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    Roscosmos planetary missions:

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    George1
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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Jun 01, 2015 9:43 pm

    Roscosmos issued a tender for development of a replacement for Phobos-Grunt
    Russian Aviaton » Monday June 1, 2015 14:03 MSK

    Roscosmos issued a tender for preparation of a technical proposal for development of a spacecraft designed to deliver soil samples from Phobos (satellite of Mars) to Earth. The corresponding documents were posted at the website dedicated to state procurement, TASS reports.

    “The aim is to prepare a technical proposal for development of Bumerang spacecraft designed for exploring satellites of Mars – Phobos and Deimos, as well as delivering soil samples from Phobos to Earth,” said in the documents.

    According to the draft Federal Space Program, Roscosmos is going to repeat a mission aimed at getting the soil samples from Phobos (natural satellite of Mars) in 2024. According to the document, the spacecraft will be launched in 2024 in the network of Ekspeditsiya-M (Mars-Grunt) project.

    The mission assumes delivery of the soil samples from Phobos to Earth. 10,3 billion rubles will be allocated for this project during 2016-2025 period. This is twice as much as a sum specified in the draft program elaborated last year (5,1 billion rubles). In addition, the launch of the spacecraft in the previous version of the program was scheduled for 2025.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Jun 15, 2015 3:51 pm

    Russia presenting model of Luna-25 Moon exploration spacecraft at Le Bourget Air Show 2015

    The spacecraft is supposed to land on the pole of the Moon for the first time in 2024

    MOSCOW, June 15. /TASS/. Russian space agency Roscosmos and United Rocket and Space Corporation (URSC) are taking part in Le Bourget Paris Air Show 2015 which opened on Monday.

    The Roscosmos press service said that aerospace company NPO Lavochkin is presenting the model of Luna-25 spacecraft (from Luna-Glob project) which is planned to start Moon exploration in 2024, according to Federal Space Program for 2016-2025.

    "It is worth noting that the spacecraft will for the first time land on the pole of the Earth’s satellite, while all other spacecraft previously landed on the Lunar equator," Roscosmos said.

    NPO Lavochkin will also present Spektr-RG space telescope which is due to start operating in March 2017 at Langrangian point (1.5 million kilometers away from the Earth) and continue exploration in the framework of the Spektr-RG project.

    Roscosmos head Igor Komarov, URSC acting general director Yury Vlasov and largest space companies’ managers are holding talks with partners from Europe, Japan and US about further cooperation in "peaceful space," the press service added.

    Russian space and rocket corporation RKK Energia will present a promising transport spacecraft of the new generation (PPTS - Prospective Piloted Transport System) at Paris Air Show. According to the Federal Space Program, it will be launched by the Angara carrier rocket from the Vostochny spaceport in 2021.

    "TsNIIMash [Central Research Institute of Machine Building] is presenting a unique experimental base for resource, durability and static tests of carrier rockets, large-sized units and rocket stages. There are no similar bases of ground experimental processing of carriers with such characteristics in Europe, it is the only such base in Russia - maximal height at 20 meters, and diameter - at 16 meters," Roscosmos said.

    Le Bourget Paris Air Show is one of the largest and most prestigious aerospace exhibitions in the world. It is held every two years near Le Bourget airport on the outskirts of Paris. The air show was first held in 1909. In 1949, demonstration flights became part of the air show. USSR first took part in the exhibition in 1937, and Russia regularly participates in the air show.

    Le Bourget Paris Air Show which opened today will run until June 21. More than 2,000 companies from 46 countries are taking part in the air show, including 37 Russian companies.


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sat Jun 20, 2015 2:30 am

    Russia to Land Space Vessel on Moon's Polar Region in 2019 - Source

    Russia's spacecraft, projected to land on the moon in 2019, is undergoing trials.

    LE BOURGET (Sputnik) – Russia’s lunar research is currently undergoing “Earth trials” before landing on the moon in 2019, a Russian delegation member connected with the development of the space vessel said at an airshow outside Paris on Friday.

