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    Russian Naval Aviation: News

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    sepheronx
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    Russia's Pacific Fleet suspends flights of its naval planes

    Post  sepheronx on Sun Nov 08, 2009 4:33 am

    VLADIVOSTOK, November 7 (RIA Novosti) - The Russian Pacific Fleet suspended on Saturday all flights of its naval aviation following the crash of a Tu-142 maritime reconnaissance plane in Russia's Far East, the fleet spokesman said.

    A Tu-142M3 Bear-F plane reportedly went down during a combat training flight around 21:19 local time (11:19 GMT) on Friday some 20 kilometers (12 miles) offshore in the Tatar Strait, which separates mainland Russia from the island of Sakhalin.

    "A special commission is investigating the causes of the crash of the plane, which had 11 people on board. The flights have been suspended until the investigation is complete. The search for the missing crew is still underway," the spokesman said.

    According to preliminary data, the crash was caused by a technical failure.

    The official confirmed that the remains of the plane were found on Saturday morning at the depth of about 44 meters (144 feet).

    A Russian Defense Ministry source earlier said that the Navy would deploy, if necessary, the advanced Pantera and Kalmar robotic deep-water rescue vehicles to recover the plane's on-board recording devices.

    Tu-142M3 is a Russian maritime reconnaissance/anti-submarine warfare (ASW) turboprop aircraft. It is a modified version of the Tu-95 Bear strategic bomber.

    According to open sources, Russia's Pacific Fleet has at least eight Tu-142M3 aircraft in service.

    What a sad event for such a beautiful plane. But at least they will look into it and performe duties needed in order to prevent things like this happening again.

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    Vladimir79
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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  Vladimir79 on Sun Nov 08, 2009 5:28 am

    I could hardly care about the planes... we are losing too many damned people.

    GarryB
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    A portion of Naval airpower to be transferred to Air Force.

    Post  GarryB on Mon Mar 14, 2011 9:57 pm

    14.03.2011 the 11:56
    Naval aviation passes into the composition VVS



    Since April 1 the aviation of the Naval fleet of Russia will become part VVS. Prior to the end of the year the
    Navy it must transmit from the composition of naval aviation fighters Su-27, fighter-interceptors MiG-31, distant supersonic bombers Tu-22, and also the part of transport aircraft.

    “In the composition of sea naval aviation will remain antisubmarine aircraft Il-38, Tu-142, antisubmarine
    seaplanes b -12 and carrier-based aviation, been carrier-based fighters Su-33 and helicopters KA -27”, reported “to Interfax” source in the main staff the Navy.

    In the post-Soviet period the Navy it almost completely lost its sea rocket-carrying aviation. Long-range
    antisubmarine aviation is located only in the northern and Pacific Ocean fleets, where there is about 25 machines Il-38 and 15 aircraft Tu-142.
    The Baltic fleet of antisubmarine aircraft does not have. In the Black Sea fleet remained about 4 obsolete seaplanes b -12. The majorities of antisubmarine aircraft [CHF] will by 2015 finally manufacture their
    resource.

    In the composition the Navy is one heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser “a Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union
    Kuznetsov”, whose wing in the march can consist of the carrier-based fighters Su-33, the trainer aircraft Su-25[UTG], and also the ship multipurpose helicopters KA -27 and transport- combat KA -29. Previously
    it communicated about the plans of purchases for carrier-based naval aviation of 26 fighters MiG-29[K].


    http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=436112 with babelfish translation.


    So fighters, interceptors, bombers, and some transport aircraft are going to be removed from the VMA and transferred to the VVS. The air component of carriers is not effected, and the VMA will keep some of its transport aircraft and its maritime patrol aircraft like the Il-38 May, Tu-142, and Be-12 Mails.

    Interesting that it suggests that by 2015 they will start making anti submarine aircraft... or am I mistaken?

    The fact that they are transferring the Tu-22Ms to the VVS suggests they want to keep them in service as they already have plenty in storage AFAIK so adding more flying examples to the fleet would be a strange move with a plane they don't want.


    Last edited by GarryB on Wed Mar 16, 2011 7:44 pm; edited 3 times in total

    Vladimir79
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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  Vladimir79 on Wed Mar 16, 2011 2:19 am

    If you switch the editor mode when you cut and paste an article, it will fill in properly.

