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    Russia: Space News and Discussion

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    GarryB
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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Mon May 14, 2012 10:07 am

    Nice... thanks for posting... Smile

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Sujoy on Tue May 15, 2012 9:15 am

    Awesome Pic . Thanks for sharing .

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    Elektro-L images

    Post  Austin on Thu May 17, 2012 2:21 pm

    nice Shocked

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    Russia : Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Thu Dec 27, 2012 4:08 am

    This thread is for general Russian Space news other then GLONASS and Angara for which we have seperate thread.

    Start with an interview of Vladimir Popovkin Head of FSA

    Interview with head of the Federal Space Agency Vladimir Popovkin


    Head of the Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) said "News" for new missile launch site and the construction industry layoffs Directors

    This past year was full of events for the Russian space industry - was reform in the industry, the fate of Roscosmos, the outgoing head of the largest companies, funding for space programs set new records. That has been done and what is planned for next year, in an interview with Ivan Cheberko said the head of the Federal Space Agency Vladimir Popovkin.

    - Vladimir, emerged as the final year for the space industry?

    - December 19, completed a campaign starting this year. Performed in 28 starts, placed in orbit 35 satellites. Unfortunately, due to malfunction of the upper stage "Briz-M" into orbit does not come spacecraft "Express-MD2" and "Telkom-3." In another run, "Breeze" not completed a few minutes, but the device "Yamal-402" will be delivered at the scheduled January 8 point and placed under the control of OAO "Gazprom Space Systems." Detailed assessment of the state of the satellite to be done when the "Yamal" take his position, but it is certain he will be able to work at least 11 years.

    Two start-up with Russia have been held with Spaceport in French Guiana, and three - under the "Sea Launch". The total number of runs a little less than in 2011 (not counting starts from the platform "Sea Launch" from the Guiana Space Centre in 2011, the Russian Federation has implemented 32 launch. - "News"). But keep in mind that the amount of the global market starts declined slightly in recent years, resulting in almost all the countries in this year launched less than in the past. This is due to the fact that to date, the geostationary orbit was almost full, passed the stage of modernization of satellites, and the demand for launch services decreased. However Russia its position in the global market kept: a third launch our missiles carried.

    - What about the industry as a whole?

    - Preliminary results show an increase in the volume of production in the aerospace industry by 14.9% in 2012 compared to the previous year. This growth is largely due to the state armaments program and increased funding under the Federal Space Program.

    Average wage of the industry this year amounted to 33 thousand rubles, which is 10% higher than last year.

    A very important result was the launch of full-scale work on the creation cosmodrome Vostochny in the Amur region. The starting complex and technical segment is made zero cycle: elevated foundation, actively works on creation of supporting infrastructure - power grids, roads and railways. There is no reason to say that we do not have time in 2015 (in the presidential decree on the establishment of the Baikonur East 2015 is designated as the date of the first run with the new spaceport. - "News"). If we can maintain the current momentum - to meet the deadline.

    During the year, replaced the heads of several companies, including the Khrunichev Center, "Russian Space Systems", "Technomash." Task to change all the leaders we have, of course not, but in general I can say that in the next year are assumed to be replaced.

    - Several leaders were difficulties with re-certification, in particular the head of the main scientific unit of Roscosmos - TsNIIMASH Gennady Raykunova ...

    - After re-evaluation was replaced by Director of NGO "Technomash" Alexander Kotov, there are questions for Chapter KB "Arsenal" Michael Sapieha. Roskosmos was forced to send a commission to the St. Petersburg company that she thoroughly understand the situation from the inside. After the scan, a decision is made, including on personnel matters.

    In March next year the contract expires CEO TSNIIMASH, and it was decided not to certify. At the beginning of next year will be a competition for the right to replace the post, then we will see what to do next.

    - You have decided on the candidates for the post of "Russian Space Systems"?

    - The names of specific applicants called premature, but the process of change of leadership in the RCC goes. Yuri Urlichich November 16 submitted his resignation from the post of CEO. After that, with the Federal Property Management Agency Roscosmos and Economic Development to prepare a proposal on which the guidelines were issued by the government representatives of the interests of the Russian Federation to the RCC to participate in the meeting of the Board of Directors. December 10 The guidelines were approved. According to them, the Board of Directors on December 19 appointed temporary sole executive body of PKC Andrew Chimiris until the election of director general. On the same day came the decision of the extraordinary general meeting of shareholders to terminate the authority PKC Urlichich.

