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    Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

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    George1
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  George1 on Thu Dec 24, 2015 4:28 pm

    So it will be a replacement for both project 11356 and Buyan-M which have foreign engines


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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Thu Dec 24, 2015 4:43 pm

    George1 wrote:So it will be a replacement for both project 11356 and Buyan-M which have foreign engines

    Well it is a replacement for Buyan definitely. As for 11356, Gorshkov class is their "replacement" since 11356 were originally stop-gap for Gorshkov class, but because of engine issues they have been delayed until local engines enter production.

    22800 is something to keep Gorshkov's and 11356's shipyards busy until frigate engines come along. Afterwards Pella and Zelenortsk should fully take over from there with 22800.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  franco on Fri Dec 25, 2015 2:08 am


    "Karakurt" against "Buyan-M"

    On Thursday, the shipyard "Pella" (St. Petersburg) were solemnly laid two small missile ship (MRK) new project 22800 "Karakurt." The main advantage of these very modest in size, but powerful enough combat units (with a displacement of only 800 tons) - will be installed on each of the eight high-precision cruise missiles, long-range "Caliber-NK" which have already proved their effectiveness in Syria. Another set of weapons - for the same number of supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles "Onyx" (firing range - up to 500 kilometers).

    Missile combat capability "Black Widow" is not exhausted. Yet they will be the 100-mm or 76-mm universal automatic artillery, air defense missile-gun complex "Carapace M" or "Palm." The length of each ship - 60 meters, width - 9 meters draft - 4 meters. Speed ​​- up to 30 knots. Cruising range - up to 2,500 miles. From which it follows that prospective IRAs, as well as their predecessors of the project in 1234, to be used mainly in the area near the sea.

    Order of the Chief of the Navy, both the future of the ship have already received the terrible name - "Typhoon" and "Hurricane." It is in the tradition of our famous "battalions of bad weather", which are based in the past decade and accounted for are small missile ships the previous generation - "cloud", "Storm", "Mirage", "Roll forward", "swell" ...

    "Typhoon" and "Hurricane" in the Battle of the Black Sea Fleet in turn expect to enter 2017 and 2018. Total planned construction of a series of ten such IRAs. In addition to the Black Sea, they are waiting for, as stated by the General Staff of the Navy, the Baltic and Pacific fleets. Northern Fleet reason in that list was not. Perhaps because there, in the harsh conditions of the Arctic, going forward or notebook and the completion of more impressive dimensions.

    In short, it would seem, in all respects good news. Our sailors have long been waiting for at least some replenish their heavily outdated formations of surface ships. But there are some circumstances that suggest that the new Russian small rocket ship is not so simple.

    A dozen of even the most remarkable RTOs "Karakurt" not even four, but only three Russian fleet - is very small. Total of three, but somewhere - four units in the huge sea theater of operations. What is it, for example, to the Pacific Ocean? Especially when you consider that far from their bases like little ships alone to fight simply can not. Otherwise, with their not very strong air defense system on the sea or ocean floor can not be earlier than have time to shoot their own "Caliber" and "Onyx".

    Of course, the problem of understanding in the Main Staff of the Navy. And recently there have built a completely different plans. In any case, in the summer of last year, Russian Navy Commander Admiral Viktor Chirkov, responding to a question about the size of a future series of "Black Widow", said clearly: "A minimum of 18 units."

    But then, apparently intervened strict uncle of the Ministry of Finance and began to cut to the quick shipbuilding program. Given svirepeyuschego economic crisis, well, if they have done this with "Black Widow" for the last time.

    Second. One of the main shortcomings of the Soviet Navy has always been raznotipe warships designed to solve the same problems. For example, at one time the neighboring berths 7th operative squadron and the 2nd Division in Severomorsk ASW were large anti-submarine ships of projects 1134a, 1155, 57a, 61 and 1135 (only from the beginning of the 90s the last two were called guard). Built at different times, they had a very different weapons, radar and sonar stations, many other instruments and mechanisms. That entailed a complex tabletop planning, expensive and unwieldy logistics, a huge range of lubricants and ZIPov simply immense coastal training facilities.

