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    Roscosmos planetary missions:

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    George1
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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Thu Jul 31, 2014 3:03 pm

    Russia close to sending sustainable mission to Mars

    Experts make efforts to restore communication with Foton-M research satellite
    MOSCOW, July 30. /ITAR-TASS/. Russia has come closer than other countries to launching sustainable long-term manned space missions, an expert said on Wednesday.

    “We expect positive results from experiments. Then we will be able to say whether or not we know how to provide for the vital life sustenance of cosmonauts during a long mission,” Vladimir Uiba, head of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency told ITAR-TASS.

    He said man would fly to Mars and beyond in the future, but “without experiments like those we are doing on Foton [satellite] no one can say how to provide sufficient supply of oxygen, food and so on for such a long flight”.

    Uiba said no one in the world had such information, “neither the United States no China”. “We have come closer to the answer as our Fotons allow us to model life-support systems for people,” he said.

    Russia’s Foton-M satellite, control of which was restored on July 26, is functioning as usual, the Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) said.

    “As of July 28, seventeen communication sessions have been held. We are continuing experiments in accordance with the program,” the Agency told ITAR-TASS.

    Foton-M No. 4 was orbited on July 19, 2014 with five lizards, fruit flies, plant seeds and microorganism aboard. They were supposed to land in the Orenburg region two months after the launch.

    Control of the satellite was lost several hours after the launch. It took seven days to restore it.

    Roscosmos Head Oleg Ostapenko said 90% of the research program would be implemented regardless of the technical problems.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sun Aug 03, 2014 10:46 pm

    Manned Moon Mission to Cost Russia $2.8 Bln – Space Research Institute

    MOSCOW, August 3 (RIA Novosti) – A manned mission to the Moon will cost Russia 100 billion rubles (about $2.8 billion), Igor Mitrofanov, laboratory director at the Russian Academy of Sciences' Space Research Institute said Sunday.

    “An estimated cost of one project aimed at the development of an automatic lunar station is 10 billion rubles (about $280 million). The project is to be completed in five or six years. The manned lunar mission will cost ten times more,” Mitrofanov told reporters during the COSPAR Scientific Assembly in Moscow.

    He elaborated that prior to the manned flight it is necessary to “learn to conduct the Moon landing all over again,” and automatic lunar stations are needed for this purpose.

    According to Mitrofanov, one of the Space Research Institute’s partners is currently developing three stations called Luna-25 (Luna-Glob project), Luna-26 and Luna-27 under the Luna-Resource project.

    He elaborated that Luna-25 and Luna-27 are landers aimed to run for one year, whereas Luna-26 is an orbiter, which will monitor the Moon for two years.

    Mitrofanov stressed that within the next ten years lunar bases will likely to be created.

    A mission to the Moon has become one of Russia’s top priorities in space. Russia plans to launch three lunar spacecraft — two to surface and one to the orbit — by the end of the decade.

    The first mission, the long-delayed Luna-25, is slated for launch in 2016 and land at the Moon’s South Pole. The next two missions will include an orbiter to monitor the Moon in 2018 and a lander with a drill to search for water ice in 2019.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Aug 04, 2014 2:35 am

    Russian Moon missions face three-year delay

    Unmanned lunar missions designed to revive Russia's troubled deep-space exploration program will lift off three years later than previously promised. An official announcement of the nation's space science program at a major scientific summit in Moscow revealed significantly delayed launch dates for a trio of lunar probes.

    During the 40th assembly of the Committee on Space Research, COSPAR, opened in Moscow on Saturday, Lev Zeleny, the director of the Space Research Institute, IKI, revealed latest schedule for the Russian planetary exploration and space science program. Although all previously approved projects still remain on the table, the nation's series of lunar missions face a domino effect of delays. Russia's first post-Soviet attempt to land on the surface of the Moon was pushed back from 2016 to 2019. Known as Luna-Glob or Luna-25, the unmanned lunar lander was designed to test landing techniques for future lunar missions. On the political front, the successful landing of the Luna-Glob would be a signal to the international scientific community that Russia is back in the planetary exploration business after the 2011 fiasco of the Phobos-Grunt mission. As a result, space agencies around the world would be much more confident that their investments into scientific cooperation with Russia would not be "lost in space."

