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    Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

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    GarryB
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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  GarryB on Sun Feb 26, 2012 12:13 am

    I have read they want to have a few extra GLONASS satellites in space for backups and spares, so they want about 36... but they already have about 24 or so, which will not be counted amongst the 100 new satellites they want to launch.

    Ironically the short lifespan of previous Russian and Soviet satellites means that Russia has a system in place for short turnarounds in satellite launches, which means if countries start shooting down satellites then the Russians are in the best position to repopulate their satellite network.

    Obviously the problem will be if countries start destroying enemy satellites the debris generated might make putting satellites in orbit a bit of a turkey shoot and we might end up with only a few safe places to put satellites...

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    Russian Military Satellite

    Post  Russian Patriot on Sat Apr 07, 2012 9:38 pm


    Russian Military Satellite to Splash Down in Pacific

    A defunct Russian military communication satellite, Molniya-1-89, is expected to fall Saturday morning in the Pacific Ocean, Defense Ministry spokesman Col. Alexei Zolotukhin said.

    “Fragments of the Molniya satellite that do not burn up in the upper atmosphere may reach the earth’s surface on Saturday, April 7,” he said.

    The satellite is expected to fall in the Pacific at 63°S 158°E, he added.

    The 1.6-ton satellite is currently at 2,378 km above earth’s surface and is continually monitored by Space Defense Force specialists.

    It was launched in August 1996 from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia.

    Molniya-1T series satellites were replaced by the Meridian-series in 2006.


    http://www.en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120406/172658328.html


    Russian Military Satellite Falls in Pacific


    Fragments of a defunct Russian military communication satellite, Molniya-1-89, fell into the Pacific Ocean on Saturday night, a source from the space agency said.

    “According to preliminary data, fragments of the Molniya satellite that did not burn up in the upper atmosphere reached the earth’s surface on Saturday, April 7 at 3.17 am Moscow time [00:17 GMT] and fell into the Pacific Ocean,” he said.

    According to data provided by the U.S. Strategic Command, fragments of Molniya-1-89 satellite had to enter the Earth’s atmosphere at 4.16 am Moscow time [01:00 GMT] (plus/minus 3 hours). According to the time, the satellite fell in the Pacific at 23.5°S 205.3°E. However, the time range of six hours indicates that the fragments could fall very far from this area.

    Russian military communication satellite Molniya-1-89 was launched in August 1996 from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia.

    Molniya-1T series satellites were replaced by the Meridian-series in 2006.

    http://www.en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120407/172676728.html

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  George1 on Thu May 17, 2012 6:44 pm

    Russia Launches Military Satellite

    Russia’s Space Forces launched on Thursday a Soyuz-U carrier rocket with a Cosmos-series military satellite, SF spokesman Col. Alexey Zolotukhin said.

    The rocket was launched from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia.

    “The launch has been carried out to expand the cluster of Russian military satellites in orbit,” Zolotukhin said.

    The official did not provide details on the specific nature of the spacecraft but according to NASAspaceflight.com it could be a Kobalt-M spy satellite with advanced reconnaissance and terrain mapping capabilities.

    In this capacity it will join Russia's Oko (Eye) orbital missile early warning network, which consists of about 70 satellites.

    The Soyuz-U rocket is designed to orbit Soyuz and Progress manned and cargo spacecraft, as well as special-purpose satellites such as Cosmos, Resurs-F, Foton and Bion.

    http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20120517/173515051.html

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Wed Jan 16, 2013 1:03 am

    Nice start of the year Very Happy Very Happy

    Three military communication satellites are in orbit


    On January 15, 2013 at 20:25 MSK (16:35 UTC) the Space Forces conducted a successful launch of a Rockot space launcher with Briz-KM booster stage from the launch pad No. 3 of the launch complex No. 133 of the Plesetsk test site. The rocket successfully delivered to orbit three military communication satellites of the Rodnik type.

    The satellites received designations Cosmos-2482, Cosmos-2483, and Cosmos-2484 and are likely to get NORAD numbers from 39057 to 39059 and international designations 2013-01A, 2013-01B, and 2013-01C (this will be updated as the information becomes available). Satellites of this type are normally deployed in nearly circular orbits with altitude of about 1500 km, inclination of 82.5 degrees, and orbital period of about 116 minutes.