    “As of today, the main construction documentation has been started and the models for independent and complex trials have been prepared,” the delegate said.

    Russia plans to land a research vessel, called Luna-25 (Moon-25) on the moon’s polar region instead of the equator, where all other landings have been centered.

    Russian scientists decided to land the spacecraft on the south pole of the moon, as they consider it an area of particular interest.

    The researchers plan to explore internal structure of the moon and the impact of the cosmic rays and electromagnetic radiation on the lunar surface, and to search for natural resources in the area.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/science/20150619/1023557318.html#ixzz3dYd1Iik5


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sat Sep 19, 2015 1:24 am

    Launch of Russia-EU Space Probe to Mars Will Be Postponed

    The launch of a space probe to Mars under a joint Russia-EU research program will be delayed until March 14, 2016, for technical reasons, a Russian space industry source said Friday.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — The launch of a Russian Proton space rocket carrying the ExoMars-1 orbiter from the Baikonur space center in Kazakhstan was originally scheduled for January 7, 2016.

    According to the source, an official confirmation of the delay is expected to be announced shortly.

    "The launch will be postponed due to two technical issues, which are not in the scope of Russia's responsibility," the source said.

    "There's nothing alarming in the delay as the 'launch window' allows us to carry out the launch on March 14 and deliver the spacecraft to Mars, with the help of Proton, on time," the source stressed.

    In 2012, the European Space Agency and the Russian Federal Space Agency Roscosmos agreed to develop the so-called ExoMars program, with the objective of investigating the environment on Mars and finding out whether life has ever existed on the planet.

    As published on the European Space Agency's website, two missions are planned within the ExoMars program for 2016-2018. In 2016, the ExoMars project will launch an orbital probe to Mars, followed by a landing on the Martian surface by a lander module. In 2018, a Mars rover probe is expected to explore the surface of the planet.

    After the European Union introduced sanctions against Russia over its alleged role in the Ukrainian internal crisis, concerns mounted that Europe-Russia collaboration on Mars exploration could be hampered.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/science/20150918/1027203414.html#ixzz3m8SliawB


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sun Sep 27, 2015 11:08 pm

    Russia Gets Ready for New Moon Landing



    Russia's Space Research Institute is building a space probe to send to the Moon, which will allow Russian scientists to carry out scientific research on the Moon's surface for the first time since unmanned Soviet spacecraft landed there in the 1970s.

    The Russian Space Research Institute has given Gazeta.ru an exclusive look at the engineering of the Russian space probe which will be the first to land on the Moon' surface since 1976, and give Russia's researchers the opportunity to explore the Moon' surface in depth.

    "The main difference from Soviet missions, which brought back space material to Earth, is that research will be carried out directly on board the probe," explained Vladislav Tretyakov, a researcher in nuclear planetology at the Russian Space Research Institute [IKI].

    "Secondly, we must ensure survival during lunar nights, which back then was only achieved only by our 'Lunokhod' rover."

    "And of course, this is the first polar mission, insofar as all the previous missions, including ours and those from other nations, were [conducted] at equatorial latitudes."

    Most of the instruments for the spacecraft, named 'Luna-Globe' are being made at the IKI; a life-sized model of the probe is currently being exhibited for visitors to the International Air Show in the Moscow suburb of Zhukovsky.

    The probe is slated to land in 2016 in the Boguslavsky crater, near the Moon's South Pole, where its four television cameras will immediately begin taking footage of the area. Another two cameras will observe the work of the probe's digging tool and a further two will assist it so that it might move around safely.

    In order to survive the harsh nighttime conditions on the Moon, when the temperature can fall from daytime highs of 123 degrees celsius to as low as minus 153 degrees, Luna-Globe is fitted with a radioisotope thermoelectric generator, which provides power by converting the heat generated by the decay of the plutonium-238 isotope into electricity.

