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    Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

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    Sukhoi37_Terminator

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    Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Sukhoi37_Terminator on Wed Nov 04, 2009 8:38 pm

    In 1992, Ul'yanovsk, Minsk, and Leningrad were scrapped; Novorossiysk followed in 1993, and Kiev finally went in 1994. Moskva remained as the nominal flagship of the Black Sea Fleet until late 1995, when she was towed to the scrappers, as well. Admiral Gorshkov has been sold to India in 2004or conversion into a STOBAR carrier to be named INS Vikramaditya.
    Varyag has been sold to China.
    So the Admiral Kuznetsov is the only russian aircraft carrier in service. USA has currently 12 aircraft carriers and Great Britan 3. Russia showed no interest in aircraft carriers. The future of Russian aircraft carriers, at least in the near-term, looks rather bleak. The temptation to focus on submarine development, an area in which the Russian Navy has considerably more experience, must be great. the mission of the aircraft carrier has changed; no longer does it fulfill the Soviet mission of fleet support, but rather is intended to provide "'political presence' in forward areas
    So what will be the place of the aircraft carrier in the Russian navy? will the Kutznesov continue to be russia`s only aircraft carrier?
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    Vladimir79

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Vladimir79 on Wed Nov 04, 2009 9:49 pm

    The future of Russian carriers doesn't look so bleak. We are buying Mistrals so we can get the shipyard upgrades to build them.
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    Russian Patriot

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Russian Patriot on Sun Nov 08, 2009 8:04 pm

    I don't think Moskva was scrapped..
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  sepheronx on Sun Nov 08, 2009 9:15 pm

    Russian Patriot wrote:I don't think Moskva was scrapped..

    No, it isn't getting scrapped, but re-fitted/re-furbished.

    Russia (in this case, the USSR) relied on the Ukranian naval facilitie in the black sea in order to create aircraft carriers. Unfortunately, with the turn of Ukranian government and the unfortunate demise of most of her weapon building facilities, the old shipyard is pretty much gone. That is why Russia is planning on buying the Mistral. I highly doubt they need the Mistral or its capabilities, but they need the facilities built in order to get other major ships out in the water.

    Instead of the high R&D cost in developing the infrastructure, you are just better off getting the technology transfered to you and the facility pretty much built for you, and use the extra funds to start R&D new ships to come out of those facilities.

    Maybe the Mistral deal will aid the St Petersburg ship building plant and the Northeastern facility in Russia.

    (Mistral is also good for quick reliefe and or transportation of ground troops with CAS support in a conflict zone. So maybe Russia does have use for a Mistral type ship).
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    Stealthflanker

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Stealthflanker on Mon Nov 09, 2009 7:19 am

    hmm I heard Kuznetsov aircraft Carrier's electronic suites includes some form of "AEGIS system" centered on a phased array RADAR named "Mars Passat" or Sky Watch ...anybody know the fate of this RADAR now ? is it removed as what i heard on internet forums like keypublishing or did it stil on service ?
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  sepheronx on Mon Nov 09, 2009 7:29 am

    Russia will do something as it will be forced to do something. What I am getting at is that the Kuznetsov will be obselete sometime and will have to be replaced. If Russia goes to Pocket Carriers (something that can carry around 30 fixed wing aircrafts) and use smaller aircrafts (about the size of an F-16), they can carry a little more then 30 (so I would say about 40,000T displacement), then all this can still be used for political reason and or defense. Russia does not need a large fleet like that, nor does USA for that instance (but they use it cause they are not connected to Europe, so they have to transport those planes somehow). What Russia will probably do is compete more with UK in terms of 3-6 carriers, and they will be stationed in bases in various countries whom have parternship with Russia.

    Can these or American carriers be destroyed? Oh yes, easily enough (at least for Russia and China, yes). Are they expensive? Yes and No, Brazil was capable of building one. Are they usefull? Not much in todays world, but still can provide some sort of support in a small conflict.
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    Vladimir79

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Vladimir79 on Mon Nov 09, 2009 8:39 am

    Brazil built a carrier?? You mean bought a French carrier...
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  sepheronx on Tue Nov 10, 2009 11:40 pm

    Vladimir79 wrote:Brazil built a carrier?? You mean bought a French carrier...

