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    Russian Civil Aviation: News

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    Svyatoslavich
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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Svyatoslavich on Sun Jun 07, 2015 1:56 am

    flamming_python wrote:No-one's boycotting or sanctioning the Superjet, although I suspect it's a possibility if things keep going south.
    The Superjet has been very successful with its only Western customer, Mexican Interjet, which praises its high reliability (a bit higher even than the Airbus 320, Mexican pilots call it "el tanquito", "little tank"), fuel efficiency, and good hot-high performance. I guess what is preventing other airlines from ordering it is fear of an escalation of Western sanctions that may target this aircraft.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Sun Jun 07, 2015 3:59 pm

    Svyatoslavich wrote:
    flamming_python wrote:No-one's boycotting or sanctioning the Superjet, although I suspect it's a possibility if things keep going south.
    The Superjet has been very successful with its only Western customer, Mexican Interjet, which praises its high reliability (a bit higher even than the Airbus 320, Mexican pilots call it "el tanquito", "little tank"), fuel efficiency, and good hot-high performance. I guess what is preventing other airlines from ordering it is fear of an escalation of Western sanctions that may target this aircraft.

    and Indonesian Sky Aviation. I mean contracts inked not options. China is in talks with Russia about 100 Superjets. If India will be next customer then SSJ has nice future.

    West is not needed in this equation.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Thu Jun 11, 2015 5:34 pm

    MS-21 programme status

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  George1 on Fri Jun 12, 2015 12:18 am

    Status of programs for the development of the Mi-38, Ka-62 and PSV

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  mutantsushi on Fri Jun 12, 2015 6:13 am

    Curious about status of PSV program, the image displayed seemed to be Mil's concept,
    if their design is having problems, wouldn't Kamov's pusher design be considered as alternative?
    Good to hear that Mi-38 and Ka-62 are still moving along, hopefully will see full production soon...
    I know Ka-62 had been sold to Colombian and Brazilian customers, hopefully they can fulfill those orders...

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  PapaDragon on Sat Jun 13, 2015 2:29 pm

    Meet Afalina: Russian manufacturer reveals the world’s cheapest helicopter

    The Russian designers are about to fulfil the consumer’s dream of an affordable helicopter, with Afalina rotorcraft expected to cost about half than currently the cheapest offer on the market and run on car fuel as it goes into production in 2016.


    http://rt.com/news/266872-afalina-helicopter-cheapest-russia/

    HeliWhale, a company from the Siberian city of Kemerovo, revealed its unique helicopter at the HeliRussia 2015 exhibition, which took place in Moscow in late-May.



    An ultra-light, coaxial two-seater is called Afalina, the Russian word for bottlenose dolphin, with the rotorcraft’s hull resembling the shape of the marine mammal’s body.

    Afalina is designed as a multipurpose helicopter capable of performing a variety of tasks, including the training of pilots, maintenance of pipelines and power lines, aerial surveillance, police patrolling, transportation of personnel, farm work and recreational flights.



    One of the machine’s key features is the customizable Enigma system, which allows the pilot to pick and choose his cockpit display layout from hundreds of devices and functions.

    The coaxial positioning of rotors used in Afalina ensures that the aircraft is easier to pilot, more silent and more resistant to lateral wind gusts.

    HeliWhale said that the patented new control system of coaxial rotors also provides the helicopter with high velocity of up to 250 kilometers per hour at max speed.

    The aircraft, weighing 270 kilograms, is capable of carrying a payload of another 180 kilograms, the company said.

    Afalina can also be refueled with conventional 95 octane car fuel, with the consumption between 12 and 16 liters (3 to 4 gallons) per hour

    According to HeliWhale, the helicopter will cost $120,000, which includes heating and ventilation systems in the cockpit.

    “Today nobody else produces aircrafts of this class, even the two-seater ‘Robinson’ is heavier than ‘Afalina’ and is, in fact, a completely different machine,” Jacov Kolesnikov, general director of HeliWhale told Russia and India Report website.

    “The American Robinsons are also much more expensive. A two-seat helicopter costs $300,000,” he added.

