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    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

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    sepheronx

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  sepheronx on Mon Aug 18, 2014 1:40 am

    Ruselectronics antes up $5.8bn for innovation
    Ruselectronics, the government-owned high-tech umbrella company, has announced plans to invest more than $5.8bn in its innovation development between now and 2020.

    The state-run giant is expected to develop and complete 92 projects in its focal areas, its corporate website said.

    “The new innovation development program will help us boost sales revenues, take our products to the global markets, and make sure Russia gets a foothold in new market segments and ultimately takes a leadership role in a number of technology areas,” Ruselectronics CEO Andrei Zverev said.

    Of the total investment amount, Ruselectronics wants to pump more than $3bn in technical modernization of its assets across Russia and then inject about $2.3bn in R&D, with the rest going to infrastructure improvements, better staff training, and international economic collaboration.
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  sepheronx on Mon Aug 18, 2014 4:02 pm

    Big news

    Russian answer to the Nobel Prize
    In 2014 Russia started the Fund for Support and Development of scientific and technical capacity "Rusnauka", created on the initiative of members of the public and the business community.
    The main objectives of the Fund are to support inventive and scientific initiatives in the Russian society and the wide popularization of scientific and technical work, which should promote the development of the Russian economy on the path of innovation.
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  sepheronx on Sat Aug 23, 2014 5:18 pm

    Russian scientists have developed a new kind of road asphalt pavement - seroasfaltobeton
    Russian scientists have developed an experimental type of pavement called seroasfaltobeton. On the development of the standard will spend about 12 million rubles. Feature of the new coating is seroasfaltobeton that can be put in sub-zero temperatures. This type of paving asphalt involves adding a mixture of bitumen and 30% of the modified sulfur. It is expected that due to the covering of seroasfaltobetona roadbed will be less deformed and better withstand the studded tires. Pavement will also be more resistant to extreme high and low temperaturam.Eksperty note that their properties seroasfaltobeton turns the same as the traditional hot bitumen, however, the temperature of its production and laying 30-40 degrees cooler.
    As an experiment, so the asphalt in 2002 has been successfully laid on Krylatskom bridge in Moscow at minus 26 degrees. In recent years, in Moscow using seroasfaltobetonnyh mixtures were built nine test sites on the Ring Road, in Taganka tunnel and at the intersection of Lobachevsky Michurinsky prospectus.

    Important as apparently Russian roads get destroyed pretty quickly with old method, due to the weather as an example.
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  sepheronx on Wed Aug 27, 2014 6:25 am

    Russia’s own operating system expected to ‘oust’ Windows

    So a Russian OS is in the works, and is already being tested. Based on a Linux Kernel, but still. With some major companies involved, it will be thoroughly used.

    Russian Railways, the national railroad operator, has partnered up with IT experts at the Sarov Nuclear Center in the mid-Volga area to develop Russia’s own Linux-based computer operating system called “Synergy,” the Russian business daily Vedomosti reported.

    According to a spokesperson for Russian Railways, the cooperation with the Sarov Nuclear Center calls for the development of a basic platform to develop and execute business apps. The platform is expected to include “a Linux kernel based OS version compatible with the other components of the platform.”

    The Nuclear Center started the work by developing an operating system for Rosatom, Russia’s umbrella company for nuclear energy assets and the Center’s main boss. The initiative was originally aimed at enhancing Rosatom’s cyber-security and enabling the replacement of imported software for domestic products.

    It was later found that Russian Railways intended to do likewise; and the decision was made to pool the efforts.

    A pilot version of the new Russian operating system is said to have already been programmed; it is now being tested in Sarov, Vedomosti underscored.

    Based on a Linux kernel, Synergy is a way of kissing goodbye to Windows, a system currently being used at the Sarov Nuclear Center, Vedomosti analysts believe.
    The parties involved in the project have declined to comment on the cost of developing the new system or the number of programmers brought on board to do the job.
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    Mike E

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  Mike E on Thu Aug 28, 2014 12:55 am

    China and now Russia? This is going to be interesting...