    George1
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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  George1 on Tue Feb 07, 2012 12:54 pm

    Tu-22M in naval aviation intended for strategic maritime strikes against US carrier groups.
    I think its a logic move to transfer them to air force, after all in case of war some of them can be transferred to bases near pacific sea or northern sea.
    Modernized Tu-22M3 will be more multifunctional with a range of tasks to be able to perform

    SEAD (Kh-22P)
    Battlefield interdiction (FAB and maybe KAB bombs)
    Maritime strike (Kh-22A)
    Strategic strike(Kh-555)

    So no need to be scattered at various bases.

    Your opinion my friends?

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  GarryB on Tue Feb 07, 2012 7:07 pm

    The restructuring into 4 districts with the forces subordinated to the districts rather than a centralised authority will certainly have an interesting effect on things.

    The Tu-22M3 in its conventional Air Force role would be a theatre strike aircraft for attacking targets deep in Europe and China.

    The question is... will they bother practising anti shipping roles both with their Tu-22M3s and their Su-24s, which also served in the VMF in large numbers?

    I very much suspect that if they do keep a force of anti shipping trained Tu-22M3s that they will not be upgraded Tu-22M3Ms as the improvements would not effect the anti shipping role too much.
    The addition of the Kh-32 missile would likely be sufficient to make the old model Tu-22M3s effective in the naval anti shipping role, while the introduction of the Kh-32 and a raft of other new guided weapons will make the upgraded Tu-22M3Ms much more effective in their Air Force role in SEAD, and strike missions.

    George1
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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  George1 on Tue Feb 07, 2012 7:24 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    I very much suspect that if they do keep a force of anti shipping trained Tu-22M3s that they will not be upgraded Tu-22M3Ms as the improvements would not effect the anti shipping role too much.

    Correct. That's why maybe they talk only for modernization of 30 aircrafts from about 100 in service. Anti shipping trained Tu-22M3s are about 40.

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    Ka-62 Kasatka Naval variant

    Post  George1 on Mon Oct 15, 2012 6:22 pm

    New Helicopter Ka-62 Kasatka Joins Russian Navy in 2014

    Sea variant of Ka-62 Kasatka helicopter will be commissioned into Russian Navy by 2014. According to Izvestiya newspaper referring to the Navy Main HQ, performance specifications for the new helicopter will be drawn up by the end of 2012 and handed over to JSC Kamov early in 2013.

    JSC Kamov started designing of the deck-based variant of Ka-62 on the own initiative. It is planned to station new helicopters on small-size ships like Project 20380 corvettes which have problems with Ka-27 helicopters requiring large hangars.

    According to the source, "large hangars impair seaworthiness and stability of ships displacing less than 3,000 tons. Such problems are typical for all Project 20380 corvettes - Stereguschiy, Boiky, and Soobrazitelny. Their hangar occupies half of the deck erection. On the other hand, it is impossible to exclude helicopters, since they are the only effective antisubmarine asset".

    The source explained that "out of the whole park of Russian helicopters, Ka-62 is the best variant. Its weight is 6 tons, half as heavy as Ka-27 and 1.5 meters lower. Kasatka has roomy frame accommodating antisubmarine assets including dipping sonar".

    According to Izvestiya, however, "naval pilots put designing of antisubmarine Ka-62 in question. One of them said the helicopter was too small to engage submarines, the rescue variant was in question as well".

    http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=16159

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  GarryB on Tue Oct 16, 2012 3:59 am

    These helos require French engines and they ordered a few hundred engines a while back (or at least made public a requirement for a few hundred) so the question is, does this decision mean more engine orders and perhaps local licence production, or a new engine development, or are these aircraft part of the fleet that will benefit from the previous interest/order.

    These helos should be useful aircraft in a mid weight range, though I think they will only carry lightweight torpedoes and other sensors.

    I rather suspect that even down to corvette level they will have UAVs in vertical takeoff models, which will suppliment these helos and enhance their capability at sea.

    One helo is handy, but as they found with the Udaloy class ASW destroyers having two helos is even better in terms of availability and of course in prosecuting a target where one aircraft listens, while the other attacks with torpedoes and depth charges.


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    Reform of Russian Naval Aviation

    Post  Austin on Sun Nov 04, 2012 5:29 am

    MOSCOW DEFENSE BRIEF

    Reform of Russian Naval Aviation

    Dmitry Boltenkov

    Two phases of naval aviation reform

    The first phase of the reform of the Russian naval aviation service, which is part of the Navy, took place in 2009-2010. It was not much different from the reforms taking place in the Air Force, and included the establishment of air bases which subsumed the existing air units and their support and logistics services. In 2009 the fighter, bomber and missile-carrier units of the naval aviation1 service were expected to be assigned to these bases - but for a number of reasons that did not happen2. As a result, the formation of several naval air bases took longer than expected.

