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    Arctic rush

    George1
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    Post  George1 on Mon Dec 07, 2015 1:49 pm

    Russia completes equipping of six military bases in Arctic — General Staff source

    According to a source, the work for the deployment and equipment of six military bases on the Arctic islands and in the polar part of mainland Russia is completed

    ST. PETERSBURG, December 7. /TASS/. Russia has completed equipping its six military bases in the Arctic, a high-ranking source in the Russian army’s General Staff told TASS on Monday.

    "According to the General Staff’s execution documents, the work for the deployment and equipment of six military bases on the Arctic islands and in the polar part of mainland Russia is completed," the source said at the fifth international forum that discusses the Arctic and its present and future.

    He said that the bases were deployed on the islands of Kotelny (New Siberian Islands), Alexandra Land (part of the Franz-Joseph Land archipelago), Sredny (Severnaya Zemlya), as well as in the Rogachevo settlement (Novaya Zemlya), on Cape Schmidt and Wrangel Island (part of the Chukotka autonomous area).
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    Post  Backinblack on Fri Dec 25, 2015 9:20 am

    Russia Keeps Building Military Facilities in Arctic Even in Polar Night

    http://mil.today/2015/Arctic4/
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    Post  Guest on Thu Jan 07, 2016 3:10 am

    Arctic rush - Page 6 CYEnuMfWwAYaM45
    franco
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    Post  franco on Sat Jan 30, 2016 12:34 am

    Air and Air Defense forces in the North Command will be called the 45th Army.

    MOSCOW, January 29 - RIA Novosti. In order to strengthen the system of air monitoring in the Arctic in December 2015 formed 45th Army Air Force and Air Defense of the Northern Fleet, said on Friday, Russian Defence Minister, Army General Sergei Shoigu.

    "Particular attention is paid to strengthening the control of air situation (in the Arctic zone). To this end, in December 2015, formed 45th Army Air Force and Air Defense of the Northern Fleet," - said the Minister of Defence at the board meeting of the military department in the National Center for Control of Defense.

    He said that "step up alert air defense units of the radio engineering troops and anti-aircraft missile regiment equipped with modernized S-300" Favorite "in the archipelago of Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya, Severnaya Zemlya, the New Siberian Islands." In addition, Shoigu said, "carried out in the Arctic build groups of troops being deployed on a permanent basis."

    "As a result of the expanded capabilities of the armed forces to ensure the protection of national interests in the region", - said the head of the military department.
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    par far

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    Post  par far on Sat Feb 06, 2016 4:21 pm

    After watching this, you can just see that the artic is going to be the next flash point. I just wish for three things to happen:

    1.) The breakup of th EU, I think this would really help because then the European countries will have a little more freedom to make their decisions.

    2.) Have many refugees/migrants move to Norway, Sweden Finland and Poland, these countries are the most anti-Russian countries that there are, so having refugees/migrants giving them problems and raping thier women would not be a bad thing.


    3.) Cut down on trade with anti Russian countries and give it to the BRICS, Iran and other countries not hostile to Russia.

    http://southfront.org/russia-defense-report-battle-for-arctic/

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    Post  higurashihougi on Tue Feb 09, 2016 3:03 pm

    Both North and South

    https://www.rt.com/news/331837-china-antarctic-arctic-russia/

    Dragon + Bear: China seeks Russia's help in mastering Arctic, sets sights on Antarctic

    China wants to further explore the Antarctic and Arctic, according to the Chinese State Oceanic Administration. Deep-sea mining and deep-sea space stations are on the agenda, while Beijing wants to arrange a joint Arctic expedition with Russia.
    max steel
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    Post  max steel on Tue Feb 09, 2016 3:54 pm

    How Russia Could Annex the Arctic

    Tensions have increased a notch in the Arctic with the news that the Russians have started a major military exercise in the region. Nearly 40,000 servicemen, 41 warships and 15 submarines will be taking part in drills to make them combat-ready—a major show of strength in a region that has long been an area of strategic interest to Russia.

