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    Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

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    Militarov

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Militarov on Fri May 06, 2016 3:42 pm

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    JohninMK

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  JohninMK on Mon May 16, 2016 11:49 pm

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    max steel

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  max steel on Tue May 24, 2016 5:12 pm

    Ukraine and Turkey Sign Agreement On Joint Production of Aircraft Based on Antonov Designs

    Ukraine and Turkey have signed an agreement on joint production of passenger and freight aircraft. According to Daily Sabah, they will be assembled in Antonov manufacturing plants.

    The agreement was signed by the Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Hennadiy Zubko and Minister of National Defense of Turkey İsmet Yılmaz during the Turkish Minister’s visit to Kiev at the end of last week. Zubko stated "I am sure that our work will bear fruit. We have prepared a 'road map' and we will adhere to it.”

    According to Daily Sabah, Turkey will create a model of a passenger plane based on the An-158, as well as a cargo aircraft based on the An-178. It is possible that technical cooperation between the two countries will not be strictly limited to the production of aircraft. "Thanks to the efforts of the technical delegation, we discussed bilateral economic relations on the whole,” said Yılmaz.

    Antonov to Supply Its First An-132 In Early 2017

    The Antonov Design Bureau, a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and servicing company, which is part of the state-run Ukroboronprom Concern, plans to supply its first An-132 aircraft to a customer under a contract with Saudi Arabia's scientific organization KACST in early 2017.

    This aircraft was designed and built with the use of Europe- and U.S.-supplied components, as well as domestic ones, according to Oleksandr Khokhlov, the director of the An-132 program and deputy chief designer at Antonov.

    "Now the aircraft is at the final assembly stage during which the aircraft's systems and equipment are being installed. The maiden flight is planned in the fourth quarter of 2016, and in the first quarter of 2017 we plan that together with our Arabian partner we will present the aircraft to potential customers from Saudi Arabia," Khokhlov said.

    He stressed that the aircraft fully meets the customer's requirements and is a good example of import substitution in the domestic production of aircraft.

    "Despite the fact that the An-132 is a comprehensive modernization of the An-32 and the An-26 which were designed during the Soviet era, using Russian components, our principled position was to abandon cooperation with Russia, not only for political but also purely economic reasons," Khokhlov said.

    At this, Khokhlov noted that in case of signing firm contracts for the construction of new An-132 aircraft, as expected by the Ukrainian company, it will be able to quickly launch a full-scale production of aircraft using own production capacities.

    "We possess relevant technical capabilities. In fact, we can carry out a full-scale production of aircraft or share part of the production process with the Saudi company according to a cooperative scheme. Currently they can take on only a small production segment, but they are considering options to expand it. Besides, a joint marketing strategy is more important to us now than industrial cooperation.

    Entering Saudi Arabia's market with the An-132 aircraft will allow us to gain a foothold not only on that market but in the entire Middle East region, focusing later on Latin America and India's markets, where Antonov's aircraft have long proved successful," Khokhlov said.

    In February 2015, Ukraine's Antonov and Saudi Arabia's Taqnia Aeronautics signed a cooperation agreement on the establishment in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of aircraft manufacturing complex and the An-132, An-148 and An-178 production. Antonov company estimated that the market demand for the An-132 aircraft in the next 20 years would be 900 units.
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    Militarov

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Militarov on Sat Jun 04, 2016 3:45 am

    "An Croatian investigation into the refurbishment of its MiG-21 fleet by Ukraine has uncovered more irregularities. Paperwork from Ukraine indicated that two engines that it supplied to Croatia were of unknown origins. So far, it has been determined that five of the MiG-21s that Croatia bought as part of the refurbishing package had been put together using parts from airplanes that were scrapped by other air forces.

    The hulls were from Bulgaria, which retired the jets back in 1998, and the wings were from Algerian MiGs."


