Military Forum for Russian and Global Defence Issues


    United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Share

    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Fri Aug 21, 2015 1:22 am

    Russia undecided on US proposed draft resolution on South Sudan

    The US proposed a draft resolution on imposition of an arms embargo and expansion of sanctions against South Sudan

    UNITED NATIONS, August 20 /TASS/. Russia has its reservations concerning the US proposed draft resolution on imposition of an arms embargo and expansion of sanctions against South Sudan, Pyotr Ilyichev, Russia’s Deputy Ambassador to the United Nations, told journalists on Thursday.

    The Russian side is to receive the final instructions from Moscow on Friday.

    "We have concerns, we have reservations. We need to study everything carefully because the resolution is complicated with many components," the diplomat said.

    "We are supposed to receive the instructions tomorrow," Ilyichev stressed.

    Under the US draft resolution distributed on Wednesday, the sanctions will become effective automatically as of September 1, if South Sudanese President Salva Kiir refuses to sign a peace agreement with the rebels and a ceasefire regime fails to come into force.


    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Sat Sep 05, 2015 3:44 am

    UN: Middle East Quartet to have ministerial meeting in New York on September 30

    UNITED NATIONS, September 4. /TASS/. The four mediators in the Middle East settlement [Russia, the United States, the European Union and the United Nations] will have a ministerial-level meeting at the United Nations headquarters at the invitation of United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on September 30, U.S. Spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said on Friday.

    He said invitations to the meeting had been sent to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini and foreign ministers of the countries of the region.

    The spokesperson said that after the Quartet foreign ministers had come out with a call to expand cooperation with Arab countries in February, the United Nations Secretary General decided to invite to the meeting Secretary General of the Arab League Nabil Elarabi and foreign ministers of Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabia.

    Earlier on Friday, Mogherini announced the forthcoming Quartet meeting but did not say when it would be held.

    Ministerial debates on conflict settlement in the Middle East and North Africa and rebuffing terrorist threat in the region will be held at the United Nations Security Council under Russia’s presidency on September 30. The discussion is expected focus on the situation in Syria, Iraq, Libya and the Palestinian-Israeli settlement.


    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    auslander
    Major
    Major

    Posts : 865
    Points : 919
    Join date : 2015-04-25

    Putin Live at UN, English

    Post  auslander on Mon Sep 28, 2015 6:12 pm

    http://www.rt.com/on-air/putin-address-un-live/

    auslander
    Major
    Major

    Posts : 865
    Points : 919
    Join date : 2015-04-25

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  auslander on Mon Sep 28, 2015 7:15 pm

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q13yzl6k6w0

    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Sat Nov 21, 2015 3:56 am



    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    max steel
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 2980
    Points : 3014
    Join date : 2015-02-12
    Location : South Pole

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  max steel on Sat Nov 21, 2015 8:49 am

    George1 wrote:


    Ha! I remember when US blocked Russia's UNSC request twice to place sanctions on ISIS.

    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Tue Jul 12, 2016 1:06 am



    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Thu Jul 21, 2016 2:38 am

    Why Another Country in North Africa Risks Being Embroiled in Civil War

    Over the weekend, Moroccan King Mohammed VI announced Rabat's intention to return to the African Union after a 32 year absence. Meanwhile, the armed struggle over Western Sahara threatens to be reignited. Vzglyad news website contributor Said Gafurov discusses the danger of yet another country in North Africa becoming embroiled in war.

    On Sunday, the Moroccan head of state indicated that his country would be returning to the African Union. Morocco left the organization in 1984 after it provided membership to Western Sahara, which Rabat considers to be Moroccan territory.

    At the same time, in a detailed analysis on the situation in the region for the Russian news and analysis portal Vzglyad, Algiers-based journalist Said Gafurov warned that the partially-recognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic may soon resume its war of independence against Morocco.

    Last week, representatives of the Polisario Front, a national liberation movement which aims to end the Moroccan occupation of Western Sahara, opened an extraordinary congress to choose a new leader at the Dakhla refugee camp in Tindouf province, southern Algeria. The estimated 2,000 delegates to the congress were charged with choosing a new leader following the death of long-time Polisario Front leader Mohamed Abdelaziz.