    Russia might be reshaping national borders in Europe as it reasserts its geopolitical influence, but the equivalent borders in the Arctic have never been firmly established. Historically it has proven much harder for states to assert sovereignty over the ocean than over land, even in cases where waters are ice-covered for most of the year.

    For centuries the extent to which a nation state could control its coastal areas was based on the so-called cannon-shot rule—a three-nautical-mile limit based on the range of a cannon fired from the land. But this changed after World War II, leading to the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS) in 1982.

    Under UNCLOS, every signatory was given the right to declare territorial waters up to 12 nautical miles and an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of up to 200 for commercial activities, such as fishing and oil exploration. Signatories could also extend their sovereignty beyond the limits of this EEZ by up to an additional 150 nautical miles if they could prove that their continental shelves extended beyond 200 nautical miles from the shore.

    Orderly settlement


    It is quite common to read about a “scramble for the Arctic” in which the states concerned—Denmark, Norway, Canada, Russia and the US—race to carve up the region between themselves. In fact, this is not a very accurate description.

    There are two dimensions to developments in the region—one legal and the other political. In legal terms, these five littoral states have sought to use UNCLOS to establish borders and assert their primacy over much of the Arctic Ocean and the seabed below (with the exception of the US, which is yet to ratify the convention).

    Canada and Russia have also used the special provisions provided byArticle 234 of UNCLOS—relating to the right to regulate over ice-covered waters—to strengthen their authority over emerging Arctic shipping routes (the Northwest Passage and the Northern Sea Route).

    In 2008 the five states issued the Ilulissat Declaration, committing to the “orderly settlement of any possible overlapping claims” using the legal framework provided by the law of the sea. This has been reflected in the continental-shelf claims they have submitted to the UN over the past 15 years: Russia (2001), Norway (2006), Canada (2013) andDenmark (2014).

    These submissions are all claims for an extension of exclusive rights to continental shelves beyond 200 nautical miles from each land border. This leaves a small area in the central Arctic Ocean unclaimed but alsoraises issues about various territories where more than one state has posted a claim (see graphic below).

    Among the claimants, Russia has been asked by the UN to submit further scientific evidence in support of its case. This has not yet happened to the other states, but since it will take time for their claims to be assessed, this may yet change. Until the US ratifies UNCLOS, it can’t submit a claim.

    Arctic rush - Page 6 Image-20150318-2487-tz3b48

    Insecure borders

    Legal provisions only go so far. The question remains: what happens if the Arctic states become more assertive in the delimitation of their national borders?

    Canada and Denmark have made significant commitments to backing up their claims, including developing new security strategies. In 2012 Denmark established a specialised military command to police its Arctic territories, for instance. But over the last decade, it is Russia that has advanced the most significant plans for building up its security forces in the region – even before its most recent exercises began.

    In material terms, Russia currently has the most to gain from industrially developing its Arctic zone. The Russian Arctic contains significant reserves of hydrocarbons, diamonds, metals and other minerals with an estimated value of more than $22.4tn (£15.2tn). The area is already a major producer of rare and precious metals and important oil and gas fields.

    This makes it easy to see why the Kremlin announced in 2008 that it will use the Arctic zone as a “strategic resource base” for the socio-economic development of Russia in the 21st century. In 2013 the Kremlin further observed that such development would be heavily dependent on foreign investment, technology and expertise.

    Yet this apparent openness to international business interests has been accompanied by an intense sense of insecurity about Russia maintaining influence and authority in the region. It is wary of a Western bloc forming within the Arctic Council (the five littoral states plus Finland, Iceland and Sweden) and has preferred to engage the other Arctic states on a bilateral or regional basis. Russia is particularly concerned about the potential for the EU and NATO to become more active in Arctic affairs, given that all of the other Arctic states are members of one or both of these organizations.

    Vladimir Putin has spoken publicly about the need to keep tensions to a minimum in the Arctic, while embarking on its extensive military and security program in the region at the same time—not least establishinga new Arctic strategic command last December.