     - Linux is the bomb, so that is a good thing to hear!
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    Viktor

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  Viktor on Thu Aug 28, 2014 3:32 am

    Nice thumbsup

    “We are aiming for total IT sovereignty in Russia,” says Russian Minister
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    Mike E

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  Mike E on Thu Aug 28, 2014 6:27 am

    Good, and they should work with China and India on that as well! (Go to Silicon Valley, most of the engineers are Indian or Chinese.......)
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  sepheronx on Fri Aug 29, 2014 5:05 pm

    Hyperfine memory

    Russian scientists from the Institute of Physics. Lebedev Russian Academy of Sciences have developed a method of producing thin-film ferroelectric - metal on the basis of the hyperfine barium titanate, said in a press release received by the Editor "Gazety.Ru".
    It is noted that the results of a study of their properties has shown that these structures seem to be very promising for the creation of non-volatile memory devices. "Of course, our work is still at the stage of laboratory research. However, the first results show the high prospect of multilayer structures segnetoeletrik / metal based on BaTiO3 / Fe and BaTiO3 / Pt, as well as the universality of both films and our technology in terms of use. The developed technology BaTiO3 ferroelectric film deposition of metals can be used not only for storage devices based on thin-film ferroelectrics, but also to address a myriad of other problems in modern physics of thin films and nanostructures "- said Marat Minnekaev, describing the results obtained by him in his Ph.D. thesis.
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    AlfaT8

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  AlfaT8 on Sun Aug 31, 2014 2:53 am

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    KomissarBojanchev

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  KomissarBojanchev on Wed Sep 03, 2014 9:08 pm

    Has russia made any use or developed any new 3D printers of its own? They'll be eventually vital for an economy to stay competitive in the future?
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    Mike E

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  Mike E on Wed Sep 03, 2014 10:44 pm

    Not sure, but 3-D printers aren't what one would call "crucial" for the economy.
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  sepheronx on Wed Sep 03, 2014 11:11 pm

    KomissarBojanchev wrote:Has russia made any use or developed any new 3D printers of its own? They'll be eventually vital for an economy to stay competitive in the future?

    Yes, I posted article about them in the past: http://www.fabbaloo.com/blog/2013/12/25/the-picaso-designer-3d-printer.html

    http://3d-expo.ru/en/picaso-3d-russias-first-desktop-3d-printers-manufacturer

    Right now, their main website is down.  But i'll check back later.

    Edit: here is their main site: http://3d-expo.ru/en/picaso-3d-russias-first-desktop-3d-printers-manufacturer
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    kvs

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  kvs on Wed Sep 24, 2014 3:16 am

    http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Design-completed-for-prototype-fast-reactor-0209147.html



    Russia has completed the design for the BRES-300 lead cooled fast neutron breeder reactor.    Russia is the world leader in
    such designs and has had lead-bismuth cooled reactors on its nuclear submarines.   But don't bother looking this up on wiki where some
    experimental design from Belgium that has not been built yet gets most of the attention.

    The advantage of using lead as a coolant is that it boils 1740 Celsius.   In other words, it is physically impossible to have a meltdown since the
    passive cooling will never let the fuel assembly get anywhere near this temperature.   Sodium coolant is OK, but it has a much lower boiling point.

    http://www.crines.titech.ac.jp/projects/gif/2_1_4.pdf

    Lead is transparent to neutrons so it is the ideal coolant for a fast breeder reactor.

    Owing to the low neutron moderation by heavy lead, it is possible
    to expand the fuel lattice without affecting the reactor neutronics,
    to increase the coolant flow section in fuel assemblies, and to
    raise the level of power removed by natural lead circulation. The
    lead circuit itself giving off its heat continuously to naturally
    circulating air and thereby to the atmosphere, will never be
    overheated by residual heat.
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    magnumcromagnon

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Wed Sep 24, 2014 4:35 am

    kvs wrote:http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Design-completed-for-prototype-fast-reactor-0209147.html



    Russia has completed the design for the BRES-300 lead cooled fast neutron breeder reactor.    Russia is the world leader in
    such designs and has had lead-bismuth cooled reactors on its nuclear submarines.   But don't bother looking this up on wiki where some
    experimental design from Belgium that has not been built yet gets most of the attention.

    The advantage of using lead as a coolant is that it boils 1740 Celsius.   In other words, it is physically impossible to have a meltdown since the
    passive cooling will never let the fuel assembly get anywhere near this temperature.   Sodium coolant is OK, but it has a much lower boiling point.

    http://www.crines.titech.ac.jp/projects/gif/2_1_4.pdf

    Lead is transparent to neutrons so it is the ideal coolant for a fast breeder reactor.