    Afalina has been built from scratch by the Russian designers, with HeliWhale producing all parts itself, except for the Austrian made engine, Rotax.

    “We are looking for domestic engines, and if there is a quality Russian engine, maybe we'll switch to it,” Kolesnikov said.

    Endurance test for the flying prototype of the rotorcraft are about to begin in short term.

    The company says that its production plant in Kemerovo will be able to build from 10 to 15 machines every year.

    They’ll be supplied to customers as kit-sets models for self-assembly in order to keep the price low, the developer said.

    Besides Russia, HeliWhale is planning to engage with the US, Australian, and EU markets, saying that it already has orders for Afalina from abroad.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  collegeboy16 on Sat Jun 13, 2015 5:54 pm

    PapaDragon wrote:[b]Meet Afalina: Russian manufacturer reveals the world’s cheapest helicopter
    awesome! imagine having this as your commuter vehicle! hope they make a version with clear floors so one can look down at all the plebs stuck in traffic.


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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Sat Jun 13, 2015 7:28 pm

    collegeboy16 wrote:
    PapaDragon wrote:[b]Meet Afalina: Russian manufacturer reveals the world’s cheapest helicopter
    awesome! imagine having this as your commuter vehicle! hope they make a version with clear floors so one can look down at all the plebs stuck in traffic.


    Or a safer option, such as having high-def cameras on the sides of the helicopter, pointing towards the bottom, with Plasma screens in the cockpit display showcasing what happening in the streets below.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  KomissarBojanchev on Sat Jun 13, 2015 8:04 pm

    Costs 120 grand and considered a consumer product for the future average joe?? This helo, although awesome costs as much as a fucking ferrari!!
    Wake me up when I can swap a ford,toyota or at least mercedes for this

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  max steel on Fri Jul 03, 2015 9:02 pm

    Aviadvigatel suspends cooperation with Ukraine on PD-14 project

    JSC “Aviadvigatel” (Perm region, part of “United Engine Building Corporation”) has suspended cooperation with the Zaporozhye Design Bureau to produce a PD-14 engine for MC-21 aircraft, the deputy chief designer and chief designer of the PD engine family Igor Maximov told the journalists.

    “In the draft PD-14, we included two variants of the combustion chamber. The first was developed by “Aviadvigatel” and CIAM named after Baranov, the alternative – the development of the Zaporozhye Design Bureau.

    The project of Zaporozhye Design Bureau has been very promising. The combustion chamber showed good performance on tests. But, unfortunately, due to the complication of the political situation at the moment the project is suspended,” he said.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  PapaDragon on Thu Jul 09, 2015 4:28 pm


    100 Sukhoi Superjets to be delivered to China.

    http://www.rg.ru/2015/07/08/reg-urfo/samoleti.html

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  kvs on Tue Jul 14, 2015 5:32 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    100 Sukhoi Superjets to be delivered to China.

    http://www.rg.ru/2015/07/08/reg-urfo/samoleti.html

    As recently as 3 years ago I was being told by an ex-pat liberast that the SSJ was a vapourware project.
    Everything in Russia is Putin's totalitarian fiction in their minds. In objective terms these malcontents
    are autistic-schizophrenics of a certain type. Although, they are not handicapped in the usual sense,
    their mental disorder seems to be a lifestyle choice.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Werewolf on Tue Jul 14, 2015 6:25 pm

    kvs wrote:
    PapaDragon wrote:
    100 Sukhoi Superjets to be delivered to China.

    http://www.rg.ru/2015/07/08/reg-urfo/samoleti.html

    As recently as 3 years ago I was being told by an ex-pat liberast that the SSJ was a vapourware project.
    Everything in Russia is Putin's totalitarian fiction in their minds.   In objective terms these malcontents
    are autistic-schizophrenics of a certain type.   Although, they are not handicapped in the usual sense,
    their mental disorder seems to be a lifestyle choice.