    The Kremlin showed in its response to the Greenpeace 30 incident, in which environmental activists tried to seize a Russian oil platform in 2013, that it will not tolerate any threat to its economic activities in the Arctic, nor allow any precedent that might undermine its authority over what it essentially regards as its territorial waters.

    Future uncertainties

    Russia will submit a new claim for an extension of its EEZ into the Arctic Ocean to the UN in 2015 (encompassing an area of roughly 1.2m sqkm). Already state officials in Russia are positioning the situation as a test of whether the international scientific community will accept Russian science.

    A second rejection of Russian claims in the Arctic might further feed Russian concerns about being kept down and encircled by Western rivals. On the other hand, if Russia’s claim is accepted, the rest of the international community might quite rightly become concerned about how the Kremlin will exert its authority within such significantly expanded maritime borders in the Arctic. This is because Russia will likely continue using Article 234 of UNCLOS to enable it to exercise complete authority in its extended EEZ, with little regard for the right to innocent passage.

    The deterioration in Russia’s relations with the West is only likely to up the stakes for the Kremlin when it comes to settling its maritime borders in the Arctic. Russia has remained engaged in the Arctic Council and has repeatedly called for the Arctic to remain insulated from the fallout from Ukraine. Yet in the coming years, Russia’s neighbors are likely to remain wary about how exactly the Kremlin plans to negotiate and secure its borders along its Arctic frontier.
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Wed Feb 10, 2016 7:09 am

    Russia submits revised application for extending Arctic shelf to UN

    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/politics/855582
    max steel
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    Post  max steel on Sat Apr 16, 2016 9:32 pm

    Russian Defense Ministry Orders Three More Arctic Helicopters

    The Russian Defense Ministry has ordered the delivery of three additional helicopter developed specifically for the Arctic deployment, a managing director of Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant manufacturing facility, part of Russia’s state technologies corporation Rostec, said Friday.

    In November, the Russian military received its first Mi-8AMTSh-VA helicopter that features new Klimov VK-2500-03 turboshaft engines, a more powerful TA-14 auxiliary power plant and upgraded avionics. It has high-altitude navigation, as well as the capability for day and night flight in adverse weather conditions.

    "[The helicopter] has no equals in the ability to perform tasks in the arctic climate," Leonid Belykh said commenting on the ministry's interest in procuring the aircraft.

    Russia's revised military doctrine, signed by President Vladimir Putin in December 2014, for the first time named the protection of national interests in the Arctic among the main priorities for its armed forces during peacetime.

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    Post  medo on Wed Apr 20, 2016 10:32 pm



    Shoigu was visiting new military base in Nagurskoye in Land of Alexander island.

    http://vpk.name/news/153842_na_ostrove_zemlya_aleksandryi_planiruetsya_razmestit_zveno_boevyih_samoletov.html

    It is interesting, that it is not still clear which fighters will be stationed in Nagurskoye. Will they be 4 Su-34 or 4 MiG-31BM? On the other hand it seems it will be under Northern fleet Navy and Su-34 and MiG-31 are air force jets. Which ever jets they will be, their job will be mostly maritime patrols and flying over the sea.
    medo
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    Post  medo on Thu Apr 21, 2016 9:39 pm

    max steel
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    Post  max steel on Tue May 10, 2016 11:26 pm

    Russia orders new Project 23550 Arctic class patrol ship

    Arctic rush - Page 6 Main_p1678849

    Russia has ordered two Project 23550 ice-class armed patrol boats, the Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has announced.The class is described (in Russian) by the MoD as being "without analogues in the world", and combining "the qualities of tug, ice-breaker, and patrol boat".

    The two vessels ordered will be built by Admiralty Shipyards in St Petersburg and are scheduled to be delivered to the Russian Navy by 2020.