    The probe's digger, which itself is fitted with an infra-red spectrometer, will hand its findings to the probe's laser mass and neutron gamma spectrometers for analysis.

    Another instrument will study the composition of the thin lunar atmosphere, while ceramic plates on the probe will inspect the surface to determine the size, speed, and energy of its dust.

    In addition to the instruments built at the IKI, a device made by the Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry will study the thermal properties of lunar soil.

    Like the 'Lunokhod' and the US Apollo space missions before it, the reflectors which Luna-Globe takes to the Moon will allow mission scientists to track its smallest movements, and in such a way investigate its internal structure.

    "This mission is a scientific-technological one. We want to carry out scientific experiments there, but this is a technological mission in the sense that we need to return to the Moon, learn how to land, and survive the lunar night, since a lot of what was achieved in the 1970's has been forgotten," explained Tretyakov.

    "We Need to Return to the Moon" — Journalists from gazeta.ru explored the Luna-Globe in detail.

    The Russian Space Research Institute, where the spacecraft is being constructed, was founded in 1965 under the auspices of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and is now part of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

    The most important IKI missions were conducted in the 1970s, notably the Venera spacecraft mission series; the Venera ships were the first spacecraft to enter another planet's atmosphere, make a soft landing, and return images and high-res radar mapping studies; Venera remains the only spacecraft to have completed a successful landing on Venus.

    In the 1980s and 90s, despite financial difficulties, IKI managed to lead two particularly successful scientific projects; the Interball project to study various plasma processes in the Earth's magnetosphere, and the Granat X-ray and gamma ray astronomy mission to carry out deep imaging of the galactic center and study black hole candidates.

    Since the 2000s, the IKI has been involved in a range of international research collaborations, including the Mars Odyssey and Mars Exploration Rovers with NASA, and the Mars Express, Venus Express and INTEGRAL missions, carried out jointly with the European Space Agency.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/russia/20150828/1026297351.html#ixzz3myWwhIdT


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    George1
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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Sep 28, 2015 9:21 pm

    Russia and US to resume talks on joint mission to Venus

    Talks on a joint mission to study Venus were due a year ago, but were stopped because of the sanctions against Russia

    MOSCOW, September 28. /TASS/. Russia and the US will resume talks on a joint mission to study Venus — a year after sanctions stopped the talks, head of the Space Research Institute Lev Zeleny said on Monday.

    "The negotiations will begin early next week," he told TASS.

    Prior to that, during a news conference in Moscow he said talks on a joint mission to study Venus "were due a year ago," but were stopped because of the sanctions against Russia.

    He said the mission may take place after 2025.

    "The NASA delegation has been discussing the project as a joint one," he said.

    The project will use Russia’s Venera-D (Venera is Venus in Russian), where "D" stands for Dolgozhivuschaya (long-lasting) — the first Russian project in the post-Soviet period aimed to explore Venus.


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Wed Oct 28, 2015 3:46 pm

    Russia Slates Manned Moon Landing for 2029

    Russian cosmonauts are expected to make their first steps on the Moon in 2029.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) – A manned lunar landing by Russian cosmonauts is planned for 2029, the head of the Russian Space Agency Energia said Tuesday.

    “A manned flight to the moon and lunar landing is planned for 2029,” Vladimir Solntsev said during a space technology conference in Moscow.

    The Energia chief, a spacecraft components manufacturer, said Russian scientists were building a new spacecraft made of composites specifically for moon missions. Its maiden flight is scheduled for 2021.

    In 2023, the spacecraft is due to dock with the International Space Station, with the first unmanned lunar mission set for 2025.

    According to earlier reports, Russia plans to land a Luna-25 research vessel on the south pole of the moon instead of its equator, where all other landings have been centered.

