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    Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

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    Sujoy
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    Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  Sujoy on Tue Nov 25, 2014 5:09 pm



    It was a busy fall season in the world of military laser warfare. In September, Boeing unveiled its truck-mounted 10-kilowatt High Energy Laser Mobile Demonstrator, capable of knocking out drones and even missiles.
    In November, the commander of the Fifth Fleet of the U.S. Navy, Vice Admiral John Miller, confirmed receipt of the first combat laser and its installation on the amphibious assault ship USS Ponce.
    China also announced the development of a laser that can shoot down small aerial targets. And while little is revealed publicly, Russia has not let its laser development program idle either.
    At the current stage of development, rocket technology is still far superior to existing laser weapon capacity. But the quest to harness laser power is also about the cost of a single shot.
    All missile technology is costly, but when used over long distances this requires additional navigation systems, a large fuel load and other line items that drive up the cost of a single strike. The attraction of lasers remains their simple power to effect ratio: Firing one costs as much as generating the power it consumes.
    This was also a guiding principle when the Soviet Union powered up its laser program in the 1960s at the top-secret "Astrophysics" scientific research and production centre. Appointed to head it in 1978 was the talented physicist Nikolai Ustinov, son of the powerful Soviet Defence Minister Dmitry Ustinov.

    Stiletto

    But technology at the time did not enable the construction of mobile lasers powerful enough to destroy a target. So researchers instead focused on ‘blinding’ a tank, self-propelled gun or low-flying helicopter by targeting photo-sensors in its optical sighting systems. Once these are neutralized, the vehicle or aircraft becomes easy prey.
    Laser guidance systems had now been developed in anti-missile laser systems. The SLK 1K11 Stiletto uses radar to detect a target, probes it with a laser to detect any lens gleam and hits the spot with a powerful laser impulse.
    The system was fitted with a mobile power supply and installed on the chassis of a tracked mine-laying vehicle. The Stiletto was delivered to the Red Army in this form in 1982 but was still classed as experimental. While only two units were ever produced, it is formally still in service with the Russian Army.

    Sanguine

    The year after Stiletto became suitable for service, Astrophysics began work on a more advanced device that was originally conceived for air defence, a laser equivalent of the Shilka self-propelled anti-aircraft system.
    Unlike the Stiletto, Sanguine was a modern variant that eschewed bulky mirrors and could be fired vertically. A laser cannon mounted on the Shilka platform could disable a helicopter’s optical system at a range of 6 miles and disable it entirely at 5 miles.

    Szhatiye

    But the pinnacle of Soviet physicists’ laser research was the 1K17 Szhatiye (compression) project which went into service in 1992. While resembling the Buratino (Pinocchio) salvo-firing rocket and heavy flamethrower systems, Szhatiye’s 12 barrels did not hold rockets but multi-line lasers. Each had its own frequency band and internal guidance system, which were impervious to enemy filter systems.
    The weapon comprised a solid-state laser with fluorescent energizing lights similar to those of the American ZEUS remote demining system. Because of its powerful generator and power plant, Szhatiye was mounted on the chassis of the heavy Msta-S self-propelled gun. The system is still classified and there is no open data on characteristics like the range, firing rate or number of simultaneously engaged targets.
    Its range may be presumed to be no less than Sanguine’s, so twice the effective range of a modern tank. But while impressive on the drawing board, this must be set against the laser’s main disadvantage: the need for a clear line of sight in order to hit a target.
    Shooting at point-blank range in combat conditions is also hampered by terrain relief, rendering such systems largely impractical.
    But as evidenced by U.S. and Chinese activity, the use of lasers against guided missiles, helicopters and UAV drones (where using conventional missiles is prohibitively expensive), is a strong incentive for further development.