    Rodnik is a successor of Strela-3 communication satellites. it is sometimes referred to as Strela-3M. The first launch of a Rodnik took place in December 2005.

    http://russianforces.org/blog/2013/01/three_military_communication_s.shtml

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    Russian Military Satellite Launches:

    Post  Russian Patriot on Fri Jun 07, 2013 11:20 pm

    PLESETSK, June 7 (RIA Novosti) - A Soyuz-2.1B carrier rocket orbited a military satellite on Friday, the defense ministry’s spokesman in charge of Russia's Aerospace Defense Forces said.

    The rocket blasted off from the Plesetsk launch site in Russia’s north at 22:37 Moscow time on Friday.

    "The spacecraft separated from the third stage of the rocket as scheduled,” Col. Dmitry Zenin said.

    According to previous reports, the satellite is the second in the new Persona series of electro-optical reconnaissance satellites based on the Resurs DK remote sensing satellite.

    The first Persona satellite (Kosmos 2441) was launched onto a sun synchronous orbit in July 2008 but reportedly malfunctioned in February 2009 due to a failure in electronic components.

    Russia operates a network of about 60-70 military reconnaissance satellites, featuring updated imaging technology and an extended lifetime of up to seven years, according to open sources.

    http://en.rian.ru/military_news/20130607/181566973.html

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Fri Jun 28, 2013 12:51 am

    Russia launches first Kondor satellite


    On June 27, 2013 the Space and Air Defense Forces carried out a successful launch of a Strela space launcher from the silo launch site No. 175 of the Baykonur space launch site. The launch took place at 20:53 MSK (16:53 UTC) (according to one report - at 22:58 Astana time or 16:58 UTC). The satellite that the rocket successfully delivered into orbit is a Kondor imaging satellite.

    The satellite was registered by NORAD as an object 39194, it received international designation 2013-032A. The Russian designation is not known yet. According to the NORAD data, the satellite is deployed in an orbit with perigee of 454 km, apogee of 545 km, and inclination of 74.9 degrees. The orbital period of the satellite is 94.6 min.

    The Strela launcher is a converted UR-100NUTTH/SS-19 missile

    LINK


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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  coolieno99 on Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:37 am

    The radar imaging version of the Kondor satellite.



    A Kondor radar imaging satellite of the Russian Defense Ministry launched with a Strela rocket, a conversion from the Soviet RS-18 intercontinental ballistic missile, from the Baikonur space center has reached the target orbit, a Baikonur source said. ...
    Kondor, which is weighs about 1 ton, has a service life of five years, and can transmit images with a resolution of about one meter to the Earth from an altitude of about 500 kilometers.

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Kondor_radar_imaging_satellite_reaches_target_orbit_999.html

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Fri Nov 29, 2013 8:31 pm

    Interesting, so:

    - 2013 = 10 military satellites (5 launched and 5 more will be by the end of this year)
    - 2014 = 6 military satellites planed 


    Russia Plans to Launch 11 Military Satellites By 2015

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Tue Dec 24, 2013 7:04 pm

    Three military satellites expected tomorow morning - hope it all goes well 

    Russia Set to Launch 3 Military Satellites

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Wed Dec 25, 2013 10:35 am

    And success .... three military satelites are in orbit and we are now waiting the last three 

    3 Russian Military Satellites Put Into Orbit

    Rockot launches three communication satellites

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Sat Dec 28, 2013 11:03 am

    Very Happy cool 



    They did it after all .... no delay, just launch  russia  Very Happy  Very Happy 

    Russia’s new carrier-rocket Soyuz-2.1v to blast off at 10 am GMT

    and within an hour or few ... three more satellites placed in orbit .... after all Russian military set a task to place 6 military satellites in orbit by the end of 2013 

    and thiese thee are the last ones (so mission accomplished as planned for 2013) - congrats to Russia !!!  cheers  cheers 

    Soyuz-2.1v rocket places satellites into interim orbit - Russian Defense Ministry

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Tue May 06, 2014 4:00 pm

    Success  thumbsup 

    Rocket "Soyuz-2.1a" military satellite was successfully launched from Plesetsk

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  gaurav on Thu May 08, 2014 6:44 pm

    The persona-2 satellite failed in Orbit.
    The russian space web is upgrading the information.

    persona -2 failed ??