    Source: http://alert5.com/2016/06/02/croatian-mig-21s-refurbished-by-ukraine-have-engines-with-questionable-sources/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter
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    Militarov

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Militarov on Wed Jun 08, 2016 1:49 pm

    "The Azerbaijani company signed the agreement on the purchase of ten Ukrainian-made An-178 aircraft with the Ukrainian state enterprise Antonov, according to military-informant.com.

    The price of the contract has not been disclosed, but it has become known that the first advance payment has already been made by Azerbaijan’s company. The amount of prepayment has not been disclosed either. The report says the negotiations have lasted for nearly a year.



    The Antonov An-178 will be delivered to Azerbaijan in two shipments within two years: two aircraft to be delivered first, followed by another eight, which may be assembled in the territory of Azerbaijan. The An-178 aircraft made its first flight last year. As of now, there have been 77 landings. Testing of the aircraft is underway. An-178 can transport up to 18 tonnes of various cargo.

    The aircraft accelerates to 850 kilometers per hour and flies at a cruising altitude of about 12 kilometers. "

    Source: http://defence-blog.com/news/new-ukrainian-an-178-aircrafts-may-be-assembled-in-the-territory-of-azerbaijan.html
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    JohninMK

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  JohninMK on Sat Jul 02, 2016 12:47 am


    Ukraine to re-equip Ruslan transport aircraft with upgraded engines

    Ukrainian heavy transport An-124-100 Ruslan aircraft with a carrying capacity of 150 tonnes of Antonov Airlines will be re-equipped with upgraded engines, the press service of Antonov State Enterprise reported on Thursday. "Under the An-124-100 Ruslan aircraft modernization program Antonov and state-run enterprise Ivchenko-Progress with the participation of OJSC Motor Sich have signed a protocol of joint actions in modernization of D-18 Series 3 engines installed at the planes of Antonov Airlines and replace them by Series 3M engines," the company said.

    The press service said that the modernization of engines would reduce noise level and emissions. It will allow exploiting the engines within the specified life limit from 12,000 to 14,000 flying hours. "Currently all new Series engines are being tested at the stand. Works to install them at the planes of Antonov Airlines will start next year," the company said.

    Antonov President Oleksandr Kotsiuba said that the modernization of the An-124-100 Ruslan aircraft;sengines is a top priority for meeting modern requirements.


    http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/economic/353823.html
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    d_taddei2

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    Post  d_taddei2 on Tue Jul 05, 2016 12:07 am

    Militarov wrote:


    does Antonov still plan to produce the AN-70??
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    JohninMK

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  JohninMK on Mon Aug 08, 2016 11:32 pm

    Just spotted that it has patriotic props!

    The only flying prototype of a military transport plane An-70 (registration UR-EXA, serial number 770102) in the Parking lot of GP "Antonov". Gostomel (Kyiv), 30.05.2016 (C) Vladislav Kislyakov / spotters.net.ua



    The Russian defense Ministry is initiating a "Antonov" claim on the contract in 1989 for the creation of An-70 airplane

    As announced on 5 August 2016, news Agency RAPSI, the Moscow Arbitration court on 15 September will continue consideration of the claim of the Ministry of defense of Russia about collecting from the Ukrainian company "Antonov" (included in GC "Ukroboronprom") 357,48 million rubles, according to the materials of the court.


    http://bmpd.livejournal.com/2058049.html
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    JohninMK

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    An-225 "Mriya" restart of production

    Post  JohninMK on Wed Aug 31, 2016 9:57 pm

    Not so much restart it but flog the lot to China, lock, stock and barrel. This has not yet been properly announced so who knows? Via Yandex

    BEIJING, August 31. /Offset. TASS Oleg Trutnev/. The Ukrainian state enterprise "Antonov" gave the Chinese company China Airspace rights in the world's largest transport aircraft an-225 "Mriya".

    This was announced by China Central television. According to him, the day before the company signed a cooperation agreement, according to which the Chinese party takes title to the aircraft an-225, as well as the right to use the drawings and design documents. The negotiations were conducted in may of this year.