    Dal

    The collapse of the Soviet Union slammed the brakes on science and technology development in Russia for several years. Many items ended up as exhibits, including units built by Astrophysics, and examples are still surfacing unexpectedly. While the first Stiletto built probably saw some use, a second without laser sighting was found by enthusiasts in a factory in the Ukrainian city of Kharkov in 2010.
    The fate of Sanguin and Aquilon is not known, but at least one Szhatiye system made it into the public eye, now displayed in a museum in Ivanovskoye near Moscow.
    One Astrophysics brainchild did make it into full military service, however. The KDHR-1H Dal chemical detection and monitoring system uses a laser radar to locate sources of contamination, scanning 45 square miles in 60 seconds.
    After detecting a toxic cloud, Dal calculates its coordinates and linear dimensions. The system’s automatic operating time without refuelling is 130 hours, and three hours after a 500km drive. A unique piece of equipment when it was first introduced in 1988, Distance remains in service with the Russian Army.

    http://in.rbth.com/arts/2014/11/25/laser_warfare_and_tank-based_systems_39931.html

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  GarryB on Wed Nov 26, 2014 12:13 am



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    sound weapons

    Post  victor1985 on Tue Jan 20, 2015 2:26 pm

    sound weapons are better than rifles, can shoot down an helicopter , can destroy missiles optic electronic sistems, can destroy cameras, can destroy anything that is made of glass or other material.

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  sepheronx on Tue Jan 20, 2015 2:32 pm

    What? Neutral

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Tue Jan 20, 2015 2:46 pm

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonic_weapon
    like this
    but more powerfull. a full truck dedicated to have a sonic weapons would destroy missiles eyes....

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  Werewolf on Tue Jan 20, 2015 3:42 pm

    I don't know any operating sonic weapons, the last thing i heared was that US researched them and made some of their "volunteers" deaf somewhere in 70-80's.

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  Regular on Tue Jan 20, 2015 3:59 pm

    I've heard about Soviet sonic weapons used to disperse crowds in Moscow Putch. Apart from crowd control sonic weapons didnt find their she

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Tue Jan 20, 2015 4:40 pm

    the point is that missiles IR sensor is very sensitive and can be damaged by sonic beam

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  Werewolf on Tue Jan 20, 2015 5:33 pm

    victor1985 wrote:the point is that missiles IR sensor is very sensitive and can be damaged by sonic beam

    There is already a functioning technology for IR sensors of missile the DIRCM and in active service with some aircrafts like Ka-52,Mi-8 and will get to more aircrafts over the years.

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Wed Jan 21, 2015 5:50 am

    well i'm happy to read this

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  GarryB on Wed Jan 21, 2015 5:56 am

    Sonic weapons lack effective range right now, and what sort of performance would they have against a laser beam riding missile like Vikhr-M, or radio command guided Krisantema... whose laser sensors face back towards the launch platform and the guiding laser beam is over 1,000 times less powerful than a laser homing beam?


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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Fri Feb 27, 2015 10:02 am

    By the way i saw that now is tried in USA to move a missile using lasers.....

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Sat Mar 14, 2015 2:24 pm

    I dont know why in comunications and ranging are not used both left and right sides of radio waves in electromagnetic spectrum. Also more you go to gamma more usefull as weapons can be against aircrafts and pilot inside. Plus that more you go to gamma less efects are made by air to beam so can result a powerfull beam

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Sat Mar 14, 2015 2:26 pm

    Some of waves (dont know which - left or right side) may request less energy to transmit.

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  victor1985 on Sat Mar 14, 2015 2:28 pm

    Is there a reason why radar waves (radio waves after all) were choosen for ranging and transmision?

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  GarryB on Sat Mar 14, 2015 9:14 pm

    Just off the top of my head I remember reading that they were working on using radio waves from something else... I think something to do with communication and notices they got radio signal returns off aircraft and realised it could be used as radar.


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    Request: Russian Microwave Gun Weapons

    Post  nemrod on Tue Jul 07, 2015 7:14 pm

    I did not find where you put this subject, if there exists a such topic, feel free to move it.
    I need to understand how it works, is it a laser ? If a such topic does not exist, please could you create a special topic about russian laser, I suspect russians are well advanced.





    MOSCOW,June 15(Sputnik)--Russia has developed super-high-frequency gun capable of deactivating unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and the warheads of precision weapons at an impact range of ten kilometers which ensure 360 degrees of perimeter defense.
    Russia’s United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation (UIMC), part of Rostec Corporation, has announced that it developed a super-high-frequency gun for BUK missile systems.

