I'm personally thinking with particular emphasis on Chechnya, Ingusheta and Dagestan.
My view is that what we are experiencing is ethnic cleansing by Muslims. Their sole aim is to terrorise Russians into leaving the area. Then they will say "we are all Muslim/Wahhabist" etc and then claim they are "owed" independence. Just like that pondlife bunch of Islam-nuts did in Kosovo.
These people think they can hold non Muslims hostage and that their actions will succeed. Infact, look how the proportion of Christians has tumbled as a result of their actions. Much like it has with Russians in the central/western areas of the Ukraine.
My view on how to deal with it.
I think its a complete myth that terrorists are a "tiny minority". In the 2 Chechen wars, vast numbers of maniacs fought a country as powerful as Russia. The Chechen wars were a mass act of terrorism by the Muslims. This means that strong steps are necessary.
I would take these steps.
1)Make it clear that the Caususes will never be allowed independence.
2)The Muslimification of these areas ie ethnic cleansing, intimidation and harrassment of non Muslims
was a crime against humanity. Therefore any claims that "we're mostly Muslim" are invalid, for the purposes of indepoence either now or at any pt in the future.
3)Accordingly, these areas need to be put under "special control".
That means restrictions on movement of Muslims in these areas AND around Russia. Likewise restrictions on import of any goods. If Muslims dont like it, well hard luck. They should give up their terrorists without question. Organised crime and terrorism amongst ethnic groups are NEVER separated by much. And organised crime is often pretty close to the general population.
4)Certain Muslim states can be trusted. Kazakstan isnt a problem, Azerbaijan isnt, likewise with much of the CIS. Certain states, it is a grey area. This dictates how these states can be dealt with.
5)Vast numbers of Russians were killed in the 2 Chechen wars. Make life easy for these maniacs, and another Caucuses war can be expected. The only thing they respect is pure force.
6)Terrorism is similar to a disease like cancer. The treatment should be to separate it from the rest of the body. The moment these maniacs cant mix with Christians, is the moment their cowardly power disappears.
7)Innocent people shouldnt have to pay for the work. It is the fault of the substantial number of separatist terrorists. So if it means spending money to separate the towns and cities in the Caucuses, then the bill should land on the heads of the Muslim fanatics and not the tolerant Russian/Christian population.
In some parts of the world, separatist groups actually have claims. However, the Muslim terrorist claim is nothing short of ridiculousness and cowardice. Muslims and Christians fought for centuries. The starting point has to be the 20th century ie the beginning of the truly modern era. And this is the era that these places have gone from majority Christian, and Russian civilised, down to ethnically cleansed ie terrorist intimidation majority Muslim. Ethnic cleansing of Russians in their own country isnt acceptable. Imagine what would happen if the Christians in Pakistan demanded their own state!
Perhaps it is time for a Stalinist style resettlement of Muslim fanatics and those who support them?
With the emergence of drones, and modern weaponry, fortunately, I believe Russia has more options against this disease than it did when the 2 Chechen wars were ongoing.