    - As the fate of the team Urlichich the RCC? Most of these people openly opposed configured in relation to you personally and to the Russian Space Agency.

    - I'm not against the opposition. But the opposition is relevant in business. Differences of opinion, views - this is normal. Always less likely to be mistaken as to listen to all sides. On PKC activity but we have a lot of questions. This structure includes the Institute of Space Device Engineering, and it is so problematic for us a site that we had to go to the western market and buy there equipment control relay. The new leadership of the RCC will solve these problems.

    - How is the investigation of the criminal case of embezzlement of funds allocated under the Federal Program PKC on GLONASS?

    - This question is for the authorities conducting the investigation.

    - Is it true that appeal to you with the request to provide the investigation meeting with your deputy, Anatoly Shilov, who allegedly failed to appear for questioning?

    - There is the mystery of the investigation, which I do not want to disturb.

    - Russia is indeed in talks with Kazakhstan's Baikonur cosmodrome status change, as stated recently head Kazkosmos Talgat Musabayev?

    - To change the fundamental inter-state agreement on rent Baikonur until 2050 the question. The treaty was signed by the heads of states and ratified by the parliaments of the two countries. Kazakhstan is seeking to develop its own space program - to establish cooperation with Astrium satellite production. There is an agreement between Russia and Kazakhstan to build launch complex "Baiterek".

    Today, the heads of governments of Russia and Kazakhstan decided to raise the level of intergovernmental commissions on Baikonur. The Russian side was headed by First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov. We agreed that the first meeting of the commission will be held next March in Baikonur. But to speak of the transfer of Kazakhstan or finishing lease prematurely.

    Separately, the question is on the complex "Baiterek". Talgat Musabayev was made many claims to the Russian side, including the construction budget. But because the cost of construction of the launch complex at $ 1.6 billion was not taken by us from the ceiling. And if our partners there are questions, we are ready to show the cost of establishing a similar launch pad for "hangar" at Plesetsk. If we bring to mind some of the stages of discussions prospects "Baiterek", we can see that there is not all depends on the amount. For example, a long time could not agree on a place in the starting complex. Kazkosmos insisted on the 40th floor, our experts convincingly argued that this is unrealistic. Then there was no agreement on the processing facility. And so on a variety of issues. Today, my colleagues from Kazakhstan are discussing the possibility of replacing the project "Baiterek" booster "Angara" to "Zenith".

    - We are talking about the use of the starting position, which is currently leased to Russia?

    - Yes.

    - But in addition, Kazakhstan has recently interested in acquiring a significant stake in the company "Kosmotras", specializing in foreign exchange carrier launches "Dnepr" ...

    - Besides, the government commission on foreign investment has already approved the deal. We think this is absolutely normal. If Kazakhstan wants to participate in this business, let them participate. For us it is also beneficial as part of Kazakhstan "Kosmotras" most likely will remove questions about the provision of fields fall. This is one of the vexed questions. But you first need to make a decision on the extension of the "Dnepr".

    - This summer, the media were two unauthorized statements by Defense Ministry's uneconomical to continue the program "Dnepr".

    - In those conditions, which were before, it really was not appropriate. But now our partners in Ukraine agreed to change the proportion of funding and reimbursement of costs in the project. They opened us all the financial components. We are now in conjunction with the Ministry of Defense analyze these materials, and in the near future will be decided.

    - It will be positive?

    - Possibly.

    - Representatives of Kazakhstan has been concerned with the intent to build a launch pad for "hangar" at the Baikonur East?

    - We are not in a hurry, with the decision to build a position for "hangar" in the East. Our design institute, some work in this direction, but we are not forcing them to start flight tests.

    - Testing the "Angara" Plesetsk be able to hold as scheduled - this summer?

