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    Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Mon Nov 16, 2015 10:01 pm

    The commander of Russian airborne troops Shamanov acquainted with the preparation of the Cuban special forces

    The Russian military will also hold consultations on the participation of the Cuban colleagues in the Army international games in 2016, which will be held in Russia

    MOSCOW, November 16. / TASS /. Commander of the Airborne Troops (VDV), Russian Vladimir Shamanov today traveled to Cuba to get familiar with the preparation of intelligence and Special Forces, said the spokesman for the Ministry of Defense Airborne Evgeny Meshkov.

    "Today the delegation of Russian Airborne Troops ubyla to Cuba to study the preparation of intelligence units and special forces of the revolutionary armed forces of the Republic of Cuba. The delegation is headed by the commander of the VDV Russian Airborne Troops Colonel-General Vladimir Shamanov," - said the bag.

    According to him, the Russian military will also hold consultations on the participation of the Cuban colleagues in the Army international games in 2016, which will be held in Russia.

    The visit will last until November 20, said the bag.
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Tue Feb 09, 2016 9:34 am

    Russia has no plans of reopening military bases in Cuba — diplomat

    The Soviet-era spy base in Cuba, the Lourdes SIGINT Station south of Havana, was closed in 2002

    MOSCOW, February 9. /TASS/. The plans of opening Russia’s military bases in Cuba are not being discussed, a Russian diplomat said in an interview with TASS on Tuesday.

    "This issue [of opening bases] is not on the agenda," said Alexander Schetinin, the director of the Latin American department of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

    "Our cooperation is now developing in other areas - this is first of all our very close friendly foreign policy cooperation. These are issues of advancing our economic and investment cooperation."

    Last year, Russia and Cuba signed major contracts linked to Russia’s participation in implementing a number of significant energy projects and projects in the sphere of developing metallurgy on the Freedom Island, he reminded.

    "We have projects in the sphere of transport on the agenda," Schetinin said.

    The Soviet-era spy base in Cuba, the Lourdes SIGINT Station south of Havana, was closed in 2002. Some media reports claimed that Russia could reopen the base but the rumors were officially denied after the visit of President Vladimir Putin to Cuba in July 2014.


    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/defense/855402
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    magnumcromagnon

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Tue Feb 09, 2016 6:26 pm

    George1 wrote:Russia has no plans of reopening military bases in Cuba — diplomat

    The Soviet-era spy base in Cuba, the Lourdes SIGINT Station south of Havana, was closed in 2002

    MOSCOW, February 9. /TASS/. The plans of opening Russia’s military bases in Cuba are not being discussed, a Russian diplomat said in an interview with TASS on Tuesday.

    "This issue [of opening bases] is not on the agenda," said Alexander Schetinin, the director of the Latin American department of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

    "Our cooperation is now developing in other areas - this is first of all our very close friendly foreign policy cooperation. These are issues of advancing our economic and investment cooperation."

    Last year, Russia and Cuba signed major contracts linked to Russia’s participation in implementing a number of significant energy projects and projects in the sphere of developing metallurgy on the Freedom Island, he reminded.

    "We have projects in the sphere of transport on the agenda," Schetinin said.

    The Soviet-era spy base in Cuba, the Lourdes SIGINT Station south of Havana, was closed in 2002. Some media reports claimed that Russia could reopen the base but the rumors were officially denied after the visit of President Vladimir Putin to Cuba in July 2014.


    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/defense/855402

    No need to re-open the SIGINT base when KRET is developing OTH radars with the dimensions of a compact car. When their developed and put into service and mass produced expect to (not) see them in Cuba... Wink
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    GarryB

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  GarryB on Wed Feb 10, 2016 8:42 am

    Regarding my discussion with TR-1 and Russia trading with Cuba... before Russia had an ideology to push so the relationship was generally unhealthy.... really a subsidy.

    Now, Russia has no ideology to push so the relationship can be based on trade and mutual benefit... Russia invests in cuba... cuba grows as a country with this investment and russia benefits from returns from that investment.

    Russia has plenty of technology and money to offer and cuba needs investment and cooperation to grow and improve.