    Our opponents are likely never did. The US Navy if we begin a series of cruisers, destroyers or frigates, the rivet them in the set, and "as a blueprint." For example, the frigate "Oliver Perry" from 1977 to 1989, the Americans had built 51 destroyers type "Arleigh Burke" from 1988 to the present time have made 62 and going to come down to the water still 13.

    We in the Soviet times the money on the Navy did not regret not considered, so could not afford any extravagance. But now something? Now, why do we need so many projects of the same small missile ships?

    Well, we derive the brackets built in the Soviet Union in 1234 MRC Project "The Gadfly" of various modifications with antiship cruise missiles P-120. In the end, they are running out of time, in service to all of our four fleets of ships just a dozen and they need a replacement.

    She seemed to be on its way in the form of small missile ships of the project 21631 "Buyan-M." Ever, three of which ("Uglich", "Svijazhsk" and "Great Ustyug") on October 7 for the first time in the history of the Caspian Sea triumphantly hit with cruise missiles "Caliber-NK" on targets in Syria. "Brawlers-M" around the world were immediately recognized as a very successful and modern: no one but we have not yet managed to cram so terrible (in fact - a strategic!) The weapon in such a tight ship's hull.

    In addition to "Uglich", "Svijazhsk" and "Great Ustyug" Zelenodolsk floated even their colleagues - small missile ships "Serpukhov" and "Green Dol". Both are sent to Sevastopol, we have just completed a test and entered the Battle of the Black Sea Fleet. And on the wall at the Sebastopol Mine enemy in Syria, "caliber" is not shot out, apparently because firing in this case would have to be through unfriendly to us recently Turkish territory.

    But in Zelenodolsk for the Black Sea continue to build four "Buyan-M" - "Vishny Volochek", "Orekhovo-", "Ingushetia" and "Graivoron." Moreover, "Ingushetia" the plan is to get the fleet in 2017, and "Graivoron" - in 2018. That is precisely when in St. Petersburg are going to finish building laid out there this week, "Typhoon" and "Hurricane." With the same eight cruise missiles "Caliber-NK" and "Onyx" on each. For the same 41-th brigade of missile boats BSF.

    Once again stepping on the same rake? Maybe it's worth determine what needs Black Sea Fleet - "brawlers-M" or more seaworthy, according to baseline characteristics, "Black Widow"? And the construction of any series for savings stop? Well, or severely limit, the remaining money by investing in the most suitable ships? Given the fact that "brawlers-M" was originally intended only for swimming in shallow Volga and in the Caspian Sea. And for this, even equipped with water jets, which no one would never have occurred to establish IRAs if someone presupposes that they will have to plow the stormy Black and Mediterranean seas, and not much more affectionate Volga and the Caspian Sea.

    And one more thing. How do we do if there is proven in combat and struck the world of "Buyan-M" suddenly took another and "Black Widow"? Moreover, he took a rush job? For the same Chirkov just a few months ago, I promised to bookmark the brain and the first serial MRK project only in 2016. Engineers and designers with the preparation as it became clear today, were forced to meet, at least for a few months before. Why did it happen?

    The thing is that, apparently, bad our business with the construction of six frigates of Project 11356 (so-called "admiral's Series") in the Kaliningrad factory "Amber". The sanctions imposed by Ukraine, led to the fact that it built in the city of Nikolayev turbine engines received only half of the planned for launch vehicles ("Admiral Grigorovich", "Admiral Essen" and "Admiral Makarov"). More on three frigates ("Admiral Butakov", "Admiral Istomin" and "Admiral Kornilov") will have to set their own, native. That must also create almost from scratch. For such complex naval units in Russia never did.

    Propulsion Engineering from Rybinsk and St. Petersburg are doing their best, but before 2020, with a promise not to keep up with replacing. An appropriately delayed and the last three "Admiral." Here is their something and decided as soon as possible to replace the "Black Widow." Small missile ships, in which everything down to the last rivet Russia, to bring to mind can be much faster than the frigates, which are four times more displacement.