    - Some behind schedule there, but today, and builders, and manufacturers of ground equipment shall take all measures in order to eliminate the backlog by March next year. March for us - it is control point. This month, to begin testing with gruzomaketom with the refueling layout, and have full confidence in the fact that we test flights "Angara" next year will hold, but the exact date can talk in March.

    - The missiles are ready?


    - Easy to cook. Weight will be made in the I quarter of 2013.

    - How do you assess the process of withdrawing from bankruptcy of the "Sea Launch" by RSC "Energia"?

    - "Sea Launch" - is unique from a technical point of view the project. But in financial terms the situation is extremely complicated. It has been estimated that by 2017 planned output from bankruptcy, but these calculations have to check again, to deal with the debt burden of the project. Are now doing, and we, and the Board of Directors of "energy."

    - Based on the RSC "Energia" now forming one of the largest holding companies in the aerospace industry. At the same time, the process of business combination into larger structures of several stalled amid debate in ways government reorganization Roskosmos. Whether approved to date forms and terms of association in holding?

    - The main proposals in this regard have been taken by us at the Board of Roscosmos. We are now finalizing the decisions of the board, in order to present them in January at the Military Industrial Commission. In the I quarter of next year, our proposals could be approved in principle, and then holding on to each system project will be developed, which will detail the scenario painted by the association.

    - Do you plan to create engine-holding?


    - Apparently, it will create a single holding of launch vehicles, which will include and the Khrunichev Center, and Central Design Bureau "Progress". But there will be a sub-holding for engine building, where, as seen, will the NGO "Energomash" Design Bureau Chemical Automation, Voronezh Mechanical Plant, "Proton PM" and a number of other organizations.

    - Holding of carrier rockets will be created under the Khrunichev Center?

    - Not really. "Khrunichev" and TsSKB "Progress" will be included in the holding equals. As well as, for example, the United Shipbuilding Corporation includes "Sevmash", "Admiralty Shipyards", "Northern Shipyard". No one is absorbed. Also intend to do and we are. And engine sub-holding is not close to "Khrunichev" or the Samara Space Center, and the management company.

    - As a result, RSC "Energia" lose control over NGOs "Energomash" in the near future?

    - It was not quite right when the "Energy" by NGOs "Energomash".

    - It's not complicate the "Energy" business with "Sea Launch"?

    - And how this can complicate the corporation business with the "Sea Launch"?

    - Having received the NGO "Energomash" in control, "Energy" was able to sign with the company very best for you contract to buy engines for "Sea Launch" - at a cost of $ 10.6 million in a single RD-171M. Well below the price of the same engines under the Federal Space Program - $ 16.6 million each in 2010 prices. These figures are in the auditor's report, which states clearly that the management company has forced NGOs "Energomash" sell engines below cost.

    - This year, the NGO "Energomash" contract for the supply of engines for $ 14.5 million That was before, do not want to talk. I myself could not understand much, including - as might sell engines below cost if the charter company says that the goal is profit. At least now drives are purchased from the manufacturer above cost.

    - What are the results of the test gave Roscosmos NGOs "Energomash"?


    - The test will be carried out until February next year. Should wait for the results. I note that she is not with us for someone to punish, but to first find out in the future to prevent the processes that may threaten the enterprise. The NGO "Energomash" very good science school, a very good test base. There's a well-organized production engines. Americans buy RD-180 energomashevskogo production and are now talks with us about the possibility of acquiring promising RD-193.

    - How they want to use the RD-193?


    - To develop their carriers. They were convinced that the Russian company makes a quality product. Best liquid rocket engines in the world. And it is easier to buy than to catch up in this area. That is why we are extremely important to maintain the NGO "Energomash" and ensure its development.

    - Are there any plans to increase the share of Russian Federal Space Agency of the state in the authorized capital of the RSC "Energy" to the control?

    - Yes, we have already put the matter in question to the owners of the enterprise. That is, to those who owns shares RSC "Energia". This corporation does today's most advanced things in the direction of manned spaceflight: promising manned spacecraft, new modules for the ISS. But in terms of modernization of the enterprise is now not in the best condition. This is due to the fact that the former management and founders feared the erosion of its share in the company as a result of the government's investment program aimed at retooling.