    The plan is to explore the internal structure of the Earth’s only natural satellite and the impact of the cosmic rays and electromagnetic radiation on its surface, as well as to look for natural resources in the area.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/science/20151027/1029159144/russia-moon-landing-2029.html#ixzz3psEh0MzF


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    kvs
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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  kvs on Thu Oct 29, 2015 3:48 am

    George1 wrote:Russia Slates Manned Moon Landing for 2029

    Russian cosmonauts are expected to make their first steps on the Moon in 2029.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) – A manned lunar landing by Russian cosmonauts is planned for 2029, the head of the Russian Space Agency Energia said Tuesday.

    “A manned flight to the moon and lunar landing is planned for 2029,” Vladimir Solntsev said during a space technology conference in Moscow.

    The Energia chief, a spacecraft components manufacturer, said Russian scientists were building a new spacecraft made of composites specifically for moon missions. Its maiden flight is scheduled for 2021.

    In 2023, the spacecraft is due to dock with the International Space Station, with the first unmanned lunar mission set for 2025.

    According to earlier reports, Russia plans to land a Luna-25 research vessel on the south pole of the moon instead of its equator, where all other landings have been centered.

    The plan is to explore the internal structure of the Earth’s only natural satellite and the impact of the cosmic rays and electromagnetic radiation on its surface, as well as to look for natural resources in the area.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/science/20151027/1029159144/russia-moon-landing-2029.html#ixzz3psEh0MzF

    They better give this composite spacecraft a strong magnetic field to deflect the relativistic electrons and protons that can pass through even 0.25 inch
    aluminum like it was not there. Being irradiated by these high energy electrons and protons can be lethal depending on luck, for example if the
    solar CME is intense and directed aimed at the spacecraft.

    I think we will see the truth of the lunar landing of the 1960s in the 2030s. I find it bizarre how none of the Apollo astronauts noted the
    eyes full of sparkles effect that the Shuttle astronauts observed when the Shuttle followed a high orbit (about 1000 km above the surface
    instead of the usual 350 km). The Shuttle astronauts really did go on this trip and experience the electron flux in the Earth's complex
    Van Allen belts. One can question whether the Apollo astronauts ever ascended beyond LEO.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Nov 30, 2015 1:24 pm

    Russian manned mission to Moon to require up to six Angara rocket launches — source

    According to the source, the launches are planned to be carried out in pairs from the Vostochny cosmodrome and the Plesetsk cosmodrome with small intervals between the blast-offs

    MOSCOW, November 30. /TASS/. The organisation of Russia’s manned mission to the Moon will require from four to six launches of the Angara-A5V heavy-lift carrier rocket from the Plesetsk and Vostochny spaceports, a source in the rocket and space industry told TASS on Monday.

    According to the source, a manned flight to the moon is possible under a scheme envisaging two coupled launches. First, a lunar take-off and landing complex is placed on a low Earth orbit, and then the upper stage with effective cryogenic propellants is orbited. The third launch orbits a manned spacecraft, and the fourth - another upper stage. After docking of the lunar take-off and landing complex with the manned spacecraft on the lunar orbit, the crew descends to the Moon surface inside the lunar take-off and landing complex, carries out the research program and returns to orbit. After that the spaceship returns to Earth.

    Also, another coupled Angara-A5V launch will be needed before the manned flight to deliver and deploy the first expeditionary unit of the lunar base on the Moon.

    "Thus, Russia’s first full-fledged expedition to the Moon would require six launches of the Angara-A5V rocket," the source said.

    Previously, head of the Energia Rocket and Space Corporation (RKK Energia) Vladimir Solntsev said that the flight to the Moon would require four Angara launches.

    According to the source, the launches are planned to be carried out in pairs from the Vostochny cosmodrome (the Amur region in Russia’s Far East) and the Plesetsk cosmodrome (Archangelsk region in the northwest) with small intervals between the blast-offs. Under the proposed scheme, after the orbit placement, the complex with a total weight up to 70 tonnes will be docked with the manned spacecraft, after which it will fly to the Moon. A payload of 18-20 tonnes will be delivered to the lunar orbit by the end of the mission.