    Actually, this is Admiral Chirkov and said July 1 this year: "To help us keep pace with the construction of the ship, to replace, for example, Project 11356 proceed to the construction of a new series - small missile ships, corvettes with cruise missiles on board - Project 22800 ".

    Fine, but how much will complete the replacement? The extent to which small warship near sea area in general is able to replace a large frigate built for the ocean? Neither of seaworthiness, or in range and duration of swimming, nor on electronic and anti-aircraft weaponry, they are not comparable. Antisubmarine weapons to the "Black Widow" is not at all. And it is on frigates. There are even ASW helicopter.

    A similar one thing: Missiles. That for him everything is done.

    On missile frigate of Project 11356 "Caliber-NK" exactly the same as on the "Black Widow" or "Buyan-M" - eight. And considering that the maximum range of 2.5 thousand kilometers virtually any target in Europe or the Middle East, these cruise missiles can hit without leaving the Sevastopol bay, nautical, cruising range and other performance characteristics highly leveled.

    So, it may be extremely costly capital ships long-distance oceanic zone to us now and does not need it? Can Do "Black Widow" and "Buyan"?

    We can not do. Not least because that in addition to Europe and the Middle East in the world there is still America. So replacing still get time.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  franco on Fri Dec 25, 2015 2:13 am

    An official picture of the new 22800... sort of Laughing

    http://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12072355@egNews
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Fri Dec 25, 2015 2:22 am

    franco wrote:An official picture of the new 22800... sort of   Laughing

    http://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12072355@egNews

    Here is the best version of that pic that I could find:




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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Fri Dec 25, 2015 2:28 am

    franco wrote:

    "Karakurt" against "Buyan-M".........


    Franco what is the final verdict on this ship according to that article(if you know)? That machine translation is disastrous.

    I assume they tried to say that 22800 is dead end or waste of money, am I right?
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  franco on Fri Dec 25, 2015 5:11 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    franco wrote:

    "Karakurt" against "Buyan-M".........


    Franco what is the final verdict on this ship according to that article(if you know)? That machine translation is disastrous.

    I assume they tried to say that 22800 is dead end or waste of money, am I right?

    Wondering how the Karakurt at 800 tonnes could be better at sea then the 950 tonne Buyan-M? And the only way it replaces the 11356 is in the 8 Caliber missiles. My overall assessment of what the author is saying is that it all sounds great but he will wait to see.

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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  Cucumber Khan on Fri Dec 25, 2015 12:53 pm

    franco wrote:
    PapaDragon wrote:
    franco wrote:

    "Karakurt" against "Buyan-M".........


    Franco what is the final verdict on this ship according to that article(if you know)? That machine translation is disastrous.

    I assume they tried to say that 22800 is dead end or waste of money, am I right?

    Wondering how the Karakurt at 800 tonnes could be better at sea then the 950 tonne Buyan-M? And the only way it replaces the 11356 is in the 8 Caliber missiles. My overall assessment of what the author is saying is that it all sounds great but he will wait to see.

    One wonders what the 22800 is bringing to the table that the 22160 doesn't? The 22160 will also be armed with Kalibr, with better endurance and seaworthiness than the 21631. Seems unnecessary to make both the 22160 and the 22800.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  George1 on Fri Dec 25, 2015 1:48 pm

    Cucumber Khan wrote:
    franco wrote:
    PapaDragon wrote:
    franco wrote:

    "Karakurt" against "Buyan-M".........


    Franco what is the final verdict on this ship according to that article(if you know)? That machine translation is disastrous.

    I assume they tried to say that 22800 is dead end or waste of money, am I right?

    Wondering how the Karakurt at 800 tonnes could be better at sea then the 950 tonne Buyan-M? And the only way it replaces the 11356 is in the 8 Caliber missiles. My overall assessment of what the author is saying is that it all sounds great but he will wait to see.