    A three-year delay of the Luna-Glob mission was dictated by a huge pressure on the Russian industry to develop and adequately test a complex landing system for the European ExoMars rover. The Russian space agency, Roskosmos, found itself in the driver seat of the European-led ExoMars program almost overnight, after NASA had bailed out, leaving the flagship project on the brink of cancellation. As a result, the European space agency, ESA, had no choice but to ask Russia to contribute its Proton rocket for the launch and also share the development of the rover's landing platform. Due to a combination of technical and economic problems, none of the Soviet or Russian space probes had ever succeeded in conducting science on the surface of Mars.

    Ironically, the ExoMars rover itself will most likely face a delay from 2018 to 2020, even though all official Russian and European schedules still list 2018 as the launch date.

    However, if ExoMars has to wait until 2020, the Luna-Glob launch in 2019 will still precede the liftoff of ExoMars in 2020.

    Two remaining unmanned lunar missions in the approved Russian space program were pushed into 2020s. The lunar-orbiting mission, alternatively known as Luna-Glob-2, or Luna-26, was delayed from 2018 to 2021. In turn, the second lunar lander Luna-Resurs (a.k.a. Luna-27) equipped with a full complement of scientific instruments was now postponed from 2019 to 2023.

    If successful, these missions might pave the way to a repeat of the Phobos-Grunt mission now provisionally promised to fly in 2024. More realistically, it could lift off sometime in the second half of 2020s.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  Viktor on Mon Aug 04, 2014 12:39 pm

    Mars mission scheduled

    Russia will lander for a new mission "EkzoMars 2018"

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Aug 04, 2014 2:28 pm

    Russia to focus on Moon, Mars exploration, repeat Phobos-Grunt mission

    MOSCOW, August 02, /ITAR-TASS/. Russian scientists will focus on Moon and Mars exploration and repeat the Phobos-Grunt mission in the next decade, Space Research Institute Director Lev Zeleny said on Saturday.

    “The Moon and Mars are our priority for 2016-2025,” he said at the 40th COSPAR Scientific Assembly underway in Moscow on August 2-10.

    The Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) in partnership with the European Space Agency will be carrying out two stages of the ExoMars mission in 2016 and 2018.

    In 2016, Roscosmos is planning to join Europe and Japan in the BepiColombo project.

    In 2017, it will orbit the Spektr-RG telescope and send a Russian rover, Luna-Globe, to the Moon in 2019, for the first time in years.

    An UV observatory is to be launched in 2020; an orbiting module and a dropship are scheduled to be sent to the Moon in 2012 and 2023, respectively.

    After thoroughly testing lunar and Martian technologies, approximately in 2024, Russia, may repeat its Phobos-Grunt mission to Mars’ satellite Phobos to collect its soil and bring it back to Earth.

    Russia is planning a manned mission to the Moon in 2030-2031, Roscosmos First Deputy Head Alexander Ivanov said in July.

    “In our programme this [manned mission to the Moon] is scheduled for 2020-2031. This programme [Federal Space Programme for 2016-2025] is being coordinated now,” he said.

    When asked when the first settlement might be built on the Moon, Ivanov said this question was much more complex and needed additional attention.

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    mars missions

    Post  George1 on Mon Aug 11, 2014 2:26 am

    Russia to create new landing platform for Mars exploration program

    MOSCOW, August 04. /ITAR-TASS/. Russian specialists will create a new landing platform and several unique scientific instruments for ExoMars-2018, a joint exploration mission with their European colleagues, a space official said on Monday.

    “Under the current agreements, Russia will not only provide launch vehicles and some scientific instruments, but it will also create a landing module for the ExoMars-2018 mission,” Daniil Rodionov of the Space Research Institute, who is also the Russian manager of the joint project, said at the 40th COSPAR Scientific Assembly underway in Moscow on August 2-10.

    A dropship being created by the Lavochkin Production Association, will deliver the Russian landing platform and a European 300-kg Mars rover to the planet.

