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    Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

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    max steel

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  max steel on Sat May 28, 2016 8:05 am

    Countries don't have friends, they have interests.
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    Pinto

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    India at a Strategic Crossroads

    Post  Pinto on Sun May 29, 2016 9:40 am

    Acres of newsprint are regularly expended on the trajectory of India-US relations and on the ups and downs of our interaction with China. Not much is written about the other big power which has had a long-standing presence in our region. India and Russia continue to be engaged in an intensive relationship, but this often does not get reflected in the public discourse.

    Our political dialogue with Russia remains robust, with annual Summits and Ministerial-level joint commissions to oversee civilian and defence cooperation. About 60% of our defence equipment is of Soviet/Russian origin. It gets constantly upgraded, newer generations are introduced, higher-technology equipment is inducted and new systems are developed through joint research. The aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, the nuclear-powered submarine INS Chakra and the Brahmos Cruise Missile showcase the scale and sophistication of the collaboration. In December 2015, an India-Russia joint venture agreement was signed to manufacture Russian Kamov helicopters in India – the first Make in India project in the defence sector.

    Russia is the only foreign country involved in India’s nuclear power industry. While corporates of other countries continue to agonize about the implications of our CLND Act, Russia’s Rosatom has pressed ahead. An ambitious programme for 12 nuclear power generation units is under implementation, aiming to deliver over 13000 MW by 2025.

    Over recent months, with Russian hydrocarbons industry facing financing challenges, ONGC Videsh, Indian Oil and Oil India have been offered (and have taken) stakes in some exciting fields in Eastern Siberia, involving investment of about US$ 5 billion.

    Russia is the world’s largest exporter of rough diamonds; India is the largest processor. Over 80% of the rough diamonds from Russia comes to India through third countries. An initiative is underway to streamline our tax rules and customs procedures to facilitate direct diamond trade. The benefits of the estimated potential trade of about US $ 2 billion annually would extend beyond our diamond industry to downstream service industries.

    There are other ongoing joint projects in industrial technology transfers, investment in Russian natural resources, education, S&T, tourism and other sectors – too numerous to detail here.

    An old friendship rarely generates new excitement. This partially explains why the India-Russia engagement remains largely unnoticed. However, it is also true that the expansion of India’s international linkages has created a public impression that Russia’s importance in India’s world view has diminished. It has been argued that we are not as dependent today on Russian support as in the past. The belief in some media and corporate circles (and perhaps also in some political circles) is that today’s Russia, boxed in by the West and locked in an ever-tightening embrace of China, cannot be a strong partner. Doomsday accounts of the Russian economy have coloured trade and investment decisions.

    A brief review of Russia’s recent international engagement would help to apply a reality check to these unhelpful narratives.

    Since his accession to office in 2000, the principal goal of President Putin’s domestic and foreign policy has been to restore Russia’s political influence, military strength and economic clout to a level befitting a great power. This inevitably stoked tensions in Russia-West relations, as both sides sought to expand their strategic space.

    The accession or annexation (depending on your political orientation) of Crimea in March 2014 raised tensions to cold war-like levels. It triggered a spate of sanctions by USA and EU (joined by G-7 allies), aimed at isolating Russia internationally and punishing its already recession-hit economy by restricting external financing and denying sophisticated technology.

    The limitations of an “isolate Russia” campaign soon became evident. Russia remained in BRICS, chairing it in 2015. Attempts to exclude it from G-20 did not get traction. More importantly, Russia’s role in the negotiation and implementation of the Iran nuclear deal could not be ignored (nearly 8.5 tons of low-enriched uranium were transferred from Iran to Russia in implementation of the deal). The military advances by pro-Russian rebels in Eastern Ukraine forced the launch of a peace process for which France and Germany engaged with Russia. Its air strikes in Syria in September 2015 secured for Russia a place at every international table where Syria’s future was being discussed. Russia continues to receive a steady stream of high-level international visitors.

    The economic sanctions did increase costs of corporate projects. However, since most of the world did not subscribe to the sanctions, both finance and technology found alternative routes. After the Syrian airstrikes, constraints eased considerably as markets sensed the impending collapse of the sanctions regime.

    At worst, sanctions slowed Russia’s recovery from recession. Latest IMF projections are for growth to resume in 2017. Oil prices rising steadily from sub-30 dollar levels should help. IMF reports point to strengths of the Russian economy – healthy current account surplus of 4.5% of GDP, external financial assets of 18% of GDP, adequate domestic reserves to cover government financing, low unemployment (about 6%), low external debt and undervalued corporate stocks. These are not indicators of an economy on its knees

    . For all its political and economic problems, therefore, Russia remains a global force to reckon with. It is one of only five permanent members of the UN Security Council – and this number does not look like changing anytime soon. USSR used its veto to help India on Kashmir and the 1971 war. This support has cushioned us against various international pressures in the 2000s.

    Freedom from the Cold War straitjacket enabled India to broaden its international engagement. This move from non-alignment to “multi-alignment” expanded our space to form multiple alliances based on shared interests and concerns. But it did not dilute existing bonds of continued relevance.

    The India-Russia relationship has a mutually recognized geopolitical logic. We have common concerns and compatible objectives in our shared extended neighbourhood in West and Central Asia. Like India, Russia has had a chequered history of both cooperation and confrontation with China. Russians point out privately that even as current compulsions dictate a more intense engagement, the shadow of past strategic rivalry will always lurk in the background. Such shadows have never darkened India-Russia relations.