    In the first phase of the reform in 2009 some of the existing units were assigned to 13 newly-established naval aviation air bases. These were all 2nd Rank bases3, numbers 7050 to 7062. Several of these bases, however, existed only on paper, and in 2010 the MoD began their merger. By the end of 2010 only nine of the original 13 bases remained. The only unit to retain its status as an air regiment was the 279th Independent Carrier-Based Fighter Aviation Regiment, equipped with the Su-33 carrier-based fighters.

    The second phase of the reform was rolled out in 2011-2012. In the summer of 2011 the MoD put into effect its earlier plans to transfer to the Russian Air Force the “combat forces” previously assigned to the naval aviation service.4 The naval missile-carrying squadrons equipped with the Tu-22M3 aircraft were reassigned to the Long-Range Aviation Command of the Russian Air Force. The Tu-22M3 units previously based on the Pacific coast were redeployed from Mongokhto deep inland, to the Belaya airfield in Siberia.5 The Air Force also took ownership of the naval striker and reconnaissance squadrons equipped with the Su-24M and Su-24MR aircraft, the fighter squadrons equipped with the Su-27 and Mig-31 fighters, and some of the helicopter units. The units based in Kaliningrad Region became part of the organizational structure of the Voronezh airbase.6 On the whole, the Russian naval aviation service lost about a quarter of its strength in the process.

    The author agrees with the decision to reassign some of the naval aviation units to the Air Force. These units’ combat training programs and operational strategies are now in the hands of the more capable Air Force commanders. In the greater scheme of things, the naval aviation service has always been something of a fifth wheel in the Navy’s organizational structure, and the Navy commanders have never had much enthusiasm for that particular part of their remit. Now that these units are part of the Air Force, the number of flight hours their pilots are clocking up has begun to rise to the Air Force average.7

    By late 2011 the MoD had further reduced the number of the remaining naval aviation air bases through merger.8 In a typical example of such reorganization, the anti-submarine units of the 7051st and 7061st air bases (operated by the Northern Fleet and the Pacific Fleet, respectively) were reassigned to the 7050th and 7062nd air bases. The 7051st and 7061st bases were disbanded. The 7057th and 7058th air bases of the Black Sea Fleet were merged.9 The 7055th Air Base, which took its orders directly from the center, was reduced to a single squadron; the squadron was assigned to the 859th Naval Aviation Training Center in Yeysk. As a result, the number of the remaining naval aviation air bases has been reduced to just five, with two operated by the Pacific Fleet and one apiece by the Baltic, Black Sea and Northern fleets.

    The five remaining bases have also been strengthened through the inclusion of various naval aviation support units. For instance, the 7050th Air Base in Severomorsk, operated by the Northern Fleet, has gained an extra 40 per cent of its strength though the inclusion of the already mentioned anti-submarine squadron, an oxygen generation plant, a medical examination service, an engineering and maintenance company, a truck repair company, and several other units.10. As a result, the air bases now include not only combat squadrons but various support and logistics units as well.

    The Navy was loath, however, to part with its transport squadrons. In order to prevent their transfer to the Air Force it renamed them search-and-rescue and command squadrons, and assigned them to its remaining five air bases.

    Present state of the naval aviation service

    At present the Russian naval aviation service consists of five 2nd Rank air bases; the 279th Independent Carrier-based Fighter Air Regiment; and the 859th Naval Aviation Combat Training Center in Yeysk. Each of the five air bases includes several squadrons, which perform various roles and can be based at different airfields. In essence, these air bases have subsumed the entire air strength of their respective Navy fleets. Only the Pacific Fleet has retained two air bases, owing to the fact that the fleet has always had two major hubs, one in Vladivostok and another in Kamchatka.

    The 7050th Air Base in Severomorsk serves the Northern Fleet. It operates an anti-submarine squadron equipped with Il-38 aircraft (including one upgraded Il-38N plane11); two helicopter squadrons (Ka-27PL, Ka-27PS, Ka-29, Ka-27E, and Mi-8 helicopters); and a search-and-rescue and command squadron (An-12, An-26, Il-18RT, Il-20RT, Il-18D, Il-22 and Tu-134 aircraft).12 All these units are based at the Severomorsk-1 airfield. The air base also has an anti-submarine squadron stationed at the Kipelovo airfield; it operates Tu-142M and Tu-142MR aircraft.