    Persona-2 fails in orbit?

    In July 2013, NII TP design bureau published a press-release stating that Persona No. 2 was undergoing flight testing. The company congratulated its staff with the successful commissioning of the communication gear onboard the satellite. However shortly thereafter, the spacecraft was apparently lost, prompting Russian air and space defense forces, VKO, to take out of retirement a previous-generation Kobalt-M satellite and launch it on May 6, 2014. However, given the short life span of Kobalt-type spacecraft, it would be only a temporary solution to the problem of inadequate high-resolution imaging capabilities available to the Russian military in a midst of the Ukrainian crisis.

    According to Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and a space flight historian, available radar data shows that following its initial orbit correction maneuver on June 9, 2013, the spacecraft conducted very small engine burns on July 9, September 11, October 20 and November 4. Combined they resulted in the reduction of the satellite's perigee by around two kilometers. However after November 4, 2013, any movements of the satellite, if any, were too small to distinguish them from observational errors. The lack of maneuvers does not necessarily means that the satellite was dead, because its orbit as high enough for a stable flight during a prolonged period of time.


    Can some one with details on Russian space program may be on russian forums put some light on this matter.
    This is a serious matter because the satellite itself costs around 300 m usd and the souyuz 2.1 b launch vehicle another 40 m usd.


    This was the costliest launch of Russian space vehicle and it failed second time

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Fri May 23, 2014 10:35 am

    Nice  thumbsup 

    From Plesetsk launch vehicle "rumble" with three military satellites

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Mike E on Sun Sep 28, 2014 5:50 am

    Proton-M carrier rocket lifts off from Baikonur

    MOSCOW, September 28 /ITAR-TASS/. The Proton-M carrier rocket, which lifted off from Baikonur space launch facility early on Sunday, has put the Briz-M rocket booster and the Russian relay satellite Luch in the interim orbit, the press service of the Russian Space Agency (Roskosmos) reported.
    First launch of Proton booster after accident due on September 28
    “The Russian satellite is expected to enter the final calculated orbit at 09:26 Moscow time (on Sunday),” the press service said.
    The Luch spacecraft is another satellite of the Luch Multifunctional Relay System which is being developed under the 2006-2015 Russian federal space programme. The Luch relay system is intended to provide the Russian segment of the International Space Station /ISS)/; low-orbiting space devices; boosters and upper stages with communication with ground-based facilities. The previous Luch spacecraft - Luch-5B - was successfully put in orbit on April 28 this year.

    - The spacecraft launched wasn't a "Luch" and is suspected to be military.

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  coolieno99 on Thu Oct 02, 2014 5:36 am

    Mike E wrote:Proton-M carrier rocket lifts off from Baikonur

    MOSCOW, September 28 /ITAR-TASS/. The Proton-M carrier rocket, which lifted off from Baikonur space launch facility early on Sunday, has put the Briz-M rocket booster and the Russian relay satellite Luch in the interim orbit, the press service of the Russian Space Agency (Roskosmos) reported.
    First launch of Proton booster after accident due on September 28
    “The Russian satellite is expected to enter the final calculated orbit at 09:26 Moscow time (on Sunday),” the press service said.
    The Luch spacecraft is another satellite of the Luch Multifunctional Relay System which is being developed under the 2006-2015 Russian federal space programme. The Luch relay system is intended to provide the Russian segment of the International Space Station /ISS)/; low-orbiting space devices; boosters and upper stages with communication with ground-based facilities. The previous Luch spacecraft - Luch-5B - was successfully put in orbit on April 28 this year.

    - The spacecraft launched wasn't a "Luch" and is suspected to be military.

    It could be.