    "The Polisario Front," Gafurov explained, "is recognized by the United Nations as the sole representative of the Western Saharan people, many of whom now live in exile as refugees, while the areas of the Rio de Oro and Saguia el-Hamra remain occupied by Morocco."

    The conflict stretches back to 1975, and the UN presently considers Western Sahara to be the last colony in Africa. The Polisario Front stopped its armed struggle against Rabat in 1991 when, under the auspices of the UN, a cease-fire agreement was reached and a referendum process agreed to. However, twenty-five years later, negotiations on the referendum remain stalled over disagreements on voting rights.

    At present, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) has been recognized by 84 UN member countries, mostly in Africa and Latin America, with 37 of them having since frozen or withdrawn recognition.

    Mohamed Abdelaziz, who led the partially recognized state from 1976 until his death in May, was the leader of the 'political faction', according to Gafurov, "i.e. the representative of moderate forces – supporters of a political solution to the Saharan conflict."

    "At the same time, he was considered the proponent of the pro-Algerian line in the SADR's leadership; Algiers has not yet recovered from a victorious but devastating war with the Islamists, and does not want another destabilizing conflict in the region (especially given that Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika is now seriously ill, and the new pluralist multiparty system in the country has not completely established itself)."

    "To make matters worse," the journalist noted, "officials in France have threatened that Algeria may become the next country to face an 'Arab Spring'. In this situation, Algiers is opposed to a military option in the Sahara issue, but its influence, while significant, cannot be decisive, given that in Algeria itself there are different perspectives on how to view the problem of the SADR."

    The partially recognized state has three main factions – the 'political faction', the 'youth faction', and the 'military faction'. The key issue separating them, according to Gafurov, is their position on the resumption of war. Moreover, "a 'peace faction' does not formally exist within the Polisario Front."

    "Out of the hundreds of delegates to the previous congress speaking to Russian observers, only the head of the Saharawi Women's Federation opposed the resumption of war, and even then, with great reservations." Subsequently, Gafurov warned, "the question effectively boils down to the terms and conditions of the conflict's resumption."

    "The 'youth faction' insists on the immediate resumption of war. Its more moderate part is in agreement to wait for the results of the negotiations with Morocco on the referendum, but for no more than one-and-a-half to two years, and with the unconditional beginning of combat operations in the event of the negotiations' failure."

    "The 'political faction' is closely linked to the management of the refugee camps, and is engaged in the distribution of international aid, and its position is strongly influenced by the opinion of the international community. In principle, it is not opposed to the idea of a war of liberation in the event of the failure of talks, but the resumption of hostilities is considered the worst possible option. At the same time, the faction insists on the 'de-ideologization' of SADR; The Polisario Front, in its view, must stop being a left-oriented movement in order to facilitate the receipt of aid from the EU, and to receive political support from the United States," which it presently lacks.

    Finally, the journalist explained, "the 'military faction' is composed of military leaders who were demobilized after the ceasefire, who have effectively been denied access to political and administrative positions in the refugee camps, and who have been forced to engage in small-scale retail trade, which remains underdeveloped due to the lack of market relations in these camps."

    "Gradually, elections have seen the military begin to push back the politicians, but this process is slow…The faction is aware of the unpredictability of the results of any possible war, but is looking for a change, which the political faction is advocating against."

    Ultimately, on July 12, the Polisario Front's snap congress voted to elect 67-year-old Brahim Ghali, a long-time Sahrawi leader who has participated in the region's national liberation movement since the 1960s, and who served as Polisario's first leader between 1973-1975. He would go on to serve as Minister of Defense during the war with Morocco, and as the SADR's representative to Spain and Ambassador to Algeria.

    "Thus, it can be said that the congress has issued a victory for the 'war faction'," Gafurov noted.

    The keynote of the newly elected president's speech, the journalist summarized, "was that Sahrawis naturally seek a peaceful resolution to the problem [of their occupation by Morocco], but are also fully prepared for the resumption of war."

    The UN Security Council has called for the UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) to be permitted to carry out its mandate in full capacity.