    The 7054th Air Base in Chkalovsk serves the Baltic Fleet. It has a transport squadron (An-26 and Tu-134 aircraft) and two helicopter units (Ka-27PL, Ka-27PS and Ka-29 helicopters), stationed at the Chkalovsk and Donskoye airfields in Kaliningrad Region.

    The 7057th Air Base in Kacha serves the Black Sea Fleet. It has a combined aircraft squadron (Be-12 and An-26) 13 and a combined helicopter squadron (Ka-27PL, Ka-27PS, Mi-Cool, both stationed at Kacha airfield. It also has a striker squadron (Su-24, Su-24MR and Tu-134) stationed at the Gvardeyskoye airfield in Crimea. 14

    The 7060th Air Base in Yelizovo is one of the two air bases serving the Pacific Fleet. It has a combined aircraft squadron (Il-38, An-12 and An-26) and a combined helicopter squadron (Ka-27PL, Ka-27PS, and Ka-27TL), both stationed at the Yelizovo airfield in Kamchatka.

    The 7062nd Air Base in Nikolayevka is the second of the two bases serving the Pacific Fleet. It operates an anti-submarine squadron (Il-38, Il-22, Il-18) and a helicopter squadron at the Nikolayevka airfield; a transport squadron (An-12, An-26 and Tu-134) at the Knevichi airfield; and an anti-submarine squadron (Tu-142M and Tu-142MR) at the Kamennyy Ruchey airfield.

    The 859th Naval Aviation Combat Training Center in Yeysk was set up in 2010 at the Yeysk airfield on the Azov Sea coast. The center operates a training helicopter squadron (Ka-27PL, Ka-27PS) and a training aircraft squadron (Tu-134UBL, Il-38 and L-39), both based in Yeysk. It also has other units, including a transport squadron (An-72 and An-26) at the Ostafyevo airfield near Moscow, whose main role is to shuttle around senior officers from the central Navy command.

    The 279th Independent Carrier-based Fighter Air Regiment in Severomorsk-3 is part of the Northern Fleet. The regiment consists of two Su-33 carrier-based fighter squadrons and a combat training squadron (Su-25UTG and Su-27UB), all of them stationed at the Severomorsk-3 airfield.

    There is every reason to believe that at some point in the future the MoD will either disband or sharply reduce the size of the naval aviation command headquarters at the individual Navy fleets. All the naval aviation air strength will be controlled directly by the air base commanders of the respective Navy fleets, who will be subordinated to the fleet commanders.

    According to an interview with Gen. I. Kozhin, the Russian naval aviation service now has about 300 aircraft and helicopters, some of them mothballed.15

    The MoD has launched large projects to modernize the naval aviation airfields in Yeysk, Severomorsk-116 and Chkalovsk.17 At some point in the future the Chkalovsk airfield may host a large force of aircraft (up to a hundred) operated by the Air Force and the Navy.18 Upgrade projects are also under way at the Yelizovo19 and Knevichi airfields.

    The 859th Training Center in Yeysk

    After the transfer of naval aviation pilot schools to the Air Force in 1959 the Soviet (now Russian) naval aviation service was left without any schools of its own. This is why the future naval pilots are trained at the Air Force schools, and then receive additional training at the naval aviation combat training centers.

    After the break-up of the Soviet Union both of these centers (the 33rd and the 1063rd) were left in Ukraine. To replace them, in 1994 Russia set up the new 444th Naval Aviation Combat Training Center at the Ostrov airfield in Pskov Region. The choice of the site for the center had proved to be very unfortunate: it is far from the sea, and the weather conditions are not conducive to pilot training. As a result, according to unofficial reports, 20 the center had failed to assume any significant role in the naval aviation training programs before it was eventually disbanded.

    The Black Sea Fleet’s naval aviation service still operated the small 859th training center in Kacha (Crimea), which specialized in training crews for Russian-made naval helicopters destined for export. In 2009 the MoD decided to disband the 444th Training Center in Ostrov and to replace it with a new naval aviation training center to be set up in the south of the country using the personnel of the existing 859th center. The facilities used by the center in Yeysk were previously operated by the local aviation institute, but the institute was disbanded as part of the military reforms, to be replaced by the new 859th Naval Aviation Combat Training Center. Officially the Naval Aviation Center in Yeysk commenced operations on February 1, 2010. 21 In addition, the MoD has chosen the Yeysk center to operate the new carrier deck simulator now being built there to replace the NITKA simulator in Crimea.