    The media says that Chinese Corporation is planning to release the first aircraft of this model in the first half of 2019.


    http://tass.ru/ekonomika/3580496

    The Ukrainian state enterprise “Antonov” has sold to a Chinese company China Aerospace technical documentation on super-heavy transport aircraft an-225 “Mriya”. This was announced on his page on Facebook Chinese TV channel CCTV.

    Negotiations took place in may 2016, the transaction was concluded on 30 August in Beijing. Reportedly, under the terms of the agreement, in addition to a full set of drawings and specifications, and documentation for the engines to China and transferred all rights to the aircraft.

    The TV channel notes that the first machine of this type can be released in China in the first half of 2019.

    In may 2016 Vice-President of “Antonov” Alexander Kotsyuba said that Ukraine could launch the serial production of the an-225 together with China. “There is some interest from China. For them, this amount is quite lifting. But while this level of discussion,” he said.

    An-225 “Mriya” (“Dream”) is a heavy transport machine, the largest aircraft in the world. Takeoff weight of the aircraft shestimotorny 640 tons, payload up to 250 tons. The machine was designed in the 1980-ies in the Antonov design Bureau first flew in December 1988. Largely unified with the plane An-124 “Ruslan”.

    The only flying prototype of the machine belongs to the “Antonov” and operated his company “Antonov Airlines”. The second car, whose construction began in the 1980s, was abandoned at the stage of readiness from 60 to 80 percent (according to different sources). Technological advance is in storage.


    http://rushincrash.com/uncategorized...-an-225-mriya/

    Firebird

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Firebird on Thu Sep 01, 2016 12:32 pm

    Re An-225
    Sounds rather like a pr stunt from those pathetic Nazi hohols. Is an oversized An-225 really that useful for "mass production"?

    Wasn't Russia a joint venture partner? And in any case, surely RUSSIA holds equal intellectual property? And have the hohols breached an agreement with Russia by selling out to China? Perhaps China could sell any intellectual property on to Russia?

    Would Russia produce An-124s and 225s? Or is the plane past it with Russia better off developing Ilyushin variants?

    Either way, sad to see these hohol Obama-bitches betray their own roots yet again.
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Sep 01, 2016 2:33 pm

    Seems that the Ukropistanis are selling the (inherited) family jewels for a one-off cash injection (which will be immediately stolen by Porkshank and/or his Oligarch allies), while the Chinese get "all manufacturing rights and technological documents for the super-heavy air freighter AN-225 Mriya" and get to manufacture within China without any further Ukrop involvement.

    Sounds like a fire sale to me. I wonder how little the Chinese managed to pay the Ukrops? A large sack of potatoes and a case of vodka is a likely price...
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    JohninMK

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  JohninMK on Thu Sep 01, 2016 4:29 pm

    This could have gone here or in the Ukraine export thread. I have already put it in the Russia An-124 thread but this is a bit of extra news.

    This is different from the Russian based view, see second link.


    31 August, 2016 BY: Stephen Trimble Washington DC

    Ukrainian aircraft designer Antonov has agreed to cooperate with a Hong Kong-based Chinese company, intending first to revive production of a partially-assembled An-225 freighter and then restore the series production. The agreement with Airspace Corporation of China signed on 30 August breathes life into the Soviet-era manufacturing programme for the world’s largest aircraft, which has remained dormant for 22 years.

    In the late-1980s, Antonov completed the first six-engined An-225 by stretching the fuselage of the four-engined An-124, lengthening the wing and adding a split tail. The aircraft was designed to carry a payload up to 225,000kg payload either internally or externally. In particular, the An-225 was needed to carry the Buran, the Soviet space shuttle.

    The collapse of the Soviet Union led to the cancellation of the space shuttle programme. The first An-225 was moved into storage for several years, while a second An-225, which is designed with a single, straight tail, was left uncompleted inside Antonov’s factory complex in Kiev.