    We have had talks with the owners of RSC "Energia", and they are not fundamentally opposed to the investment program, which is likely to be held in the framework of the Federal Space Programme 2016-2025 period. In these terms plans to create long-term transport vehicle will develop a strategy for further development of manned space flight, including from the point of view of a lunar mission.

    - What is the possibility of new space tourism to the ISS? The media has reported that singer Sarah Brightman is already preparing for the flight ...

    - We are not opposed to training, but so far we have no contract to that effect has been signed. By agreement between Roscosmos and NASA planned extremely long expedition to the ISS crew of two in 2015, people will spend at the station for a year. At the same time, the warranty term of the spacecraft "Soyuz" in orbit - no more than six months. That is, during the extremely long expedition ship docked to the ISS needs to be changed. Question - how to do it? You can put it in two tourists and 10 days to return back. The second option - to do some expedition. But the 10-day expedition is impractical - in fact it will be hidden in the performance of tourism trained astronauts. You can extend the life of the expedition up to 40 days, but then on the ISS will not be six and nine. All this pulls the start of another cargo ship "Progress", and this is serious money we are unlikely to find, as the program up to 2015 is already laid out. Therefore, we have not decided who to put in two free seats. Send our trained astronaut to have it on 10 days to fly there in fact a tourist by the state - perhaps it is not entirely justified. Moreover, our European colleagues have told us that they would like to purchase a vacant chair for her astronaut. Now we weigh all the "pros" and "cons." Plan to take a decision in the I quarter of next year.

    - The emergence of supply chains ISS ship Dragon somehow affects the interests of the Russian Federation?

    - Nothing wrong with that I do not see. We have contractual obligations with NASA until 2016, inclusive, and any changes to them are not provided. The appearance of the ships Dragon allows us some offload capacity, used to create the cargo ship "Progress". Tense production schedule for production of the four "Unions" and six of "progress" for the annual run, forcing us to move to three-shift schedule. And for all of our regulations all performed for space programs at night forbidden to do. Specialists and supervisors should be with a clear head, because these measures provide a higher reliability of our equipment, used for manned programs.

    - On the question of the reliability of space equipment. Recently, the preparation of the launch of Sputnik "Glonass-K2" from Plesetsk representatives of the State Commission disagreed to the fitness of the upper stage "Fregat". Representatives of the Ministry of Defense "razgonnik" rejected, file a claim with the manufacturer - Lavochkin. At the same time, the head of the enterprise Victor Hart says that the device is suitable and ready for launch. You have to understand the situation?

    - In order to continue these discussions did not occur, we will offer to take Defense spacecraft, launched on their behalf, in orbit. That there was no dilution of responsibility, someone must answer one. Whatever was said, but "Frigate", which is mentioned in this context, took the military office of the Ministry of Defence. And when one side says that the booster is not ready, I'm having very serious doubts that he knows the situation better than the manufacturer and specialists of the military office. So this "Frigate" flight, and all the needs of the state commission, we will consider.

    - At what stage is the agreement with the European Space Agency project ExoMars?

    - The agreement in principle to work there. The agreement will be signed. We begin to finance the project.

    - To what extent?

    - Enough to realize it.

    - And from Russia in the project, in addition to the launch vehicle, something else is needed?

    - One of only a rocket, our participation is not limited. We were able to agree on the following scheme of interaction: in 2016, "Proton" launch to Mars European orbiter, which will be installed several Russian scientific instruments and our experimental lander.

    Then, in 2018, will go to the Red Planet, the rover unit, equipped with a wide range of European and Russian scientific equipment that will allow for the first time in history to get a sample of Martian soil from a depth of several meters. In this scientific data will be relayed through the orbiter mission of 2016.

    December 21, I had a telephone conversation with the head of the ESA, Jean-Jacques Dordenom, and we agreed to go to the signing of the agreement in the I quarter of next year. We have a mutual understanding that the delay due to the complexity of formal procedures of the ESA. Until 20 January, we agreed to coordinate the text of the agreement up to the last comma.

    - For some more co-operation with ESA projects planned? As part of re-implementing the project "Phobos-Grunt", for example? ..