    Stage One of the ExoMars project includes a European orbiting module and a dropship. The orbiting craft TGO (Trade Gas Orbiter) is intended for studying trace gas in the atmosphere and the distribution of water ice in Mars’ soil.

    The 'Rocknest' site, which has been selected as the likely location for first use of the scoop on the arm of NASA's Mars rover Curiosity
    Russia close to sending sustainable mission to Mars
    The Space Research Institute is making two instruments for the TGO. One is intended for studying the chemical composition of Mars’ atmosphere and climate; the other one for chartering high spatial resolution maps showing the distribution of water ice in the upper layers of the planet’s soil and radiation monitoring equipment.

    The institute will hand over the instruments to the European Space Agency at the end of the year. After the rover with the Russian instruments rolls off the landing platform, the latter will start monitoring daily, seasonal and yearly processes on the planet’s surface. It is designed to operate for one Martian year (approximately 1.8 Earth years).

    Russia has also come closer than other countries to launching sustainable long-term manned space missions, Vladimir Uiba, head of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency told ITAR-TASS.

    “We expect positive results from experiments. Then we will be able to say whether or not we know how to provide for the vital life sustenance of cosmonauts during a long mission,” he said.

    Russia, European Space Agency to cooperate on Mars Moon mission
    He said man would fly to Mars and beyond in the future, but “without experiments like those we are doing on Foton [satellite] no one can say how to provide sufficient supply of oxygen, food and so on for such a long flight”.

    Uiba said no one in the world had such information, “neither the United States no China”. “We have come closer to the answer as our Fotons allow us to model life-support systems for people,” he said.

    Deputy Director of the Institute of Biomedical Problems, Oleg Orlov, said a biosatellite, Bion-M j 2, would be orbited as part of the program in 2019. It will be followed by another one, Bion-M j 3, approximately in 2022. Also, Vozvrat-MKA spacecraft will be launched in 2021 and 2025.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  Mike E on Mon Aug 11, 2014 7:13 am

    India ends cooperation with Russia on Luna-Resurs
    Following the Phobos-Grunt launch fiasco in 2011, all planetary exploration and science projects in Russia faced uncertain future. Luna-Resurs and Luna Glob missions were now expected to fly no earlier than 2016 or 2017. According to unofficial sources, both projects were reverted back to the experimental phase, making possible another major redesign of the missions. In the meantime, in April 2012, the Indian space agency, ISRO, announced that Luna-Resurs would not fly until its GSLV rocket logs two successful missions beginning in September or October 2012.
    On August 7, 2014, the Minister of State for Science and Technology of India Jitendra Singh told the Indian parliament that the nation's space agency, ISRO, would launch the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft on its own, essentially ending the project's dependency on Russia. According to the new design, Chandrayaan-2 will now feature an indigenously built lunar lander, instead of the previously planned Russian platform. The all-Indian Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft could fly in 2016 or 2017.

     - Russianspaceweb.com

    George1
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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sat Oct 04, 2014 12:52 pm

    Russian scientists develop unique rover descent system for ExoMars project

    MOSCOW, October 3. /TASS/. Russian scientists have created a unique descent system for a Mars rover, Space Research Institute Director Lev Zelyony said on Friday.

    “Our European colleagues want to achieve maximum security for the rover so that it could roll onto Mars’ surface in any direction, if need be,” he said.

    “We have developed such a system. It has been decided to make two access ramps which will allow the rover to roll off the landing platform,” Zelyony said.

    Russian scientists will focus on Moon and Mars exploration and repeat the Phobos-Grunt mission in the next decade, Zelyony said earlier.

    The Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) in partnership with the European Space Agency will be carrying out two stages of the ExoMars mission in 2016 and 2018.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sat Oct 04, 2014 12:53 pm

    Russia postpones automatic lunar exploration program until 2018

    MOSCOW, October 3. /TASS/. Russia has postponed the start of its automatic lunar exploration program from 2016 until 2018, Space Research Institute Director Lev Zelyony said on Friday.

    “They [the timelines] have been changed from 2016 to 2018. These are Luna Globe and orbiting Luna [program],” he said, adding that there should be no further delays.