    Win win with no more need for handouts and other unhealthy behaviour.
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Tue Mar 22, 2016 11:46 pm

    Russia to install four power generators in Cuba

    Russian electrical power generating company Inter RAO has signed a deal with Cuba's Energoimport to install four power generators costing €1.2 billion.

    According to the Russian firm, three generators will be for the Este Habana power plant in Santa Cruz del Norte municipality, the fourth will go to the Maximo Gomes power plant in Mariel.

    Each of the generators will have a 200MW capacity, and are planned to be operational by 2022-2024.

    One megawatt can provide power for about 1000 homes.

    Under the agreement, Inter RAO and its contractors won’t have to pay tax and customs duties; the employees will also be exempt from paying income tax.

    The project’s financing will be provided mainly by Russian export credits, according to Inter RAO.

    It has been reported Russia would provide Cuba with a €1.2 billion 4.5 percent interest loan. Repayments would start after the generators begin operating, but no later than February 2025. Cuba will have to pay off the loan within ten years.

    READ MORE: Rosneft signs 25-year gas deal with INTER RAO

    The agreement to provide Cuba with power generators was ratified by Moscow and Havana in October.

    In July 2014 Russian power generating company RusHydro and Cuban state energy company Union Electrica signed a memorandum of understanding on modernizing and building new hydroelectric power plants in Cuba.

    https://www.rt.com/business/336570-russia-cuba-energy-blocks/
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Tue Jul 05, 2016 11:02 am

    Russian Air Navigation Company to Renovate Cuban Air Traffic Control

    Russia's air traffic control equipment developer Azimut signed a contract with Cuba to renovate the national system of air traffic control.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Azimut will provide engineering services for the development of modules for calculating the four dimensional planned trajectory, indication of warnings and control of air traffic, while no equipment will be supplied, Izvestia newspaper reported. The contract also provides for the training of local maintenance specialists.

    The contract is expected to be fulfilled by June 2017, the cost of the contract was not disclosed.

    Cuba uses an outdated air traffic control system installed by the Canadians in early 2000s.

    Azimut produces radio communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic control equipment to civil aviation enterprises. In February, it closed the deal with the Egyptian National Air Navigation Services Company on a project to upgrade Egypt's air traffic control systems.

    http://sputniknews.com/latam/20160630/1042240223/russia-cuba-traffic-control.html
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Wed Sep 07, 2016 4:28 pm

    Russian Helicopters to Supply Maintenance Documentation for Mi-8T to Cuba

    Read more: https://sputniknews.com/military/20160907/1045051065/russian-helicopters-cuba-mi8t.html
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Wed Mar 01, 2017 12:32 pm

    Cooperation between Cuba and Russia in the supply of aviation equipment

    In the February Bulletin of the Accounts Chamber of Russia for 2017 published an interesting report. Analysis of measures taken by the federal executive bodies and organizations of the Russian Federation in the framework of the Russian civil aircraft supply projects, related equipment and services program of civil aviation modernization of Cuba " . It contains some of the details of cooperation between Russia and Cuba in the field of civil aviation.

    So, at the end of the 10th session of the Russian-Cuban Intergovernmental Commission (IGC) in November 2012. The program was signed by the trade-economic and scientific-technical cooperation between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Cuba for 2012-2020 (hereinafter Cooperation Programme). In accordance with this program as priorities of cooperation between the two countries in the field of industry in the period 2012-2020 identifies the following problems in the aviation industry:

    1. Supply of the Republic of the Russian civil aviation industry products Cuba (IL-96-400 aircraft, the An-148/158, the plane MS-21, Mi-8/17 and Ka-226T, Ka-32AK11VS "ANSAT", etc. .), as well as the modernization of previously supplied equipment;

    2. The organization of technical support aircraft;

    3. Implementation of the project of creating and equipping the aviation training center in Havana to train Cuban pilots to ensure the safety and economic efficiency of operation of the set of aircraft.

    At the end of the 11th session of the IPC (24-25 October 2013, Moscow) The Parties recognize the desirability of developing Implementation Plan on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Cuba by the Government for 2012-2020 (hereinafter Plan), including for the purpose of specifying actions of executives and the timing of the implementation of specific projects.