    Russia to Show Newest Aircraft at Upcoming Army-2015 Expo in Moscow Region
    The newly-developed equipment is capable of deactivating the radio electronics of UAVs and the warheads of precision weapons, according to a representative of the corporation.

    The equipment, informally named the microwave gun, has been developed for the needs of Russia’s Defense Ministry and will be demonstrated during the closed part of Army-2015, an international event organized by the Russian Defense Ministry, the Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) and state technology corporation Rostec, which will be held on June 16-19.

    “The new system is equipped with a high-power relativistic generator and reflector antenna, management and control system, and a transmission system which is fixed on the chassis of BUK surface-to-air missile systems. When mounted on a special platform, the ‘microwave gun’ is capable of ensuring perimeter defense at 360 degrees,” the representative said.
    The system is capable of out-of-band suppression of the radio electronic equipment of low-altitude aircraft and the assault elements of precision weapons. The gun is able to deactivate the equipment of aircraft and UAVs, and neutralize precision weapons.


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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  PapaDragon on Thu Jul 16, 2015 12:16 pm

    ''Russia Gives Soviet-Era Laser Tank New Lease on Life

    Russian engineers are working to breathe new life in Soviet-era plans to develop a laser tank, a staple of Hollywood blockbusters and video games, Russian media reported''

    http://sputniknews.com/russia/20150716/1024696701.html

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  Stealthflanker on Thu Jul 16, 2015 12:48 pm

    History of Laser development in Soviet Union.

    http://psi.ece.jhu.edu/~kaplan/IRUSS/Engl.High.Energy.Lasers.pdf

    Well.. so there was a "Laser City"

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  George1 on Wed Sep 02, 2015 4:50 pm

    Cutting-Edge Laser Systems to be Displayed at Russia’s Military Super Show

    The military super show Russia Arms Expo 2015 (RAAE 2015) due to take place between September 9-12 has confirmed exhibition of new laser technology.

    The precision laser processing system MiniMarker 2 which will be on display during the exhibition is designed on the basis of a fiber laser with high-speed and high-quality performance, the press service of RAE-2015 said, media reports.

    MiniMarker 2 can create high-quality images, and retain a high marking speed (up to 9000 mm / s), making it capable of high-speed industrial marking of objects made of rubber, plastic, metal and ceramics.

    Apart from this particular laser system, visitors of the exhibition will also see the Foton Compact and TurboMarker systems. The first is used for laser welding and insulating chemical current sources. The second laser system has a unique record marking speed of up to 10,000 millimeters per second.

    RAE-2015 is set to be held in the Russian Urals city of Nizhny Tagil between September 9 and 12.

    The exhibition will be attended by representatives of the CIS countries, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

    Also in attendance will be delegates from a spate of European countries, such as Belgium, Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Italy, Spain, Cyprus, Poland, Slovakia, France, Finland, the Czech Republic and Sweden.

    During the exhibition, more than forty pieces of military equipment will be presented by the Russian Corporation Uralvagonzavod, which is the main organizer of the event.

    These include a spate of state-of-the-art pieces, including the T-14 Armata tank and the self-propelled Koalitsiya (Coalition)–SV howitzer.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20150902/1026497374/russia-military-show-laser-technology.html#ixzz3kb48eZuc


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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Wed Sep 02, 2015 4:58 pm

    George1 wrote:Cutting-Edge Laser Systems to be Displayed at Russia’s Military Super Show

    The military super show Russia Arms Expo 2015 (RAAE 2015) due to take place between September 9-12 has confirmed exhibition of new laser technology.

    The precision laser processing system MiniMarker 2 which will be on display during the exhibition is designed on the basis of a fiber laser with high-speed and high-quality performance, the press service of RAE-2015 said, media reports.

    MiniMarker 2 can create high-quality images, and retain a high marking speed (up to 9000 mm / s), making it capable of high-speed industrial marking of objects made of rubber, plastic, metal and ceramics.

    Apart from this particular laser system, visitors of the exhibition will also see the Foton Compact and TurboMarker systems. The first is used for laser welding and insulating chemical current sources. The second laser system has a unique record marking speed of up to 10,000 millimeters per second.