    The MoD has allocated an impressive 24bn roubles for a project to build the deck simulator and renovate the Yeysk airfield. Deliveries of the equipment for the NITKA simulator in Yeisk began in April 2012; the first stage of the project is scheduled for completion by the year’s end. 22 The whole naval aviation complex in Yeysk should be completed in 2015. 23

    Once the 859th center is fully up and running, the MoD will probably implement a new training schedule for naval aviation pilots and ground personnel. They will take their initial and basic course at the Air Force training facilities in Krasnodar and Voronezh, and then complete their qualification at the naval aviation training center in Yeysk.

    Although Russia is now building a carrier deck simulator on its own territory, the MoD has no intention of abandoning the existing NITKA simulator in Ukraine’s Crimea. The Ukrainian facility will mainly be used to train Indian Air Force pilots as part of the export contract for the Vikramaditya aircraft carrier.24

    Combat training

    One of the problems the Russian naval aviation service shares with the Air Force is recruitment and retention of pilots and other qualified specialists. At present the average age of the Russian naval aviation pilot is about 40 years.

    The timing of the reform of the Russian Air Force and the naval aviation service coincided with the retirement for reasons of age of many highly trained pilots. As a result, naval aviation is facing an acute shortage of personnel. The Air Force has a similar problem, but it has the first choice of the available new pilots, so the situation in the naval aviation service is even worse. To illustrate, it has been four years since the Northern Fleet’s aviation service last received any young pilots.25 The naval aviation command is therefore doing its best to retain the pilots it already has. One of the measures has been to push back the retirement age for pilots from 42 years to 45. The MoD is also considering a proposal to recruit those pilots who have already been demobilized and use them to fill civilian instructor vacancies at the new training center in Yeysk. For all these reasons the main emphasis of the training programs is currently to bring the young and middle-aged pilots up to speed.

    The naval aviation service is also facing a shortage of aircraft maintenance personnel - here too it gets whoever is left after the Air Force has had its pick of the graduates.

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the ensuing economic crisis the level of combat training in the naval aviation service fell off a cliff. In the past five years, however, there has been a very notable rise in the intensity of combat training programs. The number of flight hours naval aviation pilots are clocking up began to rise even before the rollout of the military reform in 2008.

    For example, in the early 2000s the average naval aviation pilot would spend about 18-20 hours in the air per annum. By 2008 that figure had increased to more than 70 hours. In the anti-submarine squadrons it was as high as 100 hours, although in the helicopter units it was a lower-than-average 50 hours. In recent years, however, that growth has slowed. In 2011 the Pacific Fleet’s naval aviation service failed to reach its target of 100 hours by some 40 hours. 26 In the Baltic Fleet the helicopter pilots also clocked up an average of just 60 hours. The situation is somewhat better in the Northern Fleet. In 2011 the pilots of its Il-38 anti-submarine aircraft spent 35 per cent more time in the air than the year before. 27

    The average figure for the naval aviation service still remains well below the Air Force levels - but the gap is gradually closing.

    Programs to train carrier-based aircraft pilots were stepped up in 2002, and the MoD is making great efforts in this area. Russia’s only aircraft carrier, the Soviet Navy Admiral Kuznetsov, has made five outings to the Atlantic and the Mediterranean in recent years. The carrier aviation squadrons are regularly receiving new pilots. For example, in 2011 three new pilots made their first solo landings on the carrier’s deck. During the last mission by the Admiral Kuznetsov in 2011 pilots made about 150 landings of the Su-33 fighters on its deck, conducted more than 20 simulated air fights, and flew about as many target intercept missions. In 2010 and 2011 pilots of the 279th Independent Carrier-based Fighter Air Regiment clocked up an average of 80-90 flight hours. The figure for the regiment’s flight instructors was 120-150 hours. 28 The main task currently facing the regiment is to retain and develop Russia’s carrier-based aviation expertise.

    One of the goals of Russia’s “New Look” reform of the Army and the Navy is to step up combat training programs. The MoD is trying to make these programs less conventional and more varied. In recent years exercise scenarios have often included redeployment of naval aviation strength between the individual Navy fleets. For example, during the Ladoga-2009 event the Northern Fleet’s Il-38 aircraft and helicopters were redeployed to airfields operated by the Northern Fleet in Kaliningrad Region. During the Vostok-2010 exercise a group of Il-38 and Tu-22M3 aircraft were redeployed to the Far East. In August 2008, Il-38 aircraft took off from the Anadyr airfield to provide air cover to the Ryazan missile submarine during its redeployment to the Pacific Fleet. The Tu-142M long-range anti-submarine aircraft are flying regular patrol missions over the North Atlantic, the Arctic and off the Alaskan coast. In 2009 the Tu-142M aircraft flying long missions began to refuel in mid-air.