    - We have an agreement with them to cooperate in the Martian project. We are moving in sync across the moon on joint projects studying the Sun, studying Ganymede - satellite of Jupiter. On all these issues, working groups, whose purpose - to prepare the agreement. In general, the future implementation of major space projects is impossible without international integration.


    Ivan Cheberko

    George1
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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  George1 on Thu Dec 27, 2012 1:12 pm

    Russia Launches $70 Bln Space Program for 2013-2020

    MOSCOW, December 27 (RIA Novosti) - Russia will spend 2.1 trillion rubles (about $70 billion) under a state program for the development of the national space industry in 2013-2020, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said on Thursday.

    “The total volume of funding is quite significant: 2.1 trillion rubles, including extrabudgetary sources,” he said.

    The program is designed to ensure the country retains its position as a leading global space power, while also supporting its defense capability, and boosting economic and social development, Medvedev said.

    “The program will enable our country to effectively participate in forward-looking projects, such the ISS [International Space Station], the study of the Moon, Mars and other celestial bodies in the solar system,” he said.

    Dmitry Paison, director for development at the Skolkovo space cluster, told RIA Novosti that the program provides the framework for other space-related programs.

    “It comprises the Federal Space Program, the Federal Special Program for the Development of the Glonass System, the program for the development of space launch centers and the non-classified part of the program for the technical modernization of the industry,” he said.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Thu Dec 27, 2012 2:18 pm

    Nice , Hope they manage to retain their comptitive edge with that kind of spending

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  flamming_python on Fri Dec 28, 2012 2:14 pm

    That's $10 billion a year; not half bad - but I just have a feeling that the whole space-industrial complex, space agency, etc... still have rot and necrosis from the 90s in places; it's going to take a while to clean it all out.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  TR1 on Mon Dec 31, 2012 9:03 pm

    http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/27216/#comments

    NPO Energomash received a contract to deliver 30 RD-180 engines to the US within the next 5 years, for use in Delta-5 rockets.

    Through previous contracts, 63 engines have already been delivered, 40 of which have been used up.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Tue Jan 01, 2013 1:42 am

    Very sensible of the Americans BTW... they can buy these engines at a fraction of the cost of developing new ones of their own and the result is the most powerful rocket engines available at a price they couldn't make it for themselves even if they had developed them for free.

    Very sensible.


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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Viktor on Tue Jan 01, 2013 1:16 pm

    TR1 wrote:http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/27216/#comments

    NPO Energomash received a contract to deliver 30 RD-180 engines to the US within the next 5 years, for use in Delta-5 rockets.

    Through previous contracts, 63 engines have already been delivered, 40 of which have been used up.

    US rockets are being alienated with Russian rocket engines and RD series is not the only one. Check out NK-33 from legendary N-1

    project that was supposed to take out Russians on Moon now being core of US Antares rocket.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Tue Jan 01, 2013 10:28 pm

    All the money being invested by the Russian government and spent by NASA on Russian rockets will likely lead to even better rockets being developed.

    They still need powerful rockets to get heavy objects into space, though they are working on nuclear powered rockets for use in space as a sort of space tug to go to the planets or to clean up earth orbit.

    The vehicle for cleaning up earths space rubbish could collect the material and then melt tiny particles that can be accelerated to enormous speeds in a centrifuge and then ejected down back to earth at an angle that gives the space craft extra speed or less speed to help it move to a higher or lower orbit to collect more debris. The material thrown back to earth will simply burn up in our atmosphere and no longer represent a threat to satellites.


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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Viktor on Tue Jan 01, 2013 10:49 pm

    GarryB wrote:

    They still need powerful rockets to get heavy objects into space, though they are working on nuclear powered rockets for use in space as a sort of space tug to go to the planets or to clean up earth orbit.

    Angara should settle that problem. Light version of that rocket powered with RD-191 is supposed to fly this year.

    Missile is modular and by adding more RD-191 to it will make missile heavier.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Wed Jan 02, 2013 12:52 am

    But then they are also working on a new rocket to replace the SS-18 so a new rocket motor that does not run on cryogenic fuels will be needed too.

    I suspect they will want a dedicated heavy lift space rocket too... if they are planning moon bases they will need a very big very powerful rocket to do the job.