    Whatever. Point being is that they where able to afford it, so anyone is capable of affording one.
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    Sukhoi37_Terminator

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Sukhoi37_Terminator on Wed Nov 11, 2009 9:09 pm

    Whatever. Point being is that they where able to afford it, so anyone is capable of affording one.[/quote]

    Yes, every G20 member with an GDP of 1.994 trillion dollars.
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    Vladimir79

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Vladimir79 on Thu Nov 12, 2009 1:28 am

    sepheronx wrote:

    Whatever. Point being is that they where able to afford it, so anyone is capable of affording one.

    Whatever? The point being is they were getting ready to scrap it, and Brazil decided to buy it for a prestige piece. Its combat value is nill.
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  sepheronx on Sun Nov 15, 2009 11:50 am

    Vladimir79 wrote:
    Whatever? The point being is they were getting ready to scrap it, and Brazil decided to buy it for a prestige piece. Its combat value is nill.

    As long as it can transport aircrafts to proper designation, then it isn't useless.
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    Russian Patriot

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Russian Patriot on Sun Nov 15, 2009 10:01 pm

    sepheronx wrote:
    Vladimir79 wrote:
    Whatever? The point being is they were getting ready to scrap it, and Brazil decided to buy it for a prestige piece. Its combat value is nill.

    As long as it can transport aircrafts to proper designation, then it isn't useless.


    I have to agree with that.
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    Russian Patriot

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    Russian aircraft carrier blueprint to be ready by yearend - Navy chief

    Post  Russian Patriot on Wed Aug 04, 2010 11:23 pm



    Russian aircraft carrier blueprint to be ready by yearend - Navy chief

    RIA Novosti

    14:15 02/08/2010

    MOSCOW, August 2 (RIA Novosti) - A technical design for a new-generation aircraft carrier will be ready by the end of the year, the head of the Russian Navy said on Monday.

    In an interview with RIA Novosti, Adm. Vladimir Vysotsky said several organizations were working on the warship's design, including the Severnoye and the Nevskoye design bureaus.

    He said it was too early to say what the new aircraft carrier will look like or what its specifications will be.

    "Not even with regard to its displacement. The designers have been given a number of requirements. If they manage to pack everything into a matchbox, they are welcome," he said.

    Some Navy experts believe the future aircraft carrier will be nuclear-powered with a displacement of 50,000-60,000 tons.

    The admiral said the Russian Navy needs carrier battle groups.

    "If, for example, we do not have an aircraft carrier in the North, the battle capability of the Northern Fleet's guided-missile submarines will be reduced to zero after Day One because the submarines' principal adversary is aviation," he said.

    Vysotsky stressed that a special state program was needed for an aircraft carrier to be built.

    http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/russia/2010/russia-100802-rianovosti03.htm
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    Vladimir79

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Vladimir79 on Thu Aug 05, 2010 2:19 am

    Russian Patriot wrote:
    The admiral said the Russian Navy needs carrier battle groups.

    "If, for example, we do not have an aircraft carrier in the North, the battle capability of the Northern Fleet's guided-missile submarines will be reduced to zero after Day One because the submarines' principal adversary is aviation," he said.

    I am pretty sick of these relic flag officers left over with nothing but CCCP ideas. An aircraft carrier's primary purpose is not to provide air cover for submarines a few hundred km off the coast. It is for power projection. Admiral K will be out of commission for five years, so we better get used to the idea of not having a carrier and come up with one that has power projection in mind.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  GarryB on Thu Aug 05, 2010 4:29 am

    In addition to power projection a carrier adds range both in sight and claw.
    It means there is another ring around a naval group so that that naval group can see and attack if necessary at long range.
    Look at any land based air defence, you have short range guns and missiles, medium range missiles and long range missiles. With radars/sensors you have short, medium, and long range sensors too. Lifting those sensors and missiles into an aircraft greatly increases effective range of sight and reach and the further from you that you can engage a threat the safer you are.
    The earlier you detect incoming missiles or aircraft or both the easier it is to defeat them.
    The biggest threat is always the mass attack to overwhelm a strong defence.
    The best response to a mass attack is to layer the defence and add as many effective layers as possible.
    Airpower adds a huge layer of detection and response.
    As you mention Vlad, airpower also adds a strike capability option in addition to just firing cruise missiles you can also send in aircraft, but it is also about having aircraft to defend the battle group when in hostile waters.
    Vlad you are quite right that what this guy said was stupid... a missile sub... a boomer will be hiding and waiting for a launch signal and most can remain in Russian waters to deliver their weapons to targets. Anti ship subs with missiles will likely seek out surface vessels and launch their weapons ASAP so the threat of airpower will be minimal unless they get things very wrong.