    “We want to implement three lunar projects this decade: Luna-25, Luna-26 and Luna-27,” he said.

    Zelyony said these timelines have been set in the Federal Space Program proposed by the Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos).

    Russian scientists will focus on Moon and Mars exploration and repeat the Phobos-Grunt mission in the next decade, Zelyony said earlier.

    “The Moon and Mars are our priority for 2016-2025,” he said.

    Russia’s space agency plans to launch full-scale Moon exploration in 2020-30
    The Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) in partnership with the European Space Agency will be carrying out two stages of the ExoMars mission in 2016 and 2018.

    In 2016, Roscosmos is planning to join Europe and Japan in the BepiColombo project.

    In 2017, it will orbit the Spektr-RG telescope and send a Russian rover, Luna-Globe, to the Moon in 2019, for the first time in years.

    A UV observatory is to be launched in 2020; an orbiting module and a dropship are scheduled to be sent to the Moon in 2012 and 2023, respectively.

    After thoroughly testing lunar and Martian technologies, approximately in 2024, Russia, may repeat its Phobos-Grunt mission to Mars’ satellite Phobos to collect its soil and bring it back to Earth.

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    Lunar missions

    Post  Mike E on Fri Oct 10, 2014 4:15 pm

    Russians may land on the Moon by end of next decade — Roscosmos

    MOSCOW, October 10. /TASS/. Russia’s Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) has worked out the outer space exploration program that also includes exploration of the Moon, Roscosmos representative Yuri Makarov told a news conference at TASS on Friday.

    “This year, together with the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurchatov National Research Center, Rosatom (State Atomic Energy Corporation) we have prepared the outer space exploration program. It is ambitious not only in terms of funding, but also in terms of technical devices’ production,” he said. “The Moon is the program’s cornerstone,” the official added. 
    Director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Lev Zeleny said for his part that Russian cosmonauts in the middle of the next decade would fly over the Moon and by the end of decade may land on it. Initially, the Moon exploration will be conducted by the Luna-26 and Luna-27 automatic landers.

    Russia will need the European soft landing system for landing its Luna-Resurs probe on the Moon. The corresponding agreement between Roscosmos and the European Space Agency (ESA) is currently being considered by the Russian government, Maksim Martynov, first deputy chief designer of the NPO Lavochkin Research and Production Association, said Friday.
    “This project is planned to be implemented in international cooperation. The interagency agreement is now undergoing a reading procedure in the government under the aegis of Roscosmos in order to attract Western technology for the project,” Martynov said.
    “The time has come when no country is able to handle such major projects alone without international cooperation. Our European partners are expected to supply the safe landing system,” he added.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Tue Jan 13, 2015 12:31 am

    Russia-EU Mars Research Program to Be Completed: Roscosmos

    The deputy head of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) stated that the works on ExoMars were well under way and two missions will be launched in 2016 and 2018.

    MOSCOW, January 12 (Sputnik) — Works on Russia-EU Mars research program ExoMars will be completed, and two missions will be launched in 2016 and 2018, Sergei Savelev, deputy head of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos), said.

    "Works on ExoMars are well under way. Our partners from the European Space Agency have repeatedly reaffirmed their desire to implement the project together with Russia. In 2016 a special Mars orbiter will be launched, and its main goal will be to explore the planet's atmosphere. Moreover, it will serve for the data exchange with the Mars rover," Savelev told Rossiyskaya Gazeta newspaper in an interview that will be released on Tuesday.

    According to Savelev, a lander will also descend on Mars to test soft landing. The main part of the program will be carried out in 2018, when a Mars rover with scientific instruments, including the Russian ones, will land on the planet.

    As published on the European Space Agency's website, two missions are planned within the ExoMars program for 2016-2018. In 2016, the ExoMars project will launch an orbital probe to Mars, followed by the landing on the Martian surface of a lander module. In 2018, a Martian rover probe will be launched to explore the surface of the planet.

    In 2012, the European Space Agency and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) agreed on developing the so-called ExoMars program with an objective to investigate the Martian environment and to find out whether life ever existed on the planet.