    Western propaganda and the fact that they never show actual interviews with Putin, because it would make to much sense and counter the entire anti russian and anti-putin propaganda, but people are believing the same crap like Putin being like Kim Yong Un, which is the same nonsense, that he is somehow responsible for all the laws, projects, desires, visions, political or religious views of people and dare someone's alarm does not set off in early morning and they come to late to work it is also Kim Yong Putin's fault.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  PapaDragon on Thu Jul 16, 2015 10:33 pm


    In May this year, the total operating time of commercial flight hours Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft in the airlines has made more than 100 thousand since the beginning of operation in April 2011.

    http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/65170/

    SSJ-100 promo video:

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Fri Jul 17, 2015 5:49 am

    Denis Manturov: It is necessary to provide a portfolio of orders for the Tu-204 aircraft at least 5 year


    http://www.aex.ru/news/2015/7/15/137714/

    Denis Manturov noted in his speech that the Ministry of Industry pays special attention to the support of domestic industry, including the Ulyanovsk Aircraft Plant.

    "With regard to the development of" Aviastar-SP ", the main product, which is now already running in the series - the Il-76MD-90A, and it understood the volume of orders by our law enforcement agencies - the Defense Ministry, Interior Ministry, the Emergencies Ministry and foreign customers. Today, we receive requests from our foreign colleagues is on this plane. Previously, we did not produce IL-76 in Russia, the production moved from Tashkent. As for the Tu-204, taking into account the devaluation of the ruble, the aircraft gained some competitive opportunities, compared to foreign counterparts. At that cost, which is formed on the plane, and with a range of 10 thousand. Kilometers we get orders from the prospects for corporate clients. Naturally, remain orders and property administration of Russian President. The main task - to provide a portfolio of orders at least 5 aircraft per year with the expectation of production capacity of 6-7 aircraft in 2017. It will be up to the moment until it comes out on a series of major aircraft MS-21, what will happen closer to 2020. This period we expect to complete the TU-204 in different versions for corporate customers ", - said Denis Manturov.


    According to the minister, "Aviastar-SP" will continue to repair the An-124, and the UAC expects to implement the program of heavy transport aircraft in terms of creating a family of 80 to 200 tons. "This work is carried out together with the Ministry of Defense, and we need to decide before the end of next year in some settings in some years we will have to move from the stage of R & D to the development work," - said Denis Manturov.

    During the meeting, the presidential envoy in the Volga Federal District Mikhail Babich said that the main problem for the domestic industry in the current political and economic situation - to implement a policy of import substitution. "Today there is a large range of products for which you need to create production capacity and design, scientific research institutions, to pick up shots, commit funds to ensure the cooperation of various sectors of industry. United Aircraft Corporation is already in this job, "- said M. Babich.

    Each region developed their own plans for the "road map" of import substitution, which should be implemented with the support of Industry and Trade. In addition, the department is created at the initiative of the state information system, which will be filled with the necessary information to facilitate interaction between the enterprises themselves, said the press service of the Aviastar.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Fri Jul 17, 2015 5:50 am

    I would be happy if they get orders to make 30-40 Tu-204SM by 2020

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  mutantsushi on Fri Jul 24, 2015 2:40 am

    PapaDragon wrote:100 Sukhoi Superjets to be delivered to China.
    http://www.rg.ru/2015/07/08/reg-urfo/samoleti.html
    Still no end-user airlines announced? \
    Seems strange if there really is solid orders with delivery in 3 years.
    Honestly, that seems like they would need existing customers to delay orders to achieve that...???

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Wed Aug 05, 2015 2:07 pm

    Read it in full

    ANALYSIS: Sukhoi reveals design plans for stretched Superjet

    Single-model product offerings are so rare in the commercial aircraft business that they usually represent a strategic miscalculation made somewhere at the beginning of an unexpectedly long development process.

    The Sukhoi Superjet arguably makes a good example.

    Launched 15 years ago as a replacement for the Tupolev Tu-134 and Yakovlev Yak-42, the original Superjet concept included a family of three products – a 60-seater, a 75-seater and a 95-seater.

    As the development schedule dragged on, it became clear the 60-seat concept so popular in the late-1990s regional jet boom had fallen out of favour. By the time Sukhoi finally delivered the first operational product – and largest of the three original variants – in 2011, interest in completing development of the 75-seater had also dried up

    The Superjet family of aircraft is now back on the agenda, but the focus has shifted from smaller aircraft to a larger model. The Superjet NG also offers Sukhoi and the greater Russian industry a unique opportunity to improve aircraft performance.