    Thus, the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment of the Republic of Cuba (letter dated 10 May 2014 number OM-1733 in the Ministry of Industry of Russia) for inclusion in the plan proposes the following points regarding cooperation in the field of aviation: To assess the prospects for delivery to Cuba of IL-96 300 and four Tu-204 Purchase of the second installment of An-158 aircraft for the national airline «Cubana de Aviacion», to continue negotiations on the supply to Cuba administrative aircraft An-158 model began to work together in a modular repair series engines PS-90A in the territory owner of the airport in order to avoid stops of Russian aircraft.

    However, the issue with the delivery of the AN-158 aircraft dropped administration. As explained, Since 2013, IFC has negotiated for the supply to Cuba AN-148-100EA with superior cabin for the transport of senior government officials. Initially, the Cuban side were invited to supply the aircraft under finance leases, however, the Cuban side has announced its intention to buy this aircraft on the sales conditions. In addition, in the future in the Cuban side there was a preference to buy an aircraft of this type of production of PJSC "VASO" and not the State Enterprise "Antonov". As a result of a formal decision of the Cuban customer on this issue as of August 2014 it was missing.

    Talking about the repair, it is noted that for timely repair work hampered by a number of circumstances.

    First, (in Havana), a warehouse of spare parts and components, to date this has not created a warehouse despite repeatedly broadcasted the Cuban side of the commercial proposals to establish the responsibility of the airline «Cubana de Aviacion». The decision on the level of the Republic Civil Aviation Institute leadership of Cuba, the companies «Aviaimport SA», «Cubana de Aviacion», JSC "United Aircraft Corporation", JSC "IFC" in January 2010, the decision to establish in Cuba a warehouse of spare parts to support the operation of the IL aircraft -96-300 and Tu-204 is not implemented.

    In addition, the continuing practice of delayed sending Cuban party failed units for repair. Thus, the Agreement on the procedure for fulfillment of its warranty obligations in respect of aircraft An-158 on 20 July 2012 provides for the obligation of the operator to send the failed product in the study within 10 days of receipt of the indication SE "Antonov". At the same time in 2015 we received 110 repair products out of time, out of which 11 products were in stock defective parts in 2011, 5 in 2012, 6 in 2013. Thus, the period of the delay in the areas of product repair is up to 4.5 years.

    Refused in 2015 parts and assemblies were sent to repair the Cuban side after finding on the stock from one to three months.

    Producer (SE "Antonov") repeatedly sent Cuban counterparts (CACSA, airline «Cubana de Aviacion», the company «Aviaimport S.A.») relevant inquiries about the delay in the direction of the failed units for repair.

    For example, at a recent meeting at the time of the inspection, which took place May 25, 2016 in Kyiv with the participation of IFC, the State Enterprise "Antonov", JSC "Motor Sich", SE "IvchenkoProgress", as well as on the Cuban side: CACSA, airlines «Cubana de Aviacion», the company «Aviaimport SA», the following decisions were taken:

    SE «Antonov» and airline «Cubana de Aviacion» confirmed that after the restoration of the State Enterprise "Antonov" aircraft AN-158 (serial № 201-01) (as soon as possible), and the provision of guarantees for the recovered aircraft period of 3 months the airline «Cubana de Aviacion "will be removed claims downtime of aircraft and aircraft with serial number 20506, and other claims against the State Enterprise" Antonov "airline« Cubana de Aviacion »does not have;

    in order to ensure the smooth operation of aircraft An-158 airline «Cubana de Aviacion» simultaneously with the implementation of the work of SE "Antonov" to restore the above-mentioned aircraft will exchange stock of spare parts and components in accordance with the recommendations of the State Enterprise "Antonov", the estimated cost of the exchange fund acquired will be .. US $ 10 million, IFC will develop proposals for the airline «Cubana de Aviacion» to finance the creation of the exchange fund;

    Company «Aviaimport SA» and airline «Cubana de Aviacion» ensure the implementation of the Agreement on the fulfillment of its warranty obligations in respect of aircraft An-158 of 20 July 2012 in part to send the defective components in the study and repairs for 10 days from the date of receipt of instructions GP "Antonov".