    "The refugees are simply tired of waiting for changes for the better," Gafurov explained. "A quarter-century has passed since the signing of the ceasefire in 1991, and the Sahrawi people have been living in appalling conditions in camps in the heart of the Sahara throughout this period. An entire generation has grown up, witnessing the rattling of sabers, the public rejection [by Rabat] of previously signed agreements, the expulsion of officials from the UN peacekeeping mission (MINURSO), and accusations against UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon" over comments on the occupation of Western Sahara.

    "At the same time," the journalist warned, "the population of the areas under Morocco's occupation too has been expressing its discontent more and more loudly. If earlier this was manifested mainly in the form of civil disobedience, hunger strikes and protests, now, the documents of the Polisario Front congress speak of a full-fledged Intifada, while those living in the refugee camps are beginning to demand the resumption of the war and the liberation of their territory."

    Effectively, Gafurov noted, the portion of the Sahrawi population living under Moroccan occupation believes that "they have little to lose, and much to gain" from ending Rabat's control over their territory. "Western Sahara has a relatively small population, and enormous natural resources. Earlier, it was believed that these consisted primarily of valuable phosphate deposits and reserves of iron ore; now, the region's coastal waters, which include a highly valuable fishing area, are considered even more important."

    Ultimately, the journalist emphasized that the threat of a resumption of war between Rabat and the SADR also increases the risk of the region being overrun with Islamist terrorists. "And if the problem is being resolved today primarily by heavy-handed methods (Islamist preachers from abroad are simply not allowed into the region) in the case of resumption of hostilities, events may take an unexpected turn," given the inevitable reduction in Rabat's security capabilities.

    "For this reason, the UN understands that a referendum in Western Sahara is long overdue. The Polisario Front proposes three options for the referendum: independence, autonomy within Morocco and full accession to Morocco. But what is of principle importance is that the people of Western Sahara are able to decide their fate for themselves. Any decision imposed from above threatens the outbreak of violence, an echo of the kind which also threatens the other side of the Mediterranean," Gafurov concluded.

    http://sputniknews.com/africa/20160720/1043341842/morocco-resumption-hostilties-danger.html


    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Mon Sep 26, 2016 4:28 pm

    Struggle For The Next UN General Secretary Gets Feverish

    Last week the UN conducted a straw poll to determine the candidates to be the next UN General Secretary. When the member states, after much lobbying and jockeying, arrive at settled choices the Security Council then picks a winner. As I’ve written in the past on this topic, there seems to be a preference for a woman and an Eastern European.

    The US back the former idea, Moscow the latter. After four straw polls at the UN Security Council over many months, four candidates are leading the race: Antonio Guterres of Portugal, Slovakian Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajčák, Serbia’s Vuk Jeremić and Irina Bokova from Bulgaria.

    Antonio Guterres has come up repeatedly as the number one candidate. He enjoys very wide support within the Security Council. Alas, the two biggest players do not like him. The Russians will most probably veto him because they want an East European as part of the rotational principle and they feel some affinity for the region. So, no to Gutierrez from that side. He also happens to be male. So, no to him also from the Western pro-female crowd.

    Let me first remind the reader of this column’s consistent criticism of the Russians. I carry no water for Putin. I may be one of his earliest still living critics, with emphasis on still living, dating back to a time even before the 2008 invasion of Georgia which I covered for the WSJ. I have co-written a book ostracizing him and the Chinese for strategic malfeasance. (“Return To Winter: Russia, China and the New Cold War”) But the real world dictates certain givens: the UN functions a certain way structurally and the Russians have a veto. They will use it against Guterres. You and I may not like it but fantasizing won’t help. If I know this and you know it, surely the grand political plenipotentiaries pushing pointless candidates to the fore know it also. So why do it? Why even bother?

    Miroslav Lajčák and Vuk Jeremić face the same problem in reverse: the West will certainly veto them. They have been heavily championed by Russia. No way will Washington will agree to elect Moscow’s puppets. Take the Slovak candidate. After his (Slovakia’s) Prime Minister met with Putin and called for lifting EU sanctions against Moscow, Lajčák rose from 10th to 2nd in UN Security straw polls. Jeremić is playing in the same category: he is fiercely anti-NATO, anti-Kosovo’s independence and a Serbian ultranationalist. So forget about these two, the free world will never support them.

