Leading specialists in aerodynamics from the whole world going on Aviation salon MAKS-2009, which will be held from 18 to 23 August at the airport named Leah Gromov in Zhukovsky near Moscow, aircraft manufacturers intend to introduce the latest scientific advances in the design of supersonic aircraft, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Council member under President of Russian Federation for Science and High Technology, academician Vladimir Fortov.
Flights in a cloud of plasma
"As part of the MAKS-2009 for the first time in Russia will be held international conference FLUCOME-2009 on the aerodynamics. Until Russia Similar events were held only in the United States, China and Japan. That it will be on flights for hypersound", - told the agency interlocutor.
"Civil aviation continues to fly at subsonic speeds, and there are objective reasons. But the future - for hypersound, and the task of science - to remove existing restrictions in this field. One of them - control airplane at high speeds when the steering elements of the wings and tail feathers are very heavy loads because of the powerful free-pressure air stream ", - explained the academician.
Plasma flow in a supersonic wing
"One of the ideas born in Russia (and here we have a fairly high priority), is that during the flight to sverhzvuke wing to create a flow of plasma. The free-air enters the area of electric discharge becomes ionized gas, which can be controlled under the influence of the magnetic field. This difficult, but chained to the development of great interest not only here but also abroad: Western and Russian manufacturers are very interested and have already begun to finance these developments, "- noted Fortov.
How to manage "plazmoletom?"
He described how this aircraft can operate.
"You can imagine it like this: when you sit down to a normal flight, you can see the wing, where there are controls: Ailerons, flaps, etc., moved with the help of levers and hydraulics. And when you go to sverhzvuk, efforts to will need to attach to these elements, because of air resistance is extremely high, and not every hydraulic system with the right "- he said.
"Withdrawal is that, for example, the front edge of the wing, you can artificially create a plasma discharge. He even visually could be considered as free-flow of air acquires other properties and will be lit. Managing this flow, you can confidently manage and own a plane" - confident Acad.
According to him, the second area being developed by Russian scientists, is to create a straight air-breathing aircraft engine does not require, unlike the current sample set the compressor and turbine. Experts now understand how to control the turbulent combustion of fuel in a supersonic flow. On this subject already promising developments, and not only for the needs of aviation, but also to create a new generation of cruise missiles.
In aerodynamics Russia - to key positions
"When specialists choose a place in the world where they meet at the conference, they necessarily take account of how a high level on this issue in a particular country: it is the most important criterion, otherwise they simply will not come. The idea of this: as many practitioners arriving at the MAKS-2009 from around the world to read and with the fundamental ideas that have not yet implemented, but can change the entire face of aviation. Research in the field of aerodynamics, combustion, mechanics, composite materials - this is an area where Russian Scientists continue to occupy a worthy position in the world ", - assured Vladimir Fortov.
Interest "Sukhoy: Fighter 5 th generation, and not only
According to Vladimir Fortova, the latest developments of Russian scientists in the field of aerodynamics especially interested in the head of the company "Sukhoi".
"Mikhail Pogosyan Aslanovich, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, one of the most naukolyubivoy part of the aviation community. It is truly interested in the new composite materials, and supports our research, although this is not his direct responsibility. It's no secret that this is now the most popular trend in military aviation is to make the fighter 5 th generation of funds for low radar enemy. It is a complex problem, and it is linked not only with themselves radio absorbing coatings, but also the aerodynamics of a fighter, "- said Academician Fortov.
It will not be like "Stealth"
"Dry" has a great deal of attention to research in the field of aerodynamics and radio absorbing cover. Developing a company "Sukhoi" fighter 5 th generation will not have "chooped form the fuselage, as American planes invisible, made on technology Stealth", but be sure to cover radio absorbing cover <plasma> will assure members of the Presidency of the Russian Federation for Science and High Technology Vladimir Fortov.
Composites for the SuperJet-100 and MC-21
He said the company "Sukhoi" very carefully and creatively applies to research conducted by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In particular, the draft of a new regional plane Superjet-100 in the composite materials also took place in the testing of one of the institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Much attention is being paid at present the latest development of the domestic aviakostruktorov - civilian aircraft next generation of MS-21.
Air show MAKS-2009: Mecca for professionals and a holiday for young people
According to academician Vladimir Fortova, MAKS-2009 air show in Zhukovsky is important not only for world-class manufacturing companies and aircraft from around the world. Equally important is his moral and political significance: the citizens of the country can come to the airfield on Saturday and Sunday, 22 and 23 August to show their children the latest achievements of world aviation, and the best pilots.
"I say so because, at each air show in Zhukovsky I meet boys and girls with burning eyes, genuinely enthusiastic aviation. They look at the latest generation of aviation, and see the people who created all this. It is a huge boost to self-identity: I does know that, as grown at a military airfield near Moscow campus, and the age of three with his own eyes saw the test aircraft, which had impressed on me for life. Our young people must know that apart from time with TV and view the "Chornukhi "to pour out on the screens every day, there is great science, which leads the world forward, and I think it is very important, hence the importance of MAKS air show for the education of future generations of aviators is difficult to overestimate," - concluded Vladimir Fortov.
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