    Owing to the low neutron moderation by heavy lead, it is possible
    to expand the fuel lattice without affecting the reactor neutronics,
    to increase the coolant flow section in fuel assemblies, and to
    raise the level of power removed by natural lead circulation. The
    lead circuit itself giving off its heat continuously to naturally
    circulating air and thereby to the atmosphere, will never be
    overheated by residual heat.

    Is it true, spent rods and depleted uranium can be put in front of a reactor and become useful again? Maybe this will have it's uses if the START treaty falls apart. attack
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    kvs

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  kvs on Wed Sep 24, 2014 4:54 am

    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    Is it true, spent rods and depleted uranium can be put in front of a reactor and become useful again? Maybe this will have it's uses if the START treaty falls apart. attack

    That is the whole idea behind a breeder reactor. Spent fuel is reprocessed and placed together with fresh fuel rods. Over a period of time it is enriched by neutron absorption. For example "useless" Uranium 238 becomes Plutonium 239. This really is the modern equivalent of alchemy. But we are not going to be breeding gold from lead anytime soon Smile

    As noted in the PDF I linked, breeder reactors with closed fuel cycles get 100 times more energy out of a kilogram of Uranium ore than conventional single cycle reactors. There is also much less and much shorter lived waste from breeders. Breeder reactors can burn the so-called "waste" piling up in the obsolete reactors deployed around the world today.

    Breeder reactors give Russia nuclear energy independence due to its lack of large Uranium reserves Smile
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Wed Sep 24, 2014 5:42 am

    kvs wrote:
    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    Is it true, spent rods and depleted uranium can be put in front of a reactor and become useful again? Maybe this will have it's uses if the START treaty falls apart. attack

    That is the whole idea behind a breeder reactor.  Spent fuel is reprocessed and placed together with fresh fuel rods.   Over a period of time it is enriched by neutron absorption.   For example "useless" Uranium 238 becomes Plutonium 239.   This really is the modern equivalent of alchemy.   But we are not going to be breeding gold from lead anytime soon Smile

    As noted in the PDF I linked, breeder reactors with closed fuel cycles get 100 times more energy out of a kilogram of Uranium ore than conventional single cycle reactors.   There is also much less and much shorter lived waste from breeders.   Breeder reactors can burn the so-called "waste" piling up in the obsolete reactors deployed around the world today.  

    Breeder reactors give Russia nuclear energy independence due to its lack of large Uranium reserves Smile

    It's interesting that the new breeder reactors Russia is developing has many of the same advantages as LFTR reactors have (using spent rods as fuel, exponentially better fuel efficiency, exponentially smaller amounts of waste created), now it makes a lot of sense that the Russians chose this path over LFTR, as this path should still allow the capability to produce warheads if deemed necessary (for better or worse that is something that LFTR's are not capable of).

    BTW you mentioned about problems with Russia's uranium reserves, I believe I read somewhere that Russia still maintains an enriched uranium stockpile to produce 40,000 warheads rapidly. Whether that claim is accurate Russia is also a significant member of the Eurasian Customs Union, and so is Kazakhstan (also a CSTO member) the world leading uranium producing country (which produces nearly twice the amount of uranium ore as the second largest producer, Canada), who's President Nazarbayev was the guy who first proposed the Customs Union, so no worries of uranium shortage either way. russia
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    Mike E

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  Mike E on Wed Sep 24, 2014 7:36 am

    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    kvs wrote:
    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    Is it true, spent rods and depleted uranium can be put in front of a reactor and become useful again? Maybe this will have it's uses if the START treaty falls apart. attack

    That is the whole idea behind a breeder reactor.  Spent fuel is reprocessed and placed together with fresh fuel rods.   Over a period of time it is enriched by neutron absorption.   For example "useless" Uranium 238 becomes Plutonium 239.   This really is the modern equivalent of alchemy.   But we are not going to be breeding gold from lead anytime soon Smile

    As noted in the PDF I linked, breeder reactors with closed fuel cycles get 100 times more energy out of a kilogram of Uranium ore than conventional single cycle reactors.   There is also much less and much shorter lived waste from breeders.   Breeder reactors can burn the so-called "waste" piling up in the obsolete reactors deployed around the world today.  