    The MoD specifies the Project 23550 class as being able to break ice up to 1.5 m thick. A concept image released by the MoD showed the vessel armed with a medium-calibre main gun on the foredeck (likely an A-190 100 mm naval gun), a helicopter deck and hangar, and two aft payload bays each fitted with a containerised missile launch system (akin to the Club-K system offered for export) armed with four erectable launch tubes - presumably for either Club anti-ship or Kalibr-NK land-attack missiles. Although billed as patrol boats, this level of armament makes them better armed than many corvettes.

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    Post  PapaDragon on Fri Jun 17, 2016 11:06 pm


    Russian troops cleared out 6000 old barrels from the North

    http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/79153/
    GunshipDemocracy
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    Arctic rush - Page 6 Empty Russia will create a system of protection of the Arctic

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Wed Jul 20, 2016 11:34 pm


    Russia will create a system of protection of the Arctic

    Enterprises of the military-industrial complex are developing a sonar system for the protection of the Arctic territorial waters of Russia, have informed "news" a source in the defense Ministry.
    - Now there is a study project of the new system. Work should be completed next year and after approval of the Ministry of defense will begin deploying it, - said the interlocutor of the edition.

    SEE ALSO
    In the Arctic will build ten military airfields
    "Security alarm" of the Arctic is composed of three components: marine, space and terrestrial. First, sonar buoys and underwater sensors, catch the noise of surface ships and submarines. The information gathered through satellites is transmitted to ground control station. The expanded system will cover the area of hundreds of kilometers.

    Head developer of the complex security is Corporation space systems of a special purpose "Comet" that appeared recently in the concern PVO "Almaz-Antey". The project involves dozens of Russian defense industry enterprises. The main issue when creating system experts, sustainment of sensors. Placed under water sonars must be sufficiently compact and unobtrusive, capturing the noise at a great distance. And diet have to provide energy not only them but also the equipment space communications.

    - American and British nuclear submarines were active in the Arctic during the cold war - in particular, went into the sea, washing the Russian coast. In recent years their activity is associated with the advent of the Northern fleet of the newest submarines of project "Borei" and "Yasen". Also we must not forget that American submarines armed with cruise missiles "Tomahawk" with a range of 1.5 thousand kilometers, noted historian of the Navy Dmitry Boltenkov.

    In August 2014, the Northern fleet found in the Barents sea, submarine, US Navy class "Virginia". After a 27-minute pursuit surface ships and anti-submarine aircraft left the area.

    Half a century ago, the United States has deployed in North Atlantic for several lines of anti-submarine sonar system SOSUS. Placed on the line Greenland - Iceland - UK underwater sensor was used to track Soviet submarines. However, the system was imperfect and could only find subs for the first and second generations. Moreover, the Soviet submariners quickly learned how to cheat the enemy "ears": for example, they overcome the barrier under the bottom of a merchant ship. In the 90-ies during the test, the coordinates of modern low-noise submarines built the ellipse size 216х90 km. Now part of the sonar SOSUS mothballed.

    The shortcomings of the American system will be taken into account in creation of Russian one.


    https://rg.ru/2016/07/20/rossiia-sozdast-sistemu-ohrany-arktiki.html

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    Post  franco on Sun Jul 31, 2016 9:20 pm

    Construction of two Northern bases near completion.

    http://en.ria.ru/military/20160731/1043810910/russia-arctic-northern-fleet.html
    Singular_Transform
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    Post  Singular_Transform on Sat Nov 19, 2016 10:32 pm

    The arctic ice cap melting today.

    Actually the ice sheet is extremely small compared to anything.
    AlfaT8
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    Post  AlfaT8 on Sun Nov 27, 2016 10:40 pm

    I was gonna post this on the propaganda thread, but it had so much info on this thread's topic, that i decided to post it here.



    The foreboding background music is just creepy.
    kvs
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    Post  kvs on Mon Nov 28, 2016 2:52 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:I was gonna post this on the propaganda thread, but it had so much info on this thread's topic, that i decided to post it here.

    pbrKLnh8wLA

    The foreboding background music is just creepy.

    Russia developing its own EEZ and making shelf claims on precedents set by the USA. "Ambition".