    India’s programme of diversification of defence acquisitions is obviously in our national security interest. It is natural that the Russian defence industry expresses concern about this – no partner likes dilution of a dominant position. But the volume of our defence cooperation with Russia and its reach across the three Services will always ensure a significant volume of orders for equipment which can only be sourced from Russia because of compatibility with existing platforms, levels of technology transfers or other specific reasons.

    At the same time, a valuable strategic partnership needs more than one strong pillar. The recent developments in nuclear energy and hydrocarbons sectors strengthen additional pillars. Additionally, corporate India should seize opportunities in Russia. President Putin recently personally invited our top CEO’s to Russia, offering to resolve obstacles to their business. This invitation merits a response: our banks and industry have to correct their misinformation about the Russian economy and Western sanctions.

    Russia’s ambitions for political influence and strategic reach drives its “multi-vector” foreign policy. The recent surge in its relations with Pakistan, which includes a defence cooperation agreement, is part of this effort. Russia expresses apprehensions about Islamic terrorism spilling over into Russia through the porous Afghanistan-Central Asia border and believes Pakistan can help ward off this threat. The supply of Mi-35 helicopters to Pakistan has been explained in this context. Whatever the logic of this explanation or belief, there is little that India can do beyond periodic reminders about the real target of defence equipment supplied to Pakistan. We cannot claim an exclusivity of supply when we do not guarantee exclusivity of demand. In the ultimate analysis, we have to trust that a strategic partner will have the judgement not to jeopardize a significant defence engagement for relatively inconsequential commercial gains. There is no reason to believe that Russia does not understand this.

    The Russian connection, therefore, may lack glamour, but delivers substance. It needs to be rescued from the unflattering narratives that one encounters in some circles.

    P.S. Raghavan was secretary in the ministry of external affairs and is a former ambassador of India to Russia

    http://www.asianage.com/editorial/india-strategic-crossroads-656
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  GarryB on Sun May 29, 2016 10:43 am

    Countries don't have friends, they have interests.

    That is just American talk to justify being aholes to countries they use and discard.

    Just like the phrase they adopt as a mantra... your enemies enemy is your friend... until your enemy is no longer a threat and then they are just a group you used and no have no use for... like China against the USSR during the cold war, or the afghans during and after the wars in Afghanistan.


    Real countries have respect for friendly countries and do not do things to upset them... ie you wont see Russia leasing Yasen class SSNs to Pakistan or China any time soon.


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    Pinto

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  Pinto on Sun May 29, 2016 12:19 pm

    Americans and western paid media are hell bent on showing that all is not well between India and Russia and that western americans are going to have India as allies. India needs to tread a fine balance in its foreign policy. India is diversifying its need of weapons in some fields not because of any deliberate bias but because of need to have weapons suited in military doctrine to face possible joint China-Pak threat in future

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    magnumcromagnon

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Tue May 31, 2016 6:53 am

    sepheronx wrote:
    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    sepheronx wrote:Like how India sits on two seats and acts like a cheap prostitute, Russia does not and will not need to communicate nor negotiate with India over Pakistan sales. India is playing a stupid game and will see itself isolated in the region. Russia doesn't have to comfort India or make it feel like a special snow flake. Fact of India moving closer to West is its decision and Russia's increase in cooperation with China and Pakistan will be the growing consequences of India's actions. Simple as that. India can't have the whole pie to itself, regardless what the corrupt and greedy Indians think.

    I'm shocked how almost no one talked about India's biggest betrayal against Russia, that aerospace deal they just cut with Ukraine...despite their poor service record (see Croatia about that)...the betrayal was so bad it's nearly unspeakable!

    Can you post a link regarding it?  I think it is about the AN aircrafts, right?

    http://www.russiadefence.net/t38p200-indian-air-force-iaf-news#165075
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  sepheronx on Tue May 31, 2016 7:07 am

    Pinto wrote:Americans and western paid media are hell bent on showing that all is not well between India and Russia and that western americans are going to have India as allies. India needs to tread a fine balance in its foreign policy. India is diversifying its need of weapons in some fields not because of any deliberate bias but because of need to have weapons suited in military doctrine to face possible joint China-Pak threat  in future


    There is a difference between diversifying weapons supply and then licking ass. India just signed away a big part of its sovereignty to the very same nation that threatened to nuke you guys, called you dogs under Nixon, and placed sanctions on you guys in the 90's to force your hand due to nukes. And then they charge you an arm and a leg for weapons that have so many strings attached and you guys take it with a smile. Much like how you guys still deal with your former masters with open arms, hoping they can help control your oil and gas industry with its tainted BP.
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    Pinto

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  Pinto on Tue May 31, 2016 9:50 am

    sepheronx wrote:
    Pinto wrote:Americans and western paid media are hell bent on showing that all is not well between India and Russia and that western americans are going to have India as allies. India needs to tread a fine balance in its foreign policy. India is diversifying its need of weapons in some fields not because of any deliberate bias but because of need to have weapons suited in military doctrine to face possible joint China-Pak threat  in future


    There is a difference between diversifying weapons supply and then licking ass.  India just signed away a big part of its sovereignty to the very same nation that threatened to nuke you guys, called you dogs under Nixon, and placed sanctions on you guys in the 90's to force your hand due to nukes.  And then they charge you an arm and a leg for weapons that have so many strings attached and you guys take it with a smile.  Much like how you guys still deal with your former masters with open arms, hoping they can help control your oil and gas industry with its tainted BP.