    The stretch project is currently in the preliminary research phase, Sukhoi deputy chief designer Alexei Dolotovski tells Flightglobal in an interview. He describes the status in mid-June as between gates 2 and 3 of Sukhoi’s internal development process.


    The original Superjet was proposed in 2000, a year after Embraer launched the first version of the E-Jet family. Thirteen years later, the 95-seat version of the Superjet had just entered service, but Embraer launched the second-generation of the E-Jet family with a new wing and new engines – the Pratt & Whitney PW1700G and PW1900G geared turbofans.

    Sukhoi claimed a 6% cash operating cost advantage for the Superjet over the original E-Jet series. It would have to do something with the Superjet to respond to the improved performance of the E-Jet E2 series.

    But Sukhoi also faced several constraints. Embraer has received orders for more than 1,000 E-Jets, creating a strong financial base to develop the improved version. Sukhoi has struggled to attract non-Russian buyers for the Superjet, with certain exceptions, such as Mexico’s Interjet. But the Sukhoi programme lacks the financial power offered by the E-Jet series. The Superjet programme also fell deeply into debt, which was relieved earlier this year with a commitment from the Kremlin to invest in a nearly $2 billion bail-out.

    While the design for the stretched, so-called Superjet NG does not start with a clean sheet of paper, Sukhoi is working on a package of major performance improvements that could alter the shape and lifting characteristics of the wing, exchange Western-based suppliers of systems and avionics with Russian firms but possibly leave the powerplant largely the same (albeit slightly more efficient).

    A 100-seat regional jet stands out in Sukhoi’s traditional product portfoilo, which consists exclusively of fighters and acrobatic aircraft. Until former former Sukhoi and United Aircraft Corp chief executive Mikhail Pogosyan launched the Superjet programme, passenger aircraft were solely the domain of design bureaus such as Tupolev, Ilyushin and Yakovlev (now part of Irkut).

    But the Superjet programme’s association with the same designers responsible for high-performance fighters such as the Su-27 Flanker clearly had an effect.

    The Superjet on paper boasts one of the most efficient wings for any commercial aircraft. By one standard measure of efficiency, the Superjet wing’s aspect ratio is a highly respectable 10, equalled or exceeded only by aircraft such as the Bombardier CSeries and Boeing 787.

    “We already know quite well the Bombardier product. We are looking at the new generation Embraer product. But I believe it will be quite close to the aspect ratio level already achieved. So it is between 10 and 11. I do not think Embraer will take the risk to increase the aspect ratio to more than 12,” Dolotovski says.


    “You know there is a big research activity in the aviation industry now to find a solution to buffeting to increase the efficiency of the wing,” Dolotovski says. “And there is a goal after 2020 just to find a preliminary technical solution which could be recommended in industry to be used for advanced project after 2020. So in this direction no way to increase lift over drag ratio for my point of view for close to 20 years.”


    For the stretched model, Sukhoi is considering ways to slightly improve the performance of the wing, but such a task is complicated. Making the wing more efficient has the effect of increasing the aerodynamic loads, which, in turn, requires the designers to increase structural strength from the wingtip to the torsion box where the wing meets the fuselage.

    “We have good experience with the torsion box we designed for that aircraft, so we have found an ability to increase a bit the aspect ratio,” Dolotovski says. “So we expect to increase lift-to-drag ratio level several percent more than in comparison with the current aircraft.”

    If the wing can be made more efficient, the stretched Superjet will improve on an already impressive lift-to-drag ratio of 16.5. Due to Reynolds number effects, large aircraft, such as a widebody, can achieve higher lift-to-drag ratios. Among its narrowbody siblings, however, Sukhoi believes it can achieve a standard in lift-to-drag ratio with the stretched Superjet approaching 18.


    “We will see. But we have preliminary result in the high-speed wind tunnel at [the Central aerohydrodynamic research institute – TsAGI], and it’s promising,” Dolotovski says.