    This sort of whiny demonization is motivated by the fact that the whiners wanted to develop Russia's
    resources by hook or by crook. They probably thought that Russia was going to remain too weak to
    defend its economic rights in the Arctic. They are also jealous that Russia ended up with most of the
    potential and actual oil and gas resources. The Siberian shelf is where these fossil fuels are and not in
    the metamorphic Arctic Ocean basin and not in most of the Canada's, Denmark's (Greenland) and American
    EEZ.

    Since NATO has zero chance to rip Russia off, it will use Greenpeace and other "NGOs" to engage in economic
    sabotage. Greenpeace already staged on such attack which turned into a big stink when their ship and crew
    were arrested.
    Singular_Transform
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    Post  Singular_Transform on Sat Dec 03, 2016 9:58 am




    No comment.
    JohninMK
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    Post  JohninMK on Sat Jan 07, 2017 12:42 am

    Agnia Grigas ‏@AgniaGrigas 29 Dec 2016

    Interesting map illustrating the scope of #Russia's rapid #militarization of the #Arctic.


    Arctic rush - Page 6 C0152tUUAAABQyI
    kvs
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    Post  kvs on Sat Jan 07, 2017 1:24 am

    JohninMK wrote:Agnia Grigas ‏@AgniaGrigas 29 Dec 2016

    Interesting map illustrating the scope of #Russia's rapid #militarization of the #Arctic.


    pbs.twimg.com/media/C0152tUUAAABQyI.jpg


    In Canada the term is asserting sovereignty and not "militarization". Russia is free to build any military outpost it pleases
    on its sovereign territory. The use of the term "militarization" is propaganda spin to smear Russia as engaging in wrong doing.
    BS. It demonstrates that the propagandists have ambitions regarding Russia's Arctic resources and territory. Russia is
    doing the proper thing and making sure that these ambitious foreigners are held in check. This response pattern has been
    there throughout the history of the world. Including in the precious west.
    JohninMK
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    Post  JohninMK on Sat Jan 07, 2017 12:21 pm

    kvs wrote:
    JohninMK wrote:Agnia Grigas ‏@AgniaGrigas 29 Dec 2016

    Interesting map illustrating the scope of #Russia's rapid #militarization of the #Arctic.


    pbs.twimg.com/media/C0152tUUAAABQyI.jpg


    In Canada the term is asserting sovereignty and not "militarization".   Russia is free to build any military outpost it pleases
    on its sovereign territory.    The use of the term "militarization" is propaganda spin to smear Russia as engaging in wrong doing.
    BS.   It demonstrates that the propagandists have ambitions regarding Russia's Arctic resources and territory.    Russia is
    doing the proper thing and making sure that these ambitious foreigners are held in check.   This response pattern has been
    there throughout the history of the world.   Including in the precious west.    
    Especially in the days of the European colonialists who operated on the basis of 'once we've grabbed it its ours' massively assisted by the advanced technology of the day and the Industrial Revolution.

    The World is still suffering the consequences but, as you say, Russia is a different ballgame. No innocent natives there Smile
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Wed Feb 22, 2017 12:12 am

    Testing of new samples of military equipment in the Arctic

    George1
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    Post  George1 on Wed Mar 29, 2017 9:46 am

    Russia’s offshore energy projects in the Arctic

    TASS has compiled a list of Russia’s offshore energy projects in the Arctic

    MOSCOW, March 28. /TASS/. On March 29-30 Russia’s northern city of Arkhangelsk will play host to the 4th International Arctic Forum entitled The Arctic - Territory of Dialogue.

    TASS DOSSIER has compiled a reference memo listing Russia’s offshore energy projects in the Arctic.

    Reserves and production

    According to the Russian Energy Ministry, Russia’s recoverable oil and gas reserves in the Arctic currently stand at 260 billion tonnes of equivalent fuel, or 60% of Russia’s recoverable hydrocarbon reserves. In 2015 the science doyen of the Oil and Gas Geology and Geophysics Institute under the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Aleksey Kontorovich, estimated Russia’s oil and gas reserves in the Arctic at 100 billion tonnes.