    The old Energyia could launch 32 ton payloads to the moon... I am not sure if Angara can match that... certainly the 120 ton to earth orbit performance of Energyia would be useful in rapidly getting a space station into orbit and service quickly... a larger station with nuclear power and ion propulsion for station keeping and a hydroponics lab for producing food and breathable air while removing CO2 and dealing with human waste would be very useful practise for space stations orbiting the moon or Mars or indeed bases on the surface of both places.


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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Wed Jan 02, 2013 4:07 am

    I think Angara is the future as far as space launches goes once they streamline the test , production and various models of it.

    Right now Russia is using different launch vehical with different engine causing quite a few failures.

    Angara will have the same reliability as Europe Ariane 5 i read

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Wed Jan 02, 2013 8:59 am

    The main purpose of Angara is its increase in performance means the Russians can afford to launch further north in Russian territory and will be less reliant on the Baikanour launch facilities further south.

    The advantage of launching further south is that you get more of a rotational kick from the rotation of the earth the closer you launch to the equator. The main point behind Sea Launch and indeed the French space launch facilities in French Guyana is that it is more efficient to launch close to the equator than it is up north or down south for that matter.

    The other purpose of course is that the Russians use a range of rocket types, and some of the lighter ones are based on old ICBMs like the SS-18 and therefore have Ukrainian parts and components, so having a new rocket family that can handle lighter loads right through to loads that would go up on Protons means they can be all Russian systems launched from the new Russian space port and Pletesk (spelling) (the old Russian space port).

    They might have had a few technical failures recently, but most of their launch vehicles still have very good reliability performance records.


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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Wed Jan 02, 2013 12:35 pm

    I dont think that was the key criteria of Angara at best those might be one of the advantages wrt to launch site.

    AFAIK the key criteria for Angara was to reduce the type of launch vehical that Russia operatered , go for a modular approach for launch vehical from Light to Heavy with maximum commonality possible and improve the launch reliability significantly.

    Arian-5 is probably the bench mark in reliability that Angara would love to catch up with.

    Recent launch failures and partial failures have spoilt the name of Russian in this industry as Medvedev has said and I cant agree with him more.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  GarryB on Thu Jan 03, 2013 9:10 am

    Arian-5 is probably the bench mark in reliability that Angara would love to catch up with.

    What a strange thing to say... Angara has not been launched yet so it has had zero failures and the same number of successes.

    Ariane 5 has had only about 60 launches... perhaps when it has had 1,000 launches we can look at its reliability performance?


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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Thu Jan 03, 2013 11:23 am

    Angara is still on drawing board so cant compare to Arian-5 but i think Arian-5 has a good record so far and so is Soyuz from Russia it has the best record , I am sure Arian 5 would love to catch up with such record and even Angara.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Sat Jan 05, 2013 8:09 am

    By 2020, the Russian orbital spacecraft be 113 vehicles - Popovkin

    MOSCOW, December 27. (ARMS-TASS). By 2020, the orbital be 113 spacecraft, told a meeting of government head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin."The implementation of the state program will be rolled orbital spacecraft in the 95 satellites by 2015, and 113 - to 2020", - he stressed.

    The priorities of the state program called the head of Roscosmos ensure the presence of Russia in space, guaranteed delivery to space satellites and other devices, the needs of science, the implementation of human spaceflight. "Why is this third priority - because, in principle, up to 2020, mainly to operation of the ISS. At the same time, we are planning to do groundwork for new manned facilities that will be deployed and will be a weighty practical implementation after 2020" - said Popovkin.

    The main problem of the industry he called unwillingness space industry to-date, according to ITAR-TASS. "The contradiction work, because of the expansion of space-based services and the increasing challenges to be solved with the use of rocket and space technology, have led to a tightening of requirements for prospective models. Also there was a systemic problem space industry lies in the inconsistency of its capabilities to the new demands of the state and world space market, "- said the head of Roscosmos.