    Austin

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Austin on Wed Aug 11, 2010 2:01 pm

    Vladimir79 wrote:
    Russian Patriot wrote:
    The admiral said the Russian Navy needs carrier battle groups.

    "If, for example, we do not have an aircraft carrier in the North, the battle capability of the Northern Fleet's guided-missile submarines will be reduced to zero after Day One because the submarines' principal adversary is aviation," he said.

    I am pretty sick of these relic flag officers left over with nothing but CCCP ideas. An aircraft carrier's primary purpose is not to provide air cover for submarines a few hundred km off the coast. It is for power projection. Admiral K will be out of commission for five years, so we better get used to the idea of not having a carrier and come up with one that has power projection in mind.

    Well you can use an Aircraft Carrier for power projection ,Air Defence for CBG as part of defensive and a 500 km CAP.

    What the Admiral means is without a CAP deterrent an enemy ASW like P-8 will be able to hunt down his submarine in co-ordination with the enemy submarine more effectively.

    Offensive Power projection is one of the role of Aircraft Carrie , Defensive CAP and long range Aircover is another.
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    Vladimir79

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    No New Russian Aircraft Carriers Until After 2020

    Post  Vladimir79 on Fri Dec 10, 2010 9:55 pm

    By DMITRY ZAKS, AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE
    Published: 10 Dec 2010 13:24


    MOSCOW - The Russian military admitted Dec. 10 that it lacked the funds to deploy a powerful new armada of aircraft carriers as promised and that no more would be built for at least another decade.

    "The state armaments program for 2011-2020 does not envision the construction of aircraft carriers," an unnamed senior official in Russia's defense ministry told the Interfax news agency.

    He said current funding plans allowed the military to come up with new designs but not proceed with actual construction.

    "Only then - after completing the advanced designs - can we examine the expediency of building aircraft carriers," the official said.

    The comments represent a rare public admission that the military was struggling to keep up with President Dmitry Medvedev's commitment to modernize an outdated Soviet-era force that has lost its dominance on the high seas.

    The Interfax dispatch seemed to produce initial confusion among the top commanders. It was denied by one unnamed official and received with blanket silence by the defense ministry itself.

    But Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov later conceded that the Interfax report was true.

    "No, there are no plans" to build carriers by 2020, Serdyukov told the state-run RIA Novosti news agency.

    The former Soviet Union had five aircraft carriers at the height of its power but Russia currently only has one, Admiral Kuznetsov.

    This compares to the United States' 11 operational and six reserve aircraft carriers, and the U.S. has another three under construction, according to the U.S. Congressional Research Service.

    Medvedev made his country's re-emergence as a naval power one of the planks of a new military policy that he announced with much fanfare in October 2008.

    "We are not going to spare our financial resources," Medvedev said while attending exercises in the Barents Sea.

    Navy Cmdr. Adm. Vladimir Vysotsky said that same year that Russia intended to build six new aircraft carriers - three each for its Pacific and Northern Fleets.

    Various commanders at the same time suggested that Russia may expand its naval presence to the Red Sea and perhaps even deploy a new base in Libya.

    But naval concerns appeared to be put on the back burner as Russia entered a heated round of nuclear arms negotiations with the United States that hinged on a U.S. proposal to deploy a new missile defense shield in Europe.

    Russia fears that the systems could either be turned into an offensive weapon or expanded to neutralize the country's existing arsenal of nuclear arms.

    The military has therefore focused on new missile development and testing of its next-generation ICBM.

    Medvedev unexpectedly returned to the issue last month by conceding that Russia remained at a tremendous disadvantage to Western powers because of its lack of foreign bases.

    He admitted that Russia was forced to follow the "very expensive and completely inefficient" system of supporting all major sea operations with a fleet of refueling ships.

    An unnamed defense ministry official said Dec. 10 that Russia needed to have at least four aircraft carriers to be considered a truly functioning power at sea.

    "The defense ministry will not give up on this idea," the official told RIA Novosti.

    http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=5208837&c=EUR&s=SEA
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    GarryB

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  GarryB on Sat Dec 11, 2010 4:57 am

    I must say I am pleased.

    First of all I support the idea of the Russian navy having carriers and for them to be genuine power projection tools there is a minimum of 6 needed. A carrier operates in cycles and a carrier in service needs overhauls, training, and to be operational and when it is doing one it is not ready for the other two. Russia having 6 carriers will mean two carriers operationally ready all the time... one in the Pacific and one in the Northern fleet say.
    Of the other four carriers two will be in routine overhaul, with either maintainence or upgrade every few overhauls and two will be in training. In an emergency the two in training could be deployed for short periods too.