    "The focus of this text is on the successful launch of the Proton, however the most important this mission is the payload. The Olimp satellite is an improved version of the Luch series, and there are two important milestones in this mission. The completion of the Russian Satellite Data Relay Network with worldwide coverage and the possible test of some key technologies in aiming at future ELINT missions from geostationary orbit. ELINT in GEO is something new for Russia which has always used LEO missions series Tselina"

    João Dallamuta · FAE Business School

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Russia_launches_Proton_M_rocket_after_accident_999.html

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Mike E on Thu Oct 02, 2014 6:05 am

    coolieno99 wrote:
    Mike E wrote:Proton-M carrier rocket lifts off from Baikonur

    MOSCOW, September 28 /ITAR-TASS/. The Proton-M carrier rocket, which lifted off from Baikonur space launch facility early on Sunday, has put the Briz-M rocket booster and the Russian relay satellite Luch in the interim orbit, the press service of the Russian Space Agency (Roskosmos) reported.
    First launch of Proton booster after accident due on September 28
    “The Russian satellite is expected to enter the final calculated orbit at 09:26 Moscow time (on Sunday),” the press service said.
    The Luch spacecraft is another satellite of the Luch Multifunctional Relay System which is being developed under the 2006-2015 Russian federal space programme. The Luch relay system is intended to provide the Russian segment of the International Space Station /ISS)/; low-orbiting space devices; boosters and upper stages with communication with ground-based facilities. The previous Luch spacecraft - Luch-5B - was successfully put in orbit on April 28 this year.

    - The spacecraft launched wasn't a "Luch" and is suspected to be military.

    It could be.


    "The focus of this text is on the successful launch of the Proton, however the most important this mission is the payload. The Olimp satellite is an improved version of the Luch series, and there are two important milestones in this mission. The completion of the Russian Satellite Data Relay Network with worldwide coverage and the possible test of some key technologies in aiming at future ELINT missions from geostationary orbit. ELINT in GEO is something new for Russia which has always used LEO missions series Tselina"

    João Dallamuta · FAE Business School

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Russia_launches_Proton_M_rocket_after_accident_999.html
    Thanks for the added info... There seems to be an information war over the payload, some say its an upgrade, others say it is completely new...

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    Russian Military Satellite

    Post  Austin on Mon Oct 20, 2014 4:55 pm

    Russia to have 9 new military satellites by 2020

    http://en.itar-tass.com/russia/755238

    The data transfer speed will grow to 8 megabits per second, and up to 100 Mbit/s on some directions




    MOSCOW, October 20. /TASS/. The throughput capacity of Russia’s military satellite communications system will quadruple by 2020 due to the replenishment of the orbital group with nine spacecraft, Deputy Chief of the General Staff Maj.-Gen. Khalil Arslanov said.

    “The orbital group of military-purpose communications satellites will be replenished with nine modern spacecraft by 2020,” Arslanov, who is also head of the Russian armed forces’ Main Communications Department, said.

    Arslanov said the data transfer speed will grow to 8 megabits per second, and up to 100 Mbit/s on some directions.

    On Monday, Russia’s Signal Troops mark their 95th anniversary.

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Thu Jan 22, 2015 9:03 pm

    After US space shutle orbiting for years around the globe it was on the Russians to prove that they could kill it Laughing Laughing Laughing

    Kosmos-2499: Is it a spy or an assassin... or both?

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  George1 on Tue Feb 03, 2015 12:07 pm

    Russia to Launch Two Military Satellites This Month

    In early February, a new light-class Soyuz-2.1v rocket will take a new-generation military spacecraft into space. Another launch is slated for the end of the month.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) – Two military satellites are scheduled to be launched this month from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia, a space industry source told RIA Novosti Tuesday.

    “The first launch of 2015 has been tentatively scheduled for early February,” the source said. “A new light-class Soyuz-2.1v rocket with the Volga booster, designed by the Progress space design bureau, will for the first time take a new-generation military spacecraft to orbit.”

    During the second launch, slated for late February, a medium Soyuz-2.1a rocket will orbit another military satellite, the source said.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20150203/1017700227.html#ixzz3Qg9s9SRn

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Tue Feb 03, 2015 10:31 pm

    Most likely first of the new generation EW satelites Shoigu announced at the end of 2014 to be launched in the Q1 of 2015.

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Rmf on Fri Feb 06, 2015 12:20 am

    russia does have launchers ready, but satelite production is suffering due to western sanctions.

