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    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia

    kvs
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    Post  kvs on Mon Oct 28, 2019 2:12 am

    Regular wrote:
    kvs wrote:

    Impressive brain scanning tech. Without inserting electrodes into the human brain, Russian specialists have managed to construct
    a brain electro-tomography system that allows reconstruction of images seen through human eyes directly from the brain.


    Very interesting, thanks for sharing.

    I was watching some criminal show on russian tv and there was interesting chapter about forensics in Tsarist and early Soviet Union. Back in late Tsarist Russia and early Soviet Union criminals used to have false belief in optography and they tried to damage victims eyes as they thought images can be extracted after the death of a person. Odessan mafia used to be know for taking the eyes.

    I think that post mortem no extraction of data is possible.   But that may depend on how fresh the brain is.   If this system uses
    external EM signals to probe the neural network, then even a "dead" one can still send back information.    That requires the
    neurons to be relatively intact and for no clumping via decomposition.  

    Extracting images from the eyeballs is not likely since there is no storage medium for the "data".  Maybe there is a quantum imprint on
    the retina but there is not EM pattern stored.   The eyes and optical nerves are just ducts for the information flow to the brain.   The
    brain is where storage occurs and that is why the tech shown in the video can work.    They must have figured out how optical images
    are distributed in the brain.   That in turn would have required a rather detailed map of the neural network.  

    To be honest I am surprised that this field has advanced this far.   The days of scifi mind reading (not fictional but practical) seem not
    to be that far off.
    Walther von Oldenburg
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    Post  Walther von Oldenburg on Thu Oct 31, 2019 6:58 pm

    Woud it have practical applications? Having a portable, cheap brain imaging technique would help neuroscience trendemously - current neuroimaging machines based on MRI weight tons and cost millions of dollars so their availability for research is rather limited.
    miketheterrible
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    Post  miketheterrible on Fri Nov 08, 2019 6:17 pm

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/126547/

    The first photos of server motherboards processors Elbrus-8СВ

    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 25 Ai3ggYE
    kvs
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    Post  kvs on Sat Nov 09, 2019 12:26 am

    miketheterrible wrote:https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/126547/

    The first photos of server motherboards processors Elbrus-8СВ

    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 25 Ai3ggYE

    This board is meant for the latest of the Elbrus-8 core CPU that has twice the 64 bit floating point performance
    of the previous generation. So MCST has clued into the need for native 64 bit FP.

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    Post  miketheterrible on Sat Nov 09, 2019 1:00 am

    kvs wrote:
    miketheterrible wrote:https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/126547/

    The first photos of server motherboards processors Elbrus-8СВ

    Νew Technologies and Innovation Development in Russia - Page 25 Ai3ggYE

    This board is meant for the latest of the Elbrus-8 core CPU that has twice the 64 bit floating point performance
    of the previous generation.   So MCST has clued into the need for native 64 bit FP.


    next iteration will remove south bridge chip entirely and integrate it into the cpu.
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB on Sat Nov 09, 2019 4:15 am

    Sorry, it has been 10 years since I was learning about computers at tertiary level... CPU performing south bridge role?

    And where is north bridge?

    (for those not knowledgable about computers the north bridge and south bridge are two IO processor chips that route data on a motherboard... together they are called the chipset. the northbridge is used to route data to the high performance high speed parts of the computer and the Southbridge the slower IO stuff.

    Northbridge is located near the CPU (Brain) and the video graphics (eyes and ears) and RAM chips bits (memory) that needs high speed performance to move a lot of data around quickly, while Southbridge handles slower less urgent stuff like information off hard drives or memory sticks or DVD drives and floppies... it doesn't need to load so fast, whereas for video display and processing data and numbers to generate new data needs high speed.

    If you look on your motherboard Northbridge is a chip... normally with a metal heat sink on it near the CPU and RAM memory so once information comes in from the hard drive it can be moved from memory to the CPU and back and also displayed on the video CPUs quickly.

    Southbridge is the chip further away and it organises the data coming from memory and the CPU to the Hard drive or memory stick or optical disk, or vice versa... it generally does not have to be as fast so it is connected to the slots for the IO devices and drives.)