    According to Popovkin, all the necessary instructions to address this systemic problem is given, and organized their execution. "Just in January, we will be reporting the need for changes in management options space industry and the need to change the very space industry", - said the head of Roscosmos.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Tue Jan 15, 2013 1:37 pm

    After six years on the ISS Russian modules will be 7

    Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation issued a state program "Space activities of Russia in 2013 - 2020 years"

    Until 2020, Russia will have to land on the moon automatic station "Luna-Resource" and to create a vehicle for manned mission to our natural satellite. Also, after 8 years we have developed technologies naplanetnoy interplanetary missions and activities. These plans set out in the State Russian space program for 2013-2020 years, which allocated 2.1 trillion. rubles.

    While in 2011 the share of space industry of Russia in world output of rocket and space technology was 10.7%, in 2015 it promises to Roscosmos, tighten to 14%, and by 2020 - to 16%. Such growth will be possible by providing our technology modern radiation-resistant electronics, what it lacked in recent years.

    Three main priorities


    The program established three main priorities. The first concerns the development and application of space technology, applications and services for the social and economic sphere. The second priority is to create space for the benefit of science. Directly manned spaceflight program delivered in the third.

    "Proton" replace "Angara"

    By 2020, according to the program will be established and put into operation a new space rocket complex "Angara-A5." Booster "Angara-A5" (produced by the Center. Khrunichev) experts attribute to a class of missiles that can orbit 28.7 tonnes of payload. For the record, currently operating carrier rocket "Proton" is able to display up to 20 tons, and developed in the USSR in the NGO "Energy" booster "Energy" - more than 100 tons. Last - super-heavy carrier rocket carrying capacity equal to that not a single country in the world. She was successfully flight-tested in 1987 and 1988, respectively. However Roscosmos leadership made a bet on the development of "Angara", which many industry experts consider outdated.

    In GLONASS satellites will be 113

    Patriotic GLONASS satellite constellation to meet public needs and high precision navigation services should increment 95 spacecraft in 2015, and 113 devices in

    2020. The system will be updated with new spacecraft "Glonass-K" with increased functionality. By 2015, the system will provide location accuracy consumers about 1.4 m, and in 2020 - about 0.6 m

    ISS will grow two modules

    By 2015, expanded the Russian segment of the International Space Station will replenish the 6th module, and in 2018 - the 7th module. It is assumed that the total production of the rocket and space industry, compared with 2011 increased by more than double.

    In 2020, we developed the Moon

    With regard to research in the field of astrophysics, the program provides for the creation of three space-based observatories - "Spectrum-UV", "Spectrum-M" ("Millimetron") and "Gamma 400" for studies of astrophysical objects. Geochemistry and planetary wait, finally, the deployment of the program in-depth study of the Moon - the mission of the orbiter "Luna-Glob" landers "Luna-Resource" and the mission to deliver to Earth samples of lunar soil for details. In addition, the whole class would develop new technologies - technologies naplanetnoy interplanetary missions and human activities. As for a manned flight to the Moon, it is also planned. In particular, the creation of advanced manned transportation system capable of manned missions to our nearest satellite, scheduled for 2018.


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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  dino00 on Sun Jan 27, 2013 12:57 pm

    Russia to review new spaceship design for manned lunar mission

    January 27, 2013 Ivan Cheberko, Izvestia

    The lead designer of manned spacecraft at RSC Energia talks about the new interplanetary spaceship in development.

    On Feb. 1, the science and engineering board of the Russian Federal Space Agency will review the design of a manned spacecraft that will replace the current Soyuz spaceship in seven or eight years.
    The new generation ship has a rather checkered history: finalized preliminary designs for the project had to be revised when its original designation as a transport ship to deliver freights to low Earth orbit was upgraded, and it became an interplanetary vehicle capable of taking humans to the moon.
    The lead designer of manned spacecraft at RSC Energia, Nikolai Bryukhanov, speaks to Izvestia about how they managed the project.
    Izvestia: What changes had to be introduced to the project when the decision was made last year to prepare for a manned lunar mission?

