Military Forum for Russian and Global Defence Issues


    Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Share
    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Tue Jul 17, 2018 5:00 am

    Inum, Rosatom and Kraftway computer manufacture their own motherboards. MCST was doing it since Soviet times.
    avatar
    flamming_python

    Posts : 3340
    Points : 3424
    Join date : 2012-01-30

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  flamming_python on Wed Jul 18, 2018 1:04 am

    miketheterrible wrote:http://rostec.ru/news/rostekh-sozdaet-po-dlya-massovogo-vnedreniya-kompyuterov-elbrus-v-rossii/

    Rostec creates for the mass adoption of computers "Elbrus" in Russia



    Rostec is developing software that will open opportunities for mass implementation of domestic computers "Elbrus" in state institutions, business, schools and universities. The developers of a subsidiary of the state Corporation, the National center of Informatization (NCI), to create so-called virtualization technology for Russian computing, allowing simultaneous work of several dozen cars at the expense of one server "Elbrus".
    This technology significantly reduces the value of domestic machinery and allows to minimize the cost of construction of offices of computer science in schools and universities, working space in offices and industrial plants. The development is conducted in the framework of the program of import substitution for the development and implementation of domestic cybersecure information technology in various sectors of the economy.

    "We are working on reduction of the proposed solutions to bring the cost of the working place on the "El" to similar foreign models. This platform is a Mature, debugged it, tested on major projects and have proven their quality. Its main advantage – high level of information security, which is important for many Russian companies dealing with sensitive information. The introduction of such equipment in schools and universities can provide a special effect for the Russian it industry – we will have a new generation of Russian programmers that will join the work on the Russian technology and will understand that it can solve the task not worse than abroad," commented Director of special Affairs of state Corporation rostec Vasily Brovko.

    The created software will allow you to connect to a single server processors "Elbrus" the required number of jobs. Their number will depend on the "power" of servers – the number of processors, amount of used "hard" disks, and RAM.

    "At the conference "the Digital industry Industrial Russia" we announced the beginning of the formation of the Alliance of developers of application software platform "Elbrus". In fact, we are now talking about creating a software ecosystem for that platform-based operating system ntsi "Axis", – said General Director of NCI Konstantin Solodukhin.

    As he noted, posed by virtualization technology will contribute to the adaptation of the platform "Elbrus" for mass application and thus prostimulirujte domestic demand for domestic high-tech solutions.

    It's funny how things have come full-circle.

    Back in the 70s and early 80s in the computer labs of universities you had such a thing as terminals - which weren't computers by themselves; they were monitors and keyboards connected to a mainframe or supercomputer. Each such mainframe or supercomputer would have a few dozen such terminals connected to it for users to use. Each user would have their own account, could log in via any terminal, and would be able to interact with the actual computer via a command-line interface; word-processing, maths, programming, or even the primitive internet of the day for interaction with other users at other universities. So essentially a single computer would have multiple users using it simultaneously, each in their own seperate environment - and no-one would ever tell the difference. UNIX OSs were typically used for this, and this is a big part of why UNIX and the later Linux evolved with an architecture centered around protected memory and multiple users, including support for concurrent multiple users doing work on it.

    And now we have this - the same sort of thing just evolved - each user is connected with a monitor and keyboard to a central server, and has their own virtual environment running Linux or whatever Russian OS; with one of the processors or cores of this server and part of its memory dedicated to running each such terminal/virtual environment.
    They can save even more power by ditching the virtualization and just have one instance of Linux running on the server with multiple users again, same as decades ago - Linux is reliable enough for that sort of thing and flexible enough to be extended over however much memory and processors. However that might impose restrictions that virtualization would not; people would want more control and customization, their own admin capabilities, etc...
    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Sun Jul 22, 2018 6:32 am

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/109865/

    The St. Petersburg electronics manufacturer has launched a "radical" project

    St. Petersburg high-tech company "NPO "STARLINE" has launched a project designed to make the company Russia's largest contract manufacturer of electronics. "Radically expand" production "STARLINE" helped the rate on the most modern robotic equipment that almost no use of domestic electronic factories. However, for the full promotion production, and most importantly, to intercept orders from the Chinese, which apparently expects "STARLINE", need a proper strategy and a significant amount of time, experts say.