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Rmf on Sun Mar 01, 2015 12:16 am

    military payload , bars-m , no film return capsules for russia anymore, all 10 launches planned from plesetsk in 2015 are military.
    http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/organizations/roscosmos/first-bars-m-spy-satellite-russian-military-heads-sky/

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  George1 on Sun Mar 01, 2015 2:47 pm

    At 6:01 a.m. EST (14:01 MSK, 1101 GMT) Friday, a Soyuz-2-1a rocket lifted off from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the town of Mirny, north of Moscow, Russia, carrying the first Bars-M spy satellite for the Russian military. As is typical for classified Russian military missions, the launch was not broadcast.

    Limited information has been made available, but the payload has not been kept a complete secret. Bars-M is a cartography satellite, designed to map the Earth from above to keep Russian military maps as up-to-date as possible. This particular series of mapping satellites will use digital imaging and, evidently, downlink the footage instead of using the old film-return technique to bring the maps back. Older cartography satellites relied on the ability to parachute spent film back to Earth for review and use.

    Bars-M began its life in the 1990s as simply “Bars” and was created to be a replacement for the Kometa (Yantar-1KFT) satellites. The Kometa spacecraft were film-return satellites that the USSR developed in the 1970s and used, through the transition from USSR to Russia, from the 1980s to 2005. Each Kometa carried a TK-350 topographic camera TK-350 and a KVR-1000 high resolution camera in order to create large topographic maps. They used a Yantar bus module, which has been around since the 1960s and which was used recently on the Lotos-S satellite, and a Zenit-based film return capsule that could be re-used a few times.

    Each Kometa could orbit for about 45 days before returning the film capsule, which meant the Soviet Union needed to launch them somewhat regularly in order to maintain accurate maps. According to a report from SEN, “The USSR tried to launch at least one orbital cartographer per year, however during the post-Soviet economic collapse of the 1990s, such missions became more and more infrequent.”
    Soyuz 2-1A prior to launch as seen on Spaceflight Insider

    Soyuz 2-1A prior to launch. Photo Credit: Russian Space Web

    Accurate maps are no minor concern for soldiers in a combat zone. According to SEN, “Russian military maps were quickly growing obsolete. According to veterans of wars in Chechnya, inaccurate maps further complicated a nightmare scenario of urban warfare in this breakaway Russian republic.”

    Thus the Bars project was born. It would be built on the Yantar bus as well, and would employ “topographic electro-optical imaging system consisting of a wide-angle and high-resolution camera and a set of laser altimeters,” according to Spaceflight101. However, in the early 2000s, the project halted due to issues with both funds and technical details. The delay “led to a decade-long gap in operational space-based cartography capabilities,” according to the same report.

    The contract for the Bars-M satellites, the upgrade and reboot of the unfinished Bars, was signed in 2007 and included an expected first launch by 2012. TsSKB Progress, or Progress State Research and Production Space Centre, was contracted to develop a satellite bus different from the familiar Yantar. TsSKB-Progress operates under the jurisdiction of Roscosmos and is based in Samara, Russia. Leningrad Optical Mechanical Association (LOMO) developed and built the imaging system payload. Yet technical difficulties prevented it from being completed when desired, pushing that first launch to today, about three years late.

    So far, the Russian military has ordered at least six satellites in this line. Each has a life expectancy of five years.

    http://www.spaceflightinsider.com/organizations/roscosmos/first-bars-m-spy-satellite-russian-military-heads-sky/

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    4 new satellites in orbit ..... Nice

    Post  Viktor on Tue Mar 31, 2015 6:27 pm

    4 new satellites in orbit ..... Nice  thumbsup


    2015 March 31: A Rockot booster launched three Gonets-M satellites comprising Block No. 14 of the Gonets-D1M network and a classified military payload. According to the official media, the Rockot/Briz-KM lifted off on March 31, 2015, at 16:48 Moscow Time. The Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed the on-time launch and the presence of the fourth military payload onboard the launch vehicle. The payload section separated from the second stage of the launch vehicle at 16:53 and the spacecraft were expected to reach its orbit at 18:45 Moscow Time.

    The mission was previously planned for March 3, 2015, however, around one day before a scheduled liftoff, the rocket had to be removed from the launch pad and returned to the assembly building for additional checks of engines on the first or second stage of the booster. The inspections were apparently triggered by recent ICBM tests.

    LINK

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