    Nikolai Bryukhanov: Changes were introduced to the design specification in April 2012. It seemed minor at first, but it necessitated major modifications in the work that we had been doing on the ship since 2010.
    First of all, the velocity of atmospheric entry was changed. In the previous configuration for the orbital vehicle, we had all our calculations based on the velocity of 8 kilometers [4.9 miles] per second, and now we have to change it to 11 kilometers per second.
    This is a huge difference: the new vehicle must have at least twice the kinetic energy as one that returns from low Earth orbit. This energy is converted into heat, so the thermal protection cover must be totally different.
    The problem is that, since the Buran project was shut down more than 20 years ago, we have had no research in heat protection; we have made no progress whatsoever.
    We had to conduct research of our own on a very tight schedule, to complete the work that others took decades to carry out. We managed to do it, and air tunnel and plasmatron trials were successful.
    Ballistics was another challenge — easily the most complicated task when you’re talking about flying to the moon. Our country is far from the equator, and our position is quite poor as far as payload deployment is concerned. In order for a re-entry vehicle to get back to a Russian landing range, we need to deal with increased energy consumption and fit into the narrow “windows” to launch the vehicle from lunar orbit.
    Izvestia: Where will the landing ranges be located in Russia?
    N.B.: We are planning to have them in the southern regions. The vehicle will return to Earth via the South Pole, so the farther north the landing site, the more challenging the task.


    However, we also need to think about emergencies — for instance, if the crew has health problems and we have to return the ship to Earth. We must be able to do this at any time, but if the “windows” are so narrow, there is a safety issue.
    The propulsion system should, therefore, be able to produce an impulse that is strong enough to bring the ship back to Earth. However, low Earth orbit ships require an impulse of hundreds of meters per second, whereas a lunar ship needs a much more powerful thrust.
    It was hard, but we offered a flight procedure that allows the ship to get back to Earth in case of emergency. The propulsion bay got a big bigger, because we need about 8 tons of fuel in there.
    Otherwise, the original concept remained: a re-entry space shuttle landing on shock-absorbing blocks (that is, without the “tumbling” that is typical of Soyuz).
    Izvestia: Were the priority research sites on the moon factored in your calculations?
    N.B.: We took on a major challenge to land on the polar orbit of the moon. If we manage to land there, then we’ll be able to land virtually anywhere on the moon in the future.

    Furthermore, it is the polar regions that attract researchers the most. That’s why we chose a universal trajectory to address multiple tasks.
    Izvestia: Have changes been introduced to the equipment design of the ship?
    N.B.: Some things had to be changed. We need to upgrade the radio systems, because the distance is greater. The life support system must be built on different principles, because it is one thing when astronauts travel to an orbital base (and it takes them two days, at the most) and a totally different thing when they travel to the moon.
    We must have a more reliable system, because we can return a cosmonaut from the [International Space Station] any time, but it takes at least three-and-a-half days to fly from the moon. We also had to revise the thermal control, electrical power and some other systems.
    Overall, the entire project had to be revisited — we had to redo the work that we did in 2011 and early 2012.
    Izvestia: Theoretically, when do you think the new ship will be ready for test flights?
    N.B.: It’s hard to say. The adopted schedule includes specific project stages, and the most expensive stage starts now. As soon as we complete design documentation, we will have to build test units, including experimental ships to test drop-offs from planes, launches, emergency rescue systems, etc.
    We are working on the assumption that we have to be ready with the unmanned version by 2018.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Wed Jan 30, 2013 6:46 pm

    "Imagine how we felt hurt"
    CEO NPO. Lavochkin explained why the failure of the project "Phobos-Grunt"

    http://lenta.ru/articles/2013/01/29/laspace/

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Fri Feb 01, 2013 8:50 am

    Another Sea Launch Failure ....guess the first launch failure for Russia in 2013

    Sea Launch Zenit 3SL with Intelsat 27 fails during first stage flight

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  TR1 on Fri Feb 01, 2013 9:13 am

    I thought Zenit was Ukranian, and the whole project multinational.

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    Re: Russia: Space News and Discussion

    Post  Austin on Fri Feb 01, 2013 7:45 pm

    Russia is 2nd biggest stake holder with 25 % stake , US 40 % and Ukranian 15 %

    Any ways it seems the first stage engine just shut off abnormally and Russia is responsible for the 3rd Stage Block-DM SL.

    Any ways a bussiness loss if Sea Launch Shuts off ,Not that Proton dont have their own share of problems to deal with.

    I just hope Russia has better luck with Rocket Launches in 2013.

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