Reflections on the fate of B-585
As is known, on 22.04.2010 a large (diesel-electric) submarine (SSB) B-585 "St. Petersburg", the head ship of Prospect 677, was transferred to the Navy in experimental operation, which is known very little. From 2010 to 2013. B-585 annually took part in the parades on the Neva on Navy Day, on October 17, 2013, completed the transition to the Northern Fleet, where in 2014 she also participated in the parade (ref. 1), in 2015-2017. holidays passed without it. The only significant event received coverage in the media was the successful firing of a cruise missile [3M54 Caliber] on a sea target, made in the Barents Sea on November 17, 2016 (ref. 2).
At the end of last year, one of the guests of my magazine, referring to a reliable source, said that the B-585 "has been going to the North for many years for the summer, and is returning to St. Petersburg for alterations for the winter." I must admit that this news surprised me a bit, because since 2014 (when I began to track events related to the ships of the main classes of the Russian Navy), I never came across photos of "St. Petersburg" in the North Sea or on the Baltic, made by NATO sailors or our shippitters , as well as reports of the arrival of B-585 to the Admiralty Shipyards, the Kronstadt Marine Plant, or to the Lomonosov 28 military plant (shipyard of the Navy).
No traces of the mysterious boat could be detected with the help of SCAP, the automated system of the services of the captain of the Big Port of St. Petersburg, where both civil ships and warships are scrupulously recorded. Search by name in the section "Ships in the Port" (at berths and berths) (reference 3) gives 22 ships of the submarine "St. Petersburg", the end of the last of which (№214631) is dated September 19, 2013, when B-585 departed from berth in Kronstadt and went to the sea (reference 4) - the date of departure from Kronstadt corresponds to the beginning of the interflot transition to the SF by reference 1. I have no reason not to trust my guest, but the information received from him about the regular IFP "St. Petersburg" requires confirmation. Annual long-distance transfers back and forth (2x2200 miles) were unlikely to benefit the material part of the submarine of the near-sea zone, besides, there are enough SRH in the North.
It makes sense to quote three quotes with very useful information from the interview of the general directors of the Admiralty Shipyards and the Central Design Bureau of the MT Rubin by A. Buzakov and I. Vilnita.
Quotation 1: "If you do not remember the conditions under which the submarine" St. Petersburg "was created, then it will not be clear why ... the protracted exploitation in which the ship is now in the pipeline was delayed. At the time of construction, there was practically no rhythmic financing and real money for carrying out experimental design work, forced decisions were made to test the first samples of OCD as part of the ship, and there were a lot of them, and as a result, the boat turned out to be a kind of test ship, This equipment "(A. Buzakov - Reference 5).
Quotation 2: "Some media reported that the submarine" St. Petersburg "could be upgraded.This so?" "Perhaps this is one of the versions of the future use of this boat." I can say that it will be carried out scheduled dock repairs, after that [ "SPb"] will continue the experimental operation, because there are a few parameters for which it has not yet been possible to obtain measurements. "And later the fleet will decide how to use the ship" (A. Buzakov, August 11, 2017 - the same link).
Quotation 3: "Based on the results of the pilot operation [of" St. Petersburg "], and also taking into account the fact that during this time there were new radio-electronic means and other systems," Rubin "created an improved project, according to which two ships of this class are currently built" (I. Vilnit - reference 6).
Complete the pilot operation program B-585 promised in 2014, and 2015, and 2016 gg. (ref. 8, ref. 9, ref. 11), after which the promises ceased, most likely judiciously judging that the next promise would risk permanently turning the epic from the first boat of the fourth generation into a bad performance. Meanwhile, last October it became known that the construction of those two ships of the improved project is proceeding at a rather brisk pace: sections of the first serial boat (Kronstadt) have already been docked in a single hull, pipelines and various life support systems have been installed, electrical equipment and lines have been installed shaft, the loading of drawers was carried out. On another order (Velikie Luki), the fore and aft sections of the hull are formed, hydraulic tests of both sections were made (ref. 12). "Kronstadt" is planned to be launched this year, to transfer the Navy in 2020, "Velikie Luki" - most likely, a year later (ref. 5).
Taking into account the above, we will try to predict the future fate of B-585. It seems that the key word here is "modernization." After the dock repair and the performance of the necessary measurements, their results will be taken into account in the construction of the first serial boat (and in fact, the head of the project, 677.1). According to the experience of "Gorshkov" and "Makarov", the state tests of "Kronstadt" will continue until the victorious end (until full compliance with the TTZ) and may last for, say, a year. In this case, the surrender of the Great Onions will automatically shift to the right, at which the same modifications will be carried out as at Kronstadt. Most likely, at the same time, Rubin will carry out the modernization project of SPb in order to bring its TTX to the level of 677.1, after which the RDD will be developed and work will start to bring the B-585 to mind (to AB or to CMP). As a result, somewhere in 2025 we will have (presumably in the SF) a group of three or five (ref. 13) of the same type of 4th generation PLL (with one minus due to the absence of VNEU).