    One wonders what the 22800 is bringing to the table that the 22160 doesn't? The 22160 will also be armed with Kalibr, with better endurance and seaworthiness than the 21631. Seems unnecessary to make both the 22160 and the 22800.

    i agree. Too many types of similar vessels. Unless 22160 is optioned for FSB Coast Guard Service (a patrol ship clearly)


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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Fri Dec 25, 2015 2:12 pm


    22160 is dedicated patrol vessel. Long range but lightly armed. It can be used as combat ship in case of emergency but that is not it's intended role. It is something that does trivial work like anti-piracy so that more capable ships will not be tied down needlessly.

    Russia has Udaloi class destroyers hunting Somali pirates ATM. Pretty wasteful if you ask me.

    22800 is ocean going Buyan class. Original Buyan is pretty good but it is still just a river ship. 22800 will be doing same thing as Buyan but will not be restricted to Black Sea.

    Russian Navy has huge amount of Soviet era missile boats that need replacement. They also carry fewer missiles and do not have land attack capability.

    Buyans are still good enough for Caspian and Black Sea (that is why they stay in production) but 22800 is needed for oceans. They will also have lower radar signature from what I can tell.

    And biggest reason of all, shipyards need work until delivery of local frigate engines starts. Without engine problems they would just stick with frigates.

    --------

    22800 are also built at Pella shipyard. Did Pella build any military ships before now other than speedboats? This looks like a step up for them.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  max steel on Sat Dec 26, 2015 1:52 am

    These ships named Uragan and Typhoon are two first ships of what is promised to be 18 ships class. Displacing 800 tons they are more sea-worthy than notorious Byan platforms and, of course, are carriers of no less notorious Kalibr and Onyx missiles. First two hulls, as it seems now, will carry no missile Air Defense complex, albeit further ships in class will carry what is known today as navalized version of Pantsir gun-missile AD system, which will give these ships a very respectable close-range (18-20 km) air defense capability.

    All this is not good news for US Navy and its, especially so, Littoral community. For US Navy, which became a hostage of sorts of its own magnificent and, arguably, unrivaled combat history which is dominated by large combatants (traveling 1 st Class), the whole notion of a 800-ton ship outgunning, in missile exchange, its own much larger and much too expensive combatants is anathema. Russian Navy will network these ships, making Russia's littoral impenetrable and will deploy these ships, in a good ol' Soviet tradition of 5th Operational Squadron, to Mediterranean, either as a part of Ship Strike Group (KUG) centered around larger combatants with vastly superior ASW and AD, or as an autonomous group. It is clear, however, that such a platform, albeit with "degraded" electronics and sensor suite has an enormous export potential, thus opening the door to export versions of Kalibr and Onyx missiles. This could be a game changer in many littorals, especially of the nations which do have some semblance of real air forces and AD systems.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Thu Jan 21, 2016 2:24 pm

    Two small missile ship project will be laid 22800 in 2016

    http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20160121/1362756206.html

    Bookmark two small-size missile ships of project 22800 is planned in 2016, told reporters Deputy chief of RF Navy Alexander Fedotenkov.

    "The plans for the 2016 plan tab 15 warships, boats and ships. Among them, the laying of two small-size missile ships of project 22800, corvettes of project 20380, 22160 patrol ships", — he said.

    The fedotenkov also said that plans are in the principal tab of the new patrol vessel of ice class of the project 23550, combining the qualities of a tugboat, icebreaker and patrol ship.

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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  Vann7 on Wed Jan 27, 2016 10:50 pm


    Maybe this is not dated...

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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Thu Jan 28, 2016 10:40 am

    Vann7 wrote:
    Maybe this is not dated...


    Polit Russia a mouthpiece of Kremlin propaganda only ABC/CNN/BBC tell you the truth Surprised)

    As for corvette, I am a bit worried that no ASW is foreseen however if modular equipment then maybe they will have either ASW (Paket ) or AAD (Redut? ) . ASW is important if you go outside Caspian - not to chase subs but not to be "eaten" by one.