    The aerodynamic improvement is expected to deliver other benefits. A stretched model is expected to be heavier than the roughly 50t maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of the original product. In this case, Sukhoi is oping to contain the MTOW of the stretched model to under 55t, or less than 10%.

    The standard formula for calculating the distance an aircraft can fly – popularly known as the Breguet range equation – establishes range as a function of wing area and thrust for a given weight. As the weight of a stretched model increases over the original, the designer must either improve wing efficiency, thrust or some combination of both.

    For the stretched Superjet, Sukhoi is aiming to emphasize wing area over dramatic changes in the thrust requirement.

    The current Superjet is powered by the SAM-146, a product of a collaboration between France’s Snecma and Russia’s United Engine Corp.

    “If you compare our engine with the existing product on the market, which is the CF34, in terms of specific fuel consumption the SAM-146 is better by 1-2%, which is a lot,” Dolotovski says. “This engine is based on the technologies and the philosophy – from my point of view philosophy is much more important in terms of design because technologies change but philosophy is a way of thinking – it is very reliable, very maintainable. It is friendly to the ground staff. And it is very robust to the heat injections.”

    In considering options for powering the stretched Superjet, Sukhoi has closely studied the Pratt & Whitney geared turbofan engine, which is selected to power the Airbus A320neo, Bombardier CSeries, Embraer E-Jet E2 and the Mitsubishi Regional Jet. Russian industry also has deep insight into the engine’s capabilities through P&W’s selection by Irkut to power the MC-21.

    “It’s really big challenge from P&W product. We respect these engine people. To increase bypass ratio by using gear box, by creation of the new more efficient core. It’s a really interesting product and we look at that product,” Dolotovski says.


    Sukhoi’s analysis has concluded that the geared turbofan engine’s fuel efficiency advantages are real, but they come for a price. By retaining the SAM-146 powerplant, Sukhoi hopes to offset the fuel efficiency improvement offered by the P&W product with a steep price discount on acquisition cost.

    “I’m not sure that Pratt & Whitney engine will cost exactly the same as SAM-146 for instance,” Dolotovski says. “And I’m not talking about maintenance. I’m just talking about itself cost. So then you will compare. I have got aircraft number one and aircraft number two. The [P&W-powered] aircraft is 10% more efficient –yes, it’s more fuel efficient. But if you take the full economic analysis, at least [the SAM-146-powered aircraft] will become comparable. At least.”

    The improved wing surface of the stretched model also plays a critical role in Sukhoi’s analysis of the thrust requirement. By using the more efficient wing, the heavier stretched Superjet should be able to meet take-off and range requirements with only a small improvement in thrust compared to the original version of the aircraft.

    “We found a technical solution to keep the same engine. We have the same thrust rating,” Dolotovski says.

    In addition to the E-Jet E2 model, Sukhoi’s stretched model will compete in the same cabin segment as the Bombardier CSeries family, including the 110-seat CS100 and 135-seat CS300. The CSeries and the Superjet share obvious similarities, with five-abreast, economy-class cabins.

    The CSeries is a formidable rival for Superjet. “It’s a nice aircraft, I like it,” Dolotovski says. “It looks like a Superjet.”

    But Sukhoi is careful to promise too much for the stretched Superjet. The CSeries, for example, is offered with more than 3,000nm range, a trans-continental distance rivaling the Airbus and Boeing narrowbody families. Sukhoi, however, plans to limit the range of its proposed commercial product to less than 2,000nm.

    The stretched aircraft will be “suitable for regional operation with optimised costs”, Dolotovski says. We would not like to make a universal aircraft. History shows if you’re trying to be the best everywhere, you will never be good anywhere. We are focusing on the regional market. We would not like to have Airbus and Boeing as competitors. We are very respectful of those guys.”

    Another part of the planning phase for the Superjet NG is the study of future avionics requirements. If the Superjet NG enters service after 2020, it will be subject to several new requirements for airspace access imposed by the USA’s NextGen and Europe’s SESAR air traffic modernization programmes.