    In human terms I thought of it as the Northbridge is in the head managing information from your eyes and ears and mouth to the brain and back for both processing and storing information in short or long term, while the Southbridge is in the gut or lower body and manages other things like digestion and food processing and legs and arms and hands to move you around and acquire information or food to power the system.

    Have they dropped the North bridge already and are going to drop the South bridge too?

    I suppose when you have multiple CPUs then it makes sense to use an extra one to do those two jobs...
    miketheterrible
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    Post  miketheterrible on Sat Nov 09, 2019 5:21 am

    Northbridge is embedded into the cpu.
    PhSt
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    Post  PhSt on Sun Nov 10, 2019 1:45 am

    Russia capable of becoming a global leader in artificial intelligence - Putin

    MOSCOW, November 9. /TASS/. Russia should become one of the global leaders in the artificial intelligence sector, as the country’s growth in a wide range of sectors, including its defense, depends on that, Russian President Vladimir Putin said at the AI Journey conference in Moscow on Saturday.

    "We should and, I am convinced, we are able to become one of the global leaders in the artificial intelligence field, as it is a question of our future, of Russia’s place in the world," Putin said, noting the advantage of Russian education in maths, physics and other sciences, "as well as in the humanitarian field."

    "Comfortable and safe cities, accessible and high-quality healthcare, education, cutting-edge logistics and a reliable transport system, space and ocean exploration, and finally the country’s defense capabilities… The development of all these sectors largely depends on our success in artificial intelligence both now and in the near future," the Russian leader stressed.

    According to Putin, the rejection of changes might cause depreciation of the country’s capacity.

    "No matter how powerful it is today, tomorrow it could swiftly become outdated and could even equal zero," he added.

    The president thanked those who had contributed to the national strategy of artificial intelligence development.

    "Now it is important to act as quickly as possible, joining efforts of the state, professional community and business, to translate plans into concrete solutions, innovations, and competitive and popular products," Putin said pointing out that federal agencies, state-owned corporations and companies would take on key responsibilities in this field.

    "I believe their ability to provide and strengthen the country’s technological solvency is the most important criterion of their efficiency," the president said.

    A huge potential

    Putin said that application of artificial intelligence technology has a huge potential, noting that it "will make it possible to get rid of inertia and clumsiness of the bureaucratic machine, to increase dramatically the transparency and efficiency of administrative procedures."

    According to the president, it is extremely important for the stability of society, "since only then will people see what and how the authorities do and what they are guided by in decision-making. The AI's capabilities should be aimed at solving the problems of an individual in order to "change the quality and image of the entire system of state governing."

    "It is the most important condition so as to solve those major challenging tasks our country faces," concluded the head of state.

    Russian President also noted, that the artificial intelligence is playing an important role in the technology race among the countries but this invention will hardly be the last one in the history of mankind.

    Artificial intelligence is "a resource of great force," the President said. The one having it in possession will forge into the lead and obtain tremendous competitive advantages, Putin noted.

    "No wonder it is said that the technology race already started across the globe will be the most tough and uncompromising in the history of our civilization. Some people even say that the mankind is creating its last invention. I do not know whether it is so," Putin said with a touch of irony. "Probably, the last one will generally never take place, although it appears there are reasons to think in such way also," he added.



    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB on Sun Nov 10, 2019 6:13 am

    Northbridge is embedded into the cpu.

    On all systems or just servers and mini computers and bigger?
    miketheterrible
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    Post  miketheterrible on Sun Nov 10, 2019 7:07 am

    GarryB wrote:
    Northbridge is embedded into the cpu.

    On all systems or just servers and mini computers and bigger?

    These days, all systems have removed them. I dont think I seen a North Bridge for quite some time.
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB on Mon Nov 11, 2019 1:34 am

    Thanks for the update... not much stands still I guess...

    On a totally different note:

    https://rostec.ru/media/pressrelease/rostekh-lokalizuet-proizvodstvo-pervykh-v-rossii-pyatikoordinatnykh-tokarno-frezernykh-tsifrovykh-st/

    YandexTranslate

    Rostec localizes production of Russia's first five-axis turning and milling digital machines

    08 November 2019
    Press release

    In 2020, rostec will launch the production of Russia's first five-axis turning and milling digital machining centers. TMH-4000 CNC machines according to the technology of the Japanese company Takisawa will be produced by Kovrov Electromechanical plant (KEMZ, part of the holding "high-Precision complexes"). The products will be delivered to customers in Russia and the countries of the Customs Union (CU).