    The new agreement begins discussions to allow Airspace Corporation of China and Antonov to resume assembly of the second An-225 in phase one. A follow-on second phase would restart series production of the heavy airlifter in China under license, Antonov says. Both phases would be initiated after the signing of separate contracts.


    https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/an-225-revival-proposed-in-new-antonov-china-pact-428949/



    This is a slightly different take on it

    http://www.fort-russ.com/2016/08/antonov-225-only-one-in-world-and.html

    wilhelm

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  wilhelm on Thu Sep 01, 2016 4:41 pm

    It seems to me that the usefulness of the An-225 blueprints and technical drawings is not actually for the An-225 or similar, but rather the An-124.
    The An-225 obviously has differences to the An-124, having a stretched fuselage with the same cross section, a central, mid wing addition has been added to standard An-124 wings, an extra 2 pairs of landing gear wheels per side, deletion of the rear loading ramp, and redesigned tailplane to take into consideration a dorsal external load.

    But you would have to think the overwhelmingly vast majority of the subsystems, substructure and components are identical. The An-225 leveraged massively off the An-124 for good reason....technical and cost reasons.
    From China's point of view regarding technical design and knowhow, this sale, if true, represents a major step toward a large An-124 type aircraft, rather than the An-225, in my opinion.
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    JohninMK

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  JohninMK on Thu Sep 01, 2016 4:41 pm

    Rapidly followed by a denial. Possibly someone saw that the publicity could be personally dangerous.


    Economic Pravda-Ukraine, August 31, 2016
    Translated by Tom Winter, September 1, 2016

    The State Enterprise Antonov has denied reports about the sale of the Antonov 225 to the Chinese company China Aerospace.

    The press service of the State Enterprise Antonov reported this to Economic Pravda.

    "Information about the selling ownership of the An-225 to the Chinese company China Aerospace does not correspond to reality. We are not betraying the homeland. More detailed commentary will come later..." said the press service.

    At the same time on the state-owned enterprise's Facebook page, it was reported that on August 30 Antonov and Aerospace Industry Corporation of China (AICC) signed a cooperation agreement for the An-225 program.

    "Thus, the parties expressed their intention for long-term cooperation, which provides, in the first stage, of construction of the second AN-225 Mriya, modernized, at the State Enterprise Antonov, and the delivery to the AICC, and in the second stage, joint serial production of An-225 in China under license," the report says.

    It is also noted that both phases will be implemented under the terms of individual contracts.

    Earlier, Chinese media reported that the State Enterprise Antonov and the Chinese company China Aerospace signed a cooperation agreement, under which China would have ownership of the giant aircraft AN-225 transporter, including the use of drawings and specifications of the aircraft.


    http://www.fort-russ.com/2016/09/antonov-denies-report-about-selling.html
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    JohninMK

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  JohninMK on Thu Sep 01, 2016 4:45 pm

    Now denied by Antonov. Notice that it could just be the sale of the existing An-225 they are denying, not the sale of the bits for the second and all the IPRs.

    http://www.fort-russ.com/2016/09/antonov-denies-report-about-selling.html

    after it went worldwide

    https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/an-225-revival-proposed-in-new-antonov-china-pact-428949/
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    magnumcromagnon

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Thu Sep 01, 2016 6:44 pm

    JohninMK wrote:Rapidly followed by a denial. Possibly someone saw that the publicity could be personally dangerous.


    Economic Pravda-Ukraine, August 31, 2016
    Translated by Tom Winter, September 1, 2016

    The State Enterprise Antonov has denied reports about the sale of the Antonov 225 to the Chinese company China Aerospace.

    The press service of the State Enterprise Antonov reported this to Economic Pravda.

    "Information about the selling ownership of the An-225 to the Chinese company China Aerospace does not correspond to reality. We are not betraying the homeland. More detailed commentary will come later..." said the press service.

    At the same time on the state-owned enterprise's Facebook page, it was reported that on August 30 Antonov and Aerospace Industry Corporation of China (AICC) signed a cooperation agreement for the An-225 program.

    "Thus, the parties expressed their intention for long-term cooperation, which provides, in the first stage, of construction of the second AN-225 Mriya, modernized, at the State Enterprise Antonov, and the delivery to the AICC, and in the second stage, joint serial production of An-225 in China under license," the report says.