    The most probable compromise candidate between the US and Russia appears to be the current head of Unesco, Irina B0kova. As it happens, Bokova is the official candidate of Bulgaria. Keep that in mind as you read on. In past columns I have argued for B0kova as the best option, founded as much on her own plusses as on the minuses of her rivals – which latter are byzantine and plentiful. Which is what makes this topic so enjoyable to peruse: the sheer fallibility and folly of political vanities. The UN is heading for another straw poll at the end of this month so it behooves us to clear the morass anew.
    Recommended by Forbes

    About Bokova on the plus side: she fits the desiderata (woman and East European), she is and was a practicing diplomat as former foreign minister of Bulgaria. She has run Unesco this many years with notable devotion. She it was that launched the prosecution of the Islamist villain who destroyed Timbuktu’s historic shrines. That trial is now actually happening at the Hague as I wrote in the Wall Street Journal, a remarkable success for its unprecedented plea of guilty by a repentant jihadi leader.

    An equally compelling narrative though is the comedy of errors being played out by Bokova’s rival for the Gen Sec position: the shadow bystander, yet another female Bulgarian, Kristalina Georgieva. Alas, she is manifestly, utterly unelectable. Sysiphean, to re-use a term I’ve used about Georgieva before. She is not actually a diplomat, never has been. But she won’t get elected chiefly because of her top EU posts which link her to EU sanctions against Russia. Russia will veto her; this weekend they reiterated that they refuse to consider her candidacy. And, in fact, she’s not even an official candidate! Not yet. But shadowy forces keep pushing her to the fore toward a nomination. And pressure is building on her own country Bulgaria to switch its vote to her. Therein lies another tale of political folly.

    Here we enter the murky inertial forces of EU power politics. Gutteres belongs to the Party of European Socialists (PES). His nomination by Portugal boosts the leverage of the entire party in Europe. Their region-wide rivals, the center-right European People’s Party (EPP), led by Angela Merkel, don’t like it. So, all of a sudden, there’s a move by the EPP and the distinctly more right-wing leader of Hungary, Viktor Orban, to oppose Gutteres. To do so, they are considering nominating Kristalina Georgieva, one of their own EU functionaries. Officially, it would be Hungary, Croatia and Latvia nominating a Bulgarian to run against a Bulgarian (Bokova) already nominated by Bulgaria. Follow me? If not, don’t blame me. That’s how it is in Europe. Now do you see why the EU can scarcely stand up to Putin or prevent Brexit or… well, you get the point.

    So the game hangs in the balance as the insular internecine power struggles within Europe pirhouette about. If Bulgaria’s Prime Minister Borissov gives in to Orban and the EPP, switches Bulgaria’s nomination from Bokova to Georgieva, he will lose his country’s one shot at leading the world. He will thereby wreck his own career. Because, as certain as day follows night, Georgieva will be vetoed by the Russians. As both the former Polish President Kwasniewski and the former US Ambassador the UN Bill Richardson stated this week-end, Bokova is the only chance for Bulgaria and Eastern Europe to get a UN Secretary General. There’s nothing that Berlin or Budapest can do about it because they have no seat in the UN Security Council and no leverage over it. On the other hand, if Borissov resists his fellow European conservative politicians, one can only imagine the personal political cost for him. Still, it’s his one chance to write his name in history as a Bulgarian patriot, and not to be humiliated by a last minute swap of candidate which would fail dramatically. We will soon see which actuating force will prevail over Europe’s and indeed the world’s affairs.

    http://www.forbes.com/sites/melikkaylan/2016/09/11/struggle-for-the-next-un-general-secretary-gets-feverish/#40b38fe45c20


    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Thu Oct 06, 2016 9:35 pm

    Russia welcomes Paris Agreement coming into force

    More:
    http://tass.com/world/904709


    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    George1
    Colonel
    Colonel

    Posts : 9457
    Points : 9949
    Join date : 2011-12-22
    Location : Greece

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  George1 on Mon Oct 10, 2016 9:27 am

    António Guterres to be next UN secretary general

    http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=55224#.V_tCbcmX7K8



    _________________
    "There's no smoke without fire.", Georgy Zhukov


    Sponsored content

    Re: United Nations - Global Situation: Thread

    Post  Sponsored content Today at 11:21 pm


      Current date/time is Sat Dec 10, 2016 11:21 pm