    India has not signed logistical deal with US as of now and its all Pro US, western media going overboard to spread lies. India- US relation is china specific. where china is hell bent on containing india by equating it with pakistan be it indian ocean, scs, banning of maulana masood azhar as terrorists as terrorists by UN, and recently India's entry into NSG. At present US-India interests converge on china there is no doubt about it
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    Framework agreement for Kudankulam Units 5, 6 to be signed this year ..http://idrw.org . Read more at India No 1

    Post  Pinto on Tue May 31, 2016 10:38 am

    The general framework agreement between India and Russia for Units five and six of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is expected to be signed this year, said a top Russian official.

    V.L. Limarenko, President of ASE Group that along with Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) has built the Kudankulam plant, said: “The contract for Unit three and four has been concluded. We have commenced the design and manufacturing of the main equippment.” Addressing a press conference at the Atomexpo 2016 here, he said: “We have defined the configuration and negotiations are on for the final configuration of Units four and five. This year, we plan to sign a general framework agreement for these units.” The first unit of the plant is already functional, while fuel has been loaded in the second unit which is likely to start functioning by July this year.

    There are four more units that now remain to be constructed. Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is a joint project between India and Russia in Tamil Nadu. It is the first nuclear power plant in the world where, post Fukushima, safety enhancement requirements have been implemented.

    http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Framework-agreement-for-Kudankulam-Units-5-6-to-be-signed-this-year/2016/05/30/article3458438.ece
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    Waiting for India to identify location for a new Nuclear Power Plant :: Russia

    Post  Pinto on Wed Jun 01, 2016 1:26 pm

    Russia is waiting for India to identify the location of a new nuclear power plant where six power units of 1,200 mw each will be constructed under an Indo-Russian agreement, a senior Russian official said today.

    “We are waiting for the Indian party to identify the location for the new NPP. These six units will be 1,200 mw each of VVER (Water-Water Energetic Reactor) type,” Vladimir A Angelov, Director for Projects in India, State Atomic Energy CorporationROSATOM , said.

    Addressing a select media conference of Indian journalists at the ongoing nuclear conference ATOMEXPO 2016 here, Angelov referred to the 2014 Strategic Vision for Strengthening Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy between India and Russia wherein the two countries had decided on setting up of 12 units over the next two decades.

    According to the agreement, “both sides will strive to complete the construction and commissioning of not less than 12 units in the next two decades…towards this objective, the Indian side agrees to expeditiously identify a second site, in addition to Kudankulam(six units), for the construction of the Russian-designed nuclear power units in India.”

    Rosatom is involved in the design and execution of six nuclear reactors in the Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu.

    Responding to a question on the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) in Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, Angelov said that it had generated 1,006 mw of power yesterday as against the capacity of 995 mw.

    The reactor could generate upto 1,020 mw and “it is very important that we can generate that 25 mw of power for the Indian people,” he said.

    Yesterday, a Russian firm designing the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant said the general framework agreement for the plant’s Units 4 and 5 would be signed this year while negotiations were underway over configuration of Units 5 and 6.

    “We are planning to sign the general framework agreement for Units 4 and 5 this year,” ASE Group President Valery Limarenko had said.

    http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/waiting-for-india-to-identify-location-for-new-npp-russia/articleshow/52521454.cms
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    India joins MTCR: Space, Missile cooperation with Russia easier

    Post  Pinto on Fri Jun 10, 2016 6:31 am

    https://in.rbth.com/economics/cooperation/2016/06/09/india-joins-mtcr-space-missile-cooperation-with-russia-easier_601593


    Members of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), a key anti-proliferation grouping which includes Russia, have agreed to admit India this week. This should enable easier space and missile collaboration with Russia, which could not supply cryogenic engines and other dual use technology missiles to India, because it was bound by MTCR norms.

    India has become the 35th country to be admitted to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), a major international anti-proliferation group of which Russia is a key member.

    India’s admission did not have to wait for the formal plenary meeting of the MTCR due in Seoul, (Republic of Korea) later this year. The current Chair of the MTCR, The Netherlands, took the decision after no member country raised objections to India’s membership.

    According to sources in the Indian government, this will help India and Russia raise cooperation in space technology. It will also enable India and Russia to sell the supersonic ‘BrahMos’ missile, which has a range of 290 kilometres, to third countries. India and Russia co-produce the Brahmos, in a joint venture.

    Such a development would raise India’s profile as an arms exporter. The sale of the ‘BrahMos’ missile was among the topics which came up during Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parikkar’s visit to Vietnam earlier this week.

    The MTCR is an informal and voluntary partnership among member countries to prevent proliferation of missile and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology which can carry a 500 kg payload up to 300 kilometres.

    Admission to the MTCR would open the way for India to buy high-end missile technology, and state-of-the-art surveillance drones, which it seeks for border security. Membership of the MTCR would also require India to comply with rules to prevent arms races from developing.

    India seeks NSG entry, accedes to HCOC

    India also signed on to the Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC) against Ballistic Missile Proliferation last week, the final step before its acceptance in the MTCR. The HCOC is intended to supplement the MTCR. India earlier consistently declined to sign the HCOC, which is not legally binding and does not call for the destruction of any missiles. It is an agreement between States on how they should “conduct” their trade in missiles, and its membership is open to all the countries in the world.

    Russia, which signed on to the MTCR in 1995, was among the earliest members of HCOC.

    The MTCR is one of four international non-proliferation regimes from which India had been excluded, the others being the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Australia Group (AG) and Wassenaar Arrangement (WA).