    BTW I love when futuristic shapes graphics merge with good ol´ 2x76mm turret Surprised)
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  GarryB on Thu Jan 28, 2016 11:29 am

    I don't speak or read Russian but the graphic showing what appears to be red circles extending from the Black Sea and Caspian Sea for thousands of kms over the region suggests it can carry Kalibre... which means it should also be able to carry Onyx and also the anti sub weapons the UKSK launcher can carry.

    That should be perfectly adequate armament for the vessel.

    It also carries a helicopter which should allow it to deal with Submarines at extended distances from the vessel.


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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Thu Jan 28, 2016 11:59 am

    GarryB wrote:I don't speak or read Russian but the graphic showing what appears to be red circles extending from the Black Sea and Caspian Sea for thousands of kms over the region suggests it can carry Kalibre... which means it should also be able to carry Onyx and also the anti sub weapons the UKSK launcher can carry.

    That should be perfectly adequate armament for the vessel.

    It also carries a helicopter which should allow it to deal with Submarines at extended distances from the vessel.

    My understanding is that modularity assumes ASW is an option but did not specify if ASW or ASchM or ASW and ASchM. If helicopter then my educated guess would be Ka-226.

    BTW Visby is like 650t class and proves you can put in small ship relatively nice armament.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  GarryB on Fri Jan 29, 2016 7:48 am

    I would suspect it would be operated in two different distinct situations... where there is no sub threat and where there is.

    In the former case it is fine as it is, and in the latter it would need support from other vessels.

    Considering it is a relatively short range coastal vessel then shore based sonar arrays could be used for off platform targeting and it could use its organic helo in support.

    Its ability to have a couple of shipping crates in its rear loaded with 2,500km range land attack missiles makes it a very versatile platform for all sorts of missions.

    A while back I mentioned that long range weapons on a small cheap platform is a force multiplier... even if the vessel can't detect air targets at 400km or ground targets at 2,500km... it is not fighting on its own... both weapon types don't need the launch platform to detect their targets... just pass the target data and launch and the weapons will do the rest.

    Obvious benefits include that you don't need scaled weapons... ie you don't need a wide range of land attack missiles for different sized platforms... you just make one type and deploy it rather more widely than if you had only big ones.

    Fitting long range SAMs and LACMs to small numbers vessels means more ready to fire weapons in times of conflict... and smaller more vulnerable vessels don't need to get closer to the enemy to launch an attack.

    It is easier to get 10 Corvettes together to support an attack than to have one cruiser sized vessel in every theatre.

    10 corvettes operating separately are harder to deal with than one cruiser on its own... of course 10 corvettes and 10 frigates and 5 destroyers and a cruiser and a carrier is even harder to deal with.


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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Fri Jan 29, 2016 4:22 pm


    Guys, that video is just fan art, real ship will look nothing like that and will not have helicopter hangar. At best it will have helipad (big maybe) but that is it.

    Just look at this. Gun, 8 Kalibrs, CIWS and AA system later on. Not much room for anything else. Video is way off the mark:




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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  George1 on Sat Jan 30, 2016 3:00 pm

    Some conclusions on 22800 project:

    1. It is an evolution of Project 12300 scorpion class
    2. It is a replacement for Project 21631 with longer range (3.000nm from 2.300nm for Buyan-M)
    3. At no case it is a replacement for Project 11356 or 20380 ships


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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  TheArmenian on Tue May 03, 2016 3:43 am

    On the 10th of May, a project 22800 Karakurt class missile ship will be laid down in Crimea:

    http://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/201605021703-tmi4.htm
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Tue May 03, 2016 5:00 am

    TheArmenian wrote:On the 10th of May, a project 22800 Karakurt class missile ship will be laid down in Crimea:

    http://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/201605021703-tmi4.htm

    Well this is big, Crimea is back in business and already building proper warships. They are about to outdo entire ukrop naval shipbuilding in the past three decades.

