in Eastenr Europe often mentally colonized. Once I have read interview us professor of socio economics. She was saying c´mon you (Poles) look like West is better mroe civilized. It is not true it is "mental colonization" work on economy but no need to feel underdog, west is not any better this is just game of money. Polish media said she was wrong we are europeans and we have to reach civilization level of west
It is the Eastern European and Central European who spearhead the industrial revolution, not Western Europe.
Historical textbooks usually emphasis the deployment of steams engine and growth of light industry in Britian as the sign of "industrial revolution". No. Steam engine had been created long before James Watt, remember Heron, Newcomen, or Ivan Polzunov ?
Industrial revolution began at the sector of heavy industry - at that time it was steel processing and weaponmaker. And it began in Eastern Europe, thanks to the invasion of Genghis Khan and his successors. The Mongol learned advanced steel processing from India (the cement furnace) and other inventions from China and Asia, and they brought these to Russia and Eastern Europe during their invasion. Industrial and commercial cities flourished in Germany, Bohemia, Northern Italia,... and moved to Western Europe. The Western Europe countries (Eng, Fra, Spa, Port) later utilized Eastern inventions in their expeditions in America and Asia.
In other words, Eastern Europe is the heart and workhouse of industrial revolution, while Western Europe use the industrial products to rob, kill, invade, make genocide, etc etc.
Sweden was one of the first who used drilled barrel muskets. Tsar Pyotr the Great quickly adapted that. Drilled barrel muskets was used in Western Europe much later, in 171x if my memory is correct.
Dreyser needle gun, Mauser, Mosin, spitzer bullet, them PPSh, then AK, then HK Gxx, FN xxx... yes, the great products of Eastern and Central Europe. Meanwhile, Chassepots was stupid, Lebel was even more stupid. And M16 was legendary for its stupidity in design.
The Siemens furnace, aka open hearth furnace, is a product of a German inventor.
Eastern and Central Europe are characterized for their system of industrial cities, based on factories and community of craftsmen and engineers. In Germany, the medieval craftsmen and merchants gathered together, accumulated capital, began to organized workshops and factories, built the free cities which were independent from feudal lords. In Russia, the Tsars like Pyotr and Stalin used their brutal authorities to organized and built the extensive system of industrial cities, such as Tula, Sverdlosk, Tomsk, Kharkov, Nizni Tagil, Kosomol on Amur, Irkust,... and set the foundation for the rise of Russian technocrats. The powerful industrial cities managed to preserved the life force for technocrats even when Russian central goverment became degenerated (for example in the late 19th century, or the period from 1991 to 2000).
I don't know much about Poland's industrial cities, though.
I think they are equally good.