    New Delhi also applied formally last month to join the NSG, a 48-nation club which controls trade in commercial nuclear technology. The NSG was originally set up in response to India’s first atomic weapons test in 1974.

    Russia backs India’s bid to become an NSG member, and has said it was ready to assist in arriving at a “positive decision” for India to join the elite nuclear commerce club.

    Chinese hurdle

    However, despite strong support from Russia, the United States, France, Japan and most other NSG members for its impressive track record in non-proliferation of nuclear and missile technologies, India joining the NSG will be difficult because China is a member and also seeks admission for Pakistan which, according to an analyst, is a “Nuclear Weapons Terror Proliferator”.

    The Indian Ministry of External Affairs has confirmed that it had launched a high-power campaign aimed at “engaging all members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group” in the run-up to the extraordinary plenary that NSG will host in Vienna on June 9. The plenary is likely to consider India’s application to become a member of the group.

    “This [NSG membership] has been an objective that we have pursued for many years now”, said Indian Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar. “We believe we made a lot of progress and that has led us to formally apply to NSG some days ago. We are engaging all NSG members regarding this issue,” said Jaishankar, at a media briefing last Friday.

    India’s quest of NSG membership featured prominently during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Switzerland, the U.S. and Mexico part of his five-nation trip which began on Saturday. Both Switzerland, which was earlier opposed to India joining the NSG, and the USA have declared their support for India’s bid.

    A source in the government said Russia was among the countries which was “actively pushing” India’s membership and was “hopeful” New Delhi could be admitted at the NSG plenary meeting in Seoul on June 23 and 24.

    “If China is the only country opposed to India’s entry, then I do not think Beijing will oppose India’s admission to the NSG,” the source said.

    “South Korea happens to be the chair of NSG meetings this year. It is high time that India gets invited to NSG as it has an impeccable track record,” the Indian foreign secretary said. “What matters to NSG members is the track record of an applicant. Getting us into the NSG will help facilitate nuclear trade with us,” Jaishankar said, arguing that India’s growing energy needs require a re-ordered nuclear supply regulation.

    “The merits of our joining the NSG derive from the fact that we have a substantial expansion of our nuclear energy segment ahead of us… I mean if there are norms and practices in the world, proliferation is not an irrelevant concern to it. I think we have a very solid record with which much of the world is comfortable,” added the foreign secretary.
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    North-South Corridor from Russia to India to compete with Suez Canal

    Post  Pinto on Fri Jun 10, 2016 12:26 pm

    http://rbth.com/business/2016/04/12/north-south-corridor-from-russia-to-india-to-compete-with-suez-canal_584017

    A new transport project under development between Russia, Azerbaijan and Iran and on to India will shorten shipping times and costs by cutting out sea routes and the Suez Canal.


    [​IMG]
    The North-South Transport Corridor involves the use of marine, rail and road transport. Source: Sergey Venyavsky/RIA Novosti

    Following talks with the foreign ministers of Azerbaijan and Iran, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has revealed that Russia has agreed to begin substantive studies on the implementation of the North-South Transport Corridor, part of which will pass along the western coast of the Caspian Sea, from Russia to Iran through Azerbaijan.

    “This involves working with the participation of the [different participants’] ministries of transport, which have to look at the technical and financial parameters of such a project. This also involves interaction between the customs and consular services, and we have agreed on this today,” said Lavrov on April 7.

    “We believe that these projects will speed up cargo transit. We are discussing the final details,” said Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.

    “We believe that this cooperation serves the interests of the peoples of Iran, Azerbaijan, and Russia – and, of course, the interests of the entire region,” he added.

    Getting goods to their destination in half the time
    The transport corridor from Russia to Iran through Azerbaijan is an important part of a larger north-south project that was stalled in the mid-2000s due to the imposition of Western sanctions against Iran. With the lifting of the restrictions on Iran, this project has again become relevant.





    The North-South Transport Corridor is a route from St. Petersburg to the port of Mumbai in India, with a total length of just under 4,500 miles (7,200 kilometers). The goal of this corridor is to transport goods from India, Iran and other Persian Gulf countries to Russia via the Caspian Sea and on towards Northern and Western Europe.


    Currently the flow of goods from India towards the European part of the Russian Federation is provided by maritime transport. From St. Petersburg, cargo has to sail around the entire western part of Europe and through the Suez Canal, resulting in an estimated travel time from Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Mumbai) to Moscow of about 40 days.

    The new route – from St. Petersburg to Moscow, then to Astrakhan (Russia), Baku (Azerbaijan) and Bandar Abbas (a port city on the Persian Gulf in southern Iran) to Mumbai – is multimodal.

    According to Russian Railways Logistics, the project involves the use of marine, rail and road transport, and will cut transport times by 50 percent. In the long term, this time can be reduced to just 14 days. The new route will eliminate the need to transport goods through the Suez Canal, which is not only overloaded, but also very expensive.

    In February of this year, Russian Railways, Azerbaijan Railways, and ADY Express, within the framework of the North-South project, agreed to attract cargo flows to the Azerbaijani and Russian railway networks through the organization of transport along the India-Iran-Azerbaijan- Russia route, and vice versa.

    An agreement on the construction of the transport corridor, which should be completed in 2017, was signed by Russia, India and Iran in 2000, and was ratified in 2002.

    Rail links the key to better relations


    “In addition to the sea route from St. Petersburg, cargo travels to Iran also through ports in Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan – these routes being convenient for consignors and consignees located in the Urals and Siberia. In addition, there is an option of transportation via the road network of Azerbaijan,” said Ivan Andryevsky, chairman of the board of directors of the 2K Engineering Company.