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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  marat on Tue May 03, 2016 9:58 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    TheArmenian wrote:On the 10th of May, a project 22800 Karakurt class missile ship will be laid down in Crimea:

    http://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/201605021703-tmi4.htm

    Well this is big, Crimea is back in business and already building proper warships. They are about to outdo entire ukrop naval shipbuilding in the past three decades.
    I just hope that Crimean shipyars will do better then those on far east. This is really good news.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  medo on Tue May 03, 2016 9:58 pm

    So, Black Sea fleet will get Karakurt missile corvettes for anti-ship role and to replace old Nanuchka and Tarantul missile corvettes. I think this is proving my oppinion, that Buyan-M corvettes are actually new class of land attack cruise missiles corvettes for conventional or nuclear strikes on ground targets. This ship was now battle tested and proven to be effective. This will be an interesting combination of Buyan-M and Karakurt corvettes in Black Sea and in Mediterranean Sea.

    I hope Crimean shipyard will also build Karakurt corvettes for Caspian fleet.
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  PapaDragon on Tue May 03, 2016 11:10 pm

    medo wrote:So, Black Sea fleet will get Karakurt missile corvettes for anti-ship role and to replace old Nanuchka and Tarantul missile corvettes. I think this is proving my oppinion, that Buyan-M corvettes are actually new class of land attack cruise missiles corvettes for conventional or nuclear strikes on ground targets. This ship was now battle tested and proven to be effective. This will be an interesting combination of Buyan-M and Karakurt corvettes in Black Sea and in Mediterranean Sea.

    I hope Crimean shipyard will also build Karakurt corvettes for Caspian fleet.

    I don't think that these will be going to Black Sea, North Fleet is more likely. They are just being built in Crimea. Black Sea Fleet will be getting additional 6 Buyan-M's. (already ordered)

    Both Buyan-M and 22800 are same class of ships (missile boats to be more accurate) but 22800 is proper ocean going vessel. Buyan-M is modified river ship, more than good enough for Black Sea and Med but not beyond.

    Their primary purpose would be land attack, not anti-ship combat. Other than that they will be patrolling the littoral zone where they will be covered with Kilo subs and land based AA systems and naval aircraft.

    Once Buyans and 22800s are built in sufficient numbers other corvettes, frigates and larger ships could be passing down land attack tasks to them. For example, Gorshkov and Grigorevich frigates now have 8 land attack and 8 anti-ship missiles but later it would make sense to switch to 16 anti-ship missiles because for Russian Navy cruise missile strikes against land targets are exception rather than the rule.
    And 90% of likely land targets could be hit by Buyans and 22800s with Kalibrs without even leaving ports or traveling too far from their "safe zone".

    This would enable proper warships (corvettes, frigates, etc...) to fully focus on their primary task (anti-ship and anti-sub ops) and if need arises for land attacks with cruise missiles then Buyans and 22800s can just tag along with larger ships and act as "missile trucks" all the while being under anti-air and anti-sub cover provided by those larger vessels.

    Basically just follow rest of the fleet, launch Kalibrs and head home. I think this might be the reason why 22800 is lighter than Buyan but still uses same engine, it needs the extra speed to keep up with corvettes and frigates.
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    Isos
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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

    Post  Isos on Tue May 03, 2016 11:23 pm

    medo wrote: that Buyan-M corvettes are actually new class of land attack cruise missiles corvettes for conventional or nuclear strikes on ground targets. This ship was now battle tested and proven to be effective. This will be an interesting combination of Buyan-M and Karakurt corvettes in Black Sea and in Mediterranean Sea.

    I hope Crimean shipyard will also build Karakurt corvettes for Caspian fleet.

    Any ship that carries Kalibr can do this job. If you have Buyans for land atttack and Karakurts for anti ship role, it is not a good combination as the ennemy will know their role. If you have just one type of corvette for both roles, they will not and the mass production of one type makes the ship cheaper.

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    Re: Project 22800: "Karakurt" class corvette

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