    After the United States and its allies introduced several rounds of sanctions over Russia’s alleged role in escalating the Ukrainian crisis, there have been fears that Europe-Russia collaboration in Mars exploration could be hampered.


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon Jan 19, 2015 10:09 pm

    Russia to send Venus exploration mission in 2025 — designer

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  AlfaT8 on Tue Jan 20, 2015 12:49 am

    George1 wrote:Russia to send Venus exploration mission in 2025 — designer
    Misleading tittle, i thought it was a manned mission, lame. Sleep

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  kvs on Tue Jan 20, 2015 4:44 am

    George1 wrote:Russia to send Venus exploration mission in 2025 — designer

    It would be really something if they managed to design a lander that could operate at 700 K. It would have to be some sort of
    crystal design (e.g. using silicon nitride circuits).

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  GarryB on Tue Jan 20, 2015 9:39 am

    They have the best successes so far on Venus... it is not just the temperature, but also the enormous pressure at ground level and of course the sulphuric acid rain...


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sat Jan 31, 2015 8:32 am

    Search for Life on Mars – Chief Scientific priority of European-Russian Missions ExoMars

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  Vann7 on Sat Jan 31, 2015 4:56 pm


    They should ditch the west and do space explorations with BRICS nations.. much more better..
    and let Europe deal with the american "Exceptionalism"

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sun Feb 15, 2015 8:37 pm

    Phobos-Grunt-2 (Bumerang)
    Launch date: 2022




    Mars Sample Return-1/2
    Launch date: 2024




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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Wed Apr 01, 2015 10:57 pm

    Russian scientists plan new space expedition to study Jupiter's biggest moon

    MOSCOW, April 1. /TASS/. Russian scientists have been planning a new space mission to Ganymede — the biggest Jupiter's moon, Director of the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP) Mikhail Panasyuk told TASS. The project undertaken jointly with Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences is in a preliminary stage yet when the shape of a space apparatus and a set of scientific equipment on board are being planned and the main goals of the space project are being determined, Panasyuk said.

    The scientists are to resolve the task of protection of the space apparatus from the most powerful radiation, he said. Jupiter is an absolutely horrible planet in terms of radiation, which is hundred thousand times stronger near any of Jupiter’s moons than in the radiation field anywhere around the Earth, he said. During the space mission the space apparatus will fly around one of the Jupiter's moons with no touch down planned. The estimated radiation-proof parameters of the equipment on board indicated that the space research apparatus might be present on the surface of Jupiter’s moons for no more than a few dozen minutes. "No such radiation-proof equipment exists yet,"Panasyuk said.

    SINP experts have been working on a project called "Intergelio-Zond» for studies of the Sun, which will be launched after 2020. Negotiations with the European Space Agency are underway. The goal is to create an "Intergelio-Zond" system which could operate synchronously with the other European projects, Panasyuk said.

    The "Intergelio-Zond" project, intended for studies of the Sun from a close distance equal to 30-40 Sun radiuses, aims to resolve problems of overheated Solar crown, growing wind force and prevention of the most powerful outbreaks of Solar activity-Solar flares.

    The dates of launching the space research apparatuses will be specified in the framework of a new Federal space research program expected to be adopted in the next few months.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  AlfaT8 on Thu Apr 02, 2015 3:29 am

    Guys, recently found this article and wondered whether the Russia's nuclear space engine will employ a similar if not exact propulsion method?
    http://sputniknews.com/science/20150402/1020349394.html


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  Mike E on Thu Apr 02, 2015 7:01 am

    AlfaT8 wrote:Guys, recently found this article and wondered whether the Russia's nuclear space engine will employ a similar if not exact propulsion method?
    http://sputniknews.com/science/20150402/1020349394.html

    I love VASIMR technology, been following it for years. In general little progress has been made on it in that amount of time.

    Russia has alternate technology in development.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Sat Apr 18, 2015 1:25 pm

    Russia to spend almost $15 million on preparing and launching ExoMars mission

    The ExoMars Gas Orbiter is planned to be launched on the Proton-M rocket carrier from the Baikonur spaceport in January 2016

    MOSCOW, April 17. /TASS/. Russia plans to spend around 776 million rubles (almost $15 million at the current exchange rate) for preparing and launching the ExoMars mission jointly with European Space Agency, Russian space agency Roscosmos said on Friday.