    It is also noted that both phases will be implemented under the terms of individual contracts.

    Earlier, Chinese media reported that the State Enterprise Antonov and the Chinese company China Aerospace signed a cooperation agreement, under which China would have ownership of the giant aircraft AN-225 transporter, including the use of drawings and specifications of the aircraft.


    http://www.fort-russ.com/2016/09/antonov-denies-report-about-selling.html

    Russia probably put external pressure on the Chinese side...aka "Mo Antonov, no Almaz-Antey".
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    Tsavo Lion

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Tsavo Lion on Thu Sep 01, 2016 7:46 pm

    "Thus, the parties expressed their intention for long-term cooperation, which provides, in the first stage, of construction of the second AN-225 Mriya, modernized, at the State Enterprise Antonov, and the delivery to the AICC, and in the second stage, joint serial production of An-225 in China under license," the report says.http://www.fort-russ.com/2016/09/antonov-denies-report-about-selling.html
    They recently signed licence production agreement for AN-178:
    Chinese interest in the An-178 is noteworthy for two reasons. If successful, Antonov's partnership with Beijing A-Star in building and selling Chinese military An-178s would break the monopoly of state owned defense contractors like AVIC and NORINCO on PLA procurement. While a newcomer like Beijing A-Star would have to master the challenges of building a 60 ton cargo plane, Antonov's willingness to take that risk speaks to its commitment (and financial need) to sell the An-178 to foreign buyers like China. Antonov has also provided consulting and engineering support to Chinese cargo planes like the Y-20 and Y-9 in the past. http://www.popsci.com/chinese-company-bets-ukrainian-cargo-plane
    Programs such as this, if successful, could lead to additional coproduction opportunities for Antonov with other countries - something management is fervently hoping for as it seeks to revitalize this long-storied aviation firm. http://www.malaysiasun.com/index.php/sid/247125699
    The AN-225 will be useful to PRC in airlift/humanitarian assistance, etc. - 1 can deliver as much as ~4 IL-76s/Y-20s! http://sputniknews.com/asia/20160901/1044865061/ukrainian-aircraft-china-purchase.html
    Can any1 explain why a modified AN-124 was not enough for the Buran, which is lighter & smaller (except the wingspan) than the Space Shuttle? http://www.k26.com/buran/Info/A_Comparison/Numerical_Facts_and_Figures/numerical_facts_and_figures.html  BTW, their engines have even less trust!- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonov_An-124_Ruslan#Specifications_.28An-124-100M-150.29 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuttle_Carrier_Aircraft#Specifications
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    GarryB

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Fri Sep 02, 2016 11:41 am

    The AN-225 was for more than just transporting Buran.


    It would be used for the engine of the Energyia rocket and other outsized loads... often in a large fairing for aerodynamic purposes.
    The H tail was critical to carrying large loads on its back, but the extra engines meant a wider range of payloads could be carried.


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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Big_Gazza on Sat Sep 03, 2016 2:02 pm

    [quote="Tsavo Lion"]

    Can any1 explain why a modified AN-124 was not enough for the Buran, which is lighter & smaller (except the wingspan) than the Space Shuttle?

    That's not really true. The Buran was marginally smaller and lighter, but not by very much, and teh main weight difference was that the Buran didn't carry the 3x main Hydrolox engines that the Shuttle needed.

