People usually said Communist China, Communist Russia, Communist Bloc, Vietcong... but in fact the Soviets called itself "socialist" republics, not "communist" republics. China, Vietnam, Cuba... same here. We called ourselves "socialist" bloc, not "communist" bloc.
Also, the Soviets never claimed that they finish the socialist stage, except in a brief period under Khruschyov when he claimed that he only needed 20 years to build Communism in USSR. That claim was soon rejected after Khruschyov was ousted.
Building a 100% socialist society is very hard and a 100% communist society is many more times difficult.
GarryB wrote:I don't think you can assert that... no two Soviet leaders were the same and they all had a different "ideology".
What caused its implosion was trying to keep up militarily with all the European and the new American colonial powers, which I would suggest would bankrupt any country and is soon likely to bankrupt the US unless they change course.
My opinion is that the reason why USSR began to decline when their leaders began to deviate from the socialist idea and ethics... begin with Khruschyov, then with Breznhev, and finally under Gorbachyov the Party leader committed high treason and backstabbed the whole USSR.
It is ironic and also extremely painful to see that, many high-rank officials of USSR at that time are fake communists, they used the name of Marx and Lenin to gain power and authority and when socialist idea was no longer useful for them, they dropped their mask and became the worst enemy of the nation.
Khruschyov undermined USSR power both internally and externally by his destalinization. He stripped off the working class characteristic of the Communist Party during his interpretation of the Party's role. His hare-brain schemes and hot-headed styles damaged the prestige of the USSR and is one of the reason why the Chinesed disdained him. Khruschyov's policy of overshuffling the officials was considered detrimental.
Brezhnev on the other hand stubbornly keeping the officials intact... the officials got older and older and become increasingly conservative... that also increase corruption inside the Party and the State because the old officials over-consolidated their power and abused their authority. The uncured illness inside the Party degraded the faith of the people into the idea of socialism which became very devastating under Gorbachyov's rule.
Not much to say about Gorbachyov and his cronies, such as Yakovlev... they are traitors. They backstabbed the Party. They backstabbed the USSR. They destroyed the greatest socialist state in the world. They crushed the global socialist movement. I can't imagine a suitable punishment for such crimes.
Hannibal Barca wrote:What is this delirium? Communism not only refuse capitalism, but furthermore, the principal idea of communism is to undermine the supply and demand principle. It is a completely paranoid theory.
Communist political structure is non inherited oligarchy, the very system than Marx tried to undermine. This is what Chinese kept and if applied with meritocracy is very effective,
more effective than what we call democracy* which requires a majority, broad or representative, and thus is very handicapped system for decision making, especially in open question problems and radical reforms.
*By the way, the key for democratization is not voting rights but social mobility.
Actually Marx was not the one who invented communism. Ideas of communism originated from the dawn of civilizations, many civilizations described an ideal society where there is no class and there is full communal ownership.
And the aims of Marxists are:
(1) the means of production have to be given back to their rightful owners, that is the working class.
(2) the funds, capitals, labour,... of the society has to be used to improve the mode of production. Which means: increase the level and the effeciency of the labour force; increase the technological level of the tools, guarantee the fair redistribution of products and production means, and maintain a production relationship which favors the working people.
(3) in order to achieve these goal, the working class has to be the absolute ruler of the society. The socialist state is born to serve the ones who work, not the parasites, not the bloodsuckers, not the criminals.