    As reported by the co-owner and President of the company Temur Aminjanov, for the project at the site in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in the new building area of 10 thousand sq. m., run a workshop for the production of electronic circuit boards, cables and final Assembly of products (with testing). Also built 12-metre high robotic warehouse. In the near future will have two more workshops, investments in which will amount to 10-15 million euros each, for the manufacture of plastic enclosures manufactured by the company products and metal molds for these hulls. All the workshops are equipped with robotic lines the world's best manufacturers — Japanese, Swiss, and Austrian companies such as: NMIll, Venzel, Erowa, Mitsubishi, Ziersch, ORLaser, Fleischer etc.

    This project expands the existing electronics manufacturing, and not only automotive security system that already provides the company with more than 48% of the Russian market (its total annual output — about 30 billion rubles.), but also other transport systems, e.g., for UAVs, the company "Geoskan". According to Temur amidzhanov's, the company manufactures electronic products under contract with about a hundred Russian and foreign companies-developers. Among them are such famous companies as Optosense, "Termotronik" SKB "QUANTUM", the "Cybernetic technology", "speech technology Center", "INIS", etc.

    "A few hundred Russian developers of modern electronic systems are now forced to assemble their products in China, as in Russia, very little electronic factories with modern equipment. We are working on such equipment. The demand for our services is huge — the production growth we have 300% per year", — says Timur Aminjanov.

    An acclaimed expert in electronics market, the Chairman of the expert Council of the Association of Russian developers and manufacturers of electronics (ARPA) Kalju Kukk confirms the serious shortage of modern electronic production in Russia. "In Dubna a couple of years ago launched the plant of JSC "Svyaz engineering KB" and once it fully loaded with orders. But he makes only the PCB. Near Moscow there is a factory "Microwire", but it produces only cables. And "STARLINE" deployed large — scale production of a full cycle-and the cables and housings, and complete Assembly. Such plants we need. The demand for them is really great", — says the expert.

    The head of Committee on cooperation of ARPA Sergey Zorin confirms that the parameter "scale multiplied by the quality of the" new plant "STARLINE" — undoubtedly the largest in Russia. And just for the nominal power of the equipment is equal to him, Russia really seems to be no, the expert believes. "I was in this factory is really cool", — says Sergey Zorin.
    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Tue Jul 24, 2018 10:30 pm

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/110047/

    Rostec runs a series of chips for satellite communications, navigation and radar

    A subsidiary of the Rostec Moscow research Institute of microelectronic equipment "Progress" — has spent 21 million rubles to start mass production of its chip, which was developed at least five years ago.

    In a series of run IC for satellite communications, navigation and radar systems, to their foreign counterparts which, according to the developer, the "unknown". This follows from the tender documents of the enterprise on development and production qualification testing and Assembly of microchips with the quality category "VP". This abbreviation means "military acceptance" — presentation to the electronics of high quality requirements. Their satisfaction implies the use of products in equipment, failure of which leads to "significant consequences."

    The definition of the contractor "Progress" made in the format of a purchases from a single supplier with a contract price established at the level of 21 mln., and the time of its execution until 30 November 2018 the name of the contractor on the procurement website now explicitly are not registered anywhere. However, a number of independent from each other circumstantial evidence, for example, the supply of raw materials for the work, it can be concluded that it is "Zelenograd nanotechnology center" (Zelenograd nanotechnology center).

    This organization tells about itself as about one of four such centers, organized in 2010 by the state Corporation "nanotechnologies" in collaboration with "Zelenograd innovation-technological center" and the national research University MIET.

    At the time of the publication of the "Progress" in the press service of "Rostec" has not responded to Interview questions relating to in what extent in the future it is planned to produce chips, and who can become their direct users.

    What is the scheme available

    Exact title forthcoming for the rollout of products — chip 1338ХК8У. Technically it belongs to the category of attenuators (from FR. attenuer — to soften, weaken), which in electronics are designed to reduce the intensity of the electric or electromagnetic oscillations. Directly against 1338ХК8.e.e the creators report that it serves to regulate the amplitude of input signals the so-called L-band.

    The chip is made in a sintered body. The operating frequency range declared at the level of 0.1 at 1.55 GHz, d — 6 bits, current consumption — 50 mA supply voltage analog part — 5 V ± 0.15 V, digital parts 2.5 V ± 0.15 V, temperature range — from -60 to +85 C.

    What needs to be done to the contractor

    For the execution of the contract Zelenograd nanotechnology center is required using the "semifinished products" of the customer — crystals and buildings — to produce an installation party in 225 chips, and then the main series in 582 pieces, with the above-mentioned quality of "VP".