    Breeder reactors give Russia nuclear energy independence due to its lack of large Uranium reserves Smile

    It's interesting that the new breeder reactors Russia is developing has many of the same advantages as LFTR reactors have (using spent rods as fuel, exponentially better fuel efficiency, exponentially smaller amounts of waste created), now it makes a lot of sense that the Russians chose this path over LFTR, as this path should still allow the capability to produce warheads if deemed necessary (for better or worse that is something that LFTR's are not capable of).

    BTW you mentioned about problems with Russia's uranium reserves, I believe I read somewhere that Russia still maintains an enriched uranium stockpile to produce 40,000 warheads rapidly. Whether that claim is accurate Russia is also a significant member of the Eurasian Customs Union, and so is Kazakhstan (also a CSTO member) the world leading uranium producing country (which produces nearly twice the amount of uranium ore as the second largest producer, Canada), who's President Nazarbayev was the guy who first proposed the Customs Union, so no worries of uranium shortage either way. russia

    All of them? LFTR's still have big advantages over the lead-cooled designs... In fact, lead-cooling was hugely researched in the 50's by the West, but it was deemed to be of too much trouble to be of any real worth... It is an improvement over modern-day designs, but LFTR's? I don't see why Russia would care for that ability, as they already have the capability to produce thermonuclear devices by the truck load... - That is a somewhat well-known conspiracy theory here in MURICA', that we didn't go for LFTR's because they couldn't refine nuclear material into weapons-grade "yellow cake". If this is true or not I don't know... (LFTR's should be much safer and more efficient, never mind cleaner than lead-cooled designs. There are many other advantages as well.)
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Wed Sep 24, 2014 8:05 am

    Mike E wrote:
    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    kvs wrote:
    magnumcromagnon wrote:
    Is it true, spent rods and depleted uranium can be put in front of a reactor and become useful again? Maybe this will have it's uses if the START treaty falls apart. attack

    That is the whole idea behind a breeder reactor.  Spent fuel is reprocessed and placed together with fresh fuel rods.   Over a period of time it is enriched by neutron absorption.   For example "useless" Uranium 238 becomes Plutonium 239.   This really is the modern equivalent of alchemy.   But we are not going to be breeding gold from lead anytime soon Smile

    As noted in the PDF I linked, breeder reactors with closed fuel cycles get 100 times more energy out of a kilogram of Uranium ore than conventional single cycle reactors.   There is also much less and much shorter lived waste from breeders.   Breeder reactors can burn the so-called "waste" piling up in the obsolete reactors deployed around the world today.  

    Breeder reactors give Russia nuclear energy independence due to its lack of large Uranium reserves Smile

    It's interesting that the new breeder reactors Russia is developing has many of the same advantages as LFTR reactors have (using spent rods as fuel, exponentially better fuel efficiency, exponentially smaller amounts of waste created), now it makes a lot of sense that the Russians chose this path over LFTR, as this path should still allow the capability to produce warheads if deemed necessary (for better or worse that is something that LFTR's are not capable of).

    BTW you mentioned about problems with Russia's uranium reserves, I believe I read somewhere that Russia still maintains an enriched uranium stockpile to produce 40,000 warheads rapidly. Whether that claim is accurate Russia is also a significant member of the Eurasian Customs Union, and so is Kazakhstan (also a CSTO member) the world leading uranium producing country (which produces nearly twice the amount of uranium ore as the second largest producer, Canada), who's President Nazarbayev was the guy who first proposed the Customs Union, so no worries of uranium shortage either way. russia

    All of them? LFTR's still have big advantages over the lead-cooled designs... In fact, lead-cooling was hugely researched in the 50's by the West, but it was deemed to be of too much trouble to be of any real worth... It is an improvement over modern-day designs, but LFTR's? I don't see why Russia would care for that ability, as they already have the capability to produce thermonuclear devices by the truck load... - That is a somewhat well-known conspiracy theory here in MURICA', that we didn't go for LFTR's because they couldn't refine nuclear material into weapons-grade "yellow cake". If this is true or not I don't know... (LFTR's should be much safer and more efficient, never mind cleaner than lead-cooled designs. There are many other advantages as well.)

    The main case would be that they can take a bunch of waste material, and make it useful for rapid warhead making over night if the need arose. There's no guarantee that START will last forever.
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  GarryB on Thu Sep 25, 2014 10:37 am

    The Russians have made a lot of deals over the last two and a half decades with the US to dispose of nuclear material from withdrawn nuclear weapons where the material is sold to the US to create uranium for nuclear civilian power production.

    the US on the other hand has been stockpiling its old warheads.