    RAE-2015 is set to be held in the Russian Urals city of Nizhny Tagil between September 9 and 12.

    The exhibition will be attended by representatives of the CIS countries, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

    Also in attendance will be delegates from a spate of European countries, such as Belgium, Britain, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Italy, Spain, Cyprus, Poland, Slovakia, France, Finland, the Czech Republic and Sweden.

    During the exhibition, more than forty pieces of military equipment will be presented by the Russian Corporation Uralvagonzavod, which is the main organizer of the event.

    These include a spate of state-of-the-art pieces, including the T-14 Armata tank and the self-propelled Koalitsiya (Coalition)–SV howitzer.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20150902/1026497374/russia-military-show-laser-technology.html#ixzz3kb48eZuc

    Hey George1, I need some help here. Is it possible that RAE-2015 related news articles could be either moved or re-posted in the dedicated RAE-2015 thread?

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  George1 on Wed Sep 16, 2015 11:45 pm

    Russia develops directed-energy weapons

    Laser, acoustic, holographic and kinetic systems are among them, these are lasers designed not to destroy objects but to ‘blind’ them because the latter requires far less energy

    MOSCOW, September 16. /TASS/. Work in under way in Russia on directed-energy weapons, a source in Russia’s defense industry told TASS on Wednesday.

    Asked by TASS to comment on a message from the DSEi 2015 international show in London to the effect that the Royal Navy intends to adopt lasers for service by 2020, the Russian defense industry source said: "Russian engineers developing weapons reliant on new physical principles are aware of the foreign efforts in the directed-energy weapons field".

    Of the basic types of the above weapons, he singled out laser, acoustic, holographic and kinetic systems. "First off, these are lasers designed not to destroy objects but to ‘blind’ them because the latter requires far less energy," he added.

    In his words, blinding and immobilizing surface or submerged targets makes their destruction easier. However, the power plants of ships will have to be changed and their power will have to be redistributed in favor of the future weapons for directed-energy weapons to be installed on future ships.

    "Another type of advanced weapons involves kinetic weapons — electromagnetic guns that dissolve a target by means of high kinetic energy, rather than punch through it," the expert clarified.

    According to the source, acoustic weapons will be effective against surveillance systems. There are also holographic weapons, the source said without going into detail on their purpose.

    Royal Navy Adm. George Zambellas said at DSEi 2015 in London: "Energy weapons don’t require conventional ammunition. With a cost-per-shot potentially measured in pence rather than pounds, they offer a route to address the spiralling costs of missile development and production, as well as reducing supply chain demands."

    "The Royal Navy plans to demonstrate a directed energy weapon at sea by the end of the decade," Adm. Zambellas said.

    The admiral added that the British Armed Services hoped for getting weapons not just to blind the enemy or render its electronics inefficient but able to destroy fast targets, too.


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    MASER

    Post  chinggis on Thu Sep 17, 2015 6:03 pm

    Hello all!
    Sometime I read somewhere on directed energy Weapons that use microwave radiation instead of laser (light). Can anyone tell me more about that, or this is SF?

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  Stealthflanker on Thu Sep 17, 2015 6:22 pm

    chinggis wrote:Hello all!
    Sometime I read somewhere on directed energy Weapons that use microwave radiation instead of laser (light). Can anyone tell me more about that, or this is SF?

    No no..it's not SF.. The DEW that use Microwave radiation is known as "HPM" Or "High Powered Microwave" Weapon. Today's pulsed power source development such as explosively pumped flux generator, supercapacitor allows generation of gigawatt level power. Add powerful microwave amplifier such as Super-reltron (Relativistic Magnetron) and it can inject that gigawatt level power to damage enemy electronics.

    One Russian example is the Ranets-E system.

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    Re: Directed-Energy Weapons | Microwave, Laser, Sonic |

    Post  PapaDragon on Thu Sep 17, 2015 8:16 pm

    chinggis wrote:Hello all!
    Sometime I read somewhere on directed energy Weapons that use microwave radiation instead of laser (light). Can anyone tell me more about that, or this is SF?

    Lasers use light ("light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation")

    There are laser-like devices that use microwave radiation instead of light. They are called Masers ( "microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation")

    Same thing, different particles...


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