigenous ship design agencies already jam-packed, the design for 16 new guided missile corvettes will be acquired from a European or Russian design agency and then they will be constructed in India with some modifications. Picture of Swedish Visby-class is only for depiction, although that design is most likely to be among the competitors.

    *While the SLEP upgrade of P-15 Delhi destroyers is a sure thing to happen, the exact systems & weapons to be included in that upgrade are not yet confirmed so have that one with a pinch of salt.

    Another matter that deserves mention is the possible upgrade of 3 existing Project-16A frigates with Maitri/Barak-1 SAMs and new electronic systems. Tube-launched BrahMos-1 cannot be ruled out either.

    On top of the 7 new destroyers under P-15A/B, there are rumors of upto 8 to 12 more next-generation destroyers of a new design, with indigenous AESA-based multifunction radars and fully integrated masts. Then again, it's just a rumor, although defence analysts have confirmed that IN plans to have a fleet of 24 destroyers total.

    PART - II

    Aircraft Carriers, Support Ships & Amphibious Warfare Vessels

    Project-71 IAC-1 (Vikrant-Class) Aircraft Carrier

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    The first carrier-class to be designed & built in India. The IAC-1 is a gas turbine-powered STOBAR configuration with MiG-29K and NLCA Tejas jet fighters outlined for operations from it's deck. It can carry a total 30 aircraft, including flight & hangar deck storage. Full-load displacement will be around 40,000 tons. The remainder of the air-wing consists of Ka-31 Helix-B AEW helicopters, Dhruv Mk.3 & Sea King transport/ASW helicopters. The Sea Kings will be replaced in due course by a new NMRH - most likely S-70B-2 Sea Hawk.

    The electronics will consist of an MFSTAR multifunction AESA radar, a 3D AESA-based search radar (most likely RAN-40L), an indigenous combat management system, and a suite of BEL-built hull-mounted sonars. The ship will have it's own compliment of 32 Barak-8 SAMs as well as 4 CIWS mounts of 30mm caliber. The maximum speed under propulsion is quoted as 30 knots.

    Currently the carrier's hull is almost complete and according to sources, propulsion has been integrated. The ship is being built using modular methods, with the 'island' superstructure nearing completion as well and awaiting installation into place.

    The Vikrant will be operated by the Eastern Naval Command.

    Vikramaditya (Admiral Gorshkov/Kiev)-Class Aircraft Carrier

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    Although the ship itself, displacing 45,500 tons and capable of carrying 26 aircraft in total, is inducted & operational with the Western Naval Command, there still remains the program to outfit it with Barak-8 SAMs and a new CIWS system. The Vikramaditya operates MiG-29K fighters & Ka-31 AEW, Dhruv, Sea King, Ka-28PL and Chetak helicopters.

    Vishaal (IAC-2)-Class Aircraft Carrier

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    Although details remain sketchy, it can be said with almost-certainty that the IAC-2 will be built with the following features to boot : a displacement of around 65,000 tons (don't know for sure if full-load or not), CATOBAR configuration with the option of EMALS (US has already made clear it's offer) and nuclear propulsion using the same 180-200MW Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) that is being developed for future submarine-classes.

    The most sketchy part of the details remains the air-wing. It may consist of either a naval version of FGFA, or Rafale-M taking advantage of IAF's MMRCA deal, which will eventually be replaced by a naval AMCA. The CATOBAR configuration allows for the operation of aircraft such as E-2D Advanced Hawkeye and UCAVs. Little is known about the rest of this carrier.

    Although only one has be contemplated so far, we can expect a 2nd ship of this class when the time comes to replace the Vikramaditya. The IN intends for a 3-carrier force, one for Bay of Bengal/China, one for Arabian Sea/Pakistan/Middle East and one on standby or in refit, and according to prominent defence analysts, the IN could standardize on Vishaal & improved designs of the same class by the time the Viki & IAC-1 are to be replaced or transferred into reserves...hinting at a 3rd ship of this class.

    Landing Helicopter Docks

    Competition for 4 LHDs, 2 of which will be bought from abroad and the remaining 2 built in India. As per the latest of unofficial reports, the Spanish Juan Carlos-I and the French Mistral-class ships are leading the fray for providing four vessels for the IN. Respectively they have displacements of 26,000 tons & 21,300 tons and can transport between 900+ troops & 40-46 main battle tanks along with a plethora of 20-30 helicopters from the flight deck.

    Fleet Support Ships

    The MoD had recently cleared the procurement of five large Fleet Support Ships (FSS) designed to accompany the CBGs or assist in other amphibious operations. The FSS are to have full-load displacements of around 40,000 tons and will be capable of both astern & abeam transfer of equipment & replenishments for at-sea naval warfare units. No data as yet about the possible competitors or exact method of acquisition. Most probably foreign design will be modified & built in India. Picture of DCNS BRAVE-class ship only for depiction, although that model is likely to be among the competition.