    One of the problems of cooperation are long-term production and repair of components required the Cuban side, the Russian manufacturers. Thus, on 38 components, requested by the Cuban side as part of after-sales service in 2015-2016, delivery time (including repair or production time) ranged from 120 to 270 days.

    Just a moment with the financial participation of Russian banks sold 5 contracts for the supply of (repair) spare parts and units for a total amount of $ 17,050.6 thousand...

    Between JSC "Russian Helicopters" and the State Enterprise "Technoimport" (Republic of Cuba) March 25, 2015 signed a contract for delivery of two Mi-17-1B. Supply helicopters carried out 26 February 2016, the payment is received in full. Currently JSC "Helicopters of Russia" carries out fulfillment of guarantee obligations under this contract.

    In addition, JSC "Helicopters of Russia" the Cuban side handed over a number of commercial proposals and draft contract documents for the supply of equipment and repair and design documentation, as well as the provision of services.

    In 2015, the Cuban side of the commercial proposals to update the repair and construction documentation to the carrier system of the Mi-8 MTV-1 in the amount of $ 280.7 th. Were transferred. United States, as well as to update the technological equipment for ATM "Yuri Gagarin" in the amount of 675, US 9 th. dollars.. However, these proposals the Cuban side were not adopted, the actions of offers expired deadlines.

    Also in the address SE "Technoimport" June 8, 2016 JSC "Helicopters of Russia" sent an offer to provide services to extend the TBO three Mi-8 MTV-1 in the amount of 92.9 thousand. Euro, its validity until 30 November 2016 . At the time of writing no response is entered.

    In addition, the Russian side (JSC "FAC") signed an agreement for the supply of remontnokonstruktorskoy documentation for overhaul of Mi-8Mt and Mi-8 MTV-1 GP "Technoimport" worth $ 53.9 thousand... In the near future it is expected to be signed by the State Enterprise "Technoimport".

    One of the priorities outlined in the Cooperation Programme, the project is creating and equipping the aviation training center in the city of Havana.

    The project of creating and equipping the aviation training center in Havana to train Cuban pilots initially considered in the context of the supply capacity of prospects of Russian aircraft to Cuba.

    In 2012, IFC has transferred the Cuban side of the first commercial proposal to establish a training center for aviation Ay-148, but the project was never realized.
    In early 2015 it resumed the discussion of this project: the Cuban side was sent an offer for the supply of simulators for the An-158, Il-96 and Tu-204 aircraft with equipment of the training center.

    Currently, due to the lack of clear prospects of new deliveries of Russian aircraft, as well as the difficult financial situation in Cuba talks suspended.
    However, under the terms of existing contracts for the supply of aircraft An-158 price of each of the delivered aircraft includes training for flight and engineering personnel of the airline «Cubana de Aviacion» in the following scope: the aircraft commander 3 people, copilot 3 people, engineer (aircraft and motors) 4 engineer (Avionics and electronic equipment) 4, flight attendant 3 people.

    Pursuant to paragraph 4 of the order of the Russian Federation from October 30, 2015 № RD-P2-7420 of "Rosoboronexport", PJSC "United Aircraft Corporation" and PJSC "VASO" is considering the issue of delivery of the AN-148-100EA for the needs of the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces the Republic of Cuba.

    In JSC "Rosoboronexport" from the Ministry of the revolutionary armed forces of the Republic of Cuba has received an application dated 19 November 2015. 103/15 on the purchase of one AN-148-100EA (VIPsalon), one spare engine, the backup auxiliary power unit (APU), spare parts, as well as to conduct flight training (6 people) and technical (9 persons) personnel.

    During the talks with the Cuban side were identified counterparts from the Russian side of "Rosoboronexport", a Cuban state enterprise "Technoimport". A schedule of production and determined the estimated delivery date of the aircraft: the end of 2017 beginning of 2018. Decorated protocol negotiation of contract prices, according to which the total contract price of the products listed in the report, is defined in the amount of 43,087.61 thousand. Euro. However, March 31, 2016 SE "Technoimport" informed the Russian side about the fact that, according to the Cuban side, the budget for this transaction significantly overvalued, in connection with which the Cuban side refused to sign the treaty.