    The Russian naval aviation service is regularly taking part in the Navy’s combat training events. In 2011 the Pacific Fleet’s aircraft airlifted marines from Vladivostok to Kamchatka, provided anti-submarine cover to Navy ships, and flew aerial reconnaissance missions. On several occasions they detected foreign submarines. For example, during a flight to Kamchatka anti-submarine aircraft spotted two foreign subs in the Sea of Japan and one near the Kuril Islands.

    Sometimes, however, the anti-submarine aviation service’s training programs are held back by the problems affecting the entire Navy. It has been reported, for example, that the command of the Pacific Fleet seldom allows its submarines to be used for the training of the fleet’s own pilots. 29

    In the Navy’s marine units the intensity of combat training programs has also increased sharply following the rollout of the reform. The programs of all the reconnaissance and airborne assault units include parachute jumps. In 2011 the Northern Fleet’s marines made over a thousand jumps.

    roper attention is now being paid to training the parachute rescue groups at the air bases. Rescue operations at sea also feature prominently in the day-to-day operations of the naval aviation service.

    In recent years the Russian Navy’s ships have been spending a lot more time at sea on various combat training missions. The Russian Navy maintains a permanent presence in the Indian Ocean as part of the efforts to ensure the security of shipping lanes and combat piracy. Naval aviation helicopter crews always take part in these missions.

    Conclusions

    For a long time after the break-up of the Soviet Union the Russian naval aviation service was struggling with three main problems: a very limited fuel allowance, obsolete and decrepit hardware, and a shortage of qualified pilots and ground personnel. In recent years, however, the service’s combat training programs have intensified very sharply. Its pilots are spending a lot more time in the air than in the previous years, and the figure continues to rise. The MoD is gradually refreshing the service’s fleet of aircraft and improving its maintenance standards. For now, problems remain with the recruitment and retention of pilots and other personnel. Nevertheless, it is safe to say that the Russian naval aviation service has exited from its post-Soviet nosedive, and is steadily gaining altitude.

    1. The Soviet Union could afford to have two duplicate aviation services, the Long Range Aviation and the Naval Missile-Carrying Aviation. As Russia is currently trying to optimize its armed forces, such duplication is unnecessary and makes no sense. There were two possible solutions - to transfer the Tu-22M2 units from Naval Aviation to Long Range Aviation, or to do it the other way around. The MoD chose the first option.

    2. According to unofficial reports, having looked at the state of the aircraft to be transferred from the naval aviation service to the Air Force, the Air Force generals said, “We have enough scrap of our own”. Pictures of some of the Tu-22M3 aircraft made at the abandoned airfield in Vozdvizhenka and posted on the Internet confirm the generals’ assessment: http://www.kfss.ru/index.php/component/content/article/469-vozdvizhenka.html.

    3. A 2nd Rank air base consists of several squadrons stationed at one or more airfields; support units such as communications and radio-electronics, security and maintenance; training ranges; command headquarters; and airborne weapons bases.

    4. http://www.aviaport.ru/digest/2011/03/22/212677.html.

    5.http://www.aisttv.ru/ru/%D0%A1%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%86%D1%8B/%D0%9D%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8?id=2098.

    6. Such an arrangement is not new for Russia. It has already been used for the airfield in Budennovsk, where the strike air group of the 6972nd Air Base is supported by the helicopter base which shares the same site.

    7. It has been reported that compared to 2011, the intensity of the flight training program of the 7th Air Group’s bomber squadron (the Su-24Ms previously assigned to the Navy) has increased by an average of 40 per cent. // http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/newspaper/item/1965-romantiki-neba.

    8. In late 2010 the Air Force’s air bases were also merged; in that respect the reform of the naval aviation service lagged behind the reforms in the rest of the armed forces by about a year.

    9. The merger came shortly after both of the Black Sea Fleet’s air bases that existed at the time were given new standards in August 2011.

    10. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/988-kryilya-nad-morem.

    11. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/951-il-38-%E2%80%93-groza-podlodok.

    12. The former transport squadron was renamed to a search-and-rescue unit so as to avoid its transfer to the Air Force. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/988-kryilya-nad-morem.