    On the balance of things I would say the US has far more weapons grade material and much greater means to produce more right now.

    With the introduction of fast breeder reactors however Russia will suddenly get rather more electrical energy production capacity and an opportunity to no only make more fuel or weapons grade material for itself, but also rather more fuel for all the new nuclear power clients it is creating.

    A quick rummage through this website shows large numbers of new countries looking at nuclear energy and Russia is their source... having the ability to supply fuel and process it rapidly makes a lot of sense.

    As well as the capacity to make lots of little tactical nuclear warheads for all those thousands of land attack cruise missiles that could be entering service from 2015 onwards on all those new and upgraded ships and subs.


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    navyfield

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  navyfield on Thu Sep 25, 2014 4:54 pm

    this would be reasonable claim if russia had those ships ,but it doesnt nor it will have them in numbers for a loong time, but like you said their slow contruction time is not important Laughing ....
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    GarryB

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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  GarryB on Fri Sep 26, 2014 7:10 am

    this would be reasonable claim if russia had those ships ,but it doesnt nor it will have them in numbers for a loong time, but like you said their slow contruction time is not important


    Hahahahahaahahahahaahhahahhahhaahhhahahahhaahhahahha...

    So you comment is that my prediction that production and upgrade of ships and subs for the Russian Navy will start to increase after 2015 would be reasonable if the Russian Navy already had those ships.

    So production and upgrades wont increase numbers after 2015 because they have not been produced now in 2014 already.

    A whiny girl time traveller...


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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  higurashihougi on Fri Sep 26, 2014 1:52 pm

    I am sorry if any missed any of the previous posts in this thread. But I would like to know about Russia's achievement in the field of renewable energy, aside from nuclear reactor.

    And the field of environment, carbon output, and similar things, too.

    After all, oil and uranium do not have unlimited amount, and I don't think the thaw of Arctic ice is good for any country with coast, including Russia.
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  Mike E on Fri Sep 26, 2014 4:40 pm

    higurashihougi wrote:I am sorry if any missed any of the previous posts in this thread. But I would like to know about Russia's achievement in the field of renewable energy, aside from nuclear reactor.

    And the field of environment, carbon output, and similar things, too.

    After all, oil and uranium do not have unlimited amount, and I don't think the thaw of Arctic ice is good for any country with coast, including Russia.
    I know they have an accomplished hydro sector, but in all honesty that isn't my profession... - Your best bet would be to research on energy in Russia or something like that.

    Energy sources should also have that info...

    When it comes to NUCLEER', the "lack" (keep in mind that have large uranium reserves - said to last them a decade) of nuclear material is yet another that Thorium is the smarter option...
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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  GarryB on Sat Sep 27, 2014 9:44 am

    Breeder reactors create very little actual waste and can be used to turn spent fuel rods from conventional reactors back into unspent fuel rods that can be reused...

    Perhaps instead of looking at fantastic solutions like Thorium, you should perhaps read a bit more about Breeder reactors... the Russians have clearly made their choice.


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    Re: Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    Post  KomissarBojanchev on Wed Oct 15, 2014 3:20 pm

    Bravo to russian scientists Very Happy !http://nextbigfuture.com/2014/09/ultrahard-fullerite-is-almost-twice-as.html

    Novel Carbon Materials in Troitsk, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), National University of Science and Technology (MISiS), and Moscow State Univ. (MSU) have developed a new method for the synthesis of an ultrahard material that exceeds diamond in hardness. An article recently published in the journal Carbon describes in detail a method that allows for the synthesis of ultrahard fullerite, a polymer composed of fullerenes, or spherical molecules made of carbon atoms.

    In their work, the scientists note that diamond hasn’t been the hardest material for some time now. Natural diamonds have a hardness of nearly 150 GPa, but ultrahard fullerite has surpassed diamond to become first on the list of hardest materials with values that range from 150 to 300 GPa.

    BTW hows the situation in russia with carbon nanotube production? I know China is starting large scale research and production of it while the US is planning to use it in the military. IMO it would be a huge leap forward for the russian R&D department to start this too, giving both industrial and military benefits.

    The future of materials isn't mining for more naturally occuring rare elements but but synthetic materials of low atomic number elements.

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