    “However, direct rail transportation means the reduction of travel times, and thus provides good prospects for the development of trade relations, not only between Russia and Iran, but also between the countries of Eastern Europe and Iran,” he added.

    “We are now shipping cargo to Iran either across the Caspian Sea or across the ocean to the south of Iran – via St. Petersburg or via Novorossiysk, whichever is more convenient for the shippers,” said Alexei Bezborodov, head of the Infranews agency, explaining the relevance of the new route.

    “However, for Iran, it is actually more profitable to receive loads in the north – either from the Caspian Sea, or by rail, because the majority of the people in Iran live in the northern part of the country. In the south there is the Port of Bandar Abbas, and the oil fields, but few people live down there,” he said.



    To realize this route along the west coast of the Caspian Sea, a new railway line will have to be built linking the Azerbaijani city of Astara to the Iranian cities of Astara, Rasht, and Qazvin.

    Construction of the Qazvin-Rasht section was completed in 2015, but construction of the Rasht-Astara section is only at the development stage.

    “The Qazvin-Astara railway line is an infrastructure project experiencing the typical delays. The main road route passes through the territory of Iran. The section was planned for completion in 2015, but then was postponed to 2016,” said Ivan Andryevsky.

    However, the construction work continues and on April 20, a railway bridge between Azerbaijan and Iran will be opened, the Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov announced on April 7. He also confirmed that the Azerbaijani and Iranian rail networks should be linked before the end of 2016.

    “This is a complex infrastructure project, with many tunnels, bridges and difficult mountainous areas. Therefore, problems with the implementation of this project were to be expected. However, the contractors are saying that this route is now at a high level of completion, so we can expect the railway to be completed, and in the near future at that,” said Andryevsky.

    According to various sources, the estimated capacity of the railway, during the first phase, should be around 4-10 million tons of cargo, and this will increase in the future to 15-20 million tons per year.

    Affordable and in everybody’s interests
    As for the pricing policy, the question here is not in the fees charged, according to Alexei Bezborodov.

    “There are no political problems here either. The sanctions against Iran were removed. For our Southern and Volga regions, Azerbaijan is quite an appropriate avenue for trade with Iran,” he said.

    From an economic point of view, the project can be implemented quickly and without significant costs, because the infrastructure has already been built.

    “The railway line on the territory of Iran itself is not yet complete, but that is no hindrance to us, we can use trucks for transportation there. In Azerbaijan, everything has already been built. All investments have been made during the last 15 years,” said Bezborodov.



    In fact, all that remains is simply to launch the new route, to agree on the logistics, fees, customs and other procedures, on which the three countries now intend to work on in detail.

    The new corridor is important for Iranian and Russian plans to increase the volume of bilateral trade. Iran is primarily interested in buying Russian grain – almost the entire volume of Russian grain exports now heads to Iran.

    However, in terms of diversifying the range of products, train also allows the transport of food products, including vegetables and fruits, as well as industrial goods, oil and oil products. For example, Russia could start exporting vehicles to Iran, where around 130-150,000 Chinese cars are now being sold annually.

    Given the large number of joint projects, in particular in the nuclear sphere, cargoes going from Russia and back could easily see the new route reach full capacity.


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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  JohninMK on Fri Jun 10, 2016 1:14 pm

    A brilliant project. An interesting quote from it is "Affordable and in everybody’s interests". Not quite.

    In particular, Washington will perceive it not just a a boost for Iran but as a serious move in the boosting and consolidation of the economic power of the countries in the Euro/Asian landmass. This is not in their strategic interests. Colour revolution in Azerbaijan coming up?
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    NSG membership: Modi seeks Russian route to reach China

    Post  Pinto on Mon Jun 13, 2016 2:10 pm

    The outreach is important as China continues to maintain that "NSG members remain divided" on the issue of membership.

    Back from his visits to Washington, Geneva and Mexico City to lobby for India’s entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Prime Minister Narendra Modi is now setting his sights east: asking Russia for help with the countries still holding out, even as he prepares to meet with President Vladmir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) summit later this month.

    The outreach is particularly important as China continues to maintain that “NSG members remain divided” on the issue of membership, claiming that “many countries within the group share China’s stance.”

    Officials expect a final decision may not come till the eve of the NSG meeting in South Korea on June 24, when the Prime Minister is expected to meet Mr. Xi at the Tashkent SCO meet that is also discussing India and Pakistan’s membership on June 23-24. He is also scheduled to meet Kazakh President Nazarbayev on the issue.

    Significantly, Mr Modi called up Mr. Putin on Saturday, wishing him on Russia’s national day and confirming the meeting at the SCO.

    In a statement, the Kremlin said: “The discussion focused on practical issues of the two countries’ cooperation, including preparations for the top-level contacts to be held shortly.”

    While refusing to confirm whether “the practical issues” included India’s NSG membership, sources in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said Russia was always “very supportive” of India’s NSG aspirations. But analysts say Mr Modi may be hopeful of more: that Russia will use its influence with countries like Kazakhstan and Turkey, who are not yet convinced to back India, and most importantly, as a bridge with China, which has taken a tough position.