    In addition, the scope of work includes the development of technical documentation on the build process circuits and the implementation of screening tests. The latter consist of "burn-in" products, mechanical testing, including linear acceleration, and measurement of electric parameters in the range of operating temperatures.

    Notable facts about "the Progress"

    "Progress" was founded in 1987 on the basis of units of the Institute, "Automatics" and CNIT as a center of computer-aided design of specialized VLSI (very large scale integrated circuits) of the Ministry of industry of communication of the USSR.

    SBIS of the company used in modems for satellite communications, apparatus for ATM and ICM, radar, satellite navigation, mobile telephone communications, intra and backbone communication networks.

    At the Institute I assure you that he was one of the first in Russia has implemented orders for designing VLSI for such global industry leaders as Motorola, VLSI Technology, Nortel, ST Microelectronics, Star Gold, SGS Tompson, etc.
    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Tue Jul 24, 2018 10:46 pm

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/109986/

    BY "Promsvyaz" is developing electronics contract manufacturing in the Sverdlovsk region

    The Yekaterinburg production Association "Promsvyaz" by the end of 2018 intends to raise more than 100 million rubles for contract manufacturing of electronics.

    As noted by the Director of development AT Promsvyaz Fedor Selyutin, to develop this direction the company started in 2015. Over the past two years the annual growth in demand for contract manufacturing services has reached 100%, revenue increased 5-fold, from 20 to nearly 100 million. Key customers of Ural engineering companies and design offices, as well as manufacturers of electronics and electrical engineering that require production of small batches.

    "The installation of elements on printed circuit Board, including BGA, manufacture of electronic products, manufacture of cables, harnesses and similar products in small batches (from a few dozen pieces) is a real problem for the company, which has its own production. Such orders do not take mass producers in Russia and abroad, they are not interested — says Fedor seljutin. Thus, there is a niche which is contract manufacturing. Our economy is not the largest party, and the cost is a small party is always more, especially if she's experienced, and it is necessary to adapt the production from scratch. But it's cheaper organize its own production, which subsequently need to load for continuous operation".

    Also Director of development AT Promsvyaz added that the constant increase in the demand for contract manufacturing services, including pilot batches of various equipment, demonstrates a high innovative potential of small enterprises of the Ural region.

    Background:

    Production Association "Promsvyaz" (included in the same holding) is a modern scientific-production enterprise of a full cycle. The plant was founded in 1939 on the base of repair workshops of the Ministry of communications of the USSR in Yekaterinburg. Over the next 75 years, he passed several stages of development, including the stages of production of relay, analog and digital communication equipment.

    Today ON "Promsvyaz" secured the high-tech production facilities. The plant develops and produces complex systems with technological and dispatcher communication. One of the promising areas of its business services contract manufacturing of electronics. Product quality is ensured by the quality management system is certified ISO 9001-2008 and military standard GOST-РВ0015 capable of supplying products to the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation.

    "Promsvyaz" is the official supplier Gazprom, Tatneft, Slavneft, MMK and other major Russian companies. The geography of deliveries of equipment covers the entire Russia and CIS countries.
    avatar
    kvs

    Posts : 3756
    Points : 3855
    Join date : 2014-09-11
    Location : Canuckistan

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  kvs on Wed Jul 25, 2018 12:32 am

    There was never any doubt that Russia would develop its own extreme environment IC production. Russian scientists
    have been dealing with such parts for decades. They can design them on par with any of their NATO counterparts.
    Internet trolls who do not have even Masters degrees in physics subjects would have no idea so they run around yelping
    that Russia can't do this and Russia can't do that. Custom IC production is an application of developed knowledge, not
    new physics magic.

    BTW, some twits think that rad-hardened ICs are some production process and that, for example, Intel CPUs can be
    cranked out ready for naked use in space. This is utter inanity. The size of both the lithography and the chip area
    explodes from features designed to minimize ionizing radiation. CRC features have to be built into the transistor
    layout at all stages. And vastly more metal traces are needed to divert current spikes. There is no foundry cranking
    out magic rad-hardened chips. Rad-hardened chips are produced on regular IC production lines. And none of them
    are 14 nm parts. More like one micron at best.

    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Fri Aug 17, 2018 5:38 pm

    http://rostec.ru/news/kompanii-bars-grup-i-t-platformy-proverili-vzaimodeystvie-svoikh-resheniy/

    "BARS group" has tested their solution in the modern Russian computers
    avatar
    Singular_Transform

    Posts : 692
    Points : 686
    Join date : 2016-11-13

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  Singular_Transform on Fri Sep 14, 2018 6:42 pm

    I had to realise today that the advancement of ICs stopped years before.