    In order to reduce costs and reduce the time aircraft deliveries requested by the Cuban party, in April 2016, IFC has transferred the Cuban side of the quotation for one AN-148100EA release 2010

    http://bmpd.livejournal.com/2463184.html
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Sat Nov 03, 2018 1:29 pm

    Russia to provide 38 mln euro credit to Cuba in military technical cooperation line

    More:
    http://tass.com/economy/1029137


    Moscow and Havana eye signing an agreement on upgrade of Cuba's railway network

    More:
    http://tass.com/economy/1029087

    ATLASCUB

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  ATLASCUB on Sat Nov 03, 2018 7:12 pm

    GarryB wrote:Regarding my discussion with TR-1 and Russia trading with Cuba... before Russia had an ideology to push so the relationship was generally unhealthy.... really a subsidy.

    Now, Russia has no ideology to push so the relationship can be based on trade and mutual benefit... Russia invests in cuba... cuba grows as a country with this investment and russia benefits from returns from that investment.

    Russia has plenty of technology and money to offer and cuba needs investment and cooperation to grow and improve.

    Win win with no more need for handouts and other unhealthy behaviour.

    Unhealthy behavior? I guess that's on the eyes of the beholder. USSR helped Cuba develop and provided subsidies in large part because the whole LA continent not only was largely undeveloped, it was also at the claws of the Americans and the U.S was the main driver and center of economic activity and growth in the region. Thus you compound the fact that the U.S was Cuba's largest trading partner before the break-up, and that Cuba was a banana republic by all accounts before 1959, it was self-evident that in order to avoid Cuba from collapsing, by the loss of trading partners, by its lack of natural resources, and by its lack of; at the time: human capital and industry, it would need such "huge" levels of aid (albeit kinda small considering what the U.S forked out for its allies - even today). We will leave obviously economic embargos, state sponsored terrorism, threat of invasion, internal destabilization and diplomatic isolation etc aside as bullet points....

    Anyway this aid at least helped built the foundations that allowed Cuba to withstand the Russian striptease that was the USSR breakup of the 1990s - I say helped because without the institutional foundations, cultural foundations, and political leadership on top of the human element - that aid is, well, simply $$ to be consumed and discarded. That is to say, the aid was very well invested. Could you say that for many others? Boy....

    But yes for that aid the Cubans are thankful but they also put their skin in the game, BIG TIME - and got left hanging. You know Cuba could have folded like all the banana republics in the region when applied a bit of pressure and when all hope "seems lost (aka 1990)". Look at the "heavy weights" in the region like Mexico, Brazil and Argentina who continue to show nothing but stupidity and servility for almost 200 years now, mere colonies enslaved by the local elites who fold, in due time when the Northmen come knocking. For all the wealth in resources, the massive size of their territories, the big populations, for all of that, they're political midgets, mere toddlers. They prove again and again to be so.

    The Venezuela's and Nicaragua's of the world? What are they if not disciples of the Cuban experience, tutored, to adjust to their realities? Independence in the region has a great taste but comes at great cost - and keeping it is a hell of a war. Anyway these states don't happen nor resist to their current ability without the Cubans existing. In that regard the Cubans have shown over the last 20 years to be more adept at "regime change" than the once mighty KGB, today's FSB. You gotta have, to use a street term, huge balls, to continue to play that sort of game when your major allies disappeared in 1990, considering the mammoth you're dealing with to your north.

    The Americans don't have an almost 70 year old embargo on the island cause they're inoffensive creatures. The Cubans play the game well and know their enemy in all its horror - it helps when you're not clouded by naivety. The day they forget that is the day they're history. Something some Soviet bureaucrats drunk in hopeful naivety and "infinite superior wisdom" chose to forget.... and for that they paid the price and continue to lay a heavy price on subsequent generations. Just look at Ukraine, Georgia, Estonia, Latvia. Hec the poor Yugoslavians, in my opinion the greatest tragedy of the collapse of the USSR......destroyed and made to fight each other... left to wolves to feast. Same project going on in Ukraine. The Cubans understand their neighbor much much better than most - quite an understatement I would say. But given how rich Russia is, you get second chances. Don't think Russians could mess this one up tho... the consequences might be beyond repair. And make no mistake, Russia's European "partners" are all in on the gig. I always get amused at how they try to keep Russia in, while keeping it out....the Germans and French (to a lesser extent) are small little devils.... the Poles and Britts are always a known quantity, too crude... the Germans however - professional silent backstabbers - I guess if you're naive about them that becomes true...see Ukraine, EU sanctions and NATO/EU expansion. Not hard to see why however... there is no place for Russia in a Europe dominated by their project, the E.U... Russians thus become competition that must be discarded....the poison administered softly over time.