    PART - III

    Submarines (Nuclear & Conventional)

    Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN)

    S-5 "Avinash" Class

    The S-5 are the definitive underwater deterrence platforms of the Indian nuclear triad. A total of 3 submarines of this class have been outlined, each one with a submerged displacement of approximately 20,000 tons and capable of carrying between 12 to 24 intercontinental ballistic missiles with Multiple Independently targeted Re-entry Vehicles (MIRVs). The K-5 SLBM with an estimated range of 6,500 to 8,500 kilometers is being developed for the purpose.

    It is not known if the S-5 submarine-class will be made to carry BrahMos cruise missiles in their torpedo tubes for defence against warships.

    The same "Shipbuilding Center" in Vizag on India's East Coast that is building the Arihant-class submarines will take up construction of the much larger S-5 afterwards. The vessels will be a powered by a new-generation 180-200MW pressurized water reactor being designed & developed by the DAE & BARC.

    Cruise Missile Submarines (SSGN)

    S-2 Arihant-Class

    The 3 Arihant-class nuclear submarines (1st one currently undergoing sea trials with the 2nd one most probably being fitted out), originally built as SSBNs, will be converted to an SSGN role carrying the Nirbhay 1,000+ km land-attack cruise missiles & the BrahMos 300km anti-ship cruise missiles in it's silos and torpedo tubes.

    It is estimated that each of an Arihant-class vessel's 4 silos can carry upto 5 Nirbhay missiles, giving a total of 20 such missiles in the silos, discounting any number that can also be carried in the torpedo tubes. The Arihant has a surfaced displacement of around 6,000 tons and an unspecified submerged displacement, estimated by unofficial sources as around 7,000 tons.

    Attack Submarines (SSN)

    The Indian Navy and the MoD have recently outlined a requirement for, to begin with, 6 attack submarines with nuclear propulsion. While it is estimated by naval analysts that this number could grow to anywhere between 9 to 18 in due course - the design of the submarine has not been revealed so far.

    Considering various sources, it has been deduced that it would be one of three possible designs:

    1) A slightly dowsized version of the Arihant-class design, but without any vertical SLBM launch silos & incorporating considerable acoustic-signature reduction measures
    2) Based on a Russian Akula/Yasen-inspired design, with completely re-done interior & aesthetics
    3) Based on the French DCNS Barracuda-class SSN design

    All three offers would end up having the same reactor (derived from the one meant to go onboard S-5 SSBN). An approximate displacement of around 5,000 tons has been reportedly specified. The submarines will be capable of launching torpedos & anti-ship cruise missiles from the TTubes.

    Conventional Attack Submarines (SSK)


    The P-75I is a submarine tender which specifies the procurement of 6 advanced conventionally-powered submarines with fuel cell Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP) and the capability to launch BrahMos cruise missiles. While the details of the tender are already known, the choice of submarine, looking from a logistical & economic perspective, had better be the S80 Super Scorpene, which has a displacement of about 2,400 tons.


    The Mazagon Dock Ltd. (MDL) is currently engaged in building 6 of these advanced conventional submarines for the IN, each with a displacement of 1,560 tons, and the first one having been named INS Kalvari. The procurement has been repeatedly delayed with the first submarine expected to enter service in 2016. The order book is likely to be increase to 9 from the present 6 by next year.

    The IN Scorpenes will be equipped to launch SM-39 Exocet anti-ship cruise missiles and an as-yet-unselected new-generation heavyweight torpedo, with the choices being the SeaHake Mod4 and the Black Shark.

    Current prospects aim at 12 nuclear and 12-15 conventional submarines, with the nuclear number being capable of growing to anywhere upto 24. And the total number then grow upto 40 odd vessels. Indian Navy may have more than 40 submarines if it continues to upgrade present fleet of Sindhughosh class or Russian Kilo class Diesel electric vessels. They can be operated for another 20-25 years after their refit, hull modification and upgradation in weapons and sensor suite structure.


    The Indian Navy is a builder’s navy with strong preference for indigenous capability builds-up in warship construction as well as sophisticated weapons, sensors and armament. Indian Navy has become adept at interfacing equipment sourced from very diverse origins and philosophies on its in house designed versatile ships. The Indian Navy, an ardent exponent of indigenization, has proactively collaborated with industry to accommodate Indian products, and has resorted to import only on operational or unavailability grounds.

    The Indian Maritime Security Strategy is centered on shaping a favourable and positive maritime environment to effectively overcome the wide array of maritime challenges spread across the Indian Ocean.


