True but I was most interested in capabilities of Soviet ASM in the 80s, do you think saturation might work against destroyer sized targets ?
e.g if 5 Tu-22M launch 2 x AS-4 each against a destroyer there are good chances atleast one would find home and given large warhead most likely sink the ship
I would think a destroyer would be big enough to target, the thing is that I rather doubt they would send up 5 Backfires just to fly around looking for targets to attack and when they find a target to make a snap decision as to whether to attack it or not.
I would expect a Bear (Tu-142) flying on MPA might detect a signal from a radar or communication from the target... give it a quick scan on long range radar and send coordinates to HQ who might decide to mount an all out attack or it might send a few aircraft.
The AS-4 came in a range of types including anti radar and active radar homing... if the target is not emitting then a single active radar homing model followed by a few anti radar missiles would be a useful attack where the incoming first missile will result in the defensive use of radars to scan for more incoming missiles, which in turn allows the following missiles something to detect and home in on
Most destroyers of the 1980s were like land based air defences of the time and had one or maybe two guidance channels per major SAM system so 2-3 fast missiles could overwhelm quite impressive systems.
and other ships armed with ASM or SSM may not be around e.g Krivaks, Udaloy, Kara , Kresta II carried no anti-ship missiles
Actually they were more well rounded systems than the west actually thought... the SS-N-14 Silex was a fully dual role weapon system in its 1980s models.
The original was like the Australian Ikara in that it was a torpedo with a rocket attached to its top... the rocket carried the torpedo ballistically to the general location of the sub and then released the torpedo into the water for the torpedo to hunt down and hopefully sink the sub.
The SS-N-14 was different and actually had a secondary HE warhead and optical seeker, so when launched it used its wings to maintain flight and flew to the target at subsonic speeds and dropped its torpedo into the water near where the sub was expected to be. At the flick of a switch however the torpedo payload was not dropped and the optical guidance was activated to find surface ships... the combination of the warhead on the rocket section and the torpedo warhead and fuel combined to make quite a significant anti ship payload and with fully passive guidance it would give less warning than Harpoon and Exocet.
Obviously designed for anti sub use where the optical guidance and rocket payload was not used.