    Bridge to China

    “Increasingly, Russia is moving in as a mediator between India and China,” says former Ambassador M.K. Bhadrakumar, pointing to the Russia-India-China meeting External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj attended in Moscow in April, where the three countries hammered out an acceptable formulation on the contentious South China Sea. Since then, India omitted the explicit reference to the South China Sea in the joint statement with the U.S. last week as well. “It all coming to a climax at the SCO summit,” Mr. Bhadrakumar said


    http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/modi-seeks-moscow-route-to-china-for-nsg-entry/article8721366.ece
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    Indian ambassador says India wants manufacturing Russian arms on its territory

    Post  Pinto on Fri Jun 17, 2016 8:51 pm

    According to the Indian ambassador, the country wishes to move away from a simple ‘buyer-seller’ relationship with Russia

    ST. PETERSBURG, June 16. /TASS/. India wants to manufacture Russian arms on its own territory, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of India in the Russian Federation Pankaj Saran said on Thursday.

    "Defense cooperation has been a traditional pillar of our cooperation," Saran said at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. "India today wants to move away from a simple ‘buyer-seller’ relationship with Russia to relationship in which we co-produce, we manufacture and essentially we make in India," he added.

    "And we want Russia’s help to manufacture and to organize our defense industry. And efforts are on in this direction, and the initial indications are very promising. A large number of Indian public companies, public sector companies are showing great interest in partnering with Russian defense enterprises. And if we move in that direction, then certainly we are again looking at the new stage of our cooperation in the defense field," Saran concluded.


    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/defense/882428
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    First batch of nuclear fuel pellets from Russia to arrive in India in July-end

    Post  Pinto on Sun Jul 03, 2016 7:29 pm

    New Delhi: The first batch of nuclear fuel pellets — over 60 tonnes — to be supplied to India by Russia is expected to be delivered by the end of July, the Russian suppliers have said.

    The pellets are expected to be delivered 26-29 July, said officials from TVEL, the fuel company of Russian atomic power corporation Rosatom.

    The fuel is meant for the pressurized heavy-water reactors already functioning in India.

    "Technical acceptance of the first batch of pellets to be supplied in 2016 to the Indian Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) has been successfully completed at the Machine Engineering Plant of TVEL," Andrew Pyrinov, head of the department of technical control of the Machine Engineering Plant, told IANS.

    Technical Acceptance is the procedure to check if there are any defects in products. The extensive programme involves checking of all technical documentation by the buyer, which in this case is India.

    The programme included the presence of NFC representatives during the production of fuel pellets and storage of finished products.
    Pyrinov said the acceptance was completed without any inquiries from the Indian side.

    A long-term contract for the supply of fuel pellets for the Indian nuclear power plants was concluded on February 11, 2009 in Mumbai between JSC TVEL and the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India.

    The Russian company was the first to sign a long term contract to supply nuclear fuel to India's PHWR reactors after the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) had removed the restrictions on the supply of uranium, reactors and technology to the India on 6 September, 2008.

    The first delivery of nuclear fuel to the Nuclear Fuel Complex in Hyderabad (India) took place in spring 2009. The fuel pellets made in Elektrostal, Russia are used in Indian nuclear reactors.

    The Nuclear Fuel Complex was established 1971 as a major industrial unit of Department of Atomic Energy, for supplying nuclear fuel to the plants.

    http://www.firstpost.com/world/first-batch-of-nuclear-fuel-pellets-from-russia-to-arrive-in-india-in-july-end-2869082.html
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    Russia, India Agree on Types of Warships to Take Part in Joint Indra Drills

    Post  Pinto on Wed Jul 06, 2016 4:45 pm

    Russia and India have agreed on the number and type of warships involved in the joint naval exercises.

    Over 6,500 Russian servicemen, 15 warships and over 10 aircraft will hold military drills in the Far East Kamchatka Territory, the Eastern Military District said Monday

    KHABAROVSK (Russia) (Sputnik) — The Russian Pacific Fleet and the Indian Armed Forces have agreed on the number and type of warships that will be involved in the joint Russian-Indian naval exercises, Indra, in December 2016, a spokesman for the Russian Defense Ministry’s Eastern Military District said Wednesday.

    "The Pacific Fleet and the Indian Armed Forces have agreed that the drills will involve a Project 1155 anti-submarine destroyer, a Project 956 fleet destroyer, an anti-submarine helicopter Ka-27, a tanker and a fleet tug from the Russian side. The Indian side will provide for the drills a Kashin-class destroyer, a corvette, a tanker and a shipboard helicopter," Alexander Gordeev told reporters.

    He noted that the final composition of forces and means involved in the drills would be specified during the final planning conference, which is scheduled for October.

    The Indra exercises, first held in 2003, are tasked with boosting cooperation and interoperability between the Russian and Indian navies. In 2016, some 500 servicement are expected to be engaged in the drills, according to the Russian Defense Ministry.

    http://sputniknews.com/military/20160706/1042500693/russia-india-navy-drills.html
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    Russia formally welcomes India’s MTCR membership

    Post  Pinto on Sun Jul 10, 2016 10:15 am

    Russia has formally welcomed India’s much awaited membership in the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). India formally joined MTCR as the 35th member on June 27 with Russia besides USA and France strongly supporting India’s case.

    “For many years the Russian Federation advocated the accession of India – a state with advanced missile and space capabilities, an effective system of export control and adherence to the aims and objectives of non-proliferation – to this multilateral export control regime.

    We are convinced that with the entry of India into MTCR there will be given additional impetus to global efforts to counter the proliferation of means of delivery of weapons of mass destruction and related materials, increased the credibility and relevance of the regime itself,” according to a statement by the Russian Foreign Ministry.

    “Ready for a fruitful and constructive cooperation with our Indian friends in this format,” noted the Ministry statement.