    13. http://sc.mil.ru/files/morf/military/archive/10aprflag.pdf.

    14. http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20111219/520805971.html.

    15. http://krasnaya-zvezda.com/2011/07/13_07/2_05.html.

    16. http://stat.function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=10938414@egNews.

    17. http://lenta.ru/news/2012/02/22/chkalovsky/.

    18. Strazh Baltiki newspaper - http://sc.mil.ru/files/morf/military/archive/27%2004%202012.pdf.

    19. http://www.nord-news.ru/murman_news/2011/08/12/?newsid=18495.

    20. http://www.forumavia.ru/forum/0/1/453697274135563350081261425201_1.shtml.

    21. http://www.nr-yug.ru/content/view/6568/.

    22. http://russianplanes.net/id73289.

    23. http://yeiskgid.ru/news/publication-1208/.

    24. http://izvestia.ru/news/533325#ixzz24MjN3OR5.

    25. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/988-kryilya-nad-morem.

    26. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/news-menu/vesti/iz-vmf/item/1550-pod-kryilom-%E2%80%94-okean.

    27. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/275-v-ekstremalnyih-usloviyah.

    28. http://twower.livejournal.com/522538.html#cutid1.

    29. http://www.redstar.ru/images/files/regions/240312/240312-b-v.pdf.

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  KomissarBojanchev on Wed Jul 03, 2013 1:05 pm

    Does the Ka-31 have the potential to be the Mi-35 for the VMF? I hope it gets a 2a42 or Yak-B either in its compartment or on the nose as well as provisions for hermes and Ataka-V

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    Ka-31 for Naval Aviation

    Post  GarryB on Wed Jul 03, 2013 9:47 pm

    They already have the Ka-29 with troop carrying capacity and either a 4 barrel 7.62mm gatling or 30mm cannon plus four wing hard points for weapons.

    The Ka-31 is the model with the large folding radar antenna for AEW use.

    Actually the Army is testing the Ka-31 for battle management and AEW purposes...



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    Ka-27M ASW Ηelicopter

    Post  Cyberspec on Sun Jul 07, 2013 5:44 am

    Interesting news regarding the Ka-27M upgrade.

    Ka-27M has passed the first round of tests

    SAINT-PETERSBURG, July 6. The first stage of state joint flight tests of the modernized Ka-27M equipped with on-board radar with an active phased array antenna FH-A, a development of "Fazotron-NIIR" has been completed.


    "Installing the helicopter radar with an active phased array is the basis of the modernization of the helicopter," - told "Interfax" a source in the military-industrial complex. He said that the radar FH-A is part of the command and tactical radar system (RKTS).

    RKTS FH-A provides control of the territory in a circular field of view, or in a given sector, searching and detection of surface, air and ground targets, moving target, detecting and mapping the coastline of the land surface with high resolution, discrete escort coordinate ground and sea targets with preservation survey area; detection and coordinate hazardous meteorological formations; correction navigation devices.

    "This system will bring together many other systems on board the helicopter: acoustic, magnetometric systems, and signals intelligence, including radar. In this case, all the information from other systems is displayed on the LED instrumentation, "- said the source.

    Radar FH-A is located under the fuselage of the helicopter Ka-27M. It provides an overview of the circular surface and airspace.

    In the near future, following the first stage of state joint tests (ICG) Ka-27M will be issued a preliminary conclusion of the customer - Russian Navy aviation. Complete the state joint tests of the Ka-27M is scheduled for the end of the year, continuous upgrading of front Ka-27 will begin in 2014 in the framework of the state defense order.

    We note, in St. Petersburg continues 6th International Maritime Defence Show

    http://news.mail.ru/politics/13794336/

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  GarryB on Sun Jul 07, 2013 6:27 am

    So the first Russian AESA equipped aircraft could be a helo...


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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  xeno on Sun Jul 07, 2013 12:54 pm

    Something must be wrong with that report. It is not a AESA, not at all.
    The interview article on Take-off magazine never mentions radar on ka-27M is AESA.
    Actually the radar sample (or mockup) has be shown in past exhibtions if I am not wrong.
    They(Take-off) do mention the radar on Ka-52K could be AESA, which I think the possibility will be 1%.
    Russians don't even make AESA for Vityaz, how can they invent some AESA for Ka-52K? Needless to say Ka-27M...(both of them are far far less important and much lower budget than Vityaz project)

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  Vladimir79 on Sun Jul 07, 2013 2:36 pm

    I have read several other reports of the same news that don't mention AFAR, it is just misreported.