    As to why an upgraded Ruslan was required, the Buran empty mass of 42T was within the An-124 nominal capacity, but not when its an aircraft-sized assembly perched on the Ruslans upper exterior, and when its considerable aerodynamic drag needs to be managed. There is a world of difference between 42T skidded mass nestled in your cargo bay and a 42T aircraft passively sitting on your roof. An extra set of engines was required to overcome the extra drag and retain surplus power for contingency, so the Mriya was born...
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    Tsavo Lion

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Tsavo Lion on Sat Sep 03, 2016 9:40 pm

    Still, why a modified B-747 was adequate for comparable outside load?
     IMHO, unless AN-225 was also intended for other tasks, a slightly stretched AN-124 could be built for the Buran: https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/an-124-300-proposal-could-double-ruslan-range-168196/
    After serially producing the An-225.. , China could add cruise missile and drone launch racks to make it into a larger than B-52 style mother ship. China would likely develop the military portion of that project by themselves. China will also use new An-225s for movement of rockets and large parts to their new island space launch pad, when weather does not allow shipping. China will also use it for faster alternative transport of tanks and other heavy gear to South China Sea islands or to Tibet or other locations as the needs arise. http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/08/china-and-ukraine-will-build-more-of.html
    ...the Antonov organization has also investigating.. [& PRC could capitalize on] an improved hybrid of the An-124 and An-225 called the "An-124-300". It would feature the fuselage of the An-124 and the extended wing of the An-225, kitted up with modern avionics and engines. Since more powerful engines are now available, only four would be needed instead of six. The cargo floor would be extended, and a palletized loading system would be installed. It would have a maximum range of 11,500 kilometers (7,145 miles) with a 100 tonne (110 ton) cargo. Development costs were cited as less than a billion USD. http://www.airvectors.net/avantgt.html
    A pic. of baseline AN-124 in PLAAF markings:
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    Giulio

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Giulio on Sat Sep 03, 2016 11:24 pm

    Because (I think), the Buran wasn't the single biggest load that the an-225 would transport.
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    Giulio

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  Giulio on Sun Sep 04, 2016 1:05 am

    And I don't know if the Buran in flight above the Antonov, she generated lift by herself, or otherwise, she generated inverted lift, in order to remain on the back of the A-225?? Or she was neutral?
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    kvs

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  kvs on Sun Sep 04, 2016 4:00 pm

    It is rather obvious that the An-225 was not made for the Buran. But having it allowed its use for the transport of the Buran.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Ukrainian Aviation Industry: Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Mon Sep 05, 2016 8:54 am

    As I said they needed a transport plane able to carry large loads externally to replace the modified bomber Bison...

    Payloads included the Buran, but also engine clusters and fuel tanks for Energyia.

    There are pictures around of the VM-T carrying all sorts of different loads on its back that needed transport by air...


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    Tsavo Lion

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    An-225 "Mriya" restart of production

    Post  Tsavo Lion on Mon Sep 05, 2016 7:21 pm

    Or something like this: http://survincity.com/2013/02/multipurpose-aerospace-system-max/

    Yes, w/o other loads AN-225 would be overkill, & also in the waning days of USSR the Antonov needed to justify its budget allocations. There was even 8-engine AN-325 proposed!
    The second incomplete An-225 is somewhat different than its older active companion. Instead of the twin-tail setup used by the active An-225, the second Cossack has just a single vertical stabilizer. The first aircraft was built with such a tailplane to afford pilots greater control authority when carrying Buran on the Cosscak’s back. A strategic airlifter, however, doesn’t really need the same allowances. The unfinished Cossack also has a rear cargo door, and will probably feature improved high-bypass turbofan engines as well as a glass cockpit. It’s unclear just how China will use the new An-225, however, considering that only one will be completed and the flying/maintenance costs will be incredibly high. It’s also possible that the Chinese government intends to use the An-225 as a testbed, similar to how they’ve utilized their aircraft carrier, to develop concepts and to create heavy strategic airlift aircraft of their own, going forward. The Chinese government aims to have the Cossack completed and airworthy by 2019 at the latest. https://tacairnet.com/2016/08/31/china-aims-to-build-a-second-an-225-cossack-in-cooperation-with-antonov/
    Antonov explained that the agreement they have with China is on studying the potential for finishing the 2nd airframe.
    http://bmpd.livejournal.com/2114029.html comment: http://csef.ru/en/politica-i-geopolitica/416/an-225-uletaet-na-vostok-kak-kiev-prodaetsya-kitayu-za-besczenok-7001

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