    Camz and Takisawa have signed a joint production contract to assemble six industrial machines in Kovrov by the end of 2021. The first machine will be assembled in April 2020 and presented at the exhibition "Metalworking-2020".

    "The transition to a new generation of digital equipment allows us to significantly increase the volume of high-tech civilian products. We are starting to produce five-axis turning and milling machining centers at KEMZ, analogues of which were not produced in Russia before. One such center is able to replace several three-coordinate machines and significantly reduce the production cycle. The model has already interested potential buyers - these are Rostec production enterprises, as well as companies in the shipbuilding and oil refining industries, " said Oleg Yevtushenko, Executive Director of rostec state Corporation.

    The unique industrial machine is equipped with a system capable of simultaneous interpolation of 5 coordinates. It allows for a single installation without changeover to produce complex parts, including components for aircraft engines, hydraulic units and nuclear reactors, with a processing accuracy of 5 microns. To date, only seven enterprises worldwide produce machines of this type.

    "The TMX-4000 machine is a representative of a new generation of multifunctional machining centers of Takisawa, accumulating its almost 100 years of experience in the field of machine tools. The machine allows comprehensive automation of production through the use of various systems and devices, including the device automatic tool changer (store up to 120 types of tool), automated sensor monitoring tool, system of automatic replacement of tooling, clamping devices and working bodies and multifunctional loading and unloading device and conveyor for finished parts, and much more. The design of the machine reduces the impact on the environment and contributes to energy conservation, " commented Shuhei Oshima, senior Advisor to Takisawa President.

    Takisawa and camz have been collaborating since 2013. The enterprises jointly produce six models and more than 30 modifications of machines that have passed the stages of localization.

    JSC KEMZ – the modern, versatile, diversified enterprise founded in 1898 and specializing in development and production of production of special and civil appointment-Electromechanical and hydraulic systems and components, multifunctional mini-loaders, rollers, the hydrofected lifting platforms of trailer and automobile basing, tractors of the second traction class (under the ANT brand), and also turning, milling and turning-milling processing centers with 3, 4 and 5 axis processing. A strategic partner of the state, a leading enterprise in the field of mechanical engineering. Since 2009, JSC "KEMZ" is part of the state Corporation rostec, in 2012 it was included in the holding of JSC " NPO "high-Precision complexes".

    JSC " NPO "high-Precision complexes" - was formed in 2009 to consolidate the scientific and technical potential of the group of specialized enterprises to create on the basis of innovation and technological modernization of the existing production base of advanced weapons, military and special equipment (vvst) in the field of high-precision systems and weapons complexes of the tactical combat zone. It is a part of rostec group.

    State Corporation rostec is one of the largest industrial companies in Russia. It unites more than 800 scientific and industrial organizations in 60 regions of the country. Key activities-aircraft industry, radio electronics, medical technologyii, innovative materials, etc. the Corporation's portfolio includes such well-known brands as AVTOVAZ, KAMAZ, Kalashnikov Concern, "Russian Helicopters", UEC, Uralvagonzavod, "shvabe", etc. rostec is actively involved in the implementation of all 12 national projects. The company is a key supplier of "Smart city" technologies, is engaged in the digitalization of government, industry, social sectors, developing plans for the development of 5g wireless communication technologies, industrial Internet of things, big data and blockchain systems. Rostec is a partner of the world's leading manufacturers, such as Boeing, Airbus, Daimler, Pirelli, Renault, etc. the Corporation's Products are supplied to more than 100 countries. Almost a third of the company's revenue is provided by the export of high-tech products. ​​
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    Post  Regular on Mon Nov 11, 2019 9:45 am

    Integration trend started in 2012 or so.

    Partial integration is what would you have on todays computers. There's usually just one chipset with combined roles. Southbridge in personal computers never went away - it was promoted - more work, but with the same wage, just different title.

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