Moscow. January 21. INTERFAX.RU - The total amount of foreign direct investment worldwide increased in 2015 by 36% compared with the previous year and amounted to $ 1.7 trillion. At the same time in Russia it decreased by 92%, according to the World Investment Report prepared by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Last year, global investment peaked after the global economic and financial crisis of 2008-2009. At the same time the United States last year regained the traditional first place by the volume of foreign investment, surpassing China to Hong Kong.
The inflow of foreign direct investment in the US economy was $ 384 billion. US in the lead on this indicator since the early 1980s, when UNCTAD started collecting data on financial flows to 2014, when the top line beat out China.
The club's most attractive countries for investors in 2015 also included Hong Kong (China) ($ 163 billion), Mainland China ($ 136 billion), the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Singapore, India, Brazil, Canada and France.
The main factor for the growth of the global foreign direct investment has been the influx of funds in industrialized countries, has almost doubled. However, this increase was mainly driven by cross-border mergers and acquisitions with a minimal contribution to the projects related to productive assets. The volume of M & A transactions jumped by 61% - to $ 644 billion.
Investment flows into developing countries, compared with the year 2014 increased by only 5% to the end of 2015 was $ 741 billion. Investments in developing countries in Asia increased by 15%, while India has doubled to $ 59 billion.
The report finds that in countries with economies in transition the flow of foreign direct investment declined by 54%. They attribute this decline to the conflict and decline in commodity prices. The largest decrease in foreign direct investment in this group was observed in Russia and Kazakhstan - 92% and 66%, respectively.