    According to a preliminary plan, Russia’s first manned flight to the Moon is possible in 2029. One year ahead of that it is planned to conduct a flight around the Moon, the testing and qualification of space systems for the future manned landing. However, this project may become a reality only if the work to create a new-generation manned transport spacecraft, the Angara-A5 rocket, lunar boosters and other needed rocket and space technology and infrastructure is included in the draft Federal Space Program for 2016-2025.

    In September, Russia’s Federal Space Agency Roscosmos announced that it will send a lander, Luna 25, to the Moon's south pole in 2024. After touchdown, the lander will investigate the lunar surface for future lunar bases. The Luna 25 mission was initially proposed in 1997 and has since suffered a number of delays, but it seems that with Europe's aid the mission could finally get the jump-start it needs. Construction of the spacecraft has already begun.

    Russian Space Research Institute (IKI) has recently revealed details about the upcoming Luna 25 (also known as Luna-Glob lander) mission that is being developed by the institute. The Luna 25 mission will include instruments that will carry out scientific research on the lunar surface and deliver detailed data about the Moon’s composition. The IKI-made instruments - such as LIS-TV-RPM (providing IR spectrometry of minerals, and TV imaging) and PmL (responsible for studying the lunar dust and micrometeorites) - will be supported by tools developed in collaboration with universities in Sweden and Switzerland. The probe will also feature the ADRON-LR instrument that will make active neutron and gamma-ray analysis of regolith. Another significant payload, ARIES-L, will measure the Moon’s exosphere plasma. The mission is included in the Federal Space program of Russia for 2016-2025. The launch of the Luna 25 spacecraft is currently planned for 2024. The continuation of the Luna program could be the beginning of Russian plans to establish a lunar base sometime in the 2030s. The proposed base would include a solar power station, telecommunication station, technological station, scientific station, long-range research rover, landing and launch area, and an orbiting satellite.


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Thu Dec 24, 2015 3:37 pm

    Roscosmos and ESA: Spacecraft EXOMARS 2016 Mission arrival at Baikonur











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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Wed Sep 21, 2016 9:15 am

    Does anyone know in what stage is Luna-Glob program??



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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Thu Nov 24, 2016 1:16 pm

    Russian company to produce lander module for Exomars-2020 mission in 2019 — source

    Russia’s Lavochkin Company will complete fabrication of a lander module with a platform for the second stage of Exomars space mission scheduled to 2020

    MOSCOW, November 21. /TASS/. Russia’s Lavochkin Company will complete fabrication of a lander module with a platform for the second stage of Exomars space mission scheduled to 2020, a source in the space industry told TASS on Monday.

    "The unit consists of two components - flying and landing modules. It is intended to complete production of the unit and the landing platform nine months’ prior to launching the second Exomars mission, that is, in 2019," the source said.

    Lavochkin has already started fabrication of the unit and the platform, the source said. "Their comprehensive tests will be carried in Europe," he added.

    The second phase of Exomars mission is scheduled to 2020. Dispatch of the Russian landing platform and the European Mars rover is provided at this stage of the research project. Drilling and testing of Mars soil will be the key objectives of the stage. Researchers believe traces of organic life may be preserved at the depth of several meters.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/913766


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Wed Nov 30, 2016 9:26 am

    Russia gives up project for delivering lunar soil to Earth

    A Luna-Glob probe, to be sent to the Moon, is expected to practice the landing phase


    KOROLYOV /Moscow Region/, November 29. /TASS/. Russia has given up the project for delivering lunar soil to the Earth, the science doyen of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Astronomy, Boris Shustov, has said.

    "Originally, there was a plan for five probes. Now four are left," he told the science conference Cosmonautics in the 21st Century.

    A Luna-Glob probe, to be sent to the Moon, is expected to practice the landing phase. Also, there will be two orbiters and one probe meant for landing on the Moon’s surface - Luna-Resurs. "The Moon program has aroused many issues," he said. Originally, there was a fifth project, called Luna-Grunt, for delivering samples of regolith.

    More:
    http://tass.com/science/915284


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