    To operate carriers however you need a capable navy with a good logistics chain and bases all over the place to support operations and Russia really doesn't have that yet.

    By 2020 however they will be in much better shape to look into such things.

    Why carriers?

    Airpower, whether manned or unmanned have huge advantages at sea. It exponentially extends the eyes of the fleet and exponentially extends the claws of the fleet too.

    Any group of ships can be overwhelmed if you fire enough missiles at them. The defence at sea against that is the same as on land... layered defences of short, medium, and long range SAMs, plus fighter cover as well. A fighter aircraft can approach an unknown and identify it as friend or foe and can escort it from the area. This is not something a radar or SAM can do. If the contact turns out to be an enemy aircraft then that fighter can alert the fleet and attempt to deal with the problem itself. If it turns out to be a Boeing in civilian markings then that is important too.

    Aircraft not only extend the sight and reach of a naval group they also add a layer to the air defences that extends beyond even the new generation of missiles like the 400km range S-400 models.

    By 2020 Russia will have decided what to do with its older large vessels like the Kirov class and Slava class vessels and also decided about new large vessels too.
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    Vladimir79

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Vladimir79 on Sat Dec 11, 2010 5:43 am

    I am certainly not surprised by the announcement. I knew the state of USC was nowhere ready to begin building such structures. It is another of a long line of announcements made that goes undone. GOZ also has no mention of funding new missile cruisers so Kirovs will undoubtedly be upgraded. Unless of course we really are headed for a brown water navy.
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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  GarryB on Sun Dec 12, 2010 12:46 am

    Hopefully they use the extra time well and fully explore what their needs and wants in carriers are.
    The Russian Navy itself needs a lot of resurrection so that when it gets some carriers it will have a better idea of what it wants to do with them.

    There is supposed to be a huge upgrade of the Kuznetsov shortly that might help answer some of these questions and a lot of the changes and improvements applied could also be applied to upgraded older large ships.

    By 2020 Russia will know if it is at the forefront of new technology or if it is stuck in a time loop where 5 year plans keep failing and nothing really changes.

    Military development has often as much to do with fashion as anything else... for some companies a delta wing is what they do. For a while it was swing wings that solved all the problems. Now it is stealth. In 20 years time the aircraft carrier we know today might have been replaced with aerostats at 40,000m as AEW and AWACS roles and UCAVs that can be stacked up in boxes on ships that look more like container ships with a top flat deck where land and sea targets are attacked by cruise missiles with multiple warheads that can be dropped on targets as it overflys them and for the last target it uses the built in warhead to crash into the target. For air targets it can do much the same with internally carried AAMs or wing mounted AAMs with the last target chased down and rammed.
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    Vladimir79

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Vladimir79 on Sun Dec 12, 2010 5:06 am

    Peter the Great has already been modernised. They know how to upgrade Kirovs, we are just waiting on them to get off their hands and do something.
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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  GarryB on Tue Dec 28, 2010 10:55 am

    The Kuznetsov is supposed to be getting a major upgrade and will probably have a C4IR system installed, I believe the current system is called Sigma and it combines air, sea surface, and underwater information into an integrated view to help manage a fight against a variety of threat types at once.

    Right now they are working on the design of new carriers that will likely have the role of defending the ships they operate with.
    They wont be Nimitz like carriers, though they will likely be conventional take off but arrested landing carriers. They will likely be nuclear powered and it would make sense for them to develop EM catapults for the simple reason that steam cats are obsolete. Steam cats take up a lot of space and require a lot of personel to operate and there are limits on how they work.
    EM cats are smaller and simpler and require fewer crew to operate, they place less stress on the aircraft they are launching and can be programmed to give more control during aircraft launches by changing the rate of acceleration during the take off.
    They should also be easier to maintain and operate.
    And finally having lots of very high pressure steam pipes all over your ship is asking for trouble with regards to battle damage.
    A steam cat is easier to damage and when out of action you are very limited as to what you can launch.
    Needless to say different aircraft with different fuel and weapon loads need different accelerations which need to be carefully calculated before launch and if you get it wrong with a steam cat the wheels get ripped off or the plane ends up in the water. With an EM cat the acceleration can be measured as it is happening and the system could compensate by increasing the acceleration to get the aircraft airborne. You could probably add weight sensors to the deck and just have the controller type in the aircraft type and it could do it itself.