    There was same running joke about that the Russian MOD bought 90 (45) nm semiconductor manufacturing lines (over decade old technology), but I have to say that those lines will be fine to make everything that they need, and any new/better line will not give anything to the quality of they product.

    I wanted to buy to my son a new CPU instead of the decade old I7-920 (45nm) , and I have to realise that there is nothing really on the market to buy.

    The typical new (2017/18 on 14nm) Intel CPUs has roughly twice higher speed than the decade old 920 : /.

    There are few "powerful" one, with 150watt power consumption.

    So, the 90/45nm of the Russian MOD will make everything that they need .

    And it means that in ten years time the Russian / Chinese will have the same set of satellites/military equipment like the US, and the radar performance on the fighter jets will be dominated by the size of aircraft and the cooling capacity of it .

    The biggest advantage of the Su-57 will be that it is bigger, so it can accommodate bigger cooler for electronics, and it means it will have more powerful radar than the F-35.
    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Fri Sep 14, 2018 6:48 pm

    The Core i7 920 if over clocked gives newer chips a run for their money. Issue in terms of real performance increase has been through the communication channel between cpu and ram.

    Ram speeds matters as well.
    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Tue Oct 09, 2018 7:22 pm

    EOS and partners launched the server on the basis of "Elbrus-8S" liquid cooled
    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/112806/
    Famous Russian vendors, including the company, EOS, initiated the development of Russia's first servers based on the national eight-core processor "Elbrus-8S", using system fluid immersion cooling. Created as a demo server cluster was designed for porting on it software technologies from multiple developers and are allowed to show work completely domestic integrated solutions based on the Russian hardware. For the first time this model was publicly demonstrated last September 11-13, 2018 the exhibition "import Substitution".


    Server, four processors "Elbrus-8S" were combined in the cluster with the same server based on Quad-core processors "Elbrus-4C". For heat dissipation used in immersion cooling technology: the cluster is fully seated in the box with the dielectric (i.e., not conducting current) with a liquid (in this case oil). Immersing all heat-generating components to the liquid coolant has a number of significant advantages in comparison with air cooling. This savings of space to accommodate computer systems and substantial reduction of noise from device operation, and significant reduction in energy consumption (some experts believe that using this technology can save up to 95% of the energy normally used for cooling).

    The new cluster was installed software products of "1C" (developed by 1C:Enterprise), Postgres Professional (developer DBMS Postgres About), "New cloud" (developed by "My office"), Spirit (the Creator of the software product VideoMost), InfoWatch (developer smartphone with trusted firmware and software "Traffic monitor"), EOS (the developer of the document management systems). These software and hardware component the basis for a common fully import-substituting complexes developed under the concept of "domestic Business solutions (DOR)": the universal working place of the official and complex for the provision of public services. Collective stand of ARPP "national software" at the exhibition "import Substitution", where he seemed to these developments, has become one of the largest among the whole exposition area and number of components of a single system and attracted the attention of the greatest number of visitors.

    "Using immersion cooling greatly extends the scope of the decisions that we showed at the exhibition. Reduction of energy consumption — a significant benefit, but most importantly, that such systems can be installed in any room, in any climate. Does not require special measures for air-conditioning, cleaning the dust, the special temperature regime. The noise from the operation of such a cluster is minimal, not comparable with noise from servers, cooling with fans, and next to it, you can safely run. For us, the company EOS, it is imperative that at the last exhibition "import Substitution" we could offer ready to introduce domestic integrated solutions for automating business functions. These solutions are created in the project DOR — domestic application system for automation of business processes in the domestic computer technology under the control of the domestic operating system using domestic DBMS. On the basis of these decisions can be automated organizations of any scale from small to region. I would like to mention the possibility of establishing mobile centers of the organization of public services in remote areas, including extreme climate. The functionality, reliability and security of such systems is very high," — said marketing Director of EOS Elena Ivanova.

    avatar
    miketheterrible

    Posts : 2689
    Points : 2671
    Join date : 2016-11-06

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  miketheterrible on Thu Oct 18, 2018 5:37 pm

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/113093/

    GS Group and DEPO computers started production of server motherboards DEPOT on the territory of the Russian Federation

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/113062/

    Rostec began the serial production of servers "Elbrus-804"

    Sponsored content

    Re: Russian Electronics: Semiconductor and Processors

    Post  Sponsored content


      Current date/time is Tue Oct 23, 2018 2:09 am