    India-Russia cooperation in space and missile program and other high technology items are expected to grow following India’s accession to MTCR. Supersonic missile Brahmos — Indo-Russian joint collaboration — could now be easy for Delhi to export following MTCR membership.

    http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/russia-formally-welcomes-indias-mtcr-membership/articleshow/53127140.cms
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    Russia looking at participating in India’s Make in India program - minister

    Post  Pinto on Sun Jul 10, 2016 9:29 pm

    http://rbth.com/news/2016/07/10/russia-looking-at-participating-in-indias-make-in-india-program-minister_610353

    Russia is looking at taking part in India’s industrial program Make in India, Russian Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov told TASS on July 10 ahead of the Innoprom-2016 exhibition, where India is an official partner.

    "The ministry of industry and trade commends the Indian government’s measures to reform the country’s economy. The ministry considers its participation in the program Make in India as a new point of growth in terms of cooperation, including industrial cooperation. This program is meant to make India a leader of global industrial production," he said.

    He said that currently the two countries are cooperating in such sectors as metallurgy, aircraft-building, car0building, chemical industry and other high technology sectors.

    "Currently, Russian exports to India is made up of basically aerospace vehicles and equipment, ferrous metals and articles made of them, components for nuclear energy facilities, a wide spectrum of articles of military technical cooperation," Manturov said. "India exports to Russia mainly pharmaceuticals, machine-building products, coffee, tea, tobacco, spices, garments. Russia and India are partners in the area of peaceful use of nuclear energy. Cooperation in the hydrocarbon sector is a major area of possible cooperation between the two countries."

    The Make in India program was initiated by the Narendra Modi government in 2014. In January 2015, Indian Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar invited Russian defense-sector companies to take part in that initiative. The invitation was voiced during an Indian visit by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.

    Under this project, India plans to attract investment to 25 economic sectors - from tourism to mining. The program offers considerable privileges to foreign investors, including in the defense sectors.

    Source: Tass.com
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    Pinto

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    Russia Offers India Nuclear-Powered Supercarrier

    Post  Pinto on Mon Jul 11, 2016 8:15 pm

    http://thediplomat.com/2016/07/russia-offers-india-nuclear-powered-supercarrier/

    Last week, a Russian delegation visiting New Delhi offered the Indian Navy Russia’s latest supercarrier design, dubbed Project 23000E Shtorm (Storm), for purchase, Defense News reports, based on information provided by a senior Indian Navy official. According to the article, a Russian diplomat based in India confirmed that an offer has been made.

    Few additional details have so far come to light surrounding the purported Indo-Russian discussions over procuring the supercarrier. As I reported in March (See: “Will India Buy Russia’s New Supercarrier?”), India is still expected to officially announce a procurement tender for a heavy nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, 300 meters long and 70 meters wide and displacing 65,000 tons.

    This 65,000-ton supercarrier, the INS Vishal, the second ship of the Vikrant-class, will allegedly feature “significant design changes from the lead vessel, the INS Vikrant, including possible nuclear propulsion and Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (CATOBAR) and Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch Systems (EMALS),” I wrote in January.

    http://thediplomat.com/2016/03/will-india-buy-russias-new-supercarrier/

    The Krylovsky State Research Center (KRSC), a Russian shipbuilding research and development institute, has been working on the Russian supercarrier’s design over the last two years. The vessel’s design was first revealed in May 2015. As I explained in March:

    In the summer of 2015, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States received requests for “technical and costing proposals” regarding the design of India’s new aircraft carrier. According to Indian defense officials, the two top contenders are Russia and France, given that India operates aircraft from both countries.

    According to information provided by KRSC, I summarized the Russian-made supercarrier’s main characteristics:

    The supercarrier design has a displacement of 100,000 tons, is 330 meters long and 40 meters wide, and has a draft of 11 meters. Powered by either conventional or a nuclear propulsion, the ship can remain at sea for 120 days and sail up to 30 knots (around 55 kilometers per hour), according to information supplied by KRSC. It can accommodate a crew of up to 5,000 and can carry 80-90 deck-based aircraft.

    However, whether Russia’s design will prevail is highly doubtful, as I explained back in March:

    The likelihood that Russia’s supercarrier project will become a reality and move beyond the conceptual state is slim. For starters, Russia has never built an aircraft carrier. All Soviet carriers were constructed in Ukraine. Russia’s shipbuilding industry currently lacks the capacity to build a supercarrier and does not even have a large enough dry dock to accommodate a vessel the size of the Shtorm.

    India is planning to induct the new aircraft carrier in the late 2020s.
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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  AlfaT8 on Mon Jul 11, 2016 11:28 pm

    Pinto wrote:http://thediplomat.com/2016/07/russia-offers-india-nuclear-powered-supercarrier/

    Last week, a Russian delegation visiting New Delhi offered the Indian Navy Russia’s latest supercarrier design, dubbed Project 23000E Shtorm (Storm), for purchase, Defense News reports, based on information provided by a senior Indian Navy official. According to the article, a Russian diplomat based in India confirmed that an offer has been made.

    Few additional details have so far come to light surrounding the purported Indo-Russian discussions over procuring the supercarrier. As I reported in March (See: “Will India Buy Russia’s New Supercarrier?”), India is still expected to officially announce a procurement tender for a heavy nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, 300 meters long and 70 meters wide and displacing 65,000 tons.