    This could make the upgraded Kuznetsov a testbed for the new carriers they are going to make after 2020.

    Certainly new compact powerful nuclear reactors would be well worth designing as they could be retro fitted to the Kirovs during their major upgrades and indeed the Akula subs during their upgrade and modification.

    I have said before here that a carrier is not just a command centre but its aircraft extend the eyes and the reach of a surface group.
    A catapult allows for heavier aircraft to operate from carriers and also for existing aircraft to take off with heavier weapon and fuel loads.
    Nuclear propulsion means a carrier is using less space to carry fuel to deploy to different areas which can be used to carry more aviation fuel and ordinance so the aircraft can operate longer without resupply.

    Needless to say you spot a blip on the radar that is 400km away... having a carrier with you means you can send a couple of fighters to investigate without revealing where the carrier group even is... if they identify the blip as a civilian airliner then a potentially sticky situation is dealt with. Without the aircraft carrier the best you could probably do is send a helo which will take longer to get to an intercept point and will likely not be able to fly high enough to properly ID an airliner or threat that is flying at 10,000m. The longer it takes to properly ID the target the closer it gets and the more nervous you become.
    Even a carrier with a truly awful interceptor aircraft like a Yak-38M is better than nothing as it could zip out and ID a target one way or another.

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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  Pervius on Tue Mar 08, 2011 9:56 am

    If American Ford Class Aircraft Carrier with new electro-magnetic aircraft launcher can aim the launching rail "up"....could it spray JDAM munitions into a country like a metal rain?

    Is the new American Aircraft carrier actually going to be a Super Battleship? Notice munitions holds in new Ford Class Carrier is doubled in size? I think they did this because new ship will have fully automatic electro-magnet rail gun able to launch planes...or lift up and launch bombs?

    How would Russia stop thousands of JDAM's raining down on them from that?

    Russia needs to modernize and atleast have 3 ships able to launch aircraft. UAV's for reconnaissance as well as UAV's fitted with air to ship/air to air for helicopters would be cheap. Use India's UAV method, cheap...wooden props still gets weapons in the air.
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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  GarryB on Wed Mar 09, 2011 2:57 am

    If American Ford Class Aircraft Carrier with new electro-magnetic
    aircraft launcher can aim the launching rail "up"....could it spray JDAM
    munitions into a country like a metal rain?

    As long as the JDAM can take the g forces and the electronics in it aren't trashed by the huge magnetic field strength.

    Is the new American Aircraft carrier actually going to be a Super
    Battleship? Notice munitions holds in new Ford Class Carrier is doubled
    in size? I think they did this because new ship will have fully
    automatic electro-magnet rail gun able to launch planes...or lift up and
    launch bombs?

    More likely they want to improve its independance by not having to rearm so often to reduce the logistics tail of the vessel.

    How would Russia stop thousands of JDAM's raining down on them from that?

    Torpedo most likely or tactical nuclear armed anti ship missiles.
    How likely is a US attack on Russia anyway?
    Why risk a full nuclear retaliation?

    BTW JDAM used in such a way would be like any other long range ballistic weapon, so S-300V4 and likely S-400 and S-500.
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    Re: Future russian aircraft carriers. #1

    Post  GarryB on Tue Jul 05, 2011 3:15 am


    Moscow set to upgrade Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier

    The Fleet Admiral of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov, currently the only aircraft carrier serving as the flagship of the Russian Navy, will be upgraded, the media reported, quoting Navy sources. The aircraft carrier, due to enter a dry dock in 2012, will be re-launched in 2017.

    Originally laid as the Leonid Brezhnev in 1982, launched as the Riga in 1985 and renamed as the Tbilisi in 1987, the warship received her current name in 1990. Western analysts call her a ship of a thousand names.

    The Admiral Kuznetsov entered service with the Russian Navy in 1991 and was used for the operation of deck aircraft, the development of new tactics, including those for dealing with carriers of theoretical enemies.

    In the late 1990s and the early 2000s, it was repeatedly proposed that the Admiral Kuznetsov, which remained moored for long time periods, be decommissioned and sold for scrap.

    However, an improved situation in the country gave the ship a new lease of life. Her propulsion unit and other equipment were repaired, and she started taking part in various high seas war games more often.

    In the mid-2000s, Navy representatives and Russian political leaders once again started speaking of the need to build aircraft carriers for the Navy. Moscow decided to preserve the Admiral Kuznetsov, used to train deck aircraft pilots.