    Looking at Russia's strategic pains today (and boy there are many - getting encircled and squished) and the ones coming in the future as nuclear treaties fall one by one (with the U.S having massive strategic advantages); Russia needs Cuba just as much as Cuba needs Russia. Just the chance of having military cooperation and the potential to use the "unsinkable" island if it ever comes to that point  -- for Russia's defense in a future confrontation with the U.S (which we're clearly headed to)--- is enough for any smart Russian leader to fork free money (subsidies or whatever aid) and sign lullabies... like Putin was today, ALL SMILES shaking Canels hands - he better. Specially after the 1990s, and the embarrassing negotiations by Khrushchev during the October crisis -when he failed to deliver Guantanamo, among other things, which is why he was considered the loser in the stand-off and why he had to kiss up to Fidel's ass following the ordeal. In this regard, the party that has, more or less failed in the bilateral relationship in prior occasions, has been the Russian speaking world, the Cubans have held their end.
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    George1

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  George1 on Sun Nov 18, 2018 6:04 pm

    Agreement to ease visa regime between Russia and Cuba to come into effect on December 21

    More:
    http://tass.com/economy/1031215
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    GarryB

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    Re: Cuba–Russia cooperation and agreements

    Post  GarryB Today at 4:11 am

    Unhealthy behavior? I guess that's on the eyes of the beholder.

    Yup.

    Unhealthy behaviour... whether it is from the Soviet Union who subsidises Cubas economy for whatever official reason, but basically to oppose the US in the region and to provide potential for basing air, sea and land forces in the area, or the alternative selling out to the US where rapidly anything of value will be bought up by the rich of the west... a few cubans who sell will make money and the majority of cubans will see none of the material or liquid wealth of their country... they will go from cutting sugar cane for Cuba to doing it for some rich white guy who might live in the US or whereever...

    What Cuba really needs is good honest fair trade where the foreign investor can make money but not at the expense of the locals... they need to benefit from the deal too.

    Regarding Cubans paying a price... they certainly did but no one ever made that choice for them... certainly not the Russians.

    They could have sold out at any time... and it is to their credit that they didn't... of course it is not just the character of the people but of those in power to not just sell their people and country out for a few beads...

    I guess if you're naive about them that becomes true...see Ukraine, EU sanctions and NATO/EU expansion. Not hard to see why however... there is no place for Russia in a Europe dominated by their project, the E.U... Russians thus become competition that must be discarded....the poison administered softly over time.

    If they can get the US off their back the EU will realise the Russians will be the key transit route from them (EU) to Asia... the other block with a lot of money and growing economies... the US wants the EU to hate Russia because they want Asia all to themselves and if the EU has to keep trading through the Suez canal then trade will be slow and more expensive... especially when the region is kept volatile... like with conflicts with Syria and Iran...

    The Chinese know it, so they are promoting good relations with the Russians... the americans know it... which is why there is a hard sell on Russia and China being the bad guys... only ones who don't seem to notice are the europeans...

    Specially after the 1990s, and the embarrassing negotiations by Khrushchev during the October crisis -when he failed to deliver Guantanamo, among other things, which is why he was considered the loser in the stand-off and why he had to kiss up to Fidel's ass following the ordeal. In this regard, the party that has, more or less failed in the bilateral relationship in prior occasions, has been the Russian speaking world, the Cubans have held their end.

    For the soviets the cuban missile crisis had nothing to do with guantanimo bay and everything to do with US jupiter missiles in turkey... and by putting nukes in Cuba they got the us to remove those missiles... the soviets actually got exactly what they wanted, and castro was not actually happy having nukes on his island so he was probably happy to see them go... the biggest loser was the US who lost missiles in turkey to keep the status quo of no nukes in cuba... that is why they let him have the PR victory in the media...

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