    In 2016, the Arctic produced nearly 90 million tonnes of oil (17% percent of Russia’s overall production) and nearly 500 billion cubic meters of oil and gas (80%). At the moment nearly all hydrocarbon reserves are extracted on the mainland. Of the total 350 oil fields there 60 are active. Nineteen oil and gas fields have been explored in Russia’s sector of the Arctic in the Barents and Kara seas. Commercial production is underway only at one of them - Prirazlomnoye. Exploration work is in progress at more than 40 offshore fields in the Barents and Kara seas and the Eastern Arctic.

    Investment into offshore oil and exploration in Russia in 2016 totaled 71.4 billion.

    Offshore licenses


    A ban on private companies’ access to the commercial operation of offshore fields in Russia’s Arctic has been effective since 2008. Most production licenses for the explored oil fields belong to Gazprom, including the Shtokman gas field. Rosneft holds the license to develop the Severo-Gulyayevskoye oil and gas field and conducts prospecting and exploration drilling in other areas. Before the 2008 ban LUKOIL had been licensed to develop the Varandey oil field. Rosneft, Gazprom, LUKOIL, Novatek and other companies explore other areas.

    The possibility of letting private companies produce hydrocarbons offshore has been discussed for a long time, but no decisions have been made so far.

    The sole active project

    On April 18, 2014 Gazprom dispatched the first consignment of crude (70,000 tonnes) from the Prirazlomnoye field in the Pechora Sea in the Arctic. Oil is extracted from the stationary ice-resistant platform Prirazlomnaya (belongs to the Gazprom Neft Shelf company). Crude oil is transported by two ice class oil tankers: The Mikhail Ulyanov and The Kirill Lavrov. Two support ships help keep the platform going. Gazprom estimated the costs of developing the 70-million-tonne field at 126 billion rubles (roughly $2 billion). In 2016, Prirazlomnaya produced 2.154 million tonnes. The platform’s ongoing upgrade will increase output to 5.5-6 million tonnes a year.

    Effects of sanctions

    Before 2014 many of the offshore exploration projects were being carried out in cooperation with foreign companies: ExxonMobil, ConocoPhilips, Total and others.

    In July-October 2014 the United States and the European Union introduced export licensing rules and then outlawed the export of goods meant for a number of oil projects in Russia related with deep sea extraction, including that on the Arctic shelf. All US companies stopped work on joint projects on October 10. ExxonMobil curtailed its cooperation with Rosneft in exploring the oil field Pobeda.


    More:
    http://tass.com/economy/938067
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Wed Mar 29, 2017 10:14 am

    Russia to Open Barneo Ice Base Near North Pole in April - Presidential Envoy

    Russia will open the Barneo camp near the North Pole in April, Russia's special presidential representative for international cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic regions told Sputnik in an interview.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Russia will open the Barneo camp on an ice floe near the North Pole in April that would allow scientists from different countries to work there, Russia's special presidential representative for international cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic regions told Sputnik in an interview.

    "Russia's Barneo ice base, organized by the Russian Geographical Society [RGO] and the Association of Polar Explorers, would work in April. As soon as we find an ice floe and prepare a runway… equipment would be sent there and an ice camp would be set," Artur Chilingarov said ahead of the "Arctic: Territory of Dialogue" International Arctic Forum.

    The presidential envoy added that within a month scientists from different countries would be able to explore ice, sea and weather in the region to monitor climate changes near the North Pole and make research on other Arctic-related sciences.

    Russia's northern city of Arkhangelsk is expected to host a two-day international forum focused on the Arctic and cooperation in the polar region that would open later on Wednesday. A number of world leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and his counterpart from Iceland Gudni Johannesson, will participate in the forum's events.

    https://sputniknews.com/russia/201703291052065793-russia-barneo-ice-base/

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      Current date/time is Tue Oct 22, 2019 2:30 pm