    “So we expect to use this opportunity to give the same cockpit for both family members, but with some advantages,” Dolotovski says. “We’ll keep our five-screen system because it looks nice, and it is positively accepted by the pilot. We will keep the general shape of the cockpit and the general functionality, for sure. We also keep the fly-by-wire system because it is outstanding now. But maybe we will grow some capability for the avionics suite in accordance with the requirements.”

    A head-up display is expected to be mandated for all commercial aircraft operating in China by 2025. The Chinese have recently become a major Superjet customer, with a China-based lessor committing to acquire 100 aircraft.

    “We will consider a HUD for the Superjet 100, especially for the trainer market,” Dolotovski says.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Wed Aug 05, 2015 2:08 pm

    So Superjet NG will keep the same SaM146 engine

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  mutantsushi on Sat Aug 08, 2015 12:14 am

    The plans for a stretch seem clear enough, but I'm curious what they plan to do with the current size model...
    Implement new aerodynamics carbon wings, other changes? Based on the stretch model, it sounds like they could
    de-rate the engines for better SFC if they implemented the same changes, but tweaked towards the lesser needs of the 95-seat model.
    Or perhaps they plan on keeping sales up thru the larger model only, and plan on either deeper changes w/ new engine for 95-seater,
    and/or a more completely new product (albeit things like fuselage barrel may well be re-usable). ....?

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Sat Aug 08, 2015 7:20 am

    Russian Carriers Struggle as Sanctions Drag Economy Down

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  sepheronx on Sat Aug 08, 2015 7:29 am

    bullshit article. Clear and straight. Especially last line.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Austin on Sat Aug 08, 2015 7:43 am

    Vladimir Karnozov is reliable writer so far.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  sepheronx on Sat Aug 08, 2015 7:48 am

    Austin wrote:Vladimir Karnozov is reliable writer so far.

    And I am calling bullshit on him, regardless who is considered reliable.  I want actual figures, not claims.

    And here is the problem, Astana airlines is very much smaller airlines company than Aeroflot.  In these situations, as anyone would know, a major company adapts to different events.  Much like Sony as an example on how they managed to adapt to gain profits again.  Same will happen.  Yeah, airlines will go belly up.  But once they go belly up, what will happen?  No one flies anymore?  No.  It just means a gap is created, a demand is there, and someone will fill it in.

    Cant fly to europe or flights to europe reduces?  Then reduce flights to europe and try to increase flights to Asia, middle east, Africa and south America.  Or, increase domestic flights, and try to reduce overall costs.  Buying up a bunch of ultra expensive and expensive to fly long range jets for even regional flights wont work and these airlines doing so will be in tough times.  Things like SSJ-100 will benefit even more for various airlines for not being only cheaper, but about close to as cheap to fly, just for short range flights.  Doing so, they can reduce overall charges on flights.  Lower oil prices are supposed to stump costs on fuel for planes, thus being able to reduce overall charges on flights.  That is not being seen due to pure greed.  Guess what will happen?

    So they are facing an issue? They will adjust so that they can increase traffic.  Traffic, or in this case, volume, will guarantee a profit of some sort.  Hence why there are such things as last minute seats, or reduced cost airlines, or Wal-Mart (one of the largest companies in the world).

    I have seen it with my eyes.  How a company will adjust in order to survive and thrive.  To say they are in "survival mode" just indicates that they are moving to a new direction of market and eventually with thrive.  Aeroflot has been around longer than you or I, so they know what to do.  They survived during Soviet union era.  Take a gander how many sanctions USSR had.

    Also, I would like to see his 9% gdp drop figures.  World bank? I don't think they even said that as I cannot find news on it. Also, can we verify any of his other accounts if he is an reliable reporter?

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  sepheronx on Sat Aug 08, 2015 8:17 am

    http://www.finmarket.ru/news/4078598

    According to the Federal air transport Agency (Rosaviatsia), air passengers in Russia in the 1st half of 2015 decreased by 0.7% compared with the same period of 2014 to $ 41.2 million.

    That doesn't sound like dire straits to me.

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    Re: Russian Civil Aviation: News

    Post  Sponsored content Today at 5:09 am


      Current date/time is Sun Dec 11, 2016 5:09 am