    "The price of the state contract is set at 776.3 million rubles," the agency said. It is planned to spend 239.9 million rubles ($4.6 million) in 2015 and remaining 536.4 million rubles ($10.3 million) in 2016.

    The ExoMars Gas Orbiter is planned to be launched on the Proton-M rocket carrier from the Baikonur spaceport in January 2016. It will land on Mars on October 2016 and will proceed with mapping the sources of methane on Mars and other gases. It will also help select the landing site for the ExoMars rover.

    The scientific objectives of the mission include searching for possible biosignatures of Martian life, studying the surface environment and characterizing the water and geochemical distribution on the planet.

    The agreement on the joint mission was signed between the European Space Agency and Roscosmos in March 2013.

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Mon May 04, 2015 1:52 pm

    Russian space agency to organize new $198 mln Mars probe in 2024 after faulty mission

    The Phobos-Grunt interplanetary probe launched into a near-Earth orbit in 2011 was unable to reach the trajectory of its flight to Mars due to an engine failure

    MOSCOW, May 4. /TASS/. The Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) plans to launch a new sample soil expedition to Mars’ satellite Phobos, according to a draft of Russia's new space program for 2016-2025 unveiled on Monday.

    Under the document, the Mars-Grunt (Soil) expedition is planned for 2024 to deliver soil samples from the Martian moon Phobos to the Earth. The project is estimated at 10.3 billion rubles ($198 million).

    This sum is twice as large as the amount stipulated in the draft federal space program prepared last year.

    Roscosmos plans a new interplanetary expedition after a failure of its previous Phobos mission.

    The Phobos-Grunt interplanetary probe was launched into a near-Earth orbit on November 9, 2011. The probe was expected to reach the Mars orbit and simultaneously land a module on Mars’ natural satellite Phobos for exploration and the delivery of soil samples to the Earth.

    However, the interplanetary probe was unable to reach the trajectory of its flight to Mars due to an engine failure and stayed in the near-Earth orbit.

    The probe's debris fell to the Earth on January 15. According to Russia’s Defense Ministry, the Phobos-Grunt probe’s fragments that did not burn in the dense layers of the atmosphere fell into the Pacific Ocean 1,250 km (777 miles) west of Wellington Island (Chile).

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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  Voskhod on Mon May 04, 2015 4:25 pm


    I also just read it on TASS. I think it's great we are seeing a restart of this mission. The Martian moons are very interesting objects, it was a real shame the original mission never succeeded.


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    Re: Roscosmos planetary missions:

    Post  George1 on Fri May 29, 2015 1:21 am

    Roscosmos will launch a new mission in place of failed “Phobos-Grunt” in 2024
    Russian Aviaton » Thursday May 28, 2015 13:55 MSK

    Roscosmos is going to repeat its mission aimed at getting the soil samples from Phobos (natural satellite of Mars) in 2024, said in the draft Federal Space Program for 2016-2025, TASS reports.

    According to the document, the spacecraft will be launched in 2024 in the network of Ekspeditsiya-M (Mars-Grunt) project.

    The mission assumes delivery of the soil samples from Phobos to Earth. 10,3 billion rubles will be allocated for this project during 2016-2025 period. This is twice as much as a sum specified in the draft program elaborated last year (5,1 billion rubles). In addition, the launch of the spacecraft in the previous version of the program was scheduled for 2025.

    Phobos-Grunt automatic interplanetary station was placed into low earth orbit on November 9th 2011. It should have reached the orbit of Mars and land a module on its natural satellite Phobos in parallel with remote sensing of the planet. After that it should have returned to Earth with the soil samples. However, after the launch the spacecraft failed to follow the right trajectory due to engine failure and remained at the low earth orbit.

    On January 15th the pieces of the station fell on Earth. According to Russian Ministry of Defense the unburned pieces of Phobos-Grunt dropped into the Pacific Ocean 1250 km to the West of Wellington Island (Chile).

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