    This 65,000-ton supercarrier, the INS Vishal, the second ship of the Vikrant-class, will allegedly feature “significant design changes from the lead vessel, the INS Vikrant, including possible nuclear propulsion and Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (CATOBAR) and Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch Systems (EMALS),” I wrote in January.

    http://thediplomat.com/2016/03/will-india-buy-russias-new-supercarrier/

    The Krylovsky State Research Center (KRSC), a Russian shipbuilding research and development institute, has been working on the Russian supercarrier’s design over the last two years. The vessel’s design was first revealed in May 2015. As I explained in March:

    In the summer of 2015, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States received requests for “technical and costing proposals” regarding the design of India’s new aircraft carrier. According to Indian defense officials, the two top contenders are Russia and France, given that India operates aircraft from both countries.

    According to information provided by KRSC, I summarized the Russian-made supercarrier’s main characteristics:

    The supercarrier design has a displacement of 100,000 tons, is 330 meters long and 40 meters wide, and has a draft of 11 meters. Powered by either conventional or a nuclear propulsion, the ship can remain at sea for 120 days and sail up to 30 knots (around 55 kilometers per hour), according to information supplied by KRSC. It can accommodate a crew of up to 5,000 and can carry 80-90 deck-based aircraft.

    However, whether Russia’s design will prevail is highly doubtful, as I explained back in March:

    The likelihood that Russia’s supercarrier project will become a reality and move beyond the conceptual state is slim. For starters, Russia has never built an aircraft carrier. All Soviet carriers were constructed in Ukraine. Russia’s shipbuilding industry currently lacks the capacity to build a supercarrier and does not even have a large enough dry dock to accommodate a vessel the size of the Shtorm.

    India is planning to induct the new aircraft carrier in the late 2020s.

    Ooh thediplomat again, going full retard as usual, apparently "Russia has never built an AC", because they were made in what is now Ukraine, are you F'ing kidding me.

    "Russia’s shipbuilding lacks the capacity to build a supercarrier" the design is done, the material resources are there and the docks can be built or expanded, there is nothing holding this back other then the will and the finance for it to be built.
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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  GarryB on Tue Jul 12, 2016 1:19 am

    Damn... no one has ever built a hypersonic bomber before so no one ever will I guess...


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    Pinto

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    Russia interested in introducing Sukhoi Superjet 100 to Indian market

    Post  Pinto on Tue Jul 12, 2016 5:25 pm

    https://in.rbth.com/news/2016/07/11/russia-interested-in-introducing-sukhoi-superjet-100-to-indian-market_610657

    Russia is interested in introducing the Sukhoi Superjet (SSJ100) civil passenger jets to the Indian market, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov said Monday.

    "There are major areas where we are looking forward to cooperation, in addition to the defence-industrial complex, nuclear industry. For example, there were preliminary campaigns and industrial areas where components could be placed for the production of our civilian airliners, in particular the MC-21. We are also interested in the SSJ100's emergence in the market. We wanted to demonstrate the aircraft to Indian colleagues," Manturov told reporters.
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    India seeks four strategic bombers from Russia

    Post  Pinto on Thu Jul 14, 2016 8:26 pm

    http://in.rbth.com/economics/defence/2016/07/14/india-seeks-four-strategic-bombers-from-russia_611501

    During the course of INNOPROM, India’s Defence Ministry has indicated it is looking to buy four strategic bombers from Russia and a host of other high-tech weaponry, besides stepping up co-production under the ‘Make in India’ programme.

    India’s Ministry of Defence has sought to buy four strategic Tu-22M3 bombers and other latest high-tech weaponry from Russia, Interfax reported. This was expressed in the official stand of the ‘Make in India’ Programme at the INNOPROM International Industrial Exhibition in Yekaterinburg.

    Interfax reported that, in addition to the bombers, the Indian Air Force is also seeking to purchase 80 Mi-17 helicopters and six Il-76 airplanes, in which the Israeli radar system, the ‘Falcon,’ can be installed.

    The Indian Defence Ministry is also keen to acquire modern missile systems, and would like to buy twelve S-400 ‘Triumf’ anti-aircraft missile systems.


    New long-range Russian bomber to be different

    At the official ‘Make in India’ stand, officials indicated a desire to lease two nuclear submarines of the Akula-2 (‘Akula’ means Shark) class, with the option to purchase them after the completion of their lease terms.

    RIA Novosti had earlier reported that Russia would soon be able to deliver a second nuclear submarine of the Project 971 Shchuka-B (‘Schuka’ means pike) to India, after the relevant contract is signed.The first such submarine, named the ‘Chakra’, was delivered to the Indian Navy under lease in 2012.

    At the Indian stand in the Yekaterinburg exhibition, officials said India was planning to produce over 1,000 T-90S tanks and 200 Ka-226 helicopters under the ‘Make in India’ programme.

    The BrahMos cruise missiles, which are being developed in India with the participation of the Russian company NPO Mashinostroyeniya, are currently being successfully tested. The export version of the Russian anti-ship missile P-800 Oniks – the ‘Yakhont’ – has been used as the base to develop the new missile.
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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  Pinto on Thu Jul 14, 2016 8:52 pm

    can this Tu-22M3 bombers be armed with Brahmos if yes then how many ?
    damn this can unleash immense bombarding over enemy

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    Re: Russia - India Strategic Relationship: News

    Post  whir on Thu Jul 14, 2016 10:21 pm

    Pinto wrote:can this Tu-22M3 bombers be armed with Brahmos if yes then how many ?
    damn this can unleash immense bombarding over enemy
    In theory it should be capable of carrying 3 P-800/Brahmos, two on the wings and one on the centreline.

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