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    India to Roll Out Exclusive Repair Facility for Scorpene-Class Submarines

    Post  Pinto on Wed Sep 28, 2016 8:10 pm

    Undeterred by its recent data leak controversy, the Indian government will go ahead with plans to set up an exclusive repair facility for Scorpene-class submarines, in what is being seen as a major morale booster for French shipbuilder DCNS.

    India will set up an exclusive repair facility for the soon-to-be-inducted Scorpene-class Submarine at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai at an estimated cost of USD 109 million. The Indian government decided to go ahead with the plan despite the huge controversy over the leak of sensitive data pertaining to the Scorpene-class Submarine in August this year.

    This decision has come as a major relief for French ship building firm DCNS, which feared suffering a huge setback in India due to the data leak controversy. DCNS is reportedly eyeing an additional contract for building three more submarines for India. The company had signed a USD 3.5 billion contract in 2005 with India to jointly develop six Scorpene-class submarines.

    Meanwhile, India's Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) under the chairmanship of Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar, has also cleared a proposal to set up a weapons repair facility for ships in Port Blair, a highly strategic location in the Indian Ocean. The facility is being built at an estimated cost of USD 68 million. This facility would not only enable the on-site repairing of vessels and weapons at times of emergency but would also help India capture the repair market for foreign vessels crossing the Indian Ocean.

    In yet another decision, the DAC has cleared a proposal aimed at strengthening the security system in the northern state of Jammu and Kashmir. DAC has cleared proposals worth USD 50 million for the procurement of electronic warfare systems in the region. Apart from strengthening security and surveillance in the region, the DAC also approved a proposal to procure anti-tank guided munitions for training purposes for the army at a cost of USD 61 million.

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    Indian Navy receives first of new class of Mk IV LCUs

    Post  Pinto on Wed Oct 05, 2016 8:39 am

    India's state-owned shipyard, Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), delivered the first of a new class of eight in-house designed Mk IV Landing Craft Utility (LCU) vessels to the Indian Navy (IN) on 30 September.

    According to the Indian Ministry of Defence, L-51 is expected to be commissioned "soon" at Port Blair: the Indian armed forces' triservice command that oversees India's Andaman and Nicobar island territories.

    The delivery of L-51 took place 14 months later than the initially envisaged timeframe of July 2015. The ship's production began in September 2012. Keel-laying took place on 26 April 2013 followed by the ship's launching in March 2014 at GRSE's Rajabagan unit.


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    Upgraded Indian Attack Submarines to Receive US Anti-Ship Missiles

    Post  Pinto on Wed Oct 05, 2016 1:36 pm

    U.S. defense contractor Boeing will supply 22 Harpoon anti-ship missiles to the Indian Navy.

    The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded U.S. defense company Boeing an $81 million contract modification to supply the Indian Navy (IN) with 22 submarine-launched Harpoon over-the-horizon anti-ship missiles under the Pentagon’s Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program, according to a September 23 press release.

    In detail, the Boeing will supply 12 UGM-84L Harpoon Block II missiles and 10 UTM-84L Harpoon training missiles, all encapsulated in a container to enable submerged launch through a torpedo tube. “Also included are two Encapsulated Harpoon certification training vehicles, containers, spares, as well as all-inclusive logistics support, and instruction for IN personnel on the missile system,” IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly reports.

    The arms package is estimated to have a total worth of around $200 million. The deal is expected to be completed in June 2018. India first purchased 24 AGM-84L Block II Harpoons in 2010 for the Indian Air Force. It bought an additional 21 Harpoons in 2012 at a cost of $200 million. India’s burgeoning fleet of Poseidon 8I Neptune advanced maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare aircraft are armed with Harpoon missiles.


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    Indian Navy's P-8Is get new operating base on west coast

    Post  Pinto on Fri Oct 07, 2016 2:44 pm

    The Indian Navy (IN) inaugurated a naval air enclave (NAE) on 5 October at Cochin International Airport on the country's west coast to facilitate the operation of its Boeing P-8I Neptune maritime multimission aircraft.

    The NAE will enhance surveillance of the west coast, particularly of the "strategically critical" island territories of Lakshadweep and Minicoy, and enable "timely assistance to be rendered to neighbouring countries who share friendly ties with India", said the IN in a statement.

    The IN's P-8I fleet is based at Arakkonam on the east coast.


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    RFI Issued for seven next generation Corvettes

    Post  Pinto on Sun Oct 09, 2016 7:48 pm

    A RFI has been issued on 6Th October 2016 titled

    Last day for submission of bids is 18Th November, 2016.

    The tender calls for a multirole corvette , capable of doing

    1. Offensive SSM Attack,
    2.Anti Submarine Warfare Operations,
    3.Local Naval Defence,
    4. MIO and VBSS Operations.

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    Re: Indian Navy and Naval Aicraft: News

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