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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  TR1 on Sun Jul 07, 2013 3:36 pm

    xeno wrote:Something must be wrong with that report. It is not a AESA, not at all.
    The interview article on Take-off magazine never mentions radar on ka-27M is AESA.
    Actually the radar sample (or mockup) has be shown in past exhibtions if I am not wrong.
    They(Take-off) do mention the radar on Ka-52K could be AESA, which I think the possibility will be 1%.
    Russians don't even make AESA for Vityaz, how can they invent some AESA for Ka-52K? Needless to say Ka-27M...(both of them are far far less important and much lower budget than Vityaz project)

    Not that I agree that the Kamov has an AESA, but that logic is terrible.

    The Zhuk-AE has gotten very little federal funding compared to AD systems, and yet has been flying with an AESA for years.

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  xeno on Sun Jul 07, 2013 4:50 pm

    Such a case is really rare, actually it is the only one.
    And it is rumoured that 37 mig-35 MOD ordered will be equiped with Zhuk-M, which is understandable and virtually turns Mig-35 into Mig-29M2(the most important difference between those two is Radar).
    Zhuk-A does need some very good luck to be chosen by Mod for those migs as these days Russian Mod seems to hate AESA so much and be obsessed to PESA or Mechanic so much.
    (OK, real reason is, I believe, Russia has problem to produce T/R units in large scale, although they can design good AESA and manufacture T/R units in small amount)

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  Cyberspec on Sun Jul 07, 2013 10:49 pm

    1. It could be a journalistic mistake but the report is all over the Ru Net and so far I haven't seen any denials or corrections

    2. The name of the radar is given as well as the manufacturer. It could be a private development of Fazotron for a counter offer to the MOD

    We'll see what info comes out of this in the next few days.

    Actually the radar sample (or mockup) has be shown in past exhibtions if I am not wrong

    They tested a Ka-27 with the Kopyo radar but that was back in 2004/05

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  GarryB on Mon Jul 08, 2013 5:25 am

    (OK, real reason is, I believe, Russia has problem to produce T/R units in large scale, although they can design good AESA and manufacture T/R units in small amount)

    Or more realistically that the AESA radars are good but not amazing compared with the much much cheaper PESA. Over time AESA will get cheaper so why waste lots of money now and tie up AESA module production at a time when systems like the radar for the S-400 which will need thousands and thousands of modules per radar each will likely be being worked on. It makes perfect sense to not waste too much money now on AESA radars when in 5 years time they will likely be in massive production and be much much cheaper... unless WWIII happens in the next 5 years there wont be that much of a difference to ordinary units while the money saved can be spent on other things like new missiles etc.

    Keep in mind at a time when the US is spending more on "defence" than any other group of countries they still did not deploy the radar on every single AH-64D to reduce costs and it wasn't even an AESA.

    If we were talking about going from an old cassegrain antenna straight to AESA then the performance issues make a good case to go all AESA, but PESA is very good too and much much cheaper.


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    Future russian naval aviation.

    Post  Flyingdutchman on Fri Aug 02, 2013 5:27 am

    How will the future russian naval aviation look like?

    Will the su-35 replace the su-33 and will the mig-35 replace the mig-29?

    And will the t-50 operate from the kuznetsov?

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  TR1 on Fri Aug 02, 2013 2:43 pm

    Future is the MiG-29K.
    Beyond that there are no firm plans as of now.

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  GarryB on Sat Aug 03, 2013 4:23 am

    The Mig-29K shares an airframe with the Mig-35 so it would not be that hard to add Mig-35 features during its lifespan as upgrades.

    The Mig-29K is in production for India so the Russian Navy has ordered some to fly from the Kuznetsov.

    There is a lot of talk and most likely a plan to adapt the PAK FA to carrier operations too so likely after 2018 they will start work on that, and perhaps also a light 5th gen fighter that also could be adapted for carrier use.

    What is probably not likely is a new VSTOL jet for the foreseeable future.


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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  Flyingdutchman on Sat Aug 03, 2013 6:37 am

    Nice

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    Re: Russian Naval Aviation: News

    Post  medo on Sat Aug 03, 2013 1:00 pm

    Will Russian navy buy only 24 Mig-29K/KUB for Kuznetsov or they will buy more of them for other fleets to replace aging Su-24 squadrons? From ground airfields they could do maritime patrols as well as protection of naval bases.

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