    The upcoming large-scale modernization was motivated by the need to eliminate the ship's inherent drawbacks and to repair some of her units. Plans for docking the ship in 2010-2012 were discussed more frequently and have now been confirmed.

    Although it is hard to assess the revamped carrier's specifications, her future appearance can be predicted on the basis of available reports.

    First of all, the defective propulsion unit comprising steam turbines and turbo-pressurized boilers will be replaced either with a gas-turbine or nuclear propulsion unit.

    The ship's 3M45 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) anti-ship cruise-missile launchers will be dismantled, and her internal layout changed. Consequently, the hangar area will be expanded to 4,500-5,000 sq. m. for storing additional fixed-wing aircraft.

    The Admiral Kuznetsov's air defenses will be strengthened by replacing 3K95 Kinzhal (SA-N-9 Gauntlet) missiles with a multi-role naval system featuring 80-120 new-generation and medium-range surface-to-air missiles (SAMs).

    Moreover, 4-6 Pantsir-S1 (SA-22 Greyhound) combined short to medium-range SAM and anti-aircraft artillery weapons systems will be installed.

    The new weapons systems will feature state-of-the-art radio-electronic equipment, probably including the standard Sigma combat information and control system, due to be installed on all new generation Russian warships. The system facilitates unprecedentedly effective cooperation between task force elements.

    The carrier will also receive aircraft catapults, a logical option. Considering the fact that her ski-jump will remain intact, one or two catapults can be located on the angled flight deck.

    A similar engineering solution was envisioned for the incomplete Ulyanovsk super-carrier, whose keel was laid down in 1988, but the project was cancelled when it was 40% complete along with a sister ship in 1991 after the end of the Cold War.

    By that time, the Soviet Union had developed steam catapults and tested an experimental version at the ground-based NITKA training facility incorporating a ski-jump and deck arrestor. Consequently, this task is feasible.

    The choice of catapults is linked with the choice of the ship's propulsion unit. Steam catapults require a nuclear propulsion unit, while a gas turbine propulsion unit leaves no choice but electromagnetic catapults. Moscow will either have to develop such catapults independently or buy them abroad, or ... copy them illegally.

    The carrier's air wing is to comprise 26 new Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29K Fulcrum-D multi-role fighter aircraft, helicopters and navalized Sukhoi T-50 PAK FA (Future Frontline Aircraft System) fifth-generation fighters, currently under development. It appears that 15-20 of these aircraft will be built pending the ship's re-launching, which is likely to take place in 2020 rather than 2017.

    The opinions expressed in this article are the author's and do not necessarily represent those of RIA Novosti.



    MOSCOW. (RIA Novosti military commentator Ilya Kramnik)

    source: http://en.rian.ru/analysis/20100406/158454665.html

    No point in bothering with steam cats... Old technology.

    EM cats offer lots of benefits including technology that could be used to launch dumb bombs at enormous speeds as mentioned above by Pervius.

    Would need specially designed bombs like the special high temperature resistant FAB bombs used with the Mig-25RB strike aircraft that allowed Mach 2.85 speed bombing with FAB-1500 bombs.

    The technology could also be applied to other EM guns including potential new tank guns.

    One of the main problems with conventional tank main guns is the size of the rounds needed. An EM gun able to fire solid rod penetrators at 4-5km per second would be a huge breakthrough in gun design and would allow drastic reductions in calibre and ammo size. An added bonus would be no propellent would be needed any more which makes the vehicle much more survivable too.

    Such a weapon could take tank armament back to pre WWII stages where tank guns for anti armour use were in the 37-50mm calibre range and relied on velocity of effect, while against softer targets or area targets a machine gun or heavy low velocity gun was needed for HE shell power.

    One could imagine a BMP-3 like armament arrangement except perhaps instead of a 30mm cannon perhaps a 45-57mm EM gun firing 2kg penetrators at 5km/s for anti armour use and a 100mm gun for its HE power effect on area or soft targets.

    Nuclear propulsion makes sense for the Kuznetsov upgrade as it frees up space and reduces the logistics train for the carrier... it will just need to carry aviation fuel and air ordinance. Especially when it is making even its destroyers nukes too.

    Nuclear propulsion should provide plenty of electricity for an EM cat. Hopefully the vessel will be electric drive rather than steam generated from the nuke reactor.

    Electric means propulsion pods can be fitted front and or aft and greatly improve manouver performance. They also allow